digital

DataCités 2: data use and sharing strategies
DataCités 2 est une exploration portée par le Lab OuiShare x Chronos qui propose une méthodologie d’accompagnement des collectivités pour la conception de data services urbains afin de développer leur capacité d’agir dans le domaine de la data, notamment en ce qui concerne la donnée partagée.
 
Pour cela, la démarche conjugue :
 
- Un accompagnement personnalisé de chaque territoire partenaire : République et canton de Genève, Ville d’Antony, Communauté de communes du Bassin de Pompey, Communauté urbaine Grand Poitiers, Communauté d’Agglomération de la Rochelle.
 ...
DataCités 2 is an exploration carried out by the OuiShare x Chronos Lab which offers a methodology to support communities in the design of urban data services to develop their capacity to act in the field of data, especially in terms of shared data.
 
To do this, the approach combines:
 
- Personalised support for each partner region: Republic and Canton of Geneva, City of Antony, Community of Municipalities of the Pompey Basin, Greater Poitiers Urban Community, Community of La Rochelle Urban Area.
 
- Inter-regional workshops: to share the ambitions and usage cases in the regions, their problems and levers to action with public and private partners, associations, experts, etc of DataCités 2. These workshops promote the sharing of knowledge, experiences and the creation of a community of partners.
 
- Capitalisation on an ongoing basis: using a logbook in which we record all the ideas shared by the members of DataCités 2, the projects of each region, lines of thought, resources, etc.
Actes de Mobilités et (r)évolutions numériques
L’observation des usages et des pratiques est rendue possible par la collecte de données de façon massive. Les apports et potentiels des technologies numériques et leurs capacités à changer les lignes de la mobilité interrogent les chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales. La revue Netcom y consacre un numéro spécial. Celui-ci illustre une partie des communications présentées lors du 15 e colloque du groupe Mobilités Spatiales, Fluidité Sociale (MSFS) de l’Association Internationale des Sociologues en Langue Française (AISLF). Intitulé « Mobilités et (r)évolutions...
Observation of use and practice is made possible by big data collection. The contribution and potential of digital technologies and their ability to change the lines of mobility are questioning researchers in the humanities and social sciences. Netcom magazine is devoting a special issue to it.
It contains some of the papers presented at the 15th symposium of the Spatial Mobility, Social Fluidity (SMSF) group of the International Association of Sociologists in the French Language (IASFL). Entitled "Mobility and digital (r)evolutions", the symposium took place on 8 and 9 November 2016 in Marne-la-Vallée and was held under the aegis of Labex Futurs Urbains, the Ile-de-France Region and Ifsttar. While the term "mobility" was understood in a broad sense as referring to the renewal of recent conceptual and empirical approaches to mobility in the social sciences, the collected articles are more specifically concerned with travel, both from the point of view of individual practices and the transport systems on which they are taken.

A total of 9 articles are presented in this issue and explore three lines of thought. They aim to question the innovative (or not) potential and inputs of digital technologies. The first focuses on the potential and limitations of new digital data for mobility analysis. The second and third axes consider how travel practices are transformed by digital technology. However, while the second axis targets new mobility offerings, the third is more focused on a set of practices.
 
OPAL - big data supporting development
Depuis quelques années, le monde vit une « révolution des données ». L’utilisation du téléphone, de réseaux sociaux, de paiements électroniques, dans nos activités personnelles et sociales crée de plus en plus de données qui sont de plus en plus précises (“big data“). Celles-ci sont en majorité produites, stockées et exploitées par des entreprises privées : opérateurs télécoms, banques, plateformes web et réseaux sociaux, etc. Or, en matière notamment de santé, d'éducation, d'agriculture ou de transport par exemple, les opportunités sont considérables pour mieux diagnostiquer grâce à ces données les besoins des populations et des...
In recent years, the world has been experiencing a "data revolution." The use of telephones, social networks and electronic payments in our personal and social activities creates more and more data that is more and more accurate ("big data"). Most of this data is produced, stored and operated by private companies: telecom operators, banks, web platforms and social networks, etc. However, in the areas of health, education, agriculture and transport, for example, there are considerable opportunities to better diagnose the needs of populations and regions through this data. Can big data be used ethically and securely to produce information for the public interest and sustainable development goals (SDGs)? This challenge is the ambition of the OPAL project (for "Open algorithms").
 
