SDG 9 Industry, innovation & infrastructure

Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
« Villes, numérique et innovation sociale : expériences françaises »

En pleine actualité liée aux enjeux de solidarité et d’accès aux services publics, cette publication questionne l’emploi des infrastructures et des usages numériques pour développer les cas d’usages en ville, dans la manière de nous déplacer, de consommer, d’interagir. Elle s’inscrit dans un contexte plus global d’urbanisation croissante et de densité démographique, interrogeant les enjeux de développement durable et de la qualité de l’air, de la mutation des transports et de la mobilité, la préservation des services publics et de l’accès aux soins ou encore la promotion du vivre-ensemble.

Une quinzaine de fiches, chacune dédiée à...

Over recent years, we have witnessed the constant growth of urban density all around the world: according to the United Nations (UN), around 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. This global phenomenon is associated with numerous challenges, such as sustainable development and air quality, the transformation of transport and mobility, the preservation of public services, access to health care and the promotion of living better together.
 
In this publication, France urbaine, an association bringing together major cities, inter-municipalities and metropolises across France, wanted to draw up a panorama of the initiatives implemented by urban centres to make living better together of the city. In keeping with the topical issues of solidarity and access to public services, this publication examines the possible existence of a specific French model of the smart city.
Industrial demonstrators for the sustainable city: Rêve de Scènes Urbaines
Le démonstrateur industriel pour la ville durable Rêve de Scènes urbaines, piloté par VINCI, Véolia et Artelia, propose une démarche originale de coopération entre les acteurs publics et privés de la ville pour expérimenter et produire des solutions urbaines innovantes. Il s’inscrit initialement dans un territoire en constante mutation, Plaine Commune, lui-même situé au cœur du Grand Paris.
 
Pour fonctionner, le démonstrateur s’appuie sur un écosystème ouvert, dont les objectifs sont de mettre en œuvre :
  • une plate-forme partenariale d’innovation urbaine,
  • un Living lab...
The industrial demonstrator for the sustainable city Rêve de Scènes Urbaines (Dream of Urban Scenes), led by VINCI, Véolia and Artelia, offers an original approach with cooperation between public and private stakeholders in the city to experiment and produce innovative urban solutions. It is initially part of a constantly changing region, Plaine Commune, itself located in the heart of Greater Paris.
 
To function, the demonstrator relies on an open ecosystem whose objectives are to implement:
  • a partnership platform for urban innovation,
  • a Living Lab of rebuilding the city on itself,
  • a showcase of the city's French know-how in the Plaine Commune region.
 
Every year, 150 ideas are collected and handed over to Plaine Commune. The region selects ideas that can help implement its strategic development plans.
The ideas and experiments produced as part of Rêve de Scènes Urbaines are intended for dissemination. In France, eight partner regions have joined the approach in order to benefit from ideas and to able to launch local experiments. The dynamics of the Rêve de Scènes Urbaines demonstrator can be increased thanks to the contribution of innovative companies from these regions.
 
Abroad, Rêve de Scènes Urbaines is part of the export efforts of the Strategic Sector Agreement "Industries for Construction", welcoming foreign delegations to France, and feeding local contacts of French companies with the association’s work.
ActivSkeen: an energy-producing building envelope
Parce que demain se construit aujourd’hui et que le bâtiment est aux avant-postes de la transition énergétique, de la lutte contre le changement climatique et de l’évolution des modes de vie et de travail, ActivSkeen crée des solutions de façades et d’enveloppes actives et esthétiques réduisant l’empreinte environnementale du bâtiment et améliorant le confort des occupants.
 
Ainsi ce n’est plus, un élément de façade assurant les fonctionnalités d’étanchéité, d’isolation et de ventilation, qui est installé, mais un élément produisant, en plus de ces fonctionnalités de base, de l’énergie. ActivSkeen fait appel...
Because tomorrow is being built today and building is at the forefront of the energy transition, the fight against climate change and changing lifestyles and work, ActivSkeen creates solutions with facades and active, aesthetical envelopes that reduce the building's environmental footprint and improve occupant comfort.
 
So it is no longer about installing a façade element providing the functionality of waterproofing, insulation and ventilation, but an element producing, in addition to these basic features, energy. ActivSkeen uses built-in photovoltaic technologies (BIPV) as well as dynamic glazing solutions. It controls the entire value chain, from the design of materials to their installation and implementation engineering.
 
These solutions help produce positive energy buildings (PEBs) and energy self-sufficiency at the islet or neighbourhood level. The interfaces are simplified for better control of projects, from the first draft to
closing the construction site.
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
Recyclean®: an exclusive process for reusing polluted roads
L’économie circulaire est déterminante pour l’avenir du BTP car elle contribue à préserver les ressources et à mieux gérer les déchets. Elle s’inscrit pleinement dans la transition écologique et l’innovation, deux des piliers du plan stratégique d’Eiffage.
 
