Public spaces

Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
Planning the French-Chinese sustainable city of WUHAN
SUEZ Consulting, en groupement avec l'architecte urbaniste français Arte Charpentier et le WLSP, Design Institute Chinois, a remporté le concours lancé par la municipalité de Wuhan, en Chine, pour la réalisation d'une nouvelle EcoCité dans le cadre du partenariat franco-chinois de la ville durable.
 
L'étude consiste à planifier le district de Caidian selon une approche globale en termes de ville post-carbone, d'innovation industrielle, de protection de l'environnement, d'écologie, d'agriculture urbaine et d’amélioration des normes de qualité de vie. Ainsi, ce projet permet d’établir les...
SUEZ Consulting will be designing a new eco-district in the Chinese city of Wuhan, after winning a competition organized by the city as part of a Franco-Chinese sustainable cities initiative.
 
The study requires an overall global planning vision of Caidian District in terms of low-carbon city, industrial innovation, environmental protection, ecology and urban agriculture, and quality of life standards.
 
In such, to establish the concepts, ideas and vision of the urban design and propose a demonstrative eco-city project based on a Sino French cultural fusion, innovative technologies, strong ecological concepts and its technology application.
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
The "Reinventing the Seine" approach: a call for innovative projects to support regional development
En mars 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre et Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie ont lancé l'appel à projets « Réinventer la Seine ».

Dans un élan comparable à l'appel à projets « Réinventer Paris », la démarche a constitué une nouvelle étape dans le développement de la Vallée de la Seine.

Les porteurs du projet, Ville de Paris, agglomérations de Rouen et du Havre, HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie, se sont appuyés sur les trois agences d'urbanisme de l'Axe Seine (APUR, AURBSE et AURH) pour coordonner le dispositif de l'appel à projets à l'échelle des territoires parisiens,...
In March 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre and Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie launched the call for projects "Reinventing the Seine".

In a similar vein to the "Reinventing Paris" call for projects, the initiative was a new step in the development of the Seine Valley.

The project sponsors, the City of Paris, the Rouen and Le Havre conurbations and HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie relied on the three urban planning agencies of the Seine Axis (APUR, AURBSE and AURH) to coordinate the call for projects on the scale of the Paris, Rouen and Le Havre regions.

Nearly forty sites have been made available to innovators from all over the world (architects, town planners, economic players, start-ups, artists, designers, landscapers, etc) to encourage innovative projects and uses and thus strengthen the attractiveness and influence of the regions concerned.

The aim of this approach was to invent new ways of living on and by the water, on the Paris - Rouen - Le Havre axis. The process culminated in July 2017 with the designation of 20 winners, all meeting the requirements defined by the partners.

This approach to the development of the banks of the Seine and its canals has appealed to the boldness and creativity of professionals from all over the world and has been an accelerator of change.

In the years to come, the projects will be deployed along the Seine axis and will make visible another way of living along the river.
"Saving energy in my region"
Fiche n°04 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Pour réduire l’impact des activités directement attribuées aux communes sur le changement climatique, certains élus ont déjà mis en place des plans d’actions pour agir à l’échelle des infrastructures et équipements publics. C’est le cas notamment en Guadeloupe où a été adopté par la communauté d’...
Card no. 04 from the guide “Demain mon territoire” (Tomorrow my Region), co-published by ADEME and the EcoMaires, is intended for elected officials to help them integrate the environment into their programme thanks to twenty information sheets providing ideas for action and examples of implemented solutions.
 
To reduce the impacts of the activities directly allocated to the municipalities on climate change, some officials have already implemented action plans to act at the level of public infrastructure and equipment. Such is the case in Guadeloupe, where the urban community of Cap Excellence and the commune of Baie Mahault have adopted a Regional Climate-Air-Energy Plan (RCAEP) to reduce CO2 emissions by 20%.
 
To achieve this, Cap Excellence and Baie Mahault have been committed since 2015 to respecting the rules of the Cap Cit’ergie label which governs their sustainable energy climate policy. Nowadays, the communes have equipped their public buildings with solar panels and solar water heaters.
 
