Economic model

Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).
Study for the development of intelligent systems and digital solutions for sustainable urban mobility in Tunisia
SYSTRA réalise une étude stratégique et opérationnelle pour le développement de Systèmes Intelligents et de solutions numériques pour la mobilité urbaine durable en Tunisie « Smart Mobility Tunisie ».
 
La finalité de l’étude est de favoriser une transformation numérique en matière de mobilité qui aille dans le sens de l’intérêt collectif, de la durabilité des systèmes de transports urbains (c’est à dire des transports accessibles à tous, sûrs, économiquement efficients, performants écologiquement et non émissifs de gaz à effet de serre), et du développement d’un écosystème national de l’innovation...
SYSTRA is conducting a strategic and operational study for the development of Intelligent Systems and Digital Solutions for Sustainable Urban Mobility in Tunisia called "Smart Mobility Tunisia".
 
The aim of the study is to foster a digital transformation in mobility that works towards the collective interest, sustainability of urban transport systems (i.e. transport accessible to all, safe, economically efficient, environmentally efficient and not producing greenhouse gases), and the development of a national ecosystem of mobility innovation.

The scope of this study includes all-mode urban mobility, which includes individual urban modes of transport (car and motorised two-wheelers), collective (bus, light rail), active modes (classic cycling, walking), new urban mobility (autonomous vehicles, connected vehicles, etc) and shared urban mobility (self-service cycling, car sharing, carpooling, etc).
 
The expected results of the "Smart Mobility Tunisia" study are:
  • Analysis of the existing situation in Tunisia,
  • A benchmark of the world's existing smart mobility solutions,
  • Development of a strategy for Intelligent Systems and Digital Solutions for Sustainable Urban Mobility in Tunisia,
  • Establishment of a priority action plan for implementing the strategy,
  • Completion of feasibility and pre-operational studies for 2 or 3 selected projects.
TechTown: making digital a vehicle for employment and local development in mid-sized cities
Le réseau de coopération TechTown a été lancé dans le cadre du programme européen URBACT III. Rassemblant 11 villes européennes de taille intermédiaire, l’objectif de TechTown a été d’explorer les moyens par lesquels les villes petites et moyennes peuvent maximiser le potentiel de création d’emplois de leur économie numérique.
 
Ce réseau de planification intégrée a eu pour objet d’examiner, de manière collaborative :

- les avantages pouvant être tirés d’initiatives nationales ou de grandes villes ;
- le rôle et la viabilité des grappes d’entreprises numériques ;...
The TechTown cooperation network was launched as part of the European URBACT III programme. Bringing together 11 mid-sized European cities, TechTown's goal has been to explore ways in which small and medium-sized cities can maximise the job creation potential of their digital economy.
 
The purpose of this integrated planning network was to collaboratively examine:

- the benefits that can be derived from national or large city initiatives;
- the role and viability of clusters of digital businesses;
- how mid-sized cities can help businesses access digital skills and innovations they need to start up, grow and compete.

The Clermont metropolis has developed, with its local ecosystem, an integrated action plan focused on the structuring and development of cultural and creative industries. Taking advantage of a regional singularity around the music and image sector, this roadmap highlights digital technology as a useful lever to attract and train new talent, create skilled jobs that cannot be relocated and develop value added to the region, particularly in terms of image and visibility.
CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
Exploration Mille Lieux: impact of third places on regions
Face à la popularité grandissante des tiers-lieux, l’exploration Mille Lieux a pour ambition de comprendre leurs impacts sur les territoires et témoigner ce qu’il se joue au sein et autour d’eux. Afin d’objectiver l’impact des tiers-lieux sur les territoires, cette étude a comme champs d’exploration quatre sujets au cœur des enjeux de notre société : la transformation des territoires, l’évolution du rapport au travail, la création de communs et la transition écologique.
 
