SDG 9 Industry, innovation & infrastructure

Working differently
L'Île-de-France concentre plus de 650 tiers lieux, avec une forte progression depuis 2015. Ce foisonnement est le reflet des dynamiques entrepreneuriales sur le territoire francilien et le développement du télétravail. Il s'agit d'espaces de travail partagés, souvent protéiformes, créatifs, innovants, hybrides et multifonctionnels. Ils accueillent de plus en plus d'indépendants, en privilégiant un travail nomade, à distance et collaboratif. Afin d'illustrer la diversité et la richesse de ces espaces, l'Institut Paris Région sillonne les territoires d'Île-de-France afin de venir à leur rencontre et donner la parole aux acteurs, aux...
The Ile-de-France region is home to more than 650 third places, with strong growth since 2015. This proliferation is a reflection of the entrepreneurial dynamics within the French territory and the development of teleworking. These are shared workspaces, often protean, creative, innovative, hybrid and multifunctional. They welcome more and more independents, favouring itinerant, remote and collaborative working. In order to illustrate the diversity and richness of these spaces, the Institut Paris Région (Paris Region Institute) travels the regions of Ile-de-France to meet them and give voice to the stakeholders, project leaders, managers, facilitators, users and communities that make up these places.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
The notary, serving land security around the world
Un système fiable de sécurisation des transactions immobilières repose sur 3 piliers :

1.Une identification précise du bien immobilier sur des plans, (cadastre, ortho-photos ou photo satellite) et une vérification de l’identité et de la capacité juridique des personnes.

2.Un registre immobilier qui répertorie l’ensemble des actes juridiques concernant tous les biens immobiliers de toutes les personnes titulaires d’un droit de nature foncière.

3.Un acte incontestable qui offre une sécurité juridique quasi parfaite (vente, partage , donation…).
 ...
A reliable system for securing real estate transactions is based on three pillars:

1. Accurate identification of the property on the plans (cadastre, ortho-photos or satellite photo) and verification of the identity and legal capacity of individuals.

2. A real estate register that lists all legal acts concerning all real estate of all persons holding a land right.

3. An indisputable act that offers almost perfect legal certainty (sale, sharing, donation etc).
 
The interest of these three pillars:
 
  • legal: determine with certainty who owns what and under what conditions,
  • social: enable the poorest to defend their rights to the land and have access to public infrastructure,
  • economic: avoid a long and costly conflict for the landowner and encourage access to credit,
  • tax: make public authorities aware of the identity of persons with a property right so they can collect tax.
The issuing of title deeds is the core business of the notary. That’s why the Notariat has decided to act and become heavily involved in actions in support of land reforms.
 
This action is also part of the general policy carried out by the French Notariat to contribute, in addition to other stakeholders in the land arena, and respecting cultural diversity, to the establishment of a rule of law, a cornerstone of economic development.
 
Since June 2007, the Title Commission has been bringing together initiatives and coordinating joint action plans.
 
On 10 November 2009, a symposium was held at the Higher Council of French Notariat under the high patronage of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, bringing together all the players in this field around the theme "Land Security and Economic Development: The title of property ownership in developing countries".
 
The International Union of Notaries organised six international conferences in January 2012 in Burkina Faso, in January 2013 in Mexico, in December 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, in December 2017 in Niamey and Thessaloniki, and in June 2018 in Sarajevo on the subject.
Saint-Etienne, Resilient Design City
Parce qu’un territoire durable se réfléchit comme un projet singulier qui doit être conduit avec la population pour espérer réussir, cela implique d’anticiper ses besoins de développement en prenant en compte les dimensions sociale, environnementale, économique, et de s’appuyer sur son identité sans faire table rase du passé.
 
En portant des objectifs forts en matière de développement durable tout en affirmant son identité design (entrée en 2010 dans le Réseau UNESCO des villes créatives) dans le prolongement de sa grande histoire industrielle, Saint-Etienne fait rayonner l’ensemble de sa métropole...
Because a sustainable region is thought of as a singular project that must be carried out with the population in order to succeed, it implies anticipating its development needs, taking into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions, and relying on its identity without making a clean break with its past.
 
