Inclusion

« Villes, numérique et innovation sociale : expériences françaises »

En pleine actualité liée aux enjeux de solidarité et d’accès aux services publics, cette publication questionne l’emploi des infrastructures et des usages numériques pour développer les cas d’usages en ville, dans la manière de nous déplacer, de consommer, d’interagir. Elle s’inscrit dans un contexte plus global d’urbanisation croissante et de densité démographique, interrogeant les enjeux de développement durable et de la qualité de l’air, de la mutation des transports et de la mobilité, la préservation des services publics et de l’accès aux soins ou encore la promotion du vivre-ensemble.

Une quinzaine de fiches, chacune dédiée à...

Over recent years, we have witnessed the constant growth of urban density all around the world: according to the United Nations (UN), around 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. This global phenomenon is associated with numerous challenges, such as sustainable development and air quality, the transformation of transport and mobility, the preservation of public services, access to health care and the promotion of living better together.
 
In this publication, France urbaine, an association bringing together major cities, inter-municipalities and metropolises across France, wanted to draw up a panorama of the initiatives implemented by urban centres to make living better together of the city. In keeping with the topical issues of solidarity and access to public services, this publication examines the possible existence of a specific French model of the smart city.
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.
"Inventing New Regional Solidarity" White Paper - Energy and Territories Workshop
Créé en 2012 par EDF, l’Atelier Énergie et Territoires est un laboratoire d’idées, d’études et de recherches. A la fois lieu de rencontres et de débats, il invite les acteurs des villes et des collectivités à mieux comprendre les transformations énergétiques à l’œuvre et suggère des propositions concrètes pour faire de l’énergie un moteur d’attractivité du territoire.
Avec l’appui de son comité scientifique et de ses partenaires, l’Atelier offre une longueur d’avance aux décideurs territoriaux pour une gestion éclairée et responsable de l’énergie.
L’an dernier, l’atelier...
Created in 2012 by EDF, the Energy and Territories Workshop is a laboratory of ideas, studies and research. As a venue for meetings and debates, it invites stakeholders from cities and communities to better understand the energy transformations at work and suggests concrete proposals to make energy a driver of attractiveness for the region.
 
With the support of its scientific committee and partners, the Workshop provides a head start for regional decision-makers for informed and responsible energy management.
Last year, the Energy and Territories Workshop chose to place the theme of solidarity and regional divides at the heart of its considerations.
 
How can an energy solidarity and social solidarity policy be implemented to cushion the impact of inequality? What roles should local authorities play in this process, particularly through the energy renovation strategy and urban planning policy? These are all questions covered by the White Paper "Inventing new regional solidarity".
Sustainable Building MOOC: a digital training offer dedicated to sustainable construction
En 2016, le Plan Bâtiment Durable et l’ADEME, en collaboration avec de nombreuses organisations et l’appui de France Université Numérique, ont lancé la plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable.
 
La Plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable poursuit deux grands objectifs :
- Permettre la montée en compétence des professionnels de la filière bâtiment et immobilier sur les thématiques de la transition énergétique et du bâtiment durable en général (construction et rénovation),
- Diffuser, auprès du grand public, une expertise des enjeux liés au bâtiment durable, en particulier la rénovation énergétique...
In 2016, the Sustainable Building Plan and ADEME, in collaboration with numerous organisations and the support of France Digital University, launched the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
 
The Sustainable Building MOOC Platform has two main objectives:
 
  •  To enable the improvement of professionals ’skills in the construction and real estate sector on the themes of energy transition and sustainable building in general (construction and renovation),
  • To disseminate, to the general public, an expertise on issues related to sustainable construction, in particular the energy renovation of housing.
Proposed in collaboration with numerous partners, the training consists of video-type teaching resources (but not just that) and offers individual or collaborative activities to assess the knowledge of learners.
 
The ambition of ADEME and the Sustainable Building Plan is to provide access to the best online training MOOC in the field of sustainable construction, regardless of the geographical location of the different learners.
 
