adaptation

Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
 Developing guidelines for adapting to climate change in relation to urban planning and design in Flanders
Engie a été chargé par l’Administration de la planification spatiale flamande d’élaborer des lignes directrices et des solutions pour l'adaptation au changement climatique. Dans la première phase du projet, une analyse des impacts du changement climatique au niveau de la Flandre est réalisée, en utilisant différents scénarii. Cette analyse comprend une évaluation de l’importance des impacts, des facteurs qui déterminent l’ampleur de l’effet et leur différenciation spatiale.
 
L'accent est mis sur l'effet urbain d'îlot thermique, les inondations et les sécheresses. Des cartes sont préparées pour...
Engie has been commissioned by the Flemish Spatial Planning Authority to develop guidelines and solutions to adapt to climate change.
 
In the first phase of the project, an analysis of the impacts of climate change in Flanders is completed, using different scenarios.
 
This analysis includes an assessment of the magnitude of impacts, factors that determine the extent of the effect and their spatial differentiation.
 
The focus is on the urban effect of heat islands, floods and droughts. Maps are prepared to show specific vulnerability to the effects of different urban areas in Flanders.
 
The general vision developed and the "toolkit" of measures will guide future initiatives by the Flemish Spatial Planning Authority and will provide an objective reference on the need for adaptation measures and the means to implement them.
 
Topics addressed by the guidelines include:
  • Water storage and infiltration in an urban context,
  • Green roofs and facades,
  • (Re)Vegetation.
Video "Managing the rain: to better adapt to climate change!"
Le climat et la pluviométrie s'emballent ! Comment faire face au changement climatique ?
Exemple à Crépy-en-Valois (60) ville pilote sur la gestion durable des eaux pluviales. Vous verrez que les solutions "vertes" sont souvent plus efficaces et moins coûteuses que l'asphalte et le béton !
Climate and rainfall are a hot topic! How should we deal with climate change?
Take Crépy-en-Valois (60), pilot town for sustainable rainwater management, for example. You will see that "green" solutions are often more efficient and less expensive than asphalt and concrete!
Cogneau-Lamirande school group : an exemplary bioclimatic building in Guyana
Le groupe scolaire de Cogneau-Lamirande regroupe une école maternelle et une école élémentaire, chacune de 6 classes.
Implanté sur un terrain ayant déjà fait l'objet de terrassements dans un précédent projet, le groupe scolaire a été conçu selon la démarche de Qualité Environnementale Amazonienne (QEA) en s’adaptant au terrassement existant tout en étant orienté pour tirer favorablement profit du vent et soleil.  L’enveloppe du bâtiment est l’aboutissement de la démarche d’exploitation du potentiel bioclimatique du site : les protections solaires, les ouvertures et leur disposition dans les façades, les matériaux...
Cogneau-Lamirande school group gathers a kindergarten and a primary school with 6 classrooms in each. Located on a site where the levelling work had already been done for a previous project, the school group was designed according to the Amazonia Environment Quality (QEA) approach, adapting itself to the existing levelling while being oriented to take advantage of the wind and sun. The building envelope is the culmination of the construction site’s bioclimatic potential exploitation process: the solar protections, openings and their positioning on the frontage, the materials used and the plants contribute to the inclusion of the project within the QEA approach.