PFVT

Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.
 
The "Reinventing the Seine" approach: a call for innovative projects to support regional development
En mars 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre et Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie ont lancé l'appel à projets « Réinventer la Seine ».

Dans un élan comparable à l'appel à projets « Réinventer Paris », la démarche a constitué une nouvelle étape dans le développement de la Vallée de la Seine.

Les porteurs du projet, Ville de Paris, agglomérations de Rouen et du Havre, HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie, se sont appuyés sur les trois agences d'urbanisme de l'Axe Seine (APUR, AURBSE et AURH) pour coordonner le dispositif de l'appel à projets à l'échelle des territoires parisiens,...
In March 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre and Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie launched the call for projects "Reinventing the Seine".

In a similar vein to the "Reinventing Paris" call for projects, the initiative was a new step in the development of the Seine Valley.

The project sponsors, the City of Paris, the Rouen and Le Havre conurbations and HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie relied on the three urban planning agencies of the Seine Axis (APUR, AURBSE and AURH) to coordinate the call for projects on the scale of the Paris, Rouen and Le Havre regions.

Nearly forty sites have been made available to innovators from all over the world (architects, town planners, economic players, start-ups, artists, designers, landscapers, etc) to encourage innovative projects and uses and thus strengthen the attractiveness and influence of the regions concerned.

The aim of this approach was to invent new ways of living on and by the water, on the Paris - Rouen - Le Havre axis. The process culminated in July 2017 with the designation of 20 winners, all meeting the requirements defined by the partners.

This approach to the development of the banks of the Seine and its canals has appealed to the boldness and creativity of professionals from all over the world and has been an accelerator of change.

In the years to come, the projects will be deployed along the Seine axis and will make visible another way of living along the river.
La Toile Alimentaire (food web), a management tool of the Regional Food Project of the Urban Community Le Havre Seine Métropole
Les ambitions du Projet Alimentaire Territorial de la Communauté urbaine Le Havre Seine Métropole sont de favoriser l’accès à une alimentation de qualité, au bénéfice de la santé de tous les habitants, et de développer une économie alimentaire de proximité.
 
Ce projet a pour objectif d’apporter un service de conseil et d’accompagnement territorial, de donner de la visibilité aux initiatives locales et de faire émerger les opportunités économiques de la chaine alimentaire de la collectivité.
 
C’est dans le cadre de ce dernier objectif que l’AURH a développé l’outil Toile Alimentaire...
The ambitions of the Le Havre Seine Métropole Urban Community's Regional Food Project are to promote access to quality food, for the benefit of the health of all inhabitants, and to develop a local food economy.
 
The aim of this project is to provide advice and regional support, to give visibility to local initiatives and to bring out economic opportunities in the community's food chain.
 
It is within the framework of this last objective that the AURH has developed the Food Web tool, which offers a dynamic and regionalised vision of the food system of the Le Havre Seine Métropole Urban Community.
 
This knowledge, analysis and decision support tool has the following function:
 
  • to understand the chain of food stakeholders and the food flows between them,
  • to respond to problems or courses of action in order to identify new players, synergies and new pooling opportunities to help structure short circuits, understand the organisation of sectors, etc.
  • to identify courses of action and support the community in their implementation
GeoGuyane - Mapping Portal of French Guyana
GéoGuyane est une infrastructure de partage et de valorisation de l'information géographique en Guyane.
 
 Sans se substituer aux différents SIG existants, ce portail permet au public et à tous les acteurs d’accéder depuis internet à l’ensemble des informations géographiques (cartes, données…) recensées sur le territoire.
 
La mise en place opérationnelle de GéoGuyane a été confiée à l’AUDeG qui a notamment la charge d'en assurer l’animation générale.
 
Depuis son site web (www.geoguyane.fr), il...
GeoGuyane is an infrastructure for sharing and using geographic information in French Guyana.
 
 Without replacing the various existing GIS, this portal allows the public and all stakeholders to access from the Internet all geographical information (maps, data...) identified within the region.
 
The operational implementation of GeoGuyane has been entrusted to the AUDeG, which is in charge of its general management.
 
