PFVT

Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
Caen, nature city
A dix-huit kilomètres de la mer, à la confluence entre l’Orne et de l’Odon, Caen s’affirme comme une ville entre mer et nature.
Structurée par un fleuve côtier partiellement canalisé, la ville fut fortement marquée au nord par l’industrie métallurgique, tout en préservant au sud l’accès direct à la nature par sa vaste prairie inondable qui pénètre au cœur de la ville.
Aujourd’hui connue pour sa plaine agricole et la qualité de sa pierre calcaire, Caen puise en réalité son identité dans les cours d’eau et les prés normands, ce qui en fait une ville naturellement structurée par sa trame verte et bleue. Par sa...
Eighteen kilometres from the sea, at the confluence of the Orne and the Odon, Caen is most definitely a city between sea and nature.
Structured by a partially channelled coastal river, the city was heavily affected to the north by the metallurgical industry, while preserving to the south direct access to nature by its vast flood meadow that goes right into the heart of the city.
Today known for its agricultural plain and the quality of its limestone, Caen actually draws its identity from Normandy’s rivers and meadows, making it a city naturally structured by its green and blue corridors.
With its greenspace policy and its work to preserve ecological continuity, Caen has outpaced legal expectations for promoting biodiversity, nature and landscapes.
Industrial demonstrators for the sustainable city: Rêve de Scènes Urbaines
Le démonstrateur industriel pour la ville durable Rêve de Scènes urbaines, piloté par VINCI, Véolia et Artelia, propose une démarche originale de coopération entre les acteurs publics et privés de la ville pour expérimenter et produire des solutions urbaines innovantes. Il s’inscrit initialement dans un territoire en constante mutation, Plaine Commune, lui-même situé au cœur du Grand Paris.
 
Pour fonctionner, le démonstrateur s’appuie sur un écosystème ouvert, dont les objectifs sont de mettre en œuvre :
  • une plate-forme partenariale d’innovation urbaine,
  • un Living lab...
The industrial demonstrator for the sustainable city Rêve de Scènes Urbaines (Dream of Urban Scenes), led by VINCI, Véolia and Artelia, offers an original approach with cooperation between public and private stakeholders in the city to experiment and produce innovative urban solutions. It is initially part of a constantly changing region, Plaine Commune, itself located in the heart of Greater Paris.
 
To function, the demonstrator relies on an open ecosystem whose objectives are to implement:
  • a partnership platform for urban innovation,
  • a Living Lab of rebuilding the city on itself,
  • a showcase of the city's French know-how in the Plaine Commune region.
 
Every year, 150 ideas are collected and handed over to Plaine Commune. The region selects ideas that can help implement its strategic development plans.
The ideas and experiments produced as part of Rêve de Scènes Urbaines are intended for dissemination. In France, eight partner regions have joined the approach in order to benefit from ideas and to able to launch local experiments. The dynamics of the Rêve de Scènes Urbaines demonstrator can be increased thanks to the contribution of innovative companies from these regions.
 
Abroad, Rêve de Scènes Urbaines is part of the export efforts of the Strategic Sector Agreement "Industries for Construction", welcoming foreign delegations to France, and feeding local contacts of French companies with the association’s work.
ActivSkeen: an energy-producing building envelope
Parce que demain se construit aujourd’hui et que le bâtiment est aux avant-postes de la transition énergétique, de la lutte contre le changement climatique et de l’évolution des modes de vie et de travail, ActivSkeen crée des solutions de façades et d’enveloppes actives et esthétiques réduisant l’empreinte environnementale du bâtiment et améliorant le confort des occupants.
 
Ainsi ce n’est plus, un élément de façade assurant les fonctionnalités d’étanchéité, d’isolation et de ventilation, qui est installé, mais un élément produisant, en plus de ces fonctionnalités de base, de l’énergie. ActivSkeen fait appel...
Because tomorrow is being built today and building is at the forefront of the energy transition, the fight against climate change and changing lifestyles and work, ActivSkeen creates solutions with facades and active, aesthetical envelopes that reduce the building's environmental footprint and improve occupant comfort.
 
So it is no longer about installing a façade element providing the functionality of waterproofing, insulation and ventilation, but an element producing, in addition to these basic features, energy. ActivSkeen uses built-in photovoltaic technologies (BIPV) as well as dynamic glazing solutions. It controls the entire value chain, from the design of materials to their installation and implementation engineering.
 