The whole urban lighting system has been revised to work only with LEDs. Moreover, to minimise the energy needs of homes, bioclimatism has been favoured to make the most of the home’s outside environment by using external solar protection, natural ventilation and roof insulation. So municipal stakeholders have become players in the ecological transition and models for their fellow citizens.
Teaching new mobility: "Mobility is learned!"
VEDECOM est un Institut pour la transition énergétique mis en place par le gouvernement français dans le cadre des Programmes d’investissement d’avenir, qui travaille principalement au développement et à l’expérimentation de solutions technologiques appliquées à l’électrification des véhicules, la délégation de conduite et la connectivité des véhicules, et les mobilités et énergie partagées.
 
VEDECOM possède également une mission de formation et une démarche globale de diffusion des savoirs et des recherches effectuées en son sein.

A cet effet, VEDECOM a développé un catalogue...
VEDECOM is an Institute for Energy Transition set up by the French government as part of the Future Investment Programmes, which works mainly on the development and experimentation of technological solutions applied to vehicle electrification, driving delegation and vehicle connectivity, and shared mobility and energy.
 
VEDECOM also has a training mission and a comprehensive approach to disseminating knowledge and research carried out within it.

To this end, VEDECOM has developed a catalogue of training courses for experts in industry, communities, as well as a series of fun educational devices designed to better understand the technologies and uses of the mobility solutions of tomorrow, because "mobility is learned".

The Institute for the City in Motion-VEDECOM complements this arrangement with the following actions:
  • About the autonomous vehicle:
- A knowledge-testing quiz on the autonomous vehicle https://formationvedecom.typeform.com/to/H5e8hf
- A "Robospective" board game that helps you imagine "mobile robots" and question the interplay around the services they could offer.
- A 45-minute e-learning on the autonomous vehicle:  http://formation.vedecom.fr/login/index.php
 
  • On the psycho-social, cognitive and cultural dimensions of mobility:
- A quiz "Which traveller are you?" with 17 questions: http://www.enroute-lejeu.com/quiz/#/start
- A serious mobility learning game "On the road!" to develop the autonomous mobility of individuals, aimed in particular at people in social/professional integration or in the learning phase (school).
Passages, transitional spaces for the city of the 21st century
À l’heure où la mobilité est au cœur des questions urbaines, on attend de chacun de nous une compétence accrue de navigateurs connectés, passant d’un mode de transport à un autre, parcourant des distances quotidiennes variées, dans des aires métropolitaines fragmentées par les réseaux, les infrastructures rapides, les zones spécialisées.
 
Les passages, petits espaces de transition, sont des maillons essentiels d’une mobilité durable, indispensables à la qualité de nos déplacements quotidiens et dans la conception d'un système de mobilité intégré. Tunnels, passerelles, escalators, téléphériques urbains,...
At a time when mobility is at the heart of urban issues, each of us is expected to have a heightened knowledge of connected travellers, moving from one mode of transport to another, travelling various daily distances, in metropolitan areas fragmented by networks, rapid infrastructure and specialised areas.
 
These passages, small transitional spaces, are essential links in sustainable mobility, essential to the quality of our daily journeys and in the design of an integrated mobility system. Tunnels, footbridges, escalators, urban cable cars, paths that facilitate the transition between modes, between urban environments...
 
The history and observation of uses show us that they are potential carriers of singular urbanities, atmospheres, activities, qualities.
 
However, these accessibility spaces are often mainly forgotten by the builders of our cities even though they do not require a lot of investment, they should systematically support major development operations - especially the new transport projects - and they offer restorative virtues to the fractures caused by the rapid transport infrastructure and zoning of 20th-century urbanisation.
 
Designing and creating passages means being able to act immediately, locally, and lay the foundations for a larger-scale transformation: "the small scale that changes everything (well, almost)".
 
