Urban renewal

"Reduce the ecological footprint of the buildings in my region"
Fiche n°06 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Pour répondre à la loi de transition énergétique de 2015, les municipalités ont une obligation d’exemplarité énergétique sur leurs bâtiments publics. Certaines agglomérations vont encore plus loin. La métropole de Bretagne a voulu élargir son champ d’action au-delà de la sphère publique pour...
Fact sheet No.06 from the collection "Demain mon territoire", co-published by ADEME and the EcoMayors, is intended for local elected officials to help them integrate the environmental dimension into their programmes through twenty thematic fact sheets giving avenues for action and examples of solutions implemented.
 
In response to the Energy Transition Act of 2015, municipalities have an obligation to set an energy example in their public buildings. Some agglomerations go even further. The Brittany metropolis wanted to broaden its field of action beyond the public sphere to include the private housing stock in this exemplary approach.
 
To do this, it has created a public energy renovation service, Rénov' Habitat Bretagne, which assists private individuals throughout their energy renovation projects. The "Réseau'Habit Bretagne" platform provides advice and assistance in designing the project. It also allows the individual to be connected to a local network of professionals.
 
Financial assistance for implementing such projects is also granted to individuals, including offers for co-owners and modest households.
Mobilised to achieve energy exemplarity, public players, professionals and private individuals can therefore act together to reduce the carbon footprint and electricity bills while generating economic activity.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
The "Reinventing the Seine" approach: a call for innovative projects to support regional development
En mars 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre et Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie ont lancé l'appel à projets « Réinventer la Seine ».

Dans un élan comparable à l'appel à projets « Réinventer Paris », la démarche a constitué une nouvelle étape dans le développement de la Vallée de la Seine.

Les porteurs du projet, Ville de Paris, agglomérations de Rouen et du Havre, HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie, se sont appuyés sur les trois agences d'urbanisme de l'Axe Seine (APUR, AURBSE et AURH) pour coordonner le dispositif de l'appel à projets à l'échelle des territoires parisiens,...
In March 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre and Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie launched the call for projects "Reinventing the Seine".

In a similar vein to the "Reinventing Paris" call for projects, the initiative was a new step in the development of the Seine Valley.

The project sponsors, the City of Paris, the Rouen and Le Havre conurbations and HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie relied on the three urban planning agencies of the Seine Axis (APUR, AURBSE and AURH) to coordinate the call for projects on the scale of the Paris, Rouen and Le Havre regions.

Nearly forty sites have been made available to innovators from all over the world (architects, town planners, economic players, start-ups, artists, designers, landscapers, etc) to encourage innovative projects and uses and thus strengthen the attractiveness and influence of the regions concerned.

The aim of this approach was to invent new ways of living on and by the water, on the Paris - Rouen - Le Havre axis. The process culminated in July 2017 with the designation of 20 winners, all meeting the requirements defined by the partners.

This approach to the development of the banks of the Seine and its canals has appealed to the boldness and creativity of professionals from all over the world and has been an accelerator of change.

In the years to come, the projects will be deployed along the Seine axis and will make visible another way of living along the river.
Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.
Rehabilitation of wasteland in RT2012 and BBC
Fressin a réalisé depuis 2015 plusieurs actions visant à améliorer le bilan carbone et l’efficacité énergétique de la commune, tout en conservant la cohérence historique du centre-ville.
Ces démarches se sont concrétisées, entre autres, par la rénovation et réhabilitation de plusieurs bâtiments, la création d’un cheminement doux entre les bâtiments communaux de proximité et l’installation de panneaux photovoltaïques au sol pour une production et consommation d’énergie renouvelable et locale, l’installation de pompes à chaleur…
Ce projet fait partie des nominés de la 28ème édition des...
Since 2015, Fressin has carried out several actions aimed at improving the commune's carbon footprint and energy efficiency, while maintaining the historical coherence of the city centre.
 
These measures have been implemented, among other things, through the renovation and rehabilitation of a number of buildings, the creation of an easy pathway between local municipal buildings and the installation of photovoltaic panels on the ground for the production and consumption of renewable and local energy, the installation of heat pumps and so on.
 
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Philanthropy and international relations in support of heritage preservation
Réouverte en octobre 2017 après quatre années de travaux, la Chapelle des Jésuites, classée monument historique, est devenue un lieu de diffusion culturelle majeur de l'Agglomération du Pays de Saint-Omer. La chapelle s’impose également dans le paysage audomarois par sa large façade rouge et blanche et par ses deux tours hautes de 40 mètres. Elle témoigne du style baroque qui fut employé abondamment par les Jésuites au tournant du XVIIe siècle.
 
Sa restauration a notamment été permise grâce une démarche de mécénat innovante. En effet, en 2015, sur la base de liens historiques entre les Etats-Unis d'Amérique...
Reopened in October 2017 after four years of work, the Jesuit Chapel, classified as a historical monument, has become a major cultural venue for the Pays de Saint-Omer Agglomeration. The chapel is also a must-see in the Saint Omer landscape with its large red and white façade and two 40-metre-high towers. It bears witness to the Baroque style that was widely used by the Jesuits at the turn of the 17th century.
 
Its restoration has been made possible thanks in particular to an innovative sponsorship approach. Indeed, in 2015, on the basis of historical ties between the United States of America and the Saint Omer region*, the President of the Community of the Pays de Saint-Omer Agglomeration, François Decoster, wanted to engage in an ambitious trans-Atlantic educational and cultural partnership. The various projects attracted the interest of numerous stakeholders and institutions, and the French Heritage Society, an American non-profit organisation that helps preserve French heritage, decided to award a grant of $250 000 to carry out work inside the chapel which has not been used for worship for many years. The restoration of the stone walls and marble floor has been carried out and, since its reopening, the chapel has already hosted numerous concerts, conferences and exhibitions.
 
* Three of the Founding Fathers of the United States were educated at the English Jesuit College of Saint-Omer.
Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.