These solutions help produce positive energy buildings (PEBs) and energy self-sufficiency at the islet or neighbourhood level. The interfaces are simplified for better control of projects, from the first draft to
closing the construction site.
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
Consultation tools for the Local Intercommunal Urban Plan of Grenoble Alpes Metropole
CARTICIPE / DEBATOMAP’ est un outil participatif en ligne conçu par l’équipe de Repérage Urbain, pour élargir les démarches de concertation sur des projets urbains ou documents d’urbanisme.
Cet outil a été mis en place pour la concertation du Plan Local d'Urbanisme Intercommunal de Grenoble Alpes Métropole (49 communes, 443 000 habitants), avec 3 phases différentes de débats (d'octobre 2016 à mars 2018).
Grâce à une carte interactive les citoyens et acteurs locaux ont pu suggérer des idées et susciter des débats sur l’aménagement du territoire.
CARTICIPE / DEBATOMAP' is an online participatory tool designed by the Repérage Urbain team to expand the consultation process on urban projects or urban planning documents.
This tool was set up for consultation on the Local Intercommunal Urban Plan of Grenoble Alpes Metropole (49 municipalities, 443,000 inhabitants), with 3 different phases of debates (October 2016 to March 2018).
Thanks to an interactive map, local citizens and stakeholders could suggest ideas and spark debates on regional land use planning.
Energy transition and urban planning video: how to move towards sustainable cities?
Croiser les enjeux de l’environnement, du climat, de l’énergie et des réseaux avec les politiques de l’urbanisme, de la mobilité et de l’habitat est essentiel pour construire des projets de territoires durables. L’aménagement des territoires est le levier le plus efficace pour réussir la transition énergétique dans la mesure où il impacte directement la demande en énergie.
 
Il peut par exemple créer des villes dépendantes de la voiture et très minéralisées, ne permettant pas de réguler les températures, ou tout au contraire des villes économes et résilientes offrant un cadre de vie attractif à leurs...
Combining environmental, climate, energy and network issues with urban planning, mobility and housing policies is essential for building sustainable regional projects. Land use is the most effective lever for successful energy transition as it directly impacts energy demand.
For example, it can create car-dependent, highly concrete cities which do not regulate temperatures, or, on the contrary, economical, resilient cities offering an attractive living environment for their inhabitants.
Thus, a well-organised region, sufficiently dense which makes the most of its local resources, can at the same time reduce its energy needs, produce its own energy and adapt to the climate of the future. The urban planning code now offers opportunities that communities can seize on.
This video, produced by Agam and DREAL Provence Alpes-Côte d'Azur, in association with the region's technical services, is a relevant way of presenting legal levers and making them possible by local examples of successfully integrating the energy transition into urban planning. Elected officials, experts and planning stakeholders, it's up to us!
Protecting Oshakati from heavy flooding during the rainy season
La ville d'Oshakati est l'une des plus grandes villes du nord de la Namibie et souffre régulièrement de fortes inondations pendant la saison des pluies.
 
En collaboration avec son partenaire IMDC, Tractebel a développé une solution durable afin de protéger Oshakati de ces inondations. Cette solution consiste en la construction d'une digue au nord-ouest de la ville ainsi que de ponts et d'écluses pour détourner et contrôler les eaux d'inondation venant de l'Angola autour de la ville. Au sommet de la digue, une partie de la future rocade sera modélisée en 3D et construite selon le plan directeur...
Oshakati is one of the largest cities in northern Namibia and regularly suffers from heavy flooding during the rainy season.
 
In collaboration with its partner IMDC, Tractebel has developed a sustainable solution to protect Oshakati from these floods. This solution involves constructing an embankment to the north-west of the city as well as bridges and locks to divert and control floodwaters coming from Angola around the city. At the top of the embankment, part of the future ring road will be modelled in 3D and built according to Oshakati's design master plan.
 
Key project issues include:
 
  • Defining the necessary measures to adapt community development to climate change, taking into account the relative urgency of the risks identified and available resources in collaboration with all local stakeholders;
  • Developing land use including better management of water resources: run-off, groundwater, rivers, estuaries, coastal waters and designing flood protection measures.
"If the city" : for territory-wide consultation with all its users (EpaMarne)
Cet outil s’adresse à tous les usagers d’un territoire (habitants, étudiants, salariés, entreprises, voyageurs, touristes…) pour les conduire à s’interroger sur son évolution à long terme. A la fois simulateur et serious game, il propose à l’usager de se mettre à la place de l’aménageur et de relever les défis majeurs de ce territoire à l’horizon 2030 : résoudre la crise du logement, assurer un équilibre socio-économique, réduire le bilan carbone, etc.
Grâce au numérique, il donne à l’usager la possibilité d’expérimenter des choix d’aménagement, mais aussi de visualiser en temps réel les effets engendrés...
This tool is aimed at all users of a region (residents, students, employees, businesses, travellers, tourists etc) to encourage them to question its long-term evolution. Both a simulator and a serious game, it invites users to put themselves in the place of the planner and to address the major challenges facing the region by 2030: to solve the housing crisis, ensure a socio-economic balance, reduce the carbon footprint, etc.
Thanks to digital technology, it gives the user the opportunity to experiment with development choices, as well as visualising in real time the impact generated (need to finance public amenities, create jobs, congestion of transport networks etc) and the results achieved.
Having thus brought out an enlightened, shared vision centred on the general interest, this fun, educational tool aims to gradually deliver this vision at the local level, mobilising users at all stages of urban projects - including once the neighbourhoods and buildings have been delivered.