Evaluation

ANR impetus: how to assess an urban project while integrating its impacts on mobility?
La critique a souvent été formulée que des projets d'EcoQuartier étaient contestables au regard même des objectifs proclamés, dès lors qu'on prenait en compte leurs effets induits sur les déplacements : une localisation éloignée des pôles d'emplois ou une mauvaise accessibilité en transports collectifs pouvaient par exemple remettre en cause la réalité des économies d'énergie obtenues dans la réalisation innovante du cadre bâti et la baisse des factures supportées par les habitants.
 
Mieux intégrer non seulement dans la localisation d'un projet urbain mais aussi dans son contenu (mixité des fonctions...
Criticism has often been made that eco-neighbourhood projects are questionable even in view of their declared objectives if their effects on travel are not taken into account. Indeed, a location far from employment hubs or poor connections to public transport can bring into question both the efficiency of energy savings made through innovative implementation within buildings, and the savings made by inhabitants due to a reduction in their expenses.
 
Better integrating the issue of mobility, not just in the location of an urban project but also within its content (mixed urban usages) is currently a key concern for contracting authorities and wider operators involved in Urban Making.
 
IMPETUS was designed to address this concern. Selected by ANR2 in 2009 and launched in 2010, this project stems from a joint effort by several operational partners: EGIS (coordinator), ICADE, Elioth and the City of Paris - as well as public research institutions: the City Mobility Transport Laboratory (UMR, attached to Paris Est University, Ecole des Ponts and IFFSTAR), the Construction Sector’s Scientific and Technical Centre (CSTB) and the School of Engineers of the City of Paris (EIVP).
The CitiesWithNature platform for local and subnational actors’ voluntary commitments towards biodiversity COP15
Expertise France apporte un appui à la préparation des accords de la 15ème Conférence des Parties (CoP 15) de la Convention sur la diversité biologique, à travers la mise en oeuvre du projet Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU support financé par l'Union européenne.
 
Le projet Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support vise à créer les conditions d’adoption d’un nouveau cadre mondial post-2020 ambitieux pour la biodiversité lors de la CoP15. Pour ce faire, il accompagne une vingtaine de pays extra-européens dans la définition de leur niveau ambition et d’engagements et soutient une mobilisation large et...
The Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU support project implemented by Expertise France and funded by the European Union, ICLEI network’s Cities Biodiversity Center developed CitiesWithNature the voluntary commitments submission platform of local and subnational actors for biodiversity.
 
This later gathers local policy actions taken so far by 160 local and subnational actors from 55 countries worldwide, in all their variety (districts, boroughs, cities, inter-communalities, metropolitan areas, regions, federated states, etc.).
 
This initiative forms part of the broader local and subnational actors mobilization towards the 15th Conference of Parties (CoP15) to the Unites Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), across which will be adopted the next global biodiversity framework.
 
 
In one click, discover the energy balance of your region!
Cela ne fait plus débat. Pour répondre à l’enjeu du réchauffement climatique, nous devons décarboner nos villes, nos quartiers, nos projets, notre mobilité.C’est ainsi que nous réduirons nos émissions de CO2 et préparerons un avenir soutenable.
 
Conscient que cette grille de lecture est parfois difficile à obtenir, EDF a conçu un module en ligne qui permet de générer un premier bilan énergétique d’un territoire et d’identifier son potentiel « bas carbone ».
 
En un clic, les décideurs locaux peuvent découvrir le bilan énergétique de leur territoire, connaître...
It’s no longer a matter of debate. To meet the challenge of global warming, we need to decarbonise our cities, our neighbourhoods, our projects and our mobility, which is how we will reduce our CO2 emissions and prepare for a sustainable future.
 
Aware that this reading grid is sometimes difficult to obtain, EDF has designed an online module that generates an initial energy balance for a region and identifies its "low carbon" potential.
 
In just one click, local decision-makers can find out the energy balance for their area, check out its CO2 emissions - whether they result from mobility or the presence of industries, for example - and also discover the potential for Renewable Energy: depending on the region, the solutions to be considered are not always the same so it’s important to understand and know a region in order to make best use of it.
 
The "online energy balance" is a tool that can improve knowledge and strengthen the expertise of communities. It allows us to observe uses, potentially prioritise projects, optimise them, etc.
 
The energy issue is a lever for "acting locally" and "responding globally" to the challenge of global warming: it must therefore be central to the ambition of elected representatives and the administration within their region.
 
By logging on to https://www.edf.fr/collectivites and using their post code, everyone can now discover the priority action levers to be implemented.
 
This tool is aimed at all local decision-makers, whether they administer a large city, a medium-sized town or a rural town.
Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.
Vivrou.com: the digital personal assistant for professional and residential mobility
Vivrou.com est une conciergerie digitale pour la mobilité résidentielle et professionnelle.
 
• Grâce aux données territorialisées, cette plateforme permet d’accompagner le salarié tout au long de son processus de mobilité : choix du lieu de vie, offre immobilière disponible, aides à la mobilité et connexion aux services essentiels du territoire.
 