From its website (www.geoguyane.fr), it’s possible to access:
  •  different thematic map browsers (risks, natural areas, land, economy, habitat, etc) which allow both interactive consultation of the data heritage and cross-referencing with other data, formatting of the data, as well as consultation of metadata sheets and downloading of data;
  •  the map library containing all the interactive or fixed maps (about 220 maps available);
  •  the comprehensive catalogue of all available resources (more than 960 published data layers).
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
“Grenelle des Mobilités” in the Bordeaux metropolitan area
Un sentiment partagé dans l’agglomération bordelaise et le besoin de changer le modèle de mobilité.
 
Face à ce constat, les principaux acteurs des politiques de mobilité (les quatre collectivités locales et l’Etat) ont décidé en 2012 de lancer le « grenelle des mobilités métropolitaines », une démarche originale de débat et co-construction associant les représentants de l’Etat et des collectivités territoriales, des employeurs, des salariés, des syndicats des experts et des associations d’usagers.
 
Au total, 120 participants se sont réunis en différents groupes de...
A shared feeling in the Bordeaux metropolitan area is the need to change the mobility model.
 
Faced with this fact, the main players in mobility policies (the four local authorities and the State) decided in 2012 to launch the "Grenelle Metropolitan Mobility" initiative, an original approach to debate and co-construction involving representatives of the State and regional authorities, employers, employees, expert unions and user associations.
 
A total of 120 participants met in different working groups. Within this configuration, each partner had to be represented at all meetings by the same person: the process of co-building proposals for actions was also a process of joint learning.
 
All this work resulted in the formulation of 17 measures for fluid, reasoned and regulated mobility.
 
In 2018, during the mid-term review for implementing the charter's actions, it was decided to restart 6 priority projects. Each of these projects will be led by an elected official from the metropolis to allow faster progress in implementation.
 
  • Project 1/ Cars done differently, car-pooling, smart bypass.
  • Project 2/ Access to jobs, lifestyle and work patterns.
  • Project 3/ Universal pedestrian mobility and the school run without cars.
  • Project 4/ Great metropolitan avenues.
  • Project 5/ Urban deliveries.
  • Project 6/ Supra-metropolitan public transport network.
Teaching new mobility: "Mobility is learned!"
VEDECOM est un Institut pour la transition énergétique mis en place par le gouvernement français dans le cadre des Programmes d’investissement d’avenir, qui travaille principalement au développement et à l’expérimentation de solutions technologiques appliquées à l’électrification des véhicules, la délégation de conduite et la connectivité des véhicules, et les mobilités et énergie partagées.
 
VEDECOM possède également une mission de formation et une démarche globale de diffusion des savoirs et des recherches effectuées en son sein.

A cet effet, VEDECOM a développé un catalogue...
VEDECOM is an Institute for Energy Transition set up by the French government as part of the Future Investment Programmes, which works mainly on the development and experimentation of technological solutions applied to vehicle electrification, driving delegation and vehicle connectivity, and shared mobility and energy.
 
VEDECOM also has a training mission and a comprehensive approach to disseminating knowledge and research carried out within it.

To this end, VEDECOM has developed a catalogue of training courses for experts in industry, communities, as well as a series of fun educational devices designed to better understand the technologies and uses of the mobility solutions of tomorrow, because "mobility is learned".

The Institute for the City in Motion-VEDECOM complements this arrangement with the following actions:
  • About the autonomous vehicle:
- A knowledge-testing quiz on the autonomous vehicle https://formationvedecom.typeform.com/to/H5e8hf
- A "Robospective" board game that helps you imagine "mobile robots" and question the interplay around the services they could offer.
- A 45-minute e-learning on the autonomous vehicle:  http://formation.vedecom.fr/login/index.php
 
  • On the psycho-social, cognitive and cultural dimensions of mobility:
- A quiz "Which traveller are you?" with 17 questions: http://www.enroute-lejeu.com/quiz/#/start
- A serious mobility learning game "On the road!" to develop the autonomous mobility of individuals, aimed in particular at people in social/professional integration or in the learning phase (school).
Passages, transitional spaces for the city of the 21st century
À l’heure où la mobilité est au cœur des questions urbaines, on attend de chacun de nous une compétence accrue de navigateurs connectés, passant d’un mode de transport à un autre, parcourant des distances quotidiennes variées, dans des aires métropolitaines fragmentées par les réseaux, les infrastructures rapides, les zones spécialisées.
 
