Governance

Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
Consultation tools for the Local Intercommunal Urban Plan of Grenoble Alpes Metropole
CARTICIPE / DEBATOMAP’ est un outil participatif en ligne conçu par l’équipe de Repérage Urbain, pour élargir les démarches de concertation sur des projets urbains ou documents d’urbanisme.
Cet outil a été mis en place pour la concertation du Plan Local d'Urbanisme Intercommunal de Grenoble Alpes Métropole (49 communes, 443 000 habitants), avec 3 phases différentes de débats (d'octobre 2016 à mars 2018).
Grâce à une carte interactive les citoyens et acteurs locaux ont pu suggérer des idées et susciter des débats sur l’aménagement du territoire.
CARTICIPE / DEBATOMAP' is an online participatory tool designed by the Repérage Urbain team to expand the consultation process on urban projects or urban planning documents.
This tool was set up for consultation on the Local Intercommunal Urban Plan of Grenoble Alpes Metropole (49 municipalities, 443,000 inhabitants), with 3 different phases of debates (October 2016 to March 2018).
Thanks to an interactive map, local citizens and stakeholders could suggest ideas and spark debates on regional land use planning.
"Transition Management" dossier
Comment les élus et les chefs de projet prennent leur part et contribuent à l’accélération de la transition écologique, énergétique et sociale ?
Comment les organisations territoriales intègrent dans leur fonctionnement les approches globales et transversales qu’impliquent ces politiques de transition ?
Décalons notre regard et transformons nos contraintes, nos freins en opportunités ! Ce dossier est fait pour interpeller, illustrer, donner des repères, mettre à jour des processus vertueux. Il détaille des expériences inspirantes avec leur lot de satisfactions et quelques difficultés rencontrées.
How do elected officials and project managers play their part and help speed up the ecological, energy and social transition?
How do regional organisations integrate the comprehensive, cross-cutting approaches involved in these transition policies into their operations?
Let's shift our gaze and change our constraints and brakes into opportunities! This dossier is made to challenge, illustrate, provide benchmarks and update virtuous processes. It details inspiring experiences with their share of satisfactions and some of the difficulties encountered.
The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa
La Convention des Maires en Afrique Subsaharienne (CdM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union Européenne (UE) pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique Subsaharienne dans leurs efforts de lutte contre le changement climatique à travers un engagement volontaire. Elle est basée sur l’approche bottom-up et permet aux villes/communes de définir et d’atteindre des objectifs ambitieux et réalistes, conformément à la méthodologie de la Convention des Maires.
 
L’objectif principal de la CdM ASS est d’accroître les capacités des villes d’Afrique Subsaharienne à fournir à leur population urbaine et...
The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is an initiative founded by European Union (EU) to support Sub-Saharan Africa cities in their fight against climate change through a voluntary commitment.It is a bottom-up initiative that allows cities to define and meet ambitious and realistic targets set by themselves in line with the covenant methodology. The main objective of the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa is to increase the capacities of cities to provide access to sufficient, sustainable and safe energy related services to urban and peri-urban populations (especially the poor), with special attention to energy efficiency and renewable energy as drivers for local low emission, climate resilient, sustainable development.
 
CoM SSA initiative has three pillars that are:
 
- Access to energy: physical availability of sustainable, clean and reliable energy services to meet basic human needs at affordable costs;
- Mitigation: actions undertaken to reduce the emission of the greenhouse gases and their concentrations in the atmosphere;
- Adaptation: actions undertaken to anticipate the adverse effects of climate change, prevent or minimise the damage they can cause, or take advantage of opportunities that may arise.
Improving sanitary conditions and preventing water-borne diseases in Burundi
Le projet couvre une commune en milieu péri-urbain : Mutimbuzi, province de Bujumbura rural au Burundi, à l'ouest de la capitale et proche de la frontière congolaise.

Il a pour but d’améliorer les conditions sanitaires des communautés visées et de réduire la propagation des maladies hydriques, telles que le choléra ou la diarrhée. Au-delà de la mise en place d’installations hydrauliques et sanitaires, un réel travail de sensibilisation/éducation comportementale a été développé selon une approche participative intégrale afin de garantir des améliorations à long terme.
 
Le...
The project covers a commune in a peri-urban area: Mutimbuzi, a province of rural Bujumbura in Burundi, west of the capital and close to the Congolese border.

It aims to improve the sanitary conditions of the target communities and reduce the spread of water-borne diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea. Beyond the establishment of hydraulic and sanitary facilities, real work on awareness raising/behavioural education has been developed using a comprehensive participatory approach to ensure long-term improvements.
 
