Urban sprawl

ARTELIA white paper on Smart Cities
Ce Livre Blanc s’adresse à tous les publics, et en particulier aux acteurs clés de la Ville, qui souhaitent connaître les enjeux de la Smart City et les clés de la ville intelligente. Il est le fruit d’un travail collaboratif entre les différents secteurs d’activité d’ARTELIA, groupe international multidisciplinaire de conseil, d’ingénierie et de management de projet dans les secteurs de la construction, des infrastructures, de l’industrie, de l’eau et de l’environnement. A travers cet ouvrage, ARTELIA partage ses références, son expertise et ses retours d’expérience tout en décrivant son offre de service pour accompagner les porteurs...
This white paper is for all audiences - and more particularly for the city’s stakeholders - who wish to learn about the challenges and solutions to the Smart City.
It stems from collaborative work within ARTELIA’s different industries - an international, multidisciplinary consulting group, working on engineering and project management in the building, infrastructure, water and environment industry sectors.
Throughout this publication, ARTELIA shares its references, its expertise and feedback learnings, while describing its service offer to support project owners.
The CitiesWithNature platform for local and subnational actors’ voluntary commitments towards biodiversity COP15
Expertise France apporte un appui à la préparation des accords de la 15ème Conférence des Parties (CoP 15) de la Convention sur la diversité biologique, à travers la mise en oeuvre du projet Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU support financé par l'Union européenne.
 
Le projet Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support vise à créer les conditions d’adoption d’un nouveau cadre mondial post-2020 ambitieux pour la biodiversité lors de la CoP15. Pour ce faire, il accompagne une vingtaine de pays extra-européens dans la définition de leur niveau ambition et d’engagements et soutient une mobilisation large et...
The Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU support project implemented by Expertise France and funded by the European Union, ICLEI network’s Cities Biodiversity Center developed CitiesWithNature the voluntary commitments submission platform of local and subnational actors for biodiversity.
 
This later gathers local policy actions taken so far by 160 local and subnational actors from 55 countries worldwide, in all their variety (districts, boroughs, cities, inter-communalities, metropolitan areas, regions, federated states, etc.).
 
This initiative forms part of the broader local and subnational actors mobilization towards the 15th Conference of Parties (CoP15) to the Unites Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), across which will be adopted the next global biodiversity framework.
 
 
Living regions: 9 keys to the ecological emergency
Face aux enjeux du dérèglement climatique, l’échelle locale apparaît comme l’échelle idéale pour innover, expérimenter et mettre en œuvre de nouvelles manières de vivre.
 
Les élus locaux ont ainsi un rôle essentiel à jouer dans la mise en œuvre de mesures à la hauteur pour protéger les milieux naturels, la biodiversité, et les populations humaines qui en dépendent.
 
Avec ce guide, le WWF-France s’engage dans l’accompagnement des transitions locales, en proposant un programme pour des territoires « vivants et désirables ».
 
Constitué de 9 clés...
Faced with the challenges of climate change, the local scale appears to be the ideal level for innovating, experimenting and implementing new ways of living.
 
Local elected officials thus have an essential role to play in implementing appropriate measures to protect natural environments, biodiversity and the human populations that depend on them.
 
With this guide, WWF-France is committed to supporting local transitions by proposing a programme for "living and desirable" regions.
 
Consisting of 9 keys, it establishes recommendations associated with action levers (strategic planning, regulation, public procurement or financial and technical support); to enable local authorities to reinvent towns and regions around vital local functions: live, eat, move, entertain, inform, produce and consume.
 
Cities and mobilities - Reinventing proximity
Réduire nos déplacements contraints, consommer localement, profiter des services de proximité au sein de son quartier, privilégier les mobilités douces, travailler à distance… transforment nos parcours de mobilité et réinventent notre quotidien en quête de proximité.

C’est dans ce contexte que Bouygues Construction a mené une réflexion ouverte et collaborative  sur la mobilité des biens et des personnes en projetant nos usages et pratiques à horizon 2030.
 
Opérateurs de mobilité, collectivités, institutionnels, entreprises, start-up, sociologues, acteurs de l’immobilier … ont...
Reducing the need to travel, consuming locally, taking advantage of local services in the neighbourhood, favouring soft mobility, working remotely ... they’re transforming our mobility routes and reinventing our daily lives in the quest for proximity.

It’s within this context that Bouygues Construction has conducted open and collaborative reflection on the mobility of goods and people by projecting our uses and practices to 2030.
 