Les passages, petits espaces de transition, sont des maillons essentiels d’une mobilité durable, indispensables à la qualité de nos déplacements quotidiens et dans la conception d'un système de mobilité intégré. Tunnels, passerelles, escalators, téléphériques urbains,...
At a time when mobility is at the heart of urban issues, each of us is expected to have a heightened knowledge of connected travellers, moving from one mode of transport to another, travelling various daily distances, in metropolitan areas fragmented by networks, rapid infrastructure and specialised areas.
 
These passages, small transitional spaces, are essential links in sustainable mobility, essential to the quality of our daily journeys and in the design of an integrated mobility system. Tunnels, footbridges, escalators, urban cable cars, paths that facilitate the transition between modes, between urban environments...
 
The history and observation of uses show us that they are potential carriers of singular urbanities, atmospheres, activities, qualities.
 
However, these accessibility spaces are often mainly forgotten by the builders of our cities even though they do not require a lot of investment, they should systematically support major development operations - especially the new transport projects - and they offer restorative virtues to the fractures caused by the rapid transport infrastructure and zoning of 20th-century urbanisation.
 
Designing and creating passages means being able to act immediately, locally, and lay the foundations for a larger-scale transformation: "the small scale that changes everything (well, almost)".
 
An international research-action programme (2014-2018) developed in several cities around the world (Tours/Saint Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, Toronto, Barcelona, Sao Paulo, Valparaiso, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile, Bogota, Nantes, Volos, San José, Granada, Algiers, Cotonou, Maputo, Tunis) aimed at putting on the agenda the concrete issue of passages within the regions:
 
  • Professional architectural and urban planning competitions for developing passage projects in 11 cities (Tours/Saint-Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, 6 municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona, Sant Adria del Besos, Toronto, Sao Paulo) which mobilised 270 multidisciplinary professional teams, or about 1000 professionals of forty nationalities,
  • Student workshops with partner universities, and on-site workshops with teams selected during Phase 2 of the competitions,
  • The Passage Manifesto, a call for innovation and guide to promote the design of the mobility spaces of tomorrow, co-produced by the scientific committee, project partners and visitors to the international exhibition.
Health and urban planning
En matière d’urbanisme réglementaire, l’agence a élaboré dans un premier temps en 2014 un guide « PLU et santé environnementale », qui permet d’identifier à travers 12 déterminants de santé les leviers réglementaires pour intégrer au mieux ces enjeux lors de l’élaboration du document d’urbanisme.
 
Les 12 déterminants de santé retenus sont les suivants :
 
  • Alimentation en eau potable et protection de la ressource
  • Assainissement des eaux usées et gestion des eaux pluviales
  • Eaux de baignade
  • Installations classées pour la protection...
In terms of regulatory urban planning, the agency first developed in 2014 a guide called "PLU and environmental health", which helps identify through 12 health determinants the regulatory levers to best integrate these issues into the drafting of the planning document.
 
The 12 health determinants selected are:
 
  • Drinking water supply and resource protection
  • Wastewater remediation and stormwater management
  • Bathing water
  • Facilities classified for environmental protection, including livestock buildings
  • Polluted sites and soils
  • Noise
  • Air quality
  • Urban heat islands
  • Power lines
  • Food and local agriculture
  • Physical activity and access to the city for all
  • Degraded habitat
A "vade-mecum" was then carried out in 2019 for the attention of communities in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region, for better consideration of health-environmental issues when developing a Local Intercommunal Urban Planning Plan.
 
This work is part of the implementation of the RHEP (Regional Health-Environment Plan) in Nouvelle Aquitaine. It summarises the approach by health determinants, and complements it by taking into account a number of regional specificities: population profiles, economic activities, exposure levels and pathologies with suspected or proven links with environmental factors.
 
In addition, in collaboration with the EHESP (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique de Rennes/School of Higher Studies in Public Health in Rennes), a-urba has also developed a guide for integrating health into development projects (ISadOrA project).
 
Some 15 "operational keys" have been identified to help developers implement all health issues within the timeline of a development operation.
 
The results of this study were shared in a working group of 35 stakeholders from both the world of urban planning and health at the national level.