Launched in December 2016, the project is being developed by a consortium of public, private and academic partners around the Data-Pop Alliance think tank, MIT Media Lab, Orange, Imperial College London and the World Economic Forum.
 
AFD's funding of 1.5 million euros means an initial version of the solution has begun to be deployed, as well as pilot operations in Colombia and Senegal, in partnership with national statistics agencies and two major telecoms operators (Sonatel in Senegal and Telefónica in Colombia). This funding provides a boost to a project already supported by the World Bank and the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data (GPSDD).
 
The digital web of South Alsace: benchmarks, stakeholders and digital issues applied to the industries of the future
Le numérique se diffuse à l’ensemble de l’économie. Si certaines activités sont strictement numériques assurant par exemple des activités informatiques ou de l’édition de logiciels, le numérique se retrouve aussi dans de nombreuses activités telles l’automatique industrielle, l’installation et la maintenance de lignes de production…
 
Au final, les technologies numériques se déploient, comme une toile, dans l’ensemble de l’économie.
L’enjeu, pour le territoire, est double. D’une part, il s’agit de faciliter la numérisation des entreprises industrielles. D’autre part, il s’agit de...
Digital technology is spreading to the economy as a whole. While some activities are strictly digital, such as computer activities or software publishing, digital is also found in many activities such as industrial automation, installation and maintenance of production lines and so on.
 
Ultimately, digital technologies are being deployed, like a web, throughout the economy.
The stakes for the region are two-fold. On the one hand, it is a question of facilitating the digitisation of industrial enterprises. On the other, it is about developing new activities, bringing added value and shaping the future.
 
This study provides an overview of this new ecosystem and the distribution of the roles of each local stakeholder in this "digital web".
"If the city" : for territory-wide consultation with all its users (EpaMarne)
Cet outil s’adresse à tous les usagers d’un territoire (habitants, étudiants, salariés, entreprises, voyageurs, touristes…) pour les conduire à s’interroger sur son évolution à long terme. A la fois simulateur et serious game, il propose à l’usager de se mettre à la place de l’aménageur et de relever les défis majeurs de ce territoire à l’horizon 2030 : résoudre la crise du logement, assurer un équilibre socio-économique, réduire le bilan carbone, etc.
Grâce au numérique, il donne à l’usager la possibilité d’expérimenter des choix d’aménagement, mais aussi de visualiser en temps réel les effets engendrés...
This tool is aimed at all users of a region (residents, students, employees, businesses, travellers, tourists etc) to encourage them to question its long-term evolution. Both a simulator and a serious game, it invites users to put themselves in the place of the planner and to address the major challenges facing the region by 2030: to solve the housing crisis, ensure a socio-economic balance, reduce the carbon footprint, etc.
Thanks to digital technology, it gives the user the opportunity to experiment with development choices, as well as visualising in real time the impact generated (need to finance public amenities, create jobs, congestion of transport networks etc) and the results achieved.
Having thus brought out an enlightened, shared vision centred on the general interest, this fun, educational tool aims to gradually deliver this vision at the local level, mobilising users at all stages of urban projects - including once the neighbourhoods and buildings have been delivered.
Smart city and local authority: driving the digital transition
Ce guide pratique, élaboré par l’AFD et l’Iddri, est destiné à accompagner les autorités locales pour relever le défi de la transition numérique avec tous les acteurs de la ville : décideur·es, équipes techniques municipales, habitant·es et usagers, opérateurs·trices ou porteurs de projets de développement urbain.
 
Son contenu se fonde sur des réalités de villes en Afrique, dans le monde arabe, en Asie et en Amérique latine, mais l’aide méthodologique a une portée universelle.
 
Comment numériser progressivement un ou des secteurs d’action de l’autorité locale ? Comment stimuler et...
This practical guide, developed by AFD and Iddri, is intended to support local authorities in meeting the challenge of digital transition with all the city's stakeholders: decision-makers, municipal technical teams, residents and users, operators and urban development project managers.
 
Its content is based on the realities of cities in Africa, the Arab world, Asia and Latin America, but the methodological aid is universal in scope.
 
