Developing countries

Gran Santo Domingo sustainable urban mobility plan
Mobilise Your City (MYC) est une initiative globale pour le climat qui promeut la planification intégrée de la mobilité urbaine ; elle vise à maximiser le potentiel de réduction des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (-50 % d’ici 2050), en particulier dans les villes des pays du Sud qui accueilleront la majeure partie de la croissance urbaine à venir.
 
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, le Grand Saint Domingue fait partie des 100 agglomérations qui se sont engagées à définir et mettre en œuvre un Plan de Mobilité Urbaine ambitieux. Cette initiative bénéficie de l’appui technique et financier de l’AFD  (...
Mobilise Your City (MYC) is a global climate initiative that promotes integrated urban mobility planning. It aims to maximise the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (by 50% by 2050), particularly in cities in southern countries that will see most of the future urban growth.
As part of this initiative, Gran Santo Domingo is one of 100 cities that have committed to define and implement an ambitious Urban Mobility Plan. This initiative has the technical and financial support of AFD (French Development Agency) and the MYC programme.
The mission of the SYSTRA group was to support the national authority in charge of planning and improving mobility conditions in the region for 16 months.
This assistance consisted of:
 
- Providing technical support for the definition of an ambitious action plan,
- Developing digital planning tools,
- Building the capacity of local stakeholders,
- Setting up a participatory process that allows, during the study period, the setting up of real cooperation at the Gran Santo Domingo scale (INTRANT, municipalities, ministries, operators etc).
Study for the development of intelligent systems and digital solutions for sustainable urban mobility in Tunisia
SYSTRA réalise une étude stratégique et opérationnelle pour le développement de Systèmes Intelligents et de solutions numériques pour la mobilité urbaine durable en Tunisie « Smart Mobility Tunisie ».
 
La finalité de l’étude est de favoriser une transformation numérique en matière de mobilité qui aille dans le sens de l’intérêt collectif, de la durabilité des systèmes de transports urbains (c’est à dire des transports accessibles à tous, sûrs, économiquement efficients, performants écologiquement et non émissifs de gaz à effet de serre), et du développement d’un écosystème national de l’innovation...
SYSTRA is conducting a strategic and operational study for the development of Intelligent Systems and Digital Solutions for Sustainable Urban Mobility in Tunisia called "Smart Mobility Tunisia".
 
The aim of the study is to foster a digital transformation in mobility that works towards the collective interest, sustainability of urban transport systems (i.e. transport accessible to all, safe, economically efficient, environmentally efficient and not producing greenhouse gases), and the development of a national ecosystem of mobility innovation.

The scope of this study includes all-mode urban mobility, which includes individual urban modes of transport (car and motorised two-wheelers), collective (bus, light rail), active modes (classic cycling, walking), new urban mobility (autonomous vehicles, connected vehicles, etc) and shared urban mobility (self-service cycling, car sharing, carpooling, etc).
 
The expected results of the "Smart Mobility Tunisia" study are:
  • Analysis of the existing situation in Tunisia,
  • A benchmark of the world's existing smart mobility solutions,
  • Development of a strategy for Intelligent Systems and Digital Solutions for Sustainable Urban Mobility in Tunisia,
  • Establishment of a priority action plan for implementing the strategy,
  • Completion of feasibility and pre-operational studies for 2 or 3 selected projects.
Urbayiti: urban governance and resilient towns in Haiti
Le projet Urbayiti – “Gouvernance urbaine et villes résilientes“ vise à promouvoir le développement économique et social d’Haïti et à favoriser la résilience des populations, à travers l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des villes.
 
Urbayiti contribue ainsi à la consolidation du cadre institutionnel pour renforcer la gouvernance du secteur et améliorer la gestion et la planification des villes. Il informe et sensibilise la population sur les enjeux de développement urbain et souligne l’ambition du gouvernement haïtien de mener une démarche urbaine intégrée.
 
Le projet intervient à...
The Urbayiti project "Urban Governance and Resilient Towns" aims to promote Haiti's economic and social development and foster people's resilience by improving the quality of urban life.
 
Urbayiti is thus helping consolidate the institutional framework to strengthen governance in the sector and improve the management and planning of towns. It informs and raises people’s awareness of urban development issues and underlines the Haitian government's ambition to pursue an integrated urban approach.
 
The project operates on three levels:
 
- National for strategic, institutional and normative actions;
- Departmental (South and Grand Anse) and metropolitan (Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area) for strategic actions, training and studies;
- Local (Port-au-Prince, Jérémie and Les Cayes) for infrastructure and services and capacity building, job creation and social engineering.
The actions carried out focus on three areas:
- strengthening urban governance;
- developing urban plans;
- carrying out urban planning operations.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Intercommunal governance in the field of water and sanitation in Cameroon
Disposant d’une multiplicité d’équipements, les communes du Mbam et de l’Inoubou connaissaient de profondes difficultés en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage en eau et en assainissement, principalement des problèmes de rénovation, d’entretien et de gestion des infrastructures. Pour y faire face, plusieurs communes avaient décidé de mettre en commun leurs moyens et de définir une stratégie départementale de l’eau et de l’assainissement. Ce projet a été lancé dans le but d’accompagner la structuration d’un service public.
Afin de développer une approche partenariale efficiente, les acteurs ont choisi de constituer un syndicat...
With a wide range of facilities, the communes of Mbam and Inoubou faced major difficulties in terms of water and sanitation project management, mainly problems of renovation, maintenance and infrastructure management. To deal with this, several communes had decided to pool their resources and define a departmental water and sanitation strategy.
This project was launched with the aim of supporting the structuring of a public service. To develop an efficient partnership approach, the stakeholders chose to form an intercommunal union (SYCOMI), thus bringing legal innovation in Cameroon.
This union then took responsibility for the technical and administrative aspects, which is why training was provided to strengthen the skills of the key players. Emphasis was also placed on citizen participation through the involvement of user committees and willingness to pay for studies to ensure the sustainability of the service. This experience of intercommunal governance is a pilot project in Cameroon, which has aroused the interest of Cameroonian institutional bodies and is now spreading.
The communes in Lékié were inspired by this to create their own union (SYNCOLEK), with the support and expertise of SYCOMI and SDEA (Syndicat Départemental des Eaux et de l'Assainissement Alsace-Moselle) to develop a public water and sanitation service in their turn.
Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Citizenship and social innovation
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’inclusion et la valorisation du citoyen comme acteur clé de la planification urbaine, le livret du groupe de travail « Citoyenneté et innovation sociale » réinterroge les modèles de gouvernance de nos villes....
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focused on the inclusion and enhancement of the citizen as a key player in urban planning, the booklet of the working group “Citizenship and social innovation” re-examines the governance model of our cities. Faced to increasing inequalities and socio-spatial segregation, it is urgent to redefine citizen participation, by promoting participatory mechanisms, by giving women a place in the city, or by encouraging the presence of marginalized actors within public decision-making bodies.
 

To that end, the cities of tomorrow still have to take up many challenges, in order to prioritize citizen initiatives in their governance, and turn them into drivers of their development, which is currently intended to be more inclusive and more sustainable.

Cities change the world
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.
The notary, serving land security around the world
Un système fiable de sécurisation des transactions immobilières repose sur 3 piliers :

1.Une identification précise du bien immobilier sur des plans, (cadastre, ortho-photos ou photo satellite) et une vérification de l’identité et de la capacité juridique des personnes.

2.Un registre immobilier qui répertorie l’ensemble des actes juridiques concernant tous les biens immobiliers de toutes les personnes titulaires d’un droit de nature foncière.

3.Un acte incontestable qui offre une sécurité juridique quasi parfaite (vente, partage , donation…).
 ...
A reliable system for securing real estate transactions is based on three pillars:

1. Accurate identification of the property on the plans (cadastre, ortho-photos or satellite photo) and verification of the identity and legal capacity of individuals.

2. A real estate register that lists all legal acts concerning all real estate of all persons holding a land right.

3. An indisputable act that offers almost perfect legal certainty (sale, sharing, donation etc).
 
The interest of these three pillars:
 
  • legal: determine with certainty who owns what and under what conditions,
  • social: enable the poorest to defend their rights to the land and have access to public infrastructure,
  • economic: avoid a long and costly conflict for the landowner and encourage access to credit,
  • tax: make public authorities aware of the identity of persons with a property right so they can collect tax.
The issuing of title deeds is the core business of the notary. That’s why the Notariat has decided to act and become heavily involved in actions in support of land reforms.
 
This action is also part of the general policy carried out by the French Notariat to contribute, in addition to other stakeholders in the land arena, and respecting cultural diversity, to the establishment of a rule of law, a cornerstone of economic development.
 
Since June 2007, the Title Commission has been bringing together initiatives and coordinating joint action plans.
 
On 10 November 2009, a symposium was held at the Higher Council of French Notariat under the high patronage of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, bringing together all the players in this field around the theme "Land Security and Economic Development: The title of property ownership in developing countries".
 
The International Union of Notaries organised six international conferences in January 2012 in Burkina Faso, in January 2013 in Mexico, in December 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, in December 2017 in Niamey and Thessaloniki, and in June 2018 in Sarajevo on the subject.
Condominium kit
En 2050, les trois-quarts de la population mondiale vivront dans les villes. L’expansion urbaine se faisant actuellement horizontalement, il convient de favoriser les constructions collectives verticales, et donc de relever le défi du système de la copropriété dans le monde.
 
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat, l’Ordre des géomètres-experts et la FNAIM ont réalisé un kit de copropriété.
 
Cet ouvrage collectif associe de nombreux experts : notaires, juristes, économistes, universitaires, géomètres-experts, spécialistes du foncier et de l’urbanisme.
 
...
By 2050, three-quarters of the world's population will live in cities. With urban expansion currently taking place horizontally, vertical collective constructions should be encouraged, and so the challenge of the global condominium system should be met.
 
The Higher Council of French Notariat, the Order of Expert Surveyors and FNAIM have created a condominium kit.
 
This collective work brings together many different experts: notaries, lawyers, economists, academics, expert surveyors, and specialists in land and urban planning.
 
This kit is a practical tool that incorporates a draft Framework Act, a declarative act model of co-ownership of a building by apartments, an example of co-ownership regulations and management rules, including financial ones. The proposed solutions are adaptable to the needs and cultures of different countries.
 
The condominium kit is intended mainly for states, international organisations (UN-Habitat, World Bank etc) and all global land stakeholders (including notaries, lawyers, surveyors, trustees and property managers, civil servants) facing the issue of vertical urban planning development.
 
The experts behind this kit can also intervene in the field as advisers.