Ainsi Eiffage Route a mis au point Recyclean®, un procédé exclusif de réemploi des chaussées polluées, notamment par des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP) qui s’inscrit pleinement dans cette stratégie. Recyclean® permet de régénérer ce type de chaussées et de retraiter les matériaux existants. Cette solution ne génère pas de déchets, ni de...
The circular economy is crucial for the future of construction because it helps preserve resources and better manage waste. It is fully in line with the ecological transition and innovation, two of the pillars of Eiffage's strategic plan.
 
So Eiffage Route has developed Recyclean®, an exclusive process for reusing polluted roadways, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which is fully part of this strategy. Recyclean® allows this type of roadway to be regenerated and existing materials to be reprocessed. This solution generates no waste or landfill costs for polluted materials and fully meets the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act (LTECV) of 2015, which aims, among other things, to reduce the amount of waste admitted in storage facilities by 30% by 2020 compared to 2010, and 50% by 2025.
 
Ecologically and socially virtuous, the Recyclean® process avoids using new materials on construction sites as well as movements of trucks loaded with polluted materials. Recyclean® is also more economical because it avoids both the transport and the systematic landfilling of these materials.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville
WEECAM project: implementation of a sustainable W3E recovery sector in Cameroon
Solidarité Technologique est une association française agissant à Yaoundé dans le domaine de la formation professionnelle des jeunes démunis et la revalorisation et le recyclage des déchets d’équipement électriques et électroniques (D3E).
Les D3E sont une catégorie de déchets posant une double problématique : une croissance rapide ainsi que des contraintes de gestion importantes au vu de certains composants toxiques. Les pays en développement sont particulièrement exposés à cette problématique : leur croissance économique et démographique rapide, ainsi que les changements sociaux et culturels entraînés par le...
Solidarité Technologique is a French association working in Yaounde in the field of vocational training for disadvantaged young people and the recovery and recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (W3E).
W3E is a category of waste that poses a dual problem: rapid growth and significant management constraints in view of certain toxic components. Developing countries are particularly exposed to this problem: their rapid economic and demographic growth, as well as the social and cultural changes brought about by such development, are leading to a sharp increase in the flow of W3E.
 
Since 2011, La Guilde, a French association recognised as a public utility, has been supporting Solidarité Technologique in setting up the first W3E recycling sector in Central Africa. A first treatment and recovery centre was opened in Yaounde in 2012.
Since then, its activity has been growing and Solidarité Technologique was awarded the Suez Initiative Prize - Institut de France for Social Entrepreneurship in June 2016. La Guilde and Solidarité Technologique are jointly launching the WEEECAM project, a major undertaking whose objective is to move the existing activity on to the semi-industrial scale.
 
The project, when it reaches full maturity at the end of year 5, will allow the full-time employment of 157 people. Partnerships will be established with various local players who will ensure the collection of W3E, in a thoughtful and constructive collaboration with the informal sector.
The success of the project will allow the validation of a model that can be transferred to other countries, particularly in Africa where such activity is currently absent.
Cellal e Kisal Programme: reducing maternal, neonatal and child morbidity and mortality in Senegal
La région rurale de Kolda au sud du Sénégal est marquée par des taux de mortalité maternelle et infantile nettement supérieurs aux valeurs nationales en raison du manque d’infrastructures et de personnel de santé.
Par ailleurs, du fait de leur éloignement géographique et du faible niveau d’information dont elles disposent sur les parcours de soins, on constate un faible taux de fréquentation des structures de santé par les communautés isolées de la région.
Cellal e Kisal renforce l’accès à une offre de services de qualité en santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile à travers le développement d’un...
The rural region of Kolda in southern Senegal is marked by maternal and child mortality rates well above national values due to lack of infrastructure and health personnel.
Moreover, due to their geographical distance and the low level of information available to them on care options, there is a low rate of attendance at health facilities by isolated communities within the region.
 
Cellal e Kisal improves access to quality maternal, neonatal and child health services by developing an integrated device using information and communication technologies (ICT).
It is based on several interconnected technologies that promote the identification, referencing and follow-up of pregnant women from registration through the first 2 years of the child’s life (Track-Check-Retain approach):
- A mobile application that allows community contacts to connect with health facilities and provide close monitoring of women and children,
- A telemedicine toolbox at health centres to carry out comprehensive examinations in remote areas,
and the telemedicine platform which links regional hospitals and specialist care services.

Results:
- Deployment of the telemedicine toolbox: 735 pregnant women consulted, 9,899 pregnancies and 67,662 children under the age of 5 registered and monitored via the digital device in 2018.
- More than 70,000 participants combined for behaviour change activities (lower-risk pregnancy, gender approach, etc) through the action of the 80 community contact points trained by Amref (public health NGO in Africa).
- Institution of a cervical cancer component with the equipment of health facilities in the region in screening and cryotherapy units.