• Les recommandations sont personnalisées en fonction de l’utilisateur pour lui permettre de trouver un futur lieu de vie qui intègre au mieux les besoins et envies de son ménage, en classant et montrant les territoires de manière...
Vivrou.com is a digital concierge service for residential and professional mobility.
 
• Thanks to regionalised data, this platform helps support employees throughout their mobility process: choice of location, available real estate, mobility aids and connection to essential services in the area.
 
• The recommendations are personalised according to the user so they can find a future place to live that best integrates the needs and desires of their household, by classifying and showing regions in a contextualised way (points of interest, real estate projects, mobility and so on).
 
• Vivrou.com has received awards at the Digital Innovation Contest (PIA, Ministry of Economy & BPI), at the GeoFab of Greater Geneva and at the Digital Transformation Trophies in the Commercialisation category.
Evaluate your energy projects with Enersquid
Enersquid est une plateforme d’évaluation des projets énergétiques qui a pour objectif d'aider les industriels et les territoires à mettre en œuvre la transition énergétique. Elle est caractérisée par :

• Son accessibilité – elle est gratuite et en ligne,
• Sa dimension multi-énergies, multi-solutions – électricité, thermique, et gaz, intégrant tous types de productions, stockages, convertisseurs et profils de consommation,
• Son caractère global – les projets peuvent être partout dans le monde,
• Sa rapidité – en quelques clics, il est possible de configurer un projet et d’obtenir...
Enersquid is a platform for evaluating energy projects that aims to help industrialists and regions to implement the energy transition. It is characterised by:

• Its accessibility - it's free and online,
• Its multi-energy, multi-solution dimension - electricity, thermal and gas, integrating all types of production, storage, converters and consumption profiles,
• Its global nature - projects can be anywhere in the world,
• Its speed - with just a few clicks, it’s possible to configure a project and get results,
• Its independence - it is made to freely help with the choices of energy project owners,
• Its pedagogical character - a non-professional user can easily use it.
 
The platform associates technical and economic indicators to each project, such as energy cost, carbon content, availability, self-production and self-consumption rates, and generates the project's operating curves.

Its uniqueness should also be pointed out, as it’s the only free platform to offer this service today.
Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Intercommunal governance in the field of water and sanitation in Cameroon
Disposant d’une multiplicité d’équipements, les communes du Mbam et de l’Inoubou connaissaient de profondes difficultés en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage en eau et en assainissement, principalement des problèmes de rénovation, d’entretien et de gestion des infrastructures. Pour y faire face, plusieurs communes avaient décidé de mettre en commun leurs moyens et de définir une stratégie départementale de l’eau et de l’assainissement. Ce projet a été lancé dans le but d’accompagner la structuration d’un service public.
Afin de développer une approche partenariale efficiente, les acteurs ont choisi de constituer un syndicat...
With a wide range of facilities, the communes of Mbam and Inoubou faced major difficulties in terms of water and sanitation project management, mainly problems of renovation, maintenance and infrastructure management. To deal with this, several communes had decided to pool their resources and define a departmental water and sanitation strategy.
This project was launched with the aim of supporting the structuring of a public service. To develop an efficient partnership approach, the stakeholders chose to form an intercommunal union (SYCOMI), thus bringing legal innovation in Cameroon.
This union then took responsibility for the technical and administrative aspects, which is why training was provided to strengthen the skills of the key players. Emphasis was also placed on citizen participation through the involvement of user committees and willingness to pay for studies to ensure the sustainability of the service. This experience of intercommunal governance is a pilot project in Cameroon, which has aroused the interest of Cameroonian institutional bodies and is now spreading.
The communes in Lékié were inspired by this to create their own union (SYNCOLEK), with the support and expertise of SYCOMI and SDEA (Syndicat Départemental des Eaux et de l'Assainissement Alsace-Moselle) to develop a public water and sanitation service in their turn.
FNAU Points 5 - Territorial heritage in the pipeline
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce cinquième numéro aborde la question de la prise en compte du patrimoine dans une société urbaine, mobile et mondiale.

Le patrimoine est aujourd'hui partout, au fondement même de l'identité des territoires. Aménager l'espace en préservant le "déjà-là" est une préoccupation croissante des...
FNAU Points is a collection of works on urban planning designed by urban planning agencies to invent, through a mix of thought-provoking lines and concrete examples, the city of tomorrow. These works are intended for education and clarification on major subjects related to planning the region.
 
This fifth issue addresses the issue of heritage consideration in an urban, mobile and global society.

Heritage is today everywhere, at the very foundation of regional identities. Developing the space while preserving the "already there" is a growing concern of citizens, relayed by their elected officials.
 
As a result, the notion of heritage has expanded over the past fifty years, from the exceptional object to the landscape incorporating natural and built spaces on vast scales.

The development and transmission of this regional heritage is the work of a long-term project, led by elected officials, residents, technicians and associations. And to support their efforts, special partners in the shape of urban planning agencies intervene with a single objective: to project around regional heritage in a relationship that’s calmed and adapted to the lifestyles of today.
 
Exploring the evolution of the concept of heritage since its origins, this publication, provided with a chronology, presents the current issues of regional heritage and explains the contribution of urban planning agencies through a wide selection of concrete cases and projects in France and abroad.