“The countryside in Paris” project is a collective housing project in Paris’ 20th arrondissement. The main challenge for the contracting authority was to find a balance between construction cost, sustainability and environmental quality. The dwellings are divided into small town houses and smaller collective housing, which have been designed to minimise tenants’ costs.
Access to housing
Within the framework of the Regional Forum of Urban Renewal Actors (FRARU), the French National Agency for Urban Renewal (ANRU) and the National Agency for Housing (ANAH) held a methodological workshop in 2015 on the renovation of old and deprived inner city areas. The synthesis of this workshop, “the urban programming approach for a project on old and deprived inner city areas”, analyses the specificities of the approaches and definitions for implementing an urban renewal project in an old inner city area, within the framework of the New National Urban Renewal Program (NPNRU).
Based on the analysis of the 39 French EcoQuartier labelled operations in 2013, 2014 and 2015, located in most of the major French regions, Cerema's publicaton "EcoQuartiers, what lessons can be learned?" aims to overcome preconceived ideas and develop collective representations. What is really new in these projects? What is the difference between a 1970s or 1980s development project and today’s so-called "sustainable" urban projects?
Massileo is a renewable energy production system designed by Optimal Solutions, a subsidiary of Dalkia (EDF Group). By recovering sea water calories using a warm water loop, this grid is able to simultaneously produce heating, air conditioning and domestic hot water, thanks to heat pumps. This 100% renewable local energy allows Marseille’s housing, offices and shops to trade their calories and to be as much a consumers as a producers of energy. An example of this is the Smartseille eco-district, where Massileo has been operational since 2017.
The TCO tropical island ecocity is the largest of 31 ecocities in France and the only one located overseas. The ecocity is a pioneer and demonstration of the 21st Century sustainable city. It represents not only the creation of a new city but also the renewal of established urban areas. Artelia’s integrated urban engineering method will contribute to this project by optimising the necessary elements for way of life, time management and governance. The ecocity is located on 5,000 ha of land.
Each year, the National Urban Renewal Agency releases a national assessment on the key challenges of the social impact of urban renewal projects, within the framework of the National Urban Renewal Program (PNRU). The 2016 survey thereby assesses the PNRU’s social impact through rehousing policies, integration schemes and local urban management, implemented in parallel with urban renewal projects.
This tool was commissioned by the City of Villiers-le-Bel from the urban innovation hub “Genre et Ville” (“Gender and City”) in order to design housing policies that fight against the reproduction of social structures. The study thus benefited from the support of the ANRU within the framework of the first axis of the Investment for the Future program: “sustainable and supportive city”. It aims to support project leaders in taking equality into account, and more specifically, gender equality in project management, as well as to promote French and international best practices in this field.
La Ruche is a social collaborative and collective housing project where inhabitants pool their resources. Assembled from a timber frame filled with straw, this residence received an award in the 2014 Aquitaine Low Energy Building call for projects. Built using a collaborative and passive mode, its inhabitants were involved from the initial design phase of the project and every effort was made to reduce the energy consumption of the building.
AgilCare has developed an innovative house concept, with high environmental quality and modular according to its occupants’ needs. Built from wooden components, it allows for fully renewable construction, without waste or carbon footprint. AgilCare buildings are the first to be designed while taking into account their future reuse, hence offering a circular economy approach from their conception. The buildings are 100% reusable and self-sufficient.
The Santiago Deseado 3D simulator, which was handed over to the Municipality of Santiago in June 2015, is a decision-support tool to aid the formulation of sustainable urban policies. Financed by the French government and created by a consortium of companies headed by Artelia, it compiles a large quantity of data on water and waste management, public infrastructure, transportation, the social distribution of inhabitants, telecommunications, etc. to form an interactive map.