By maintaining strong sustainable development goals while affirming its design identity (having entered in 2010 the UNESCO Network of Creative Cities) in continuation of its great industrial history, Saint-Etienne is spreading out its whole urban area for the appreciation of a region undergoing full transformation.
 
In essence, Saint-Etienne's metropolitan ambition will be supported by an exemplary urban project - the resilient design city - capable of amplifying Saint-Etienne's design identity by promoting culture in particular, and responding to the major challenges of this century (climate emergency, economic shocks, social exclusion etc) through the ability to adapt, reinvent and experiment.
 
In light of these new challenges, the Saint-Etienne Public Planning Establishment is reaffirming its duty to be exemplary by placing itself ahead of the strategic directions for sustainable urban development set by the State, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region, as well as the Loire Department, and enshrining its action in the continuity of the urban policy carried by the City and Metropolis of Saint-Etienne.
development of Tunisia's cultural heritage
Le projet Patrimoine Tunisie s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Tounes Wijhetouna (« Tunisie : notre destination ») d’appui à la diversification du tourisme en Tunisie.
 
Consacré à la valorisation de sites patrimoniaux, le projet se divise en deux composantes principales :

1. Appui à l'appropriation, la préservation et la valorisation des patrimoines bâtis tunisiens,
2. Appui à la modernisation du Musée de Carthage et à la valorisation de son environnement.

De façon transversale, ce projet veille à mettre en place des actions de renforcement de...
The Tunisia Heritage project is part of the Tounes Wijhetouna ("Tunisia: Our Destination") programme to support the diversification of tourism in Tunisia.
 
Dedicated to the promotion of heritage sites, the project is divided into two main components:

1. Support for the appropriation, preservation and promotion of Tunisia's built heritage,
2. Support for the modernisation of Carthage Museum and the improvement of its environment.

In a cross-cutting way, this project seeks to implement capacity-building actions and knowledge transfer, particularly in the area of heritage management.
 
Among the expected results:

• At least 15 remarkable buildings will be rehabilitated, converted or restored, especially in the ancient centres.
Project leaders selected to occupy rehabilitated buildings will be supported in the implementation of durable, sustainable activities.
• Stakeholders contributing to the inventory, rehabilitation and conservation of heritage (in local communities in particular) will benefit from training and capacity-building actions.
• Carthage Museum and its immediate surroundings (including Place de l’Unesco) will be renovated.
• An interpretation centre will be created to promote the riches of the Carthage site to the public.
Accra Mobile - participatory mapping of small-scale transport
A Accra, 80% des déplacements motorisés sont assurés par les Trô-Trô. Ces véhicules - des minibus de 10 à 19 passagers - sont exploités par des opérateurs privés qui s'organisent le long de lignes. En 2015, le gouvernement Ghanéen a créé les DoTs (Departement of Transports) au sein de quatre municipalités d'Accra. Ces organismes - notamment en charge de la régulation des taxis et des Trô-Trô au sein de la capitale Ghanéenne - ont procédé à un appel à projet pour cartographier le transport artisanal et ainsi développer les outils nécessaires à l'analyse du fonctionnement du réseau de Trô-Trô. L'objectif second était de développer une...
In Accra, 80% of motorised trips are provided by the Trô-Trô. These vehicles - minibuses for 10 to 19 passengers - are run by private operators who organise their service along routes. In 2015, the Ghanaian government created DoTs (Transport Departments) in four Accra municipalities. These bodies - notably in charge of the regulation of taxis and Trô-Trô in the Ghanaian capital - have issued a call for projects to map small-scale transport and thus develop the tools necessary to analyse the functioning of the Trô-Trô network. The second objective was to develop an innovative approach around digital common places - via the use of OpenSreetMap tools - in order to simplify the process of data collection, processing and formatting.
 
The project was divided into three phases:
 
Phase 1 - line identification
Concordia University students identified the 300 lines that make up Accra's transportation system and then, on a sample of 60 lines, conducted studies on the frequency of line departures.
 
Phase 2 - data collection
The Transitec design office, with the help of the Jungle Bus team, worked to formalise an automated data collection and processing protocol, before formatting the data describing the Trô-Trô transport offer.
 
