Access to housing

Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
Sustainable Building MOOC: a digital training offer dedicated to sustainable construction
En 2016, le Plan Bâtiment Durable et l’ADEME, en collaboration avec de nombreuses organisations et l’appui de France Université Numérique, ont lancé la plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable.
 
La Plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable poursuit deux grands objectifs :
- Permettre la montée en compétence des professionnels de la filière bâtiment et immobilier sur les thématiques de la transition énergétique et du bâtiment durable en général (construction et rénovation),
- Diffuser, auprès du grand public, une expertise des enjeux liés au bâtiment durable, en particulier la rénovation énergétique...
In 2016, the Sustainable Building Plan and ADEME, in collaboration with numerous organisations and the support of France Digital University, launched the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
 
The Sustainable Building MOOC Platform has two main objectives:
 
  •  To enable the improvement of professionals ’skills in the construction and real estate sector on the themes of energy transition and sustainable building in general (construction and renovation),
  • To disseminate, to the general public, an expertise on issues related to sustainable construction, in particular the energy renovation of housing.
Proposed in collaboration with numerous partners, the training consists of video-type teaching resources (but not just that) and offers individual or collaborative activities to assess the knowledge of learners.
 
The ambition of ADEME and the Sustainable Building Plan is to provide access to the best online training MOOC in the field of sustainable construction, regardless of the geographical location of the different learners.
 
It is possible for all stakeholders in the sector to propose an idea for a MOOC or online training. All registration dates and terms are available on the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
Unveiling the potential of middle-sized conurbations
Les agglomérations moyennes sont au cœur de l’attention des pouvoirs publics depuis l’été 2017, avec la préparation d’un futur plan national villes moyennes. Avant même cette annonce, les élus du bureau de la FNAU avaient souhaité travailler sur ces agglomérations qui maillent le territoire français  mais qui ont aujourd’hui besoin de révéler leur potentiel, et, pour certaines d’entre elles, de rebondir. Pour construire cette  publication et les propositions qu’elle contient, cinq groupes thématiques ont été organisés  afin de mobiliser les témoignages des agences d’urbanisme, des collectivités, des représentants de l’Etat, des...
Middle-sized conurbations were the main focus of public authorities during the 2017 summer, while the future “middle-sized cities national plan” was under preparation. Even before this announcement, the elected representatives of the FNAU Board had chosen to work on these conurbations, which spread over the French territory, but yet currently need to unveil their potential, and for some of them, to bounce back.
To design this publication and the proposals that are included in it, 5 thematic groups were organized in order to rally the testimony of urban planning agencies, local governments, State representatives, national stakeholders and experts.
The FNAU Thematic Study 42 “unveiling the potential of middle-sized conurbations” therefore focuses on the variety of challenges and levers for middle-sized conurbations, as well as the engineering tools that can be mobilized to support them. This publication presents concrete proposals of levers that can be resorted to recapturing city centres, including through actions on housing and public spaces, working on central functions (particularly trade and higher education), on economic changes and innovation, mobility or culture and quality of life. 
Smart City Directory - Property and Housing
Demain, la ville intelligente devra améliorer sa performance énergétique, un objectif qui concerne forcément les bâtiments, puisqu’en France, ce sont eux qui consomment le plus d’énergie, tous secteurs économiques confondus. La ville de demain produira une partie de son énergie depuis son propre territoire. Comment ? Grâce à ses toitures, son sous-sol, son air  ou ses déchets qui constituent autant de gisements à utiliser.
 
Les entreprises référencées « Immobilier et logement » dans l’annuaire Smart City de la Banque des Territoires proposent par exemple :
...
Tomorrow, the smart city will have to improve its energy performance, a goal that inevitably affects buildings, since in France, they consume the most energy, all economic sectors combined. The city of tomorrow will produce some of its energy from its own territory. How? Thanks to its roofs, its basements, its air and its waste, which offer so many options to tap into.
 
Companies labelled "Property and Housing" in the Smart City Directory of the Banque des Territoires (Bank of the Regions) offer, for example:
Setting up a data supervision service in buildings: energy, water and heating to reduce costs and improve the quality of services rendered;
Digital tools such as BIM to design urban projects and visualise future developments through an interactive digital model.
The development of housing exchange platforms as well as Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) facilities for managing tenant mobility and optimising social housing.
The Smart City Directory of the Bank of the Regions lets you discover the solutions of companies which work in the field of the smart city. This directory aims to bring together all the players in the city of tomorrow by linking local public players on the one hand and companies offering innovative regional services in the different sectors of the city on the other. Companies are invited to present their innovative offers here.
« Le Fil » shared housing
​Un groupe d'habitants de Le Bono, représentant 6 foyers au départ, rassemblé autour de valeurs communes a imaginé à partir de 2010 un projet d'habitat groupé. La rédaction d'une charte à partir d'un texte fondateur, associant le vivre ensemble, le souci écologique et l'économie sociale et solidaire, a été le fil conducteur de la conception et réalisation du projet qui porte son nom : Le Fil.

A group of residents from Le Bono, initially representing 6 households, decided to gather around common values in 2010 to design a shared housing project. Drafting a Charter starting from a founding text that combines living together, environmental concern and the social and solidary economy provided the common thread for the design and implementation of this project, which bears its name: “the Thread” (“le fil” in French).

