Being confronted and having to cope with slow and dangerous mutations, and sudden and brutal shocks, has been part of the reality of cities for a long time. They demonstrate a formidable ability to resist, adapt and be reborn.
And yet, urban resilience is particularly topical today: with increased urbanisation, cities are becoming more and more problematic areas, while contributing at the same time to increased risk. They are more than major players in risk management, by providing a relevant and effective level of action and governance.
With resilience, the ambition to achieve zero risk is abandoned, as is the goal of perpetuating the regional or social system in the same way: the preferred ambition is to develop rebound and adaptation capacities.
Beyond words and concepts, how can we reach this state of dynamic equilibrium?