It is possible for all stakeholders in the sector to propose an idea for a MOOC or online training. All registration dates and terms are available on the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
Madre project "Metropolitan Agriculture for Developing an innovative, sustainable and Responsible Economy"
MADRE est un projet européen de coopération territoriale (Interreg MED), qui vise à changer le modèle d’approvisionnement alimentaire métropolitain en capitalisant sur les bonnes pratiques existantes, en responsabilisant les différents acteurs de l’agriculture métropolitaine et périurbaine, et en initiant une dynamique de coopération transnationale dans le secteur agricole de la région MED.
 
Considérée comme un phénomène émergent, l'agriculture métropolitaine permet de relever plusieurs défis urbains en contribuant à la sécurité alimentaire, à la création d'emplois, à la qualité de l'environnement...
MADRE is a European territorial cooperation project (Interreg MED), which aims to change the metropolitan food supply model by capitalising on existing good practices, by empowering the different stakeholders in metropolitan and peri-urban agriculture, and by initiating a dynamic of transnational cooperation in the MED region.

Considered as an emerging phenomenon, metropolitan agriculture makes it possible to meet several urban challenges by contributing to food security, job creation, environmental quality or strengthening social ties and territorial solidarity between urban and rural areas. The MADRE project capitalises on a set of knowledge, policies and pilot actions carried out on the topic and activates existing networks to enable effective transnational cooperation in the Mediterranean.
 
The objectives are:
- To improve the innovation capacity of metropolitan agriculture in the Mediterranean territories;
- To identify and evaluate the economic, environmental and social performance factors of metropolitan agriculture;
- To identify and network metropolitan agriculture stakeholders;
- To assess the feasibility, conditions and means of creating a transnational cluster of actors in metropolitan agriculture.

The project was carried out from February 2017 to July 2018, with a total budget of € 1,173,175, co-financed by the Interreg MED programme.
 
The emergence of a transnational cluster is supported by a multidisciplinary partnership from 5 countries. Each partner representing a flagship metropolitan area, AVITEM (Agency for Sustainable Mediterranean Cities and Territories) is representing France.
New free transport network in Dunkirk: summary of key results
Depuis le 1er septembre 2018, la Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque est la plus grande agglomération européenne à offrir la gratuité du transport en commun 7 jours sur 7 pour tous les usagers.   Chacun peut l’utiliser à sa guise pour ses déplacements professionnels, universitaires ou personnels.
La nouvelle réorganisation du réseau DK’BUS Marine et l’ensemble des aménagements réalisés ont conforté le réseau de transport en commun dans sa fiabilité, fluidité et rapidité.
 
Doté de 5 lignes chrono (C1 à C5) passant toutes les 10 minutes à un arrêt et de 12 autres lignes, le réseau...
Since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk Urban Community has been the largest European city to offer free public transport 7 days a week for all users. Everyone can use it as they please for their professional, academic or personal travel.
The new reorganisation of the DK'BUS Marine network and all the improvements carried out have improved the public transport network’s reliability, fluidity and speed.
 
With 5 timed lines (C1 to C5) running every 10 minutes at one stop and 12 other lines, the network also offers bus traffic between 5.30am and 10.30pm (Monday to Saturday). An additional service is provided on Fridays and Saturdays to provide late-night journeys to the outer limits of the region.
 
Buses have also become places of community and entertainment and are equipped with wifi and charging stations for mobile phones.
 
To assess the diversity of the effects of being free to use, the VIGS research association in partnership with the local urban planning agency (AGUR), with funding from the Urban Community, conducted an unprecedented in-depth study, both qualitative and quantitative, on the subject.
LIVA: employment and training company specialising in construction logistics
Développée à l’initiative de la Fondation VINCI pour la Cité, LIVA est une entreprise d’insertion dont le but est de fournir des prestations de logistique aux chantiers de bâtiments. Joint-venture sociale, LIVA a vocation à travailler dans toute la France et pour de nombreux clients, en commençant sur les chantiers d’Ile-de-France.
 
Avec LIVA, VINCI Construction France et Ares souhaitent co-construire des passerelles vers l’emploi en proposant un emploi stable et un accompagnement personnalisé à des personnes en difficulté. En s’appuyant sur la complémentarité de leurs expertises, les deux partenaires...
Developed on the initiative of the VINCI Foundation for the City, LIVA is an employment and training company whose aim is to provide logistics services to building sites. A social joint venture, LIVA aims to work throughout France and for numerous clients, starting on the construction sites of Ile-de-France.
 