Rouen Luciline: an Eco-neighbourhood contributing to the fight against global warming
En 2014 un projet de reconversion d’une friche industrialo-portuaire en un éco quartier a été lancé à proximité du centre historique de Rouen. Ce programme compte s’orienter autour de trois priorités : la préservation de la biodiversité et des sols, la construction d’un éco quartier mixte, notamment à travers la construction de logements locatifs sociaux et de commerces, et la gestion alternative des eaux pour lutter contre les îlots de chaleur et recueillir la rivière Luciline, auparavant canalisée.
Ce projet fait partie des nominés de la 28ème édition des Trophées Eco Actions, le concours de référence...
In 2014, a project to convert an industrial port wasteland into an eco-neighbourhood was launched near the historic centre of Rouen. This programme intends to focus on three priorities: the preservation of biodiversity and soils, the construction of a mixed eco-neighbourhood, in particular through the construction of social rental housing and shops, and alternative water management to combat heat islands and collect the Luciline River, previously channelled.
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Ivry-sur-Seine Emergency shelter : decent housing for asylum seeker
Le Centre d'Hébergement d’Urgence d’Ivry-sur-Seine se situe sur le site désaffecté de l’usine des Eaux, vaste parcelle de 90 000 m² appartenant à la Ville de Paris. Ce Centre est une partie de la réponse à la situation préoccupante suite à l’arrivée de soixante personnes par jour environ dans Paris intramuros, femmes, enfants, hommes en provenance de pays en guerre ou touchés par la misère.
Il a été conçu pour accueillir 400 personnes, familles, couples, femmes seules pour une durée d'occupation de 2 à 6 mois, le temps de préparer une demande d'asile. Son installation est temporaire, elle doit durer 5 ans maximum...

Ivry-sur-Seine emergency shelter is located on the brownfield site of the water treatment plant, an extensive 90 000-square-metre parcel belonging to the City of Paris.

The shelter is part of the response to the arrival of around 60 persons per day within intra-mural Paris, women, children and men fleeing war-torn countries or misery. It was designed to shelter 400 persons, families, couples and isolated women for 2 to 6 months, while they apply for asylum. This settlement is temporary, supposed to last 5 years at most.

The contracting authority, Emmaüs Solidarity, wanted to design the shelter like a “village”, to offset its distance from the city. Beyond the reception hall, “streets” serve the different neighbourhoods (dedicated to families or isolated people and couples), as well as the health centre and store.

 

E+C- House by Ecolocost
 
Le but de cette maison est de démontrer qu'il est possible de faire une maison révolutionnaire d'une apparence traditionnelle, le tout en un temps record pour 200 € plus cher au mètre carré qu'une maison RT2012.
Les points importants sont:
·       sa compacité : une maison de 3 chambres, fonctionnelle de 82m2 qui respecte les fondamentaux d'un habitat de qualité à tout point de vue (air, bruit, confort)
·       son coût abordable : la maison a été conçue pour coûter 1/3 du revenu mensuel moyen d'une famille de primo-accédant dans des régions fortement urbanisés, soit...
This house aims to demonstrate that it is possible to build a revolutionary house that looks conventional, and on top of that in record time for only 200 euros per square metre more than an RT2012 house.
The key characteristics are:
-          Its compactness: an 82-square-metre, 3-bedroom house that’s functional and respects the essentials of quality housing in all respects (air, noise and comfort);
-          Its affordable cost: the house was designed to cost a third of the average monthly income of a  first-time buyer family in a dense urban environment, that is to say about 1000 euros per month, land included, without any energy expenses since its low energy consumption is fully covered by its production so as to reach an annual balance;
-          Its carbon impact: thanks to wood and other top-of-the-range, fully recyclable materials coupled with high-quality technical equipment. This house is genuinely sustainable, can be built within a single day, barely generates any building waste and does not cause any disturbance within the neighbourhood.
It is E+C- and BEPOS-certified.
Wolf-Wagner eco-neighbourhood, Mulhouse
La Cité Jardin du XXIè siècle
Le quartier Wolf-Wagner permet de découvrir trois grandes périodes du logement social mulhousien. Tout d’abord, la cité Wolf construite entre 1924 et 1928, une cité-jardin de 228 logements. Ensuite, entre 1956 et 1958 fut bâti l’essentiel de la cité Wagner, 1er programme d’habitat collectif « en barres » de Mulhouse. Les constructions qui y sont érigées sont conformes au style des grands ensembles de cette époque, et les problèmes qui ont suivi par la suite. Le programme dit « EUROPAN 5 », encourageant les initiatives architecturales à l’échelle européenne, va néanmoins venir...

A 20th century garden city
The Wolf-Wagner neighbourhood comprises three major periods of Mulhouse social housing developments. Firstly, the “Cité Wolf”, which was built between 1924 and 1928 to be a garden city with 228 homes. Secondly, the main part of the “Cité Wagner”, which was built between 1956 and 1958, and was the first low rise social housing development in Mulhouse. These buildings embraced the era’s trend for large-scale building complexes and soon experienced the same problems these brought about. The «EUROPAN 5» programme, which encouraged European-scale architectural initiatives, would reverse this trend with the theme: «New types of housing, travel and mobility.» The City of Mulhouse, Mulhouse Habitat (social landlord) and property owners started to think about the neighbourhood as a whole.
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