How can one or more local authority action areas become gradually digitised? How can innovation be stimulated and facilitated in the local area? How can we act with pragmatism in iterative "test-and-learn" mode? How can frameworks be set and data access and openness regulated in a public interest approach? How can we build urban knowledge through digital technology to better define municipal action? How can we launch a digital transformation process internally? How can we strengthen our municipal digital capabilities?
 
These are the questions this guide sets out to answer.
Dynamic bus lanes, real-time road sharing for mobility

Il s'agit d'une première en France, qui vise à concilier amélioration de la fluidité des transports en commun et circulation automobile dans des zones contraintes. En 2017, à Lyon, les équipes d'Eiffage Énergie Systèmes ont testé un couloir de bus dynamique : l'une des voies, bordée de Leds rouges au sol, était temporairement réservée aux bus, détectés en amont grâce à des équipements adéquats. Les automobilistes étaient invités à se rabattre sur la voie de gauche.

This is a first in France to reconcile improving the fluidity of public transport and traffic in constrained areas. In 2017, in Lyon, the Eiffage Énergie Systèmes teams tested a dynamic bus lane: one of the lanes, lined with red Leds on the ground, was temporarily reserved for buses, detected upstream with appropriate equipment. Motorists were invited to fall back on the left lane.
Le projet GELITRA « Solutions innovantes pour le transport de marchandises »

GELITRA (GEstion LIvraison TRAfic) répond à un besoin simple : éviter définitivement et à chaque instant, tout stationnement et congestion des espaces de circulation par les engins, à proximité des accès des chantiers. GELITRA est une gestion dynamique du trafic vers les chantiers. La régulation est structurée et optimisée par une solution numérique développée par ARTELIA pour le chantier des Halles. Les résultats de GELITRA sur ce chantier, parmi les plus importants du monde et dans un des centres urbains les plus denses, sont manifestes. Aucun riverain ne s’est plaint d’une quelconque occupation de la voirie par un véhicule de chantier...

GELITRA (French acronym standing for Management, Delivery and Traffic) addresses a simple need: to definitively avoid the parking and traffic congestion of vehicles near access points to construction sites at all times. GELITRA is a dynamic method for managing traffic caused by construction sites.

Traffic control is structured and optimised by a digital device developed by Artelia for the Halles construction site (Paris). GELITRA managed to achieve visible results in the context of this construction site, which is located in one of the densest urban centres and forms one of the biggest construction sites in the world. No residents have complained about any road use by a vehicle from the construction site, including during peak periods where a thousand workers and hundreds of lorries were operating alongside the 750 000 daily passengers in the Halles. Our solution relies on the development of a construction site management app which makes it possible to divert problems stemming from the management of construction site machines and vehicles towards a separate control area. This area is not residential, free from any neighbours (for the Halles, it was a space located near the Louvre, on the banks of the Seine), and yet close to the construction site (within a 500 to 800-metre radius).

Muse, an urban space management platform

La ville est un territoire où infrastructures, équipements et services urbains forment un patrimoine urbain à disposition des habitants. La plateforme Muse créée par Citelum (filiale du Groupe EDF), permet d’identifier, localiser et auditer le patrimoine d’une ville pour une meilleure optimisation de son utilisation. Il s’agit d’une plateforme collaborative qui développe quatre axes :

- Connaissance des infrastructures de la ville : inventaire du patrimoine, création de fiche d’d’identité par équipement, géolocalisation et historique d’activité.

- Planification des travaux d’entretiens et de rénovations des infrastructures...

The city is a territory where infrastructures, equipment and urban services form an urban heritage at the disposal of its inhabitants. The Muse platform designed by Citelum, a subsidiary of the EDF Group, makes it possible to identify, locate and audit a city’s heritage for a better optimisation of its use. It is a collaborative platform that develops four axis:

  • Knowledge of city’s infrastructures: heritage inventory, creation of identification cards by equipment, geolocation and activity history.
  • Planning of infrastructure maintenance and renovation works thanks to the information collected by Muse, minimising breakdown risks and immediate intervention.
  • Report and analysis of equipment for monitoring and/or adjusting its operation.   
  • Communication with all city stakeholders: incidents reports etc.