Mobility

Rehabilitation of wasteland in RT2012 and BBC
Fressin a réalisé depuis 2015 plusieurs actions visant à améliorer le bilan carbone et l’efficacité énergétique de la commune, tout en conservant la cohérence historique du centre-ville.
Ces démarches se sont concrétisées, entre autres, par la rénovation et réhabilitation de plusieurs bâtiments, la création d’un cheminement doux entre les bâtiments communaux de proximité et l’installation de panneaux photovoltaïques au sol pour une production et consommation d’énergie renouvelable et locale, l’installation de pompes à chaleur…
Ce projet fait partie des nominés de la 28ème édition des...
Since 2015, Fressin has carried out several actions aimed at improving the commune's carbon footprint and energy efficiency, while maintaining the historical coherence of the city centre.
 
These measures have been implemented, among other things, through the renovation and rehabilitation of a number of buildings, the creation of an easy pathway between local municipal buildings and the installation of photovoltaic panels on the ground for the production and consumption of renewable and local energy, the installation of heat pumps and so on.
 
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Actes de Mobilités et (r)évolutions numériques
L’observation des usages et des pratiques est rendue possible par la collecte de données de façon massive. Les apports et potentiels des technologies numériques et leurs capacités à changer les lignes de la mobilité interrogent les chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales. La revue Netcom y consacre un numéro spécial. Celui-ci illustre une partie des communications présentées lors du 15 e colloque du groupe Mobilités Spatiales, Fluidité Sociale (MSFS) de l’Association Internationale des Sociologues en Langue Française (AISLF). Intitulé « Mobilités et (r)évolutions...
Observation of use and practice is made possible by big data collection. The contribution and potential of digital technologies and their ability to change the lines of mobility are questioning researchers in the humanities and social sciences. Netcom magazine is devoting a special issue to it.
It contains some of the papers presented at the 15th symposium of the Spatial Mobility, Social Fluidity (SMSF) group of the International Association of Sociologists in the French Language (IASFL). Entitled "Mobility and digital (r)evolutions", the symposium took place on 8 and 9 November 2016 in Marne-la-Vallée and was held under the aegis of Labex Futurs Urbains, the Ile-de-France Region and Ifsttar. While the term "mobility" was understood in a broad sense as referring to the renewal of recent conceptual and empirical approaches to mobility in the social sciences, the collected articles are more specifically concerned with travel, both from the point of view of individual practices and the transport systems on which they are taken.

A total of 9 articles are presented in this issue and explore three lines of thought. They aim to question the innovative (or not) potential and inputs of digital technologies. The first focuses on the potential and limitations of new digital data for mobility analysis. The second and third axes consider how travel practices are transformed by digital technology. However, while the second axis targets new mobility offerings, the third is more focused on a set of practices.
 
CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
Cities change the world
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.
Accra Mobile - participatory mapping of small-scale transport
A Accra, 80% des déplacements motorisés sont assurés par les Trô-Trô. Ces véhicules - des minibus de 10 à 19 passagers - sont exploités par des opérateurs privés qui s'organisent le long de lignes. En 2015, le gouvernement Ghanéen a créé les DoTs (Departement of Transports) au sein de quatre municipalités d'Accra. Ces organismes - notamment en charge de la régulation des taxis et des Trô-Trô au sein de la capitale Ghanéenne - ont procédé à un appel à projet pour cartographier le transport artisanal et ainsi développer les outils nécessaires à l'analyse du fonctionnement du réseau de Trô-Trô. L'objectif second était de développer une...
In Accra, 80% of motorised trips are provided by the Trô-Trô. These vehicles - minibuses for 10 to 19 passengers - are run by private operators who organise their service along routes. In 2015, the Ghanaian government created DoTs (Transport Departments) in four Accra municipalities. These bodies - notably in charge of the regulation of taxis and Trô-Trô in the Ghanaian capital - have issued a call for projects to map small-scale transport and thus develop the tools necessary to analyse the functioning of the Trô-Trô network. The second objective was to develop an innovative approach around digital common places - via the use of OpenSreetMap tools - in order to simplify the process of data collection, processing and formatting.
 
The project was divided into three phases:
 
Phase 1 - line identification
Concordia University students identified the 300 lines that make up Accra's transportation system and then, on a sample of 60 lines, conducted studies on the frequency of line departures.
 
Phase 2 - data collection
The Transitec design office, with the help of the Jungle Bus team, worked to formalise an automated data collection and processing protocol, before formatting the data describing the Trô-Trô transport offer.
 
Phase 3 - data processing and publication
Following the identification of lines during phases 1 and 2 of the project, Ghanaian OpenStreetMap contributors began recording the location of stops and GPS tracks of the Trô-Trô lines directly on OpenStreetMap using OSM Tracker.
 
Data quality was monitored throughout the collection process by the Jungle Bus team. An OSM validation tool (Jungle Bus ruleset) was created for this purpose, allowing the plug-in to send alerts to collection supervisors when an error or omission is spotted. The OSM2GTFS tool finally created a GTFS dataset from GPRS routes extracted from OSM and a schematic map of Accra's Trô-Trô network was created.
The metamorphoses of the urban highway
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce premier ouvrage porte sur la requalification des autoroutes urbaines.
 
Longtemps synonymes de progrès, les autoroutes sont désormais source de congestion et de nuisances pour les deux millions de Français vivant à proximité immédiate, suscitant nombre de réflexions quant à leur...
 
This first work deals with the re-qualification of urban highways.
 
Long synonymous with progress, motorways are now a source of congestion and nuisance for the two million French people living in their immediate vicinity, prompting much consideration about their re-qualification.
 
This work looks back at the history of urban highways, the legacy of the automobile city now undergoing metamorphosis, and highlights the achievements and projects in progress, strong and symbolic projects which take into account changing mobility, health, landscape, environment and urban quality.
 
Rethinking urban highways now means reconsidering them within a cross-sectional view of the regions, in order to reduce their nuisance and impacts on the environment (noise, pollution, congestion), to relieve them, and to better integrate them into increasingly sustainable cities.
 
This document sheds light on the changing comprehension of these infrastructures, which must therefore be adapted to the current needs of cities and their inhabitants, both in France and abroad.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
Industrial demonstrators for the sustainable city: Rêve de Scènes Urbaines
Le démonstrateur industriel pour la ville durable Rêve de Scènes urbaines, piloté par VINCI, Véolia et Artelia, propose une démarche originale de coopération entre les acteurs publics et privés de la ville pour expérimenter et produire des solutions urbaines innovantes. Il s’inscrit initialement dans un territoire en constante mutation, Plaine Commune, lui-même situé au cœur du Grand Paris.
 
Pour fonctionner, le démonstrateur s’appuie sur un écosystème ouvert, dont les objectifs sont de mettre en œuvre :
  • une plate-forme partenariale d’innovation urbaine,
  • un Living lab...
The industrial demonstrator for the sustainable city Rêve de Scènes Urbaines (Dream of Urban Scenes), led by VINCI, Véolia and Artelia, offers an original approach with cooperation between public and private stakeholders in the city to experiment and produce innovative urban solutions. It is initially part of a constantly changing region, Plaine Commune, itself located in the heart of Greater Paris.
 
To function, the demonstrator relies on an open ecosystem whose objectives are to implement:
  • a partnership platform for urban innovation,
  • a Living Lab of rebuilding the city on itself,
  • a showcase of the city's French know-how in the Plaine Commune region.
 
Every year, 150 ideas are collected and handed over to Plaine Commune. The region selects ideas that can help implement its strategic development plans.
The ideas and experiments produced as part of Rêve de Scènes Urbaines are intended for dissemination. In France, eight partner regions have joined the approach in order to benefit from ideas and to able to launch local experiments. The dynamics of the Rêve de Scènes Urbaines demonstrator can be increased thanks to the contribution of innovative companies from these regions.
 
Abroad, Rêve de Scènes Urbaines is part of the export efforts of the Strategic Sector Agreement "Industries for Construction", welcoming foreign delegations to France, and feeding local contacts of French companies with the association’s work.
Recyclean®: an exclusive process for reusing polluted roads
L’économie circulaire est déterminante pour l’avenir du BTP car elle contribue à préserver les ressources et à mieux gérer les déchets. Elle s’inscrit pleinement dans la transition écologique et l’innovation, deux des piliers du plan stratégique d’Eiffage.
 
Ainsi Eiffage Route a mis au point Recyclean®, un procédé exclusif de réemploi des chaussées polluées, notamment par des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP) qui s’inscrit pleinement dans cette stratégie. Recyclean® permet de régénérer ce type de chaussées et de retraiter les matériaux existants. Cette solution ne génère pas de déchets, ni de...
The circular economy is crucial for the future of construction because it helps preserve resources and better manage waste. It is fully in line with the ecological transition and innovation, two of the pillars of Eiffage's strategic plan.
 
So Eiffage Route has developed Recyclean®, an exclusive process for reusing polluted roadways, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which is fully part of this strategy. Recyclean® allows this type of roadway to be regenerated and existing materials to be reprocessed. This solution generates no waste or landfill costs for polluted materials and fully meets the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act (LTECV) of 2015, which aims, among other things, to reduce the amount of waste admitted in storage facilities by 30% by 2020 compared to 2010, and 50% by 2025.
 
Ecologically and socially virtuous, the Recyclean® process avoids using new materials on construction sites as well as movements of trucks loaded with polluted materials. Recyclean® is also more economical because it avoids both the transport and the systematic landfilling of these materials.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.