La méthode utilisée a consisté à explorer huit terrains, avec une résidence de deux jours par terrain et une approche qualitative basée sur...
Faced with the growing popularity of third places, Exploration Mille Lieux (Thousand Places) aims to understand their impacts on regions and show what is happening within and around them. To objectify the impact of third places on regions, this study takes as its field of exploration four subjects at the heart of the challenges facing our society: regional transformation, the evolving relationship to work, creation of communal areas and the ecological transition.
 
The method used was to explore eight areas, with a two-day residence per field and a qualitative approach based on semi-directive interviews with the various stakeholders in the place and its region. We focused our attention on five medium-sized cities (in line with the Sharitories exploration), adding a metropolis (Metz) and two regions in Europe (Belgium and Spain).
We selected a set of places that offer a hybridisation of at least three uses, backed by a desire among the stakeholders involved to produce common areas. Our list features spaces that mix co-working, fablab, upcycling etc, as well as a media library or hair salon. This panel, while not exhaustive, is intended to be representative of the incredible diversity of these places.
Philanthropy and international relations in support of heritage preservation
Réouverte en octobre 2017 après quatre années de travaux, la Chapelle des Jésuites, classée monument historique, est devenue un lieu de diffusion culturelle majeur de l'Agglomération du Pays de Saint-Omer. La chapelle s’impose également dans le paysage audomarois par sa large façade rouge et blanche et par ses deux tours hautes de 40 mètres. Elle témoigne du style baroque qui fut employé abondamment par les Jésuites au tournant du XVIIe siècle.
 
Sa restauration a notamment été permise grâce une démarche de mécénat innovante. En effet, en 2015, sur la base de liens historiques entre les Etats-Unis d'Amérique...
Reopened in October 2017 after four years of work, the Jesuit Chapel, classified as a historical monument, has become a major cultural venue for the Pays de Saint-Omer Agglomeration. The chapel is also a must-see in the Saint Omer landscape with its large red and white façade and two 40-metre-high towers. It bears witness to the Baroque style that was widely used by the Jesuits at the turn of the 17th century.
 
Its restoration has been made possible thanks in particular to an innovative sponsorship approach. Indeed, in 2015, on the basis of historical ties between the United States of America and the Saint Omer region*, the President of the Community of the Pays de Saint-Omer Agglomeration, François Decoster, wanted to engage in an ambitious trans-Atlantic educational and cultural partnership. The various projects attracted the interest of numerous stakeholders and institutions, and the French Heritage Society, an American non-profit organisation that helps preserve French heritage, decided to award a grant of $250 000 to carry out work inside the chapel which has not been used for worship for many years. The restoration of the stone walls and marble floor has been carried out and, since its reopening, the chapel has already hosted numerous concerts, conferences and exhibitions.
 
* Three of the Founding Fathers of the United States were educated at the English Jesuit College of Saint-Omer.
Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Working differently
L'Île-de-France concentre plus de 650 tiers lieux, avec une forte progression depuis 2015. Ce foisonnement est le reflet des dynamiques entrepreneuriales sur le territoire francilien et le développement du télétravail. Il s'agit d'espaces de travail partagés, souvent protéiformes, créatifs, innovants, hybrides et multifonctionnels. Ils accueillent de plus en plus d'indépendants, en privilégiant un travail nomade, à distance et collaboratif. Afin d'illustrer la diversité et la richesse de ces espaces, l'Institut Paris Région sillonne les territoires d'Île-de-France afin de venir à leur rencontre et donner la parole aux acteurs, aux...
The Ile-de-France region is home to more than 650 third places, with strong growth since 2015. This proliferation is a reflection of the entrepreneurial dynamics within the French territory and the development of teleworking. These are shared workspaces, often protean, creative, innovative, hybrid and multifunctional. They welcome more and more independents, favouring itinerant, remote and collaborative working. In order to illustrate the diversity and richness of these spaces, the Institut Paris Région (Paris Region Institute) travels the regions of Ile-de-France to meet them and give voice to the stakeholders, project leaders, managers, facilitators, users and communities that make up these places.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.