Economic model

Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
New Economic Models, opportunities for regional sustainable development
Économie de la fonctionnalité, circulaire, collaborative, sociale et solidaire... un foisonnement de nouvelles formes d'économie émerge et se structure !
Elles sont autant de solutions possibles et de voies à explorer par les territoires et les entreprises. Fruit d'une co-production entre le Cerdd (Centre Ressource de Développement Durable) et un panel d'acteurs de la région (collectivités territoriales, entrepreneurs, réseaux économiques, institutions, chercheurs,…), cette ressource pédagogique a pour objectif de décrypter et favoriser la concrétisation de Nouveaux Modèles Économiques plus durables sur nos territoires....
Economy of functionality, circular, collaborative, social and solidary... a flood of new economic forms is emerging and taking shape!
They are all possible solutions and avenues to be explored by regions and companies.
The result of co-production between Cerdd (Sustainable Development Resource Centre) and a panel of stakeholders from the region (regional authorities, entrepreneurs, economic networks, institutions, researchers etc), this educational resource aims to decipher and promote the realisation of new, more sustainable economic models in our regions.
 
The digital web of South Alsace: benchmarks, stakeholders and digital issues applied to the industries of the future
Le numérique se diffuse à l’ensemble de l’économie. Si certaines activités sont strictement numériques assurant par exemple des activités informatiques ou de l’édition de logiciels, le numérique se retrouve aussi dans de nombreuses activités telles l’automatique industrielle, l’installation et la maintenance de lignes de production…
 
Au final, les technologies numériques se déploient, comme une toile, dans l’ensemble de l’économie.
L’enjeu, pour le territoire, est double. D’une part, il s’agit de faciliter la numérisation des entreprises industrielles. D’autre part, il s’agit de...
Digital technology is spreading to the economy as a whole. While some activities are strictly digital, such as computer activities or software publishing, digital is also found in many activities such as industrial automation, installation and maintenance of production lines and so on.
 
Ultimately, digital technologies are being deployed, like a web, throughout the economy.
The stakes for the region are two-fold. On the one hand, it is a question of facilitating the digitisation of industrial enterprises. On the other, it is about developing new activities, bringing added value and shaping the future.
 
This study provides an overview of this new ecosystem and the distribution of the roles of each local stakeholder in this "digital web".
Madre project "Metropolitan Agriculture for Developing an innovative, sustainable and Responsible Economy"
MADRE est un projet européen de coopération territoriale (Interreg MED), qui vise à changer le modèle d’approvisionnement alimentaire métropolitain en capitalisant sur les bonnes pratiques existantes, en responsabilisant les différents acteurs de l’agriculture métropolitaine et périurbaine, et en initiant une dynamique de coopération transnationale dans le secteur agricole de la région MED.
 
Considérée comme un phénomène émergent, l'agriculture métropolitaine permet de relever plusieurs défis urbains en contribuant à la sécurité alimentaire, à la création d'emplois, à la qualité de l'environnement...
MADRE is a European territorial cooperation project (Interreg MED), which aims to change the metropolitan food supply model by capitalising on existing good practices, by empowering the different stakeholders in metropolitan and peri-urban agriculture, and by initiating a dynamic of transnational cooperation in the MED region.

Considered as an emerging phenomenon, metropolitan agriculture makes it possible to meet several urban challenges by contributing to food security, job creation, environmental quality or strengthening social ties and territorial solidarity between urban and rural areas. The MADRE project capitalises on a set of knowledge, policies and pilot actions carried out on the topic and activates existing networks to enable effective transnational cooperation in the Mediterranean.
 
The objectives are:
- To improve the innovation capacity of metropolitan agriculture in the Mediterranean territories;
- To identify and evaluate the economic, environmental and social performance factors of metropolitan agriculture;
- To identify and network metropolitan agriculture stakeholders;
- To assess the feasibility, conditions and means of creating a transnational cluster of actors in metropolitan agriculture.

The project was carried out from February 2017 to July 2018, with a total budget of € 1,173,175, co-financed by the Interreg MED programme.
 
The emergence of a transnational cluster is supported by a multidisciplinary partnership from 5 countries. Each partner representing a flagship metropolitan area, AVITEM (Agency for Sustainable Mediterranean Cities and Territories) is representing France.
New free transport network in Dunkirk: summary of key results
Depuis le 1er septembre 2018, la Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque est la plus grande agglomération européenne à offrir la gratuité du transport en commun 7 jours sur 7 pour tous les usagers.   Chacun peut l’utiliser à sa guise pour ses déplacements professionnels, universitaires ou personnels.
La nouvelle réorganisation du réseau DK’BUS Marine et l’ensemble des aménagements réalisés ont conforté le réseau de transport en commun dans sa fiabilité, fluidité et rapidité.
 
