Public spaces

Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
Caen, nature city
A dix-huit kilomètres de la mer, à la confluence entre l’Orne et de l’Odon, Caen s’affirme comme une ville entre mer et nature.
Structurée par un fleuve côtier partiellement canalisé, la ville fut fortement marquée au nord par l’industrie métallurgique, tout en préservant au sud l’accès direct à la nature par sa vaste prairie inondable qui pénètre au cœur de la ville.
Aujourd’hui connue pour sa plaine agricole et la qualité de sa pierre calcaire, Caen puise en réalité son identité dans les cours d’eau et les prés normands, ce qui en fait une ville naturellement structurée par sa trame verte et bleue. Par sa...
Eighteen kilometres from the sea, at the confluence of the Orne and the Odon, Caen is most definitely a city between sea and nature.
Structured by a partially channelled coastal river, the city was heavily affected to the north by the metallurgical industry, while preserving to the south direct access to nature by its vast flood meadow that goes right into the heart of the city.
Today known for its agricultural plain and the quality of its limestone, Caen actually draws its identity from Normandy’s rivers and meadows, making it a city naturally structured by its green and blue corridors.
With its greenspace policy and its work to preserve ecological continuity, Caen has outpaced legal expectations for promoting biodiversity, nature and landscapes.
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
Industrial demonstrators for the sustainable city: Rêve de Scènes Urbaines
Le démonstrateur industriel pour la ville durable Rêve de Scènes urbaines, piloté par VINCI, Véolia et Artelia, propose une démarche originale de coopération entre les acteurs publics et privés de la ville pour expérimenter et produire des solutions urbaines innovantes. Il s’inscrit initialement dans un territoire en constante mutation, Plaine Commune, lui-même situé au cœur du Grand Paris.
 
Pour fonctionner, le démonstrateur s’appuie sur un écosystème ouvert, dont les objectifs sont de mettre en œuvre :
  • une plate-forme partenariale d’innovation urbaine,
  • un Living lab...
The industrial demonstrator for the sustainable city Rêve de Scènes Urbaines (Dream of Urban Scenes), led by VINCI, Véolia and Artelia, offers an original approach with cooperation between public and private stakeholders in the city to experiment and produce innovative urban solutions. It is initially part of a constantly changing region, Plaine Commune, itself located in the heart of Greater Paris.
 
To function, the demonstrator relies on an open ecosystem whose objectives are to implement:
  • a partnership platform for urban innovation,
  • a Living Lab of rebuilding the city on itself,
  • a showcase of the city's French know-how in the Plaine Commune region.
 
Every year, 150 ideas are collected and handed over to Plaine Commune. The region selects ideas that can help implement its strategic development plans.
The ideas and experiments produced as part of Rêve de Scènes Urbaines are intended for dissemination. In France, eight partner regions have joined the approach in order to benefit from ideas and to able to launch local experiments. The dynamics of the Rêve de Scènes Urbaines demonstrator can be increased thanks to the contribution of innovative companies from these regions.
 
Abroad, Rêve de Scènes Urbaines is part of the export efforts of the Strategic Sector Agreement "Industries for Construction", welcoming foreign delegations to France, and feeding local contacts of French companies with the association’s work.
Trilib', self-service waste sorting
Pour permettre à plus de Parisiens de trier plus simplement et pouvoir apporter une solution aux 10 % de Parisiens n’ayant pas de bac jaune, Citeo a conduit et financé une expérimentation à Paris : 40 stations trilib’, des containers de collecte de proximité disponibles 24h sur 24, implantés dans 4 arrondissements.
Mobilier urbain de tri et modulaire, la station trilib’ mutualise 5 flux : les emballages en verre, en métal, les bouteilles et flacons en plastique, les papiers et cartons et enfin les textiles. Innovation digitale et service à l’usager, les taux de remplissage des stations sont disponibles en temps réel sur...
To allow more Parisians to sort their waste more simply and be able to provide a solution to the 10% of Parisians who do not have a yellow bin, Citeo conducted and financed an experiment in Paris: 40 trilib' stations, local collection containers available 24 hours a day, located in 4 districts.
Modular urban sorting furniture, the trilib' station brings together 5 streams: glass and metal packaging, plastic bottles and containers, paper and cardboard, and finally, textiles. Digital innovation and user service, station filling rates are available in real time on the opendata.paris.fr platform.
The City of Paris has decided to deploy these stations that facilitate waste sorting and collection.
Each station collects around an additional 25 tonnes of packaging each year and improves the quality of sorting.
For 9 out of 10 Parisians, they are easy to use and show that waste sorting is really useful. Since 2017, this still experimental arrangement has already allowed the sorting and recycling, among other things, of 55 tons of plastic bottles, or about 2 million bottles.
A thousand Trilib' stations will be deployed throughout Paris from the end of 2019 to 2021 by the City of Paris with the support of Citeo.
 
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
"If the city" : for territory-wide consultation with all its users (EpaMarne)
Cet outil s’adresse à tous les usagers d’un territoire (habitants, étudiants, salariés, entreprises, voyageurs, touristes…) pour les conduire à s’interroger sur son évolution à long terme. A la fois simulateur et serious game, il propose à l’usager de se mettre à la place de l’aménageur et de relever les défis majeurs de ce territoire à l’horizon 2030 : résoudre la crise du logement, assurer un équilibre socio-économique, réduire le bilan carbone, etc.
Grâce au numérique, il donne à l’usager la possibilité d’expérimenter des choix d’aménagement, mais aussi de visualiser en temps réel les effets engendrés...
This tool is aimed at all users of a region (residents, students, employees, businesses, travellers, tourists etc) to encourage them to question its long-term evolution. Both a simulator and a serious game, it invites users to put themselves in the place of the planner and to address the major challenges facing the region by 2030: to solve the housing crisis, ensure a socio-economic balance, reduce the carbon footprint, etc.
Thanks to digital technology, it gives the user the opportunity to experiment with development choices, as well as visualising in real time the impact generated (need to finance public amenities, create jobs, congestion of transport networks etc) and the results achieved.
Having thus brought out an enlightened, shared vision centred on the general interest, this fun, educational tool aims to gradually deliver this vision at the local level, mobilising users at all stages of urban projects - including once the neighbourhoods and buildings have been delivered.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville