Developing countries

Protecting Oshakati from heavy flooding during the rainy season
La ville d'Oshakati est l'une des plus grandes villes du nord de la Namibie et souffre régulièrement de fortes inondations pendant la saison des pluies.
 
En collaboration avec son partenaire IMDC, Tractebel a développé une solution durable afin de protéger Oshakati de ces inondations. Cette solution consiste en la construction d'une digue au nord-ouest de la ville ainsi que de ponts et d'écluses pour détourner et contrôler les eaux d'inondation venant de l'Angola autour de la ville. Au sommet de la digue, une partie de la future rocade sera modélisée en 3D et construite selon le plan directeur...
Oshakati is one of the largest cities in northern Namibia and regularly suffers from heavy flooding during the rainy season.
 
In collaboration with its partner IMDC, Tractebel has developed a sustainable solution to protect Oshakati from these floods. This solution involves constructing an embankment to the north-west of the city as well as bridges and locks to divert and control floodwaters coming from Angola around the city. At the top of the embankment, part of the future ring road will be modelled in 3D and built according to Oshakati's design master plan.
 
Key project issues include:
 
  • Defining the necessary measures to adapt community development to climate change, taking into account the relative urgency of the risks identified and available resources in collaboration with all local stakeholders;
  • Developing land use including better management of water resources: run-off, groundwater, rivers, estuaries, coastal waters and designing flood protection measures.
WEECAM project: implementation of a sustainable W3E recovery sector in Cameroon
Solidarité Technologique est une association française agissant à Yaoundé dans le domaine de la formation professionnelle des jeunes démunis et la revalorisation et le recyclage des déchets d’équipement électriques et électroniques (D3E).
Les D3E sont une catégorie de déchets posant une double problématique : une croissance rapide ainsi que des contraintes de gestion importantes au vu de certains composants toxiques. Les pays en développement sont particulièrement exposés à cette problématique : leur croissance économique et démographique rapide, ainsi que les changements sociaux et culturels entraînés par le...
Solidarité Technologique is a French association working in Yaounde in the field of vocational training for disadvantaged young people and the recovery and recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (W3E).
W3E is a category of waste that poses a dual problem: rapid growth and significant management constraints in view of certain toxic components. Developing countries are particularly exposed to this problem: their rapid economic and demographic growth, as well as the social and cultural changes brought about by such development, are leading to a sharp increase in the flow of W3E.
 
Since 2011, La Guilde, a French association recognised as a public utility, has been supporting Solidarité Technologique in setting up the first W3E recycling sector in Central Africa. A first treatment and recovery centre was opened in Yaounde in 2012.
Since then, its activity has been growing and Solidarité Technologique was awarded the Suez Initiative Prize - Institut de France for Social Entrepreneurship in June 2016. La Guilde and Solidarité Technologique are jointly launching the WEEECAM project, a major undertaking whose objective is to move the existing activity on to the semi-industrial scale.
 
The project, when it reaches full maturity at the end of year 5, will allow the full-time employment of 157 people. Partnerships will be established with various local players who will ensure the collection of W3E, in a thoughtful and constructive collaboration with the informal sector.
The success of the project will allow the validation of a model that can be transferred to other countries, particularly in Africa where such activity is currently absent.
Cellal e Kisal Programme: reducing maternal, neonatal and child morbidity and mortality in Senegal
La région rurale de Kolda au sud du Sénégal est marquée par des taux de mortalité maternelle et infantile nettement supérieurs aux valeurs nationales en raison du manque d’infrastructures et de personnel de santé.
Par ailleurs, du fait de leur éloignement géographique et du faible niveau d’information dont elles disposent sur les parcours de soins, on constate un faible taux de fréquentation des structures de santé par les communautés isolées de la région.
Cellal e Kisal renforce l’accès à une offre de services de qualité en santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile à travers le développement d’un...
The rural region of Kolda in southern Senegal is marked by maternal and child mortality rates well above national values due to lack of infrastructure and health personnel.
Moreover, due to their geographical distance and the low level of information available to them on care options, there is a low rate of attendance at health facilities by isolated communities within the region.
 
Cellal e Kisal improves access to quality maternal, neonatal and child health services by developing an integrated device using information and communication technologies (ICT).
It is based on several interconnected technologies that promote the identification, referencing and follow-up of pregnant women from registration through the first 2 years of the child’s life (Track-Check-Retain approach):
- A mobile application that allows community contacts to connect with health facilities and provide close monitoring of women and children,
- A telemedicine toolbox at health centres to carry out comprehensive examinations in remote areas,
and the telemedicine platform which links regional hospitals and specialist care services.

Results:
- Deployment of the telemedicine toolbox: 735 pregnant women consulted, 9,899 pregnancies and 67,662 children under the age of 5 registered and monitored via the digital device in 2018.
- More than 70,000 participants combined for behaviour change activities (lower-risk pregnancy, gender approach, etc) through the action of the 80 community contact points trained by Amref (public health NGO in Africa).
- Institution of a cervical cancer component with the equipment of health facilities in the region in screening and cryotherapy units.
Study of the rehabilitation and improvement of Lake Zigh, Azerbaijan
Le concept du projet est de coupler la réhabilitation du lac Zigh, pollué depuis plusieurs années par le déversement d’eaux contaminées en provenance des zones industrielles avoisinantes, avec un développement urbain créateur de valeur dans la région de Baku, qui compte plus d’un million d’habitants.
Le but étant d’avoir une opération globale bénéficiaire, aussi bien pour l’environnement que pour l’économie.
D’importantes études préalables à l’opération de réhabilitation ont été menées par le groupe ENGIE :
- Collecte des données : rapports géologiques, topographiques, batimétriques, enquêtes...
The project’s concept is to couple the rehabilitation of Lake Zigh, which has been polluted for several years by the dumping of contaminated water from neighbouring industrial areas, with a value-creating urban development in the Baku region, which has a population of more than one million.
 
The aim is to have an operation that benefits everyone, in terms of both the environment and the economy.
 
Major pre-rehabilitation studies were carried out by the ENGIE group:
  • Data collection: geological, topographical and bathymetric reports, environmental surveys...
  • Basic design studies: hydrology, construction of sludge drying beds in the eastern zone, dredging the lake and channel and transporting sludge to the drying beds, construction of a cement-bentonite wall and preparation of the recovery area, construction of an urban park and a green belt around the lake...
  • Rehabilitation of the site is underway with technical solutions adapted to local know-how. They will be evaluated on the basis of international clean-up standards.
 
Simpa India : commercialisation de kits solaires individuels pour les foyers d’Inde rurale
Créée il y a cinq ans, Simpa est une start-up qui commercialise des solar home systems (kits solaires individuels) auprès de foyers d’Inde rurale (jusqu’ici dans les états de l’Uttar Pradesh, de Bihar et d’Orissa).
Ces kits comprennent un panneau solaire à installer sur le toit, une batterie, des lampes LED, un ventilateur et une télévision.
Les équipements sont vendus via un système de lease-to-own à travers un réseau d’agents commerciaux.
L’acquisition de Simpa par ENGIE constitue un exemple concret du repositionnement qu’ENGIE opère vers des solutions de...
Founded five years ago, Simpa is a start-up that markets solar home systems (individual solar kits) to homes in rural India (so far, in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa).
 
These kits include a rooftop solar panel, battery, LED lamps, fan and television.
 
The equipment is sold via a lease-to-own system through a network of sales agents.
 
ENGIE’s acquisition of Simpa is a concrete example of ENGIE's repositioning towards zero-carbon, decentralised energy service solutions.
 
Today, Simpa has 70,000 customers and 750 employees in 3 states (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa). Simpa aims to become a key player in decentralised energy in rural and semi-rural India.
 
Energy transition in the Antofagasta and Atacama regions of Chile
La CORFO, agence gouvernementale chargée de promouvoir l’entrepreneuriat, l’innovation et la compétitivité au Chili, a demandé à Tractebel (groupe ENGIE) de développer une vision énergétique systémique 100 % renouvelable pour les régions du nord d’Antofagasta et d’Atacama. L’approche de Tractebel s’est fondée sur la méthode du « backcasting », qui consiste à imaginer les réussites futures, et à partir de cette vision, organiser les étapes du projet. L’intérêt de cette approche est qu’elle prend en compte les conditions futures, notamment le réchauffement climatique.
 
Tractebel a ainsi travaillé sur...
CORFO, the government agency responsible for promoting entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness in Chile, has asked Tractebel (ENGIE Group) to develop a 100% renewable systemic energy vision for the northern regions of Antofagasta and Atacama.
 
Tractebel's approach was based on the "backcasting" method, which involves imagining future successes, and from this vision, to organise the project steps.
 
The advantage of this approach is that it takes into account future conditions, including global warming.
 
Tractebel has worked on various axes to design this systemic vision of renewable energy in Chile:
 
• Development of a medium- and long-term renewable green vision for northern Chile,
• Performance of the energy system taken under variable hydrological conditions,
• Designing a transition to 100% renewable energy including relevant performance indicators,
• Opportunities/identification for developing a hydrogen-based economy, within the context of 100% renewable energy.
MobiSan - Digital health notebook
De janvier 2015 à juin 2018 au Burkina Faso, le Gret (ONG internationale de développement) a mis en œuvre le projet MobiSan en partenariat avec Djantoli (association Santé Sud) et deux associations Burkinabès (Apac et ABF Fandima) grâce à un financement de l’AFD (Agence Française de Développement).
Ce projet visait à améliorer le recours aux bonnes pratiques sanitaires et nutritionnelles et aux services de santé materno-infantile par les populations de la province de Gourma.
Trois services novateurs basés sur des dispositifs numériques et sur la téléphonie mobile, pour améliorer l’efficacité, l’...
From January 2015 to June 2018 in Burkina Faso, Gret (an international development NGO) implemented the MobiSan project in partnership with Djantoli (Southern Health Association) and two Burkina Faso associations (Apac and ABF Fandima) with funding from AFD (French Development Agency).
 
This project aimed to improve the use of best health and nutritional practices and maternal and infant health services by people in Gourma province.
Three innovative services based on digital devices and mobile telephony to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of community health missions were deployed:
 
-The Djantoli service: consists of regular home monitoring of children under the age of 5 by health workers, collecting simple health data, its transmission to the health centre, remote medical monitoring by the centre's health workers and call-up of children in case of an alert.
 
-The AlloLaafia service: consists of implementing mobile phone awareness campaigns (SMS) with female, male and parent subscribers from the Fada and Diabo Health District on three health issues: food and health of children under age 2 and their mother, pregnancy monitoring and family planning.
 
-PCIMA-electronic service: Integrated acute malnutrition care service that allows data to be exchanged between community-based health workers (CBHWs) and health centres during screening and monitoring of acute malnutrition cases.
The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa
La Convention des Maires en Afrique Subsaharienne (CdM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union Européenne (UE) pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique Subsaharienne dans leurs efforts de lutte contre le changement climatique à travers un engagement volontaire. Elle est basée sur l’approche bottom-up et permet aux villes/communes de définir et d’atteindre des objectifs ambitieux et réalistes, conformément à la méthodologie de la Convention des Maires.
 
L’objectif principal de la CdM ASS est d’accroître les capacités des villes d’Afrique Subsaharienne à fournir à leur population urbaine et...
The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is an initiative founded by European Union (EU) to support Sub-Saharan Africa cities in their fight against climate change through a voluntary commitment.It is a bottom-up initiative that allows cities to define and meet ambitious and realistic targets set by themselves in line with the covenant methodology. The main objective of the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa is to increase the capacities of cities to provide access to sufficient, sustainable and safe energy related services to urban and peri-urban populations (especially the poor), with special attention to energy efficiency and renewable energy as drivers for local low emission, climate resilient, sustainable development.
 
CoM SSA initiative has three pillars that are:
 
- Access to energy: physical availability of sustainable, clean and reliable energy services to meet basic human needs at affordable costs;
- Mitigation: actions undertaken to reduce the emission of the greenhouse gases and their concentrations in the atmosphere;
- Adaptation: actions undertaken to anticipate the adverse effects of climate change, prevent or minimise the damage they can cause, or take advantage of opportunities that may arise.
Improving sanitary conditions and preventing water-borne diseases in Burundi
Le projet couvre une commune en milieu péri-urbain : Mutimbuzi, province de Bujumbura rural au Burundi, à l'ouest de la capitale et proche de la frontière congolaise.

Il a pour but d’améliorer les conditions sanitaires des communautés visées et de réduire la propagation des maladies hydriques, telles que le choléra ou la diarrhée. Au-delà de la mise en place d’installations hydrauliques et sanitaires, un réel travail de sensibilisation/éducation comportementale a été développé selon une approche participative intégrale afin de garantir des améliorations à long terme.
 
Le...
The project covers a commune in a peri-urban area: Mutimbuzi, a province of rural Bujumbura in Burundi, west of the capital and close to the Congolese border.

It aims to improve the sanitary conditions of the target communities and reduce the spread of water-borne diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea. Beyond the establishment of hydraulic and sanitary facilities, real work on awareness raising/behavioural education has been developed using a comprehensive participatory approach to ensure long-term improvements.
 
The project has set up the following actions:

- Introduction of a participatory methodology called WAST that raises awareness and provides training in waste management and the right to water, hygiene and sanitation,

- Structuring, legal training and empowerment of the community through the creation and training of Hygiene and Sanitation Committees (HSCs) capable of taking charge, monitoring and evaluating a sanitation service throughout the sector, from construction of infrastructure to the recovery of collected waste (Ecosan latrines),

- Supporting and empowering the municipality through the strengthening of its capacities (awareness-raising and maintenance of works), implementation of communal regulations, the strengthening of synergies with other local, regional and national policies, and the establishment of criteria to respect the right to water and sanitation,

- Ex ante evaluation of innovation in health impacts (village surveys and health centres).
PAMTAC-B: Structuring Brazzaville's food supply from periurban areas
Dans la zone périurbaine de la capitale de la République du Congo, la majorité de l’économie est tournée vers l’approvisionnement alimentaire de Brazzaville. L’agriculture périurbaine exerce une forte pression sur les ressources naturelles (eau, sol, plantes), qui affecte l’environnement, la santé publique et la sécurité alimentaire.

Depuis 2016, ESSOR (association de solidarité internationale), AGRIDEV (association de développement durable) et le CJID (Club Jeunesse Infrastructures Développement) mènent un projet pilote d’Appui au Maraîchage, à la Transformation Agroalimentaire et à la Commercialisation...
In the periurban area of the capital of the Republic of Congo, most of the economy is focused on Brazzaville’s food supply. Periurban agriculture puts a lot of pressure on natural resources (water, soil, plants), which affects the environment, public health and food security.

Since 2016, ESSOR (international solidarity association), AGRIDEV (sustainable development association) and CJID (Youth Infrastructure Development Club) have been running a pilot project to support market gardening, agri-food transformation and marketing of products processed in Brazzaville, with the support of the French Development Agency.
In partnership with the Brazzaville Departmental Directorate for Agriculture, diagnostics were carried out in new market garden areas in the centre and north of the city. They confirm the relevance of extending the existing system to these areas.
 
Overall goals:
  • To help improve the living conditions of vulnerable populations around Brazzaville, especially for women,
  • To help strengthen civil society in the agricultural sector and facilitate their networking,
  • To contribute to the Congolese state's efforts to develop agricultural sectors.