Doté de 5 lignes chrono (C1 à C5) passant toutes les 10 minutes à un arrêt et de 12 autres lignes, le réseau...
Since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk Urban Community has been the largest European city to offer free public transport 7 days a week for all users. Everyone can use it as they please for their professional, academic or personal travel.
The new reorganisation of the DK'BUS Marine network and all the improvements carried out have improved the public transport network’s reliability, fluidity and speed.
 
With 5 timed lines (C1 to C5) running every 10 minutes at one stop and 12 other lines, the network also offers bus traffic between 5.30am and 10.30pm (Monday to Saturday). An additional service is provided on Fridays and Saturdays to provide late-night journeys to the outer limits of the region.
 
Buses have also become places of community and entertainment and are equipped with wifi and charging stations for mobile phones.
 
To assess the diversity of the effects of being free to use, the VIGS research association in partnership with the local urban planning agency (AGUR), with funding from the Urban Community, conducted an unprecedented in-depth study, both qualitative and quantitative, on the subject.
Vidéo Alimentation et Transitions Economiques
Comment sortir d'un système basé sur les volumes et les prix bas ?
Ce nouvel opus de la série "Changer de regard sur notre système alimentaire" donne la parole à 4 entrepreneurs, producteurs, agriculteurs de la région qui explorent d'autres modèles économiques plus vertueux et répondent à ce nouveau défi par la coopération et l'innovation !
How to get out of a system based on volumes and low prices?
This latest work in the series "A new look at our food system" gives the floor to 4 entrepreneurs, producers and farmers from the region who explore other more virtuous economic models and respond to this new challenge through cooperation and innovation!
LIVA: employment and training company specialising in construction logistics
Développée à l’initiative de la Fondation VINCI pour la Cité, LIVA est une entreprise d’insertion dont le but est de fournir des prestations de logistique aux chantiers de bâtiments. Joint-venture sociale, LIVA a vocation à travailler dans toute la France et pour de nombreux clients, en commençant sur les chantiers d’Ile-de-France.
 
Avec LIVA, VINCI Construction France et Ares souhaitent co-construire des passerelles vers l’emploi en proposant un emploi stable et un accompagnement personnalisé à des personnes en difficulté. En s’appuyant sur la complémentarité de leurs expertises, les deux partenaires...
Developed on the initiative of the VINCI Foundation for the City, LIVA is an employment and training company whose aim is to provide logistics services to building sites. A social joint venture, LIVA aims to work throughout France and for numerous clients, starting on the construction sites of Ile-de-France.
 
With LIVA, VINCI Construction France and Ares want to co-build bridges to employment by offering stable jobs and personalised support to people in difficulty. Based on the complementarity of their expertise, the two partners aim to professionalise the construction logistics professions and innovate in this field by creating a global offer around digital and remote logistics.
 
The company has three main ambitions:
1 - A social inclusion project: LIVA aims to integrate people in difficulty, through stable employment and personalised socio-professional support.
2 - A Human Resources project: co-building a gateway to employment. LIVA will offer some of its employees the opportunity to move towards the professions recruiting within the Group.
3 - A business project: professionalising logistics on site, relying on the complementarity of VCF and Ares expertise to innovate by creating a global logistics offer, including a remote hub.
La Toile énergétique: the Dunkirk area energetic relations network
Conçue en 2018, la Toile énergétique® retrace les flux d'énergie entre les différents acteurs sur le bassin d'emploi de Dunkerque. Cet outil d’observation s’inspire de la Toile industrielle® élaborée par l’Agence d’urbanisme et de développement de la région Flandre-Dunkerque (AGUR). La Toile énergétique® explique, de la manière la plus fine possible, et de façon intelligible le parcours de l’énergie sur le territoire : de l’arrivée des matières premières à leur injection dans un réseau local ou national, jusqu’à leur consommation finale. L'outil s'adresse à l'ensemble des acteurs de la transition énergétique. Il est utilisé...
Developed in 2018, La Toile énergétique (“Energy web”) charts the energy flows between different actors in Dunkirk’s employment area. This observation tool is inspired by la Toile industrielle “Industry web” , previously developed by AGUR. La Toile énergétique explains in the most intelligible way the route followed by energy on the territory: from the arrival of raw material, through its injection in local or national grids -   until its final consumption. The tool is dedicated to all the actors involved in the energy transition. It is used during strategic meetings gathering energy players, logisticians, industrials… This tool was firstly experimented in Dunkirk.