The project has set up the following actions:

- Introduction of a participatory methodology called WAST that raises awareness and provides training in waste management and the right to water, hygiene and sanitation,

- Structuring, legal training and empowerment of the community through the creation and training of Hygiene and Sanitation Committees (HSCs) capable of taking charge, monitoring and evaluating a sanitation service throughout the sector, from construction of infrastructure to the recovery of collected waste (Ecosan latrines),

- Supporting and empowering the municipality through the strengthening of its capacities (awareness-raising and maintenance of works), implementation of communal regulations, the strengthening of synergies with other local, regional and national policies, and the establishment of criteria to respect the right to water and sanitation,

- Ex ante evaluation of innovation in health impacts (village surveys and health centres).
Urban Resources Management : making smart choices for the evolution of the city
The URM approach aims to provide territories foresight and potential local opportunities identification to give decision-makers comprehensive and geo-localized evidence about anticipated and possible future change in resources consumption and needs, houses to renovate or build, citizens to host.
The URM approach aims to provide territories foresight and potential local opportunities identification to give decision-makers comprehensive and geo-localized evidence about anticipated and possible future change in resources consumption and needs, houses to renovate or build, citizens to host.
Storm drainage and geographic information service project in the Douala urban community (Cameroon)
Depuis 2015, la Ville et l’Eurométropole de Strasbourg associées à GESCOD (Grand Est Solidarités et Coopérations pour le Développement) et leurs partenaires collaborent avec la Communauté urbaine de Douala dans le cadre de la construction-rénovation de 47 km de drains pluviaux, afin de renforcer les capacités de maîtrise d’ouvrage et de gouvernance locale dans le domaine de l’assainissement urbain. Cette AMO (Assistance à la Maîtrise d'Ouvrage) soutient également la création d’un système d’information géographique (SIG) servant d’appui technique au projet de drainage. Les questions sanitaires liées aux déchets et aux eaux usées autour...
Since 2015, the City and Eurometropolis of Strasbourg, in association with GESCOD (Grand Est Solidarités et Coopérations pour le Développement) and their partners, have been working with the Douala Urban Community on the construction and renovation of 47 km of storm drains, to strengthen their project management and local governance capacities in the field of urban sanitation.
This AMO (Assistance to the Contracting Authority) is also supporting the creation of a Geographic Information System (GIS) to provide technical support for the drainage project.
Health issues related to waste and wastewater around storm-water disposal have been included in the remit of the project. To strengthen technical capacities in the field of sanitation and hydraulic expertise, a management training programme has been set up in partnership between ENGEES (Ecole Nationale du Génie de l'Eau et de l'Environnement de Strasbourg) and the Institut Universitaire de Technologie (IUT) de Douala.
Dunkerque : une agglomération en transition

Riche de son héritage industrialo-portuaire, l’agglomération dunkerquoise a intensifié son engagement dans une transition énergétique industrielle, environnementale et sociétale.

En créant des synergies et des partenariats autour de nouveaux modèles, cette transformation énergétique entend répondre à un double enjeu :

• Préserver la vocation du territoire tout en engageant une véritable transition économique et durable

• Favoriser un environnement équilibré propre au développement de son attractivité.

 

Cette volonté de développer des solutions innovantes plus justes et durablement...

With its wealth of industrial and port heritage, the Dunkirk conurbation has intensified its commitment to an industrial, environmental and social energy transition.
By creating synergies and partnerships around new models, this energy transformation aims to meet a twofold challenge:
- To preserve the appeal of the area while engaging in a genuine economic and sustainable transition
- To promote a balanced environment, conducive to the development of its attractiveness.
 
This desire to develop innovative, fairer and more sustainable solutions has recently been reflected in the introduction of the new public transport network.
 
Since 1 September, Dunkirk has become the largest urban area in Europe to have developed a 100% free public transport network.
Above and beyond this exemplary action, a whole global strategy is presented, which demonstrates our ability to exploit our assets and reveal their economic and environmental synergies.
Réussir la transition numérique des villes du sud
Installé dans la ville de Sémé-Podji au Bénin, Wexity est le premier outil digital spécialement conçu pour les autorités locales afin qu’elles puissent y gérer l’ensemble des objets urbains : réseaux, habitat, environnement, risques, économie locale, équipements… pour servir les besoins d’un développement urbain durable. Aujourd’hui seuls existent des systèmes experts complexes nécessitant du personnel qualifié. Wexity rompt avec cette logique de complexité.

Wexity est une plateforme digitale moderne, construite pour un usage partagé et collaboratif, conçue pour être accessible à tous les publics d’une...
Located in the city of Sémé-Podji in Benin, Wexity is the first digital tool specially designed to enable local authorities to manage all urban objects: networks, housing, environment, risks, local economy, equipment and so on, thus serving the needs of sustainable urban development. Today, only complex expert systems requiring qualified personnel exist. Wexity breaks with this logic of complexity.
Wexity is a modern digital platform, built for shared and collaborative use, designed to be accessible to all audiences within a municipality, from elected officials to senior managers and municipal technicians. We believe that only a solution used and controlled by local users can be sustainable.
Going beyond innovation of use, it is also our ambition to offer a major breakthrough in terms of controlling urban environments. In sub-Saharan Africa in particular, no city has an up-to-date and accurate map of its territory. The establishment of a complete and transversal database is in itself a decisive element for the cities of the South.
Innovation also comes from Wexity's ability to produce pragmatic analyses: how many people live in flood-prone areas? Which equipment is subject to environmental risk? Where are the areas that do not have access to drinking water? Which residential areas are furthest from schools? These are simple, obvious questions that cities are often not able to answer without external advice.