Mobility operators, local authorities, institutions, companies, start-ups, sociologists, real estate players etc contributed to this discussion by sharing their visions and comparing their ideas through a sociological approach combining expert presentations and prospective workshops.
 
Coming from diverse backgrounds, participants all put practices and uses at the heart of the debate to imagine desirable futures of plural mobility in order to meet societal expectations as well as environmental and economic issues.
Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.
Planning the French-Chinese sustainable city of WUHAN
SUEZ Consulting, en groupement avec l'architecte urbaniste français Arte Charpentier et le WLSP, Design Institute Chinois, a remporté le concours lancé par la municipalité de Wuhan, en Chine, pour la réalisation d'une nouvelle EcoCité dans le cadre du partenariat franco-chinois de la ville durable.
 
L'étude consiste à planifier le district de Caidian selon une approche globale en termes de ville post-carbone, d'innovation industrielle, de protection de l'environnement, d'écologie, d'agriculture urbaine et d’amélioration des normes de qualité de vie. Ainsi, ce projet permet d’établir les...
SUEZ Consulting will be designing a new eco-district in the Chinese city of Wuhan, after winning a competition organized by the city as part of a Franco-Chinese sustainable cities initiative.
 
The study requires an overall global planning vision of Caidian District in terms of low-carbon city, industrial innovation, environmental protection, ecology and urban agriculture, and quality of life standards.
 
In such, to establish the concepts, ideas and vision of the urban design and propose a demonstrative eco-city project based on a Sino French cultural fusion, innovative technologies, strong ecological concepts and its technology application.
Gran Santo Domingo sustainable urban mobility plan
Mobilise Your City (MYC) est une initiative globale pour le climat qui promeut la planification intégrée de la mobilité urbaine ; elle vise à maximiser le potentiel de réduction des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (-50 % d’ici 2050), en particulier dans les villes des pays du Sud qui accueilleront la majeure partie de la croissance urbaine à venir.
 
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, le Grand Saint Domingue fait partie des 100 agglomérations qui se sont engagées à définir et mettre en œuvre un Plan de Mobilité Urbaine ambitieux. Cette initiative bénéficie de l’appui technique et financier de l’AFD  (...
Mobilise Your City (MYC) is a global climate initiative that promotes integrated urban mobility planning. It aims to maximise the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (by 50% by 2050), particularly in cities in southern countries that will see most of the future urban growth.
As part of this initiative, Gran Santo Domingo is one of 100 cities that have committed to define and implement an ambitious Urban Mobility Plan. This initiative has the technical and financial support of AFD (French Development Agency) and the MYC programme.
The mission of the SYSTRA group was to support the national authority in charge of planning and improving mobility conditions in the region for 16 months.
This assistance consisted of:
 
- Providing technical support for the definition of an ambitious action plan,
- Developing digital planning tools,
- Building the capacity of local stakeholders,
- Setting up a participatory process that allows, during the study period, the setting up of real cooperation at the Gran Santo Domingo scale (INTRANT, municipalities, ministries, operators etc).
CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
"Greening our neighbourhoods"
Fiche n°10 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Depuis trente ans, l’artificialisation des sols ne fait qu’accroître en France. En plus d’être considérée comme faisant partie des cinq facteurs de pressions principaux s’exerçant sur la biodiversité, ce phénomène impacte également la santé des habitants des villes, leur qualité de vie et l’...
Fact sheet No.10 from the collection "Demain mon territoire", co-published by ADEME and the EcoMayors, is intended for local elected representatives to help them integrate the environmental dimension into their programmes through twenty thematic fact sheets giving avenues for action and examples of solutions implemented.
 
For thirty years, soil artificialisation has been increasing in France. In addition to being considered one of the five main pressure factors on biodiversity, this phenomenon also impacts the health of city dwellers, their quality of life and the very attractiveness of urban areas, hence the need for action.
 
To this end, the City of Paris has adopted a Greening Charter as a tool to encourage the development of greening the public domain.
 
It is based on the personal initiatives of inhabitants, associations and neighbourhood councils who, by signing this charter, commit themselves to ensuring the implementation and maintenance of a system of greening in public spaces.
 
"Permits to green" are granted to those involved in this greening process to enable them to create shared gardens, green roofs and walls, green spaces, vegetated urban furniture, or to allow them to plant trees and have mobile planters or outdoor planters at the foot of trees.
 
Thus, even in the heart of cities, biodiversity can be preserved and enriched by mobilising city dwellers.
Paris Region Institute Papers No.176 "Cities change the world"
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.