Access to housing

Living differently: UTOP, an example of a co-operative of inhabitants
Faced with the challenges of changing lifestyles, changing family structures, an ageing population, the dissociation between work and the workplace, housing is being renewed and innovations are multiplying. In France, as with our European neighbours, alternatives are emerging. They reveal a growing involvement of inhabitants in designing and managing their living spaces, and a renewal of the professional stances of housing stakeholders. The Paris Region Institute explores this phenomenon in a series of articles and interviews on alternative housing experiences in France and Europe. Here is a focus on UTOP, the first co-operative of...
Faced with the challenges of changing lifestyles, changing family structures, an ageing population, the dissociation between work and the workplace, housing is being renewed and innovations are multiplying. In France, as with our European neighbours, alternatives are emerging. They reveal a growing involvement of inhabitants in designing and managing their living spaces, and a renewal of the professional stances of housing stakeholders.
 
The Paris Region Institute explores this phenomenon in a series of articles and interviews on alternative housing experiences in France and Europe. Here is a focus on UTOP, the first co-operative of inhabitants arising from the ALUR law, created in 2016 as part of the call for "participatory housing" projects in the city of Paris. The future inhabitants-cooperators have designed in partnership with the HLM CoopImmo cooperative and the ArchiEthic architectural cooperative the project for an ecological and open building on Rue Garnier-Guy in the 20th arrondissement.
Cities change the world
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
The notary, serving land security around the world
Un système fiable de sécurisation des transactions immobilières repose sur 3 piliers :

1.Une identification précise du bien immobilier sur des plans, (cadastre, ortho-photos ou photo satellite) et une vérification de l’identité et de la capacité juridique des personnes.

2.Un registre immobilier qui répertorie l’ensemble des actes juridiques concernant tous les biens immobiliers de toutes les personnes titulaires d’un droit de nature foncière.

3.Un acte incontestable qui offre une sécurité juridique quasi parfaite (vente, partage , donation…).
 ...
A reliable system for securing real estate transactions is based on three pillars:

1. Accurate identification of the property on the plans (cadastre, ortho-photos or satellite photo) and verification of the identity and legal capacity of individuals.

2. A real estate register that lists all legal acts concerning all real estate of all persons holding a land right.

3. An indisputable act that offers almost perfect legal certainty (sale, sharing, donation etc).
 
The interest of these three pillars:
 
  • legal: determine with certainty who owns what and under what conditions,
  • social: enable the poorest to defend their rights to the land and have access to public infrastructure,
  • economic: avoid a long and costly conflict for the landowner and encourage access to credit,
  • tax: make public authorities aware of the identity of persons with a property right so they can collect tax.
The issuing of title deeds is the core business of the notary. That’s why the Notariat has decided to act and become heavily involved in actions in support of land reforms.
 
This action is also part of the general policy carried out by the French Notariat to contribute, in addition to other stakeholders in the land arena, and respecting cultural diversity, to the establishment of a rule of law, a cornerstone of economic development.
 
Since June 2007, the Title Commission has been bringing together initiatives and coordinating joint action plans.
 
On 10 November 2009, a symposium was held at the Higher Council of French Notariat under the high patronage of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, bringing together all the players in this field around the theme "Land Security and Economic Development: The title of property ownership in developing countries".
 
The International Union of Notaries organised six international conferences in January 2012 in Burkina Faso, in January 2013 in Mexico, in December 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, in December 2017 in Niamey and Thessaloniki, and in June 2018 in Sarajevo on the subject.
Condominium kit
En 2050, les trois-quarts de la population mondiale vivront dans les villes. L’expansion urbaine se faisant actuellement horizontalement, il convient de favoriser les constructions collectives verticales, et donc de relever le défi du système de la copropriété dans le monde.
 
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat, l’Ordre des géomètres-experts et la FNAIM ont réalisé un kit de copropriété.
 
Cet ouvrage collectif associe de nombreux experts : notaires, juristes, économistes, universitaires, géomètres-experts, spécialistes du foncier et de l’urbanisme.
 
...
By 2050, three-quarters of the world's population will live in cities. With urban expansion currently taking place horizontally, vertical collective constructions should be encouraged, and so the challenge of the global condominium system should be met.
 
The Higher Council of French Notariat, the Order of Expert Surveyors and FNAIM have created a condominium kit.
 
This collective work brings together many different experts: notaries, lawyers, economists, academics, expert surveyors, and specialists in land and urban planning.
 
This kit is a practical tool that incorporates a draft Framework Act, a declarative act model of co-ownership of a building by apartments, an example of co-ownership regulations and management rules, including financial ones. The proposed solutions are adaptable to the needs and cultures of different countries.
 
The condominium kit is intended mainly for states, international organisations (UN-Habitat, World Bank etc) and all global land stakeholders (including notaries, lawyers, surveyors, trustees and property managers, civil servants) facing the issue of vertical urban planning development.
 
The experts behind this kit can also intervene in the field as advisers.
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
Sustainable Building MOOC: a digital training offer dedicated to sustainable construction
En 2016, le Plan Bâtiment Durable et l’ADEME, en collaboration avec de nombreuses organisations et l’appui de France Université Numérique, ont lancé la plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable.
 
La Plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable poursuit deux grands objectifs :
- Permettre la montée en compétence des professionnels de la filière bâtiment et immobilier sur les thématiques de la transition énergétique et du bâtiment durable en général (construction et rénovation),
- Diffuser, auprès du grand public, une expertise des enjeux liés au bâtiment durable, en particulier la rénovation énergétique...
In 2016, the Sustainable Building Plan and ADEME, in collaboration with numerous organisations and the support of France Digital University, launched the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
 
The Sustainable Building MOOC Platform has two main objectives:
 
  •  To enable the improvement of professionals ’skills in the construction and real estate sector on the themes of energy transition and sustainable building in general (construction and renovation),
  • To disseminate, to the general public, an expertise on issues related to sustainable construction, in particular the energy renovation of housing.
Proposed in collaboration with numerous partners, the training consists of video-type teaching resources (but not just that) and offers individual or collaborative activities to assess the knowledge of learners.
 
The ambition of ADEME and the Sustainable Building Plan is to provide access to the best online training MOOC in the field of sustainable construction, regardless of the geographical location of the different learners.
 
It is possible for all stakeholders in the sector to propose an idea for a MOOC or online training. All registration dates and terms are available on the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
Recommendations for an affordable housing policy
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Avec près de 6,6 milliards d’urbains en 2050 selon les projections de l’ONU, assurer un accès de tous à un logement et à des services de base adéquats et à un coût abordable, est plus que jamais à l’ordre du jour. Centré...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
With nearly 6.6 billion urban dwellers in 2050 according to UN projections, ensuring access to adequate and affordable housing and basic services for all is more than ever on the agenda. Focused on this contemporary and global issue, both local and global, the "Affordable Housing" working group met to provide diversified and sustainable responses.
 
These questions, raised by the working group, are related to the system of stakeholders, land and property titling, which are together the main levers and major brakes for the construction of urban-shaped affordable housing, since though affordable, this housing must be decent and of quality.
Likewise, the funding and financialization of housing are essential issues. With an often high cost, tools must be introduced in order to offer housing accessible to all and which meets the needs, lifestyles, and culture of the inhabitants, while being sustainable.