EcoDistrict

ANR impetus: how to assess an urban project while integrating its impacts on mobility?
La critique a souvent été formulée que des projets d'EcoQuartier étaient contestables au regard même des objectifs proclamés, dès lors qu'on prenait en compte leurs effets induits sur les déplacements : une localisation éloignée des pôles d'emplois ou une mauvaise accessibilité en transports collectifs pouvaient par exemple remettre en cause la réalité des économies d'énergie obtenues dans la réalisation innovante du cadre bâti et la baisse des factures supportées par les habitants.
 
Mieux intégrer non seulement dans la localisation d'un projet urbain mais aussi dans son contenu (mixité des fonctions...
Criticism has often been made that eco-neighbourhood projects are questionable even in view of their declared objectives if their effects on travel are not taken into account. Indeed, a location far from employment hubs or poor connections to public transport can bring into question both the efficiency of energy savings made through innovative implementation within buildings, and the savings made by inhabitants due to a reduction in their expenses.
 
Better integrating the issue of mobility, not just in the location of an urban project but also within its content (mixed urban usages) is currently a key concern for contracting authorities and wider operators involved in Urban Making.
 
IMPETUS was designed to address this concern. Selected by ANR2 in 2009 and launched in 2010, this project stems from a joint effort by several operational partners: EGIS (coordinator), ICADE, Elioth and the City of Paris - as well as public research institutions: the City Mobility Transport Laboratory (UMR, attached to Paris Est University, Ecole des Ponts and IFFSTAR), the Construction Sector’s Scientific and Technical Centre (CSTB) and the School of Engineers of the City of Paris (EIVP).
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
EcoQuartiers: what lessons can be learned?

À partir de l’analyse des 39 opérations labellisées ÉcoQuartiers en 2013, 2014 et 2015, présentes dans la plupart des grandes régions françaises, l'ouvrage "EcoQuartiers, quels enseignements ?" du Cerema vise à dépasser les idées préconçues et à faire évoluer les représentations collectives. Qu’y a-t-il de réellement nouveau dans ces projets ? Quelle différence y a-t-il entre une opération d’aménagement des années 70-80 et les projets urbains dit « durables » d’aujourd’hui ? Cet ouvrage démontre qu’un EcoQuartier n’est pas un objet stéréotypé, mais avant tout une démarche qui permet un ensemble de réalisations adaptées à...

Based on the analysis of the 39 French EcoQuartier labelled operations in 2013, 2014 and 2015, located in most of the major French regions, Cerema's publicaton "EcoQuartiers, what lessons can be learned?" aims to overcome preconceived ideas and develop collective representations. What is really new in these projects? What is the difference between a 1970s or 1980s development project and today’s so-called "sustainable" urban projects? This book shows that an EcoQuartier is not a stereotyped object, but above all an approach that allows a set of achievements to be adapted to each context.