PFVT

Improvingement of sanitation and waste management in Mahajanga
Les projets Assainissement et déchets à Mahajanga (ASSMA et suivants) s’inscrivent dans une logique d’appui aux autorités communales locales afin de renforcer leur capacité en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage, par la formation et la réalisation d’investissements pilotes.
 
Ce renforcement de la gouvernance locale a contribué à la structuration d’une plateforme multi-acteurs de la filière intégrant les organisations de la société civile, sur le modèle de partenariats publics-privés.
 
En parallèle, la Commune Urbaine de Mahajanga a développé un plan stratégique d’eau et d’...
The sanitation and waste projects in Mahajanga (ASSMA and following) are part of a logic of support to the local communal authorities, in order to reinforce their capacity in terms of project management, through training and the realisation of pilot investments.
 
This strengthening of local governance contributed to the structuring of a multi-stakeholder platform for the sector, integrating civil society organisations, on the model of public-private partnerships. At the same time, the Mahajanga Urban Community has developed a strategic water and sanitation plan and updated its health regulations with a view to improving public health.
 
Since 2013, the implementation of this project has led to the establishment of a complete sanitation chain, combined with increased access to basic sanitary facilities (family latrines and sanitary blocks). Through awareness-raising and education, behaviours have evolved towards better hygiene, as evidenced by the epidemiological monitoring carried out.
 
In addition, this initiative paved the way for two other projects that have improved the management of household waste, notably through the material support provided to pre-collectors, the rehabilitation of certain access roads and the maintenance of municipal trucks.
Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
Urban Resilience – report: In the face of shocks and deleterious mutations, rebound rather than resist?
Être confrontées et devoir faire face aux mutations, lentes et délétères, et aux chocs, soudains et brutaux, fait partie de la réalité des villes depuis toujours. Elles démontrent une capacité formidable à résister, à s’adapter et à renaître. Et pourtant, la résilience urbaine présente aujourd’hui une actualité toute particulière : avec l’urbanisation accrue, les villes deviennent de plus en plus des zones à enjeu en même temps qu’elles contribuent à renforcer l’aléa. Elles sont plus que jamais des acteurs majeurs de la gestion des risques en offrant un échelon d’action et de gouvernance pertinent et efficace. Avec la résilience, l’...
Being confronted and having to cope with slow and dangerous mutations, and sudden and brutal shocks, has been part of the reality of cities for a long time. They demonstrate a formidable ability to resist, adapt and be reborn.
 
And yet, urban resilience is particularly topical today: with increased urbanisation, cities are becoming more and more problematic areas, while contributing at the same time to increased risk. They are more than major players in risk management, by providing a relevant and effective level of action and governance.
 
With resilience, the ambition to achieve zero risk is abandoned, as is the goal of perpetuating the regional or social system in the same way: the preferred ambition is to develop rebound and adaptation capacities.
Beyond words and concepts, how can we reach this state of dynamic equilibrium?
Seizeing the opportunities of the new "third industrial revolution" model in urban renewal projects
Dans l’histoire récente, des révolutions industrielles se sont produites lorsque se sont conjuguées de nouvelles sources d’énergie et de nouveaux moyens de communication. Après la 1ère révolution industrielle à la fin du XIXème siècle issue de l’invention de la