With LIVA, VINCI Construction France and Ares want to co-build bridges to employment by offering stable jobs and personalised support to people in difficulty. Based on the complementarity of their expertise, the two partners aim to professionalise the construction logistics professions and innovate in this field by creating a global offer around digital and remote logistics.
 
The company has three main ambitions:
1 - A social inclusion project: LIVA aims to integrate people in difficulty, through stable employment and personalised socio-professional support.
2 - A Human Resources project: co-building a gateway to employment. LIVA will offer some of its employees the opportunity to move towards the professions recruiting within the Group.
3 - A business project: professionalising logistics on site, relying on the complementarity of VCF and Ares expertise to innovate by creating a global logistics offer, including a remote hub.
PAMTAC-B: Structuring Brazzaville's food supply from periurban areas
Dans la zone périurbaine de la capitale de la République du Congo, la majorité de l’économie est tournée vers l’approvisionnement alimentaire de Brazzaville. L’agriculture périurbaine exerce une forte pression sur les ressources naturelles (eau, sol, plantes), qui affecte l’environnement, la santé publique et la sécurité alimentaire.

Depuis 2016, ESSOR (association de solidarité internationale), AGRIDEV (association de développement durable) et le CJID (Club Jeunesse Infrastructures Développement) mènent un projet pilote d’Appui au Maraîchage, à la Transformation Agroalimentaire et à la Commercialisation...
In the periurban area of the capital of the Republic of Congo, most of the economy is focused on Brazzaville’s food supply. Periurban agriculture puts a lot of pressure on natural resources (water, soil, plants), which affects the environment, public health and food security.

Since 2016, ESSOR (international solidarity association), AGRIDEV (sustainable development association) and CJID (Youth Infrastructure Development Club) have been running a pilot project to support market gardening, agri-food transformation and marketing of products processed in Brazzaville, with the support of the French Development Agency.
In partnership with the Brazzaville Departmental Directorate for Agriculture, diagnostics were carried out in new market garden areas in the centre and north of the city. They confirm the relevance of extending the existing system to these areas.
 
Overall goals:
  • To help improve the living conditions of vulnerable populations around Brazzaville, especially for women,
  • To help strengthen civil society in the agricultural sector and facilitate their networking,
  • To contribute to the Congolese state's efforts to develop agricultural sectors.
Africompost: creation of household waste recovery channels
La gestion des ordures ménagères est un immense défi dans les pays en développement. Les municipalités doivent faire face à des quantités croissantes de déchets avec des moyens financiers limités. Lorsqu’ils sont collectés, ils sont en général enfouis sans précaution à la périphérie.

Le projet Africompost apporte aux villes des pays en développement des solutions durables pour le traitement de leurs déchets en organisant une filière économique de valorisation des ordures ménagères. Le compost est le principal produit des unités de valorisation de déchets d’Africompost. C’est un bio-fertilisant convenant à...
Managing household waste is a huge challenge in developing countries. Municipalities are facing increasing amounts of waste with limited financial resources. When collected, they are usually buried haphazardly on the periphery.

The Africompost project provides cities in developing countries with sustainable solutions for the treatment of their waste by organising an economic sector for the recovery of household waste. Compost is the main product of Africompost's waste recovery units. It is a bio-fertiliser suitable for all crops. It is marketed in agricultural market gardening areas generally located around cities. It is thus part of the development of a more environmentally friendly short circuit agriculture.

The environmental impact of the Africompost project directly affects people. It helps reduce the amount of waste in open-pit storage, which pollutes the soil and makes the environment unsanitary. Developing a waste recovery industry also means creating stable jobs for disadvantaged populations. The project offers more than 300 workers a regular income, social rights, social status and medical monitoring, affecting more than 2,000 people and their families. In addition, Africompost's approach voluntarily promotes women's work.

Africompost's 3 units in Lomé (Togo), Dschang (Cameroon) and Mahajanga (Madagascar) handle more than 80% of the household waste entrusted to them.