Phase 3 - data processing and publication
Following the identification of lines during phases 1 and 2 of the project, Ghanaian OpenStreetMap contributors began recording the location of stops and GPS tracks of the Trô-Trô lines directly on OpenStreetMap using OSM Tracker.
 
Data quality was monitored throughout the collection process by the Jungle Bus team. An OSM validation tool (Jungle Bus ruleset) was created for this purpose, allowing the plug-in to send alerts to collection supervisors when an error or omission is spotted. The OSM2GTFS tool finally created a GTFS dataset from GPRS routes extracted from OSM and a schematic map of Accra's Trô-Trô network was created.
OPAL - big data supporting development
Depuis quelques années, le monde vit une « révolution des données ». L’utilisation du téléphone, de réseaux sociaux, de paiements électroniques, dans nos activités personnelles et sociales crée de plus en plus de données qui sont de plus en plus précises (“big data“). Celles-ci sont en majorité produites, stockées et exploitées par des entreprises privées : opérateurs télécoms, banques, plateformes web et réseaux sociaux, etc. Or, en matière notamment de santé, d'éducation, d'agriculture ou de transport par exemple, les opportunités sont considérables pour mieux diagnostiquer grâce à ces données les besoins des populations et des...
In recent years, the world has been experiencing a "data revolution." The use of telephones, social networks and electronic payments in our personal and social activities creates more and more data that is more and more accurate ("big data"). Most of this data is produced, stored and operated by private companies: telecom operators, banks, web platforms and social networks, etc. However, in the areas of health, education, agriculture and transport, for example, there are considerable opportunities to better diagnose the needs of populations and regions through this data. Can big data be used ethically and securely to produce information for the public interest and sustainable development goals (SDGs)? This challenge is the ambition of the OPAL project (for "Open algorithms").
 
Launched in December 2016, the project is being developed by a consortium of public, private and academic partners around the Data-Pop Alliance think tank, MIT Media Lab, Orange, Imperial College London and the World Economic Forum.
 
AFD's funding of 1.5 million euros means an initial version of the solution has begun to be deployed, as well as pilot operations in Colombia and Senegal, in partnership with national statistics agencies and two major telecoms operators (Sonatel in Senegal and Telefónica in Colombia). This funding provides a boost to a project already supported by the World Bank and the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data (GPSDD).
 
Recommendations for resilient territories adapted to climate change
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Le changement climatique est une réalité devenue un enjeu majeur pour notre société. Face à une urbanisation mondiale croissante, à l’exploitation intensive des ressources naturelles et à la fréquence des évènements...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Climate change is a reality that has become a major issue for our society. Faced with growing global urbanization, the intensive exploitation of natural resources and the frequency of extreme weather events, it is urgent to mobilize at all levels of our cities and organizations, to strengthen the resilience of territories and of populations living in them.
 
To that end, it is necessary to consider far-reaching changes of urban and economic models, and to involve all the actors of the territory, to cooperate in a dynamic of anticipation, management or reconstruction in the event of a crisis.
 
It is within this framework that the “Resilience and adaptation to climate change” working group was gathered, in order to reflect on tools and solutions to make our cities and territories more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable.
The metamorphoses of the urban highway
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce premier ouvrage porte sur la requalification des autoroutes urbaines.
 
Longtemps synonymes de progrès, les autoroutes sont désormais source de congestion et de nuisances pour les deux millions de Français vivant à proximité immédiate, suscitant nombre de réflexions quant à leur...
 
This first work deals with the re-qualification of urban highways.
 
Long synonymous with progress, motorways are now a source of congestion and nuisance for the two million French people living in their immediate vicinity, prompting much consideration about their re-qualification.
 
This work looks back at the history of urban highways, the legacy of the automobile city now undergoing metamorphosis, and highlights the achievements and projects in progress, strong and symbolic projects which take into account changing mobility, health, landscape, environment and urban quality.
 
Rethinking urban highways now means reconsidering them within a cross-sectional view of the regions, in order to reduce their nuisance and impacts on the environment (noise, pollution, congestion), to relieve them, and to better integrate them into increasingly sustainable cities.
 
This document sheds light on the changing comprehension of these infrastructures, which must therefore be adapted to the current needs of cities and their inhabitants, both in France and abroad.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.