An international research-action programme (2014-2018) developed in several cities around the world (Tours/Saint Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, Toronto, Barcelona, Sao Paulo, Valparaiso, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile, Bogota, Nantes, Volos, San José, Granada, Algiers, Cotonou, Maputo, Tunis) aimed at putting on the agenda the concrete issue of passages within the regions:
 
  • Professional architectural and urban planning competitions for developing passage projects in 11 cities (Tours/Saint-Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, 6 municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona, Sant Adria del Besos, Toronto, Sao Paulo) which mobilised 270 multidisciplinary professional teams, or about 1000 professionals of forty nationalities,
  • Student workshops with partner universities, and on-site workshops with teams selected during Phase 2 of the competitions,
  • The Passage Manifesto, a call for innovation and guide to promote the design of the mobility spaces of tomorrow, co-produced by the scientific committee, project partners and visitors to the international exhibition.
Autonomous public transport in Saclay: innovation serving mobility
30 territoires engagés dans la démarche EcoCité bénéficient du soutien du Programme d’Investissements d’Avenir Ville de Demain géré par la Banque des Territoires pour le compte de l’Etat.
 
2.1 M€ ont été investis dans le cadre de ce programme au service de navettes autonomes à Versailles.
 
Dénommée « Liaison Saint-Cyr-Satory », ce service de navettes autonomes sur route ouverte répond aux besoins des usagers du plateau de Satory en garantissant la desserte du dernier kilomètre et constitue un véritable outil d’observation et de recherche sur la mobilité.
...
30 regions involved in the EcoCité approach receive support from the Avenir Ville de Demain investment programme managed by the Banque des Territoires on behalf of the State.
 
€2.1 M were invested as part of this programme to provide autonomous shuttles in Versailles.
 
Called "Liaison Saint-Cyr-Satory", this autonomous shuttle service on open roads meets the needs of users of the Satory plateau by providing the last-kilometre service and is a real tool for observation and research on mobility.
 
This service is a first stage of experimentation aimed at improving the acceptability of the autonomous vehicle in the road space and bringing together all the players in the field.
Urbayiti: urban governance and resilient towns in Haiti
Le projet Urbayiti – “Gouvernance urbaine et villes résilientes“ vise à promouvoir le développement économique et social d’Haïti et à favoriser la résilience des populations, à travers l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des villes.
 
Urbayiti contribue ainsi à la consolidation du cadre institutionnel pour renforcer la gouvernance du secteur et améliorer la gestion et la planification des villes. Il informe et sensibilise la population sur les enjeux de développement urbain et souligne l’ambition du gouvernement haïtien de mener une démarche urbaine intégrée.
 
Le projet intervient à...
The Urbayiti project "Urban Governance and Resilient Towns" aims to promote Haiti's economic and social development and foster people's resilience by improving the quality of urban life.
 
Urbayiti is thus helping consolidate the institutional framework to strengthen governance in the sector and improve the management and planning of towns. It informs and raises people’s awareness of urban development issues and underlines the Haitian government's ambition to pursue an integrated urban approach.
 
The project operates on three levels:
 
- National for strategic, institutional and normative actions;
- Departmental (South and Grand Anse) and metropolitan (Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area) for strategic actions, training and studies;
- Local (Port-au-Prince, Jérémie and Les Cayes) for infrastructure and services and capacity building, job creation and social engineering.
The actions carried out focus on three areas:
- strengthening urban governance;
- developing urban plans;
- carrying out urban planning operations.
Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA): fighting climate change in Africa
La « Convention des Maires pour l’Afrique subsaharienne » (CoM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union européenne pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne dans leur lutte contre le changement climatique et dans leurs efforts pour assurer l’accès à l’énergie propre de leurs populations.

Elle a plusieurs objectifs :

- Renforcer les capacités des villes à développer et à utiliser des instruments de planification et d’exécution dans les domaines de l’énergie, de la mobilité et de l’urbanisme,
- Améliorer le cadre juridique et institutionnel des autorités locales...
The Covenant of Mayors for Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is a European Union-funded initiative to support cities in sub-Saharan Africa in their fight against climate change and their efforts to ensure access to clean energy for their people.

It has several objectives:

- Strengthen the capacity of cities to develop and use planning and implementation instruments in the fields of energy, mobility and urban planning,
- Improve the legal and institutional framework of local authorities and their technical and resource mobilisation capabilities,
- Promote political ownership and dissemination of best practices.

The first two phases of the initiative have built a strong network of cities committed to the fight against climate change, with 178 signatory cities and municipalities. The third phase will allow cities to develop their Sustainable Energy and Climate Access Action Plans (SECAAP), implement energy access, climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, and also strengthen partnerships between cities and regions.