The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is an initiative founded by European Union (EU) to support Sub-Saharan Africa cities in their fight against climate change through a voluntary commitment.It is a bottom-up initiative that allows cities to define and meet ambitious and realistic targets set by themselves in line with the covenant methodology. The main objective of the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa is to increase the capacities of cities to provide access to sufficient, sustainable and safe energy related services to urban and peri-urban populations (especially the poor), with special attention to energy efficiency and renewable energy as drivers for local low emission, climate resilient, sustainable development.
CoM SSA initiative has three pillars that are:
- Access to energy: physical availability of sustainable, clean and reliable energy services to meet basic human needs at affordable costs;
- Mitigation: actions undertaken to reduce the emission of the greenhouse gases and their concentrations in the atmosphere;
- Adaptation: actions undertaken to anticipate the adverse effects of climate change, prevent or minimise the damage they can cause, or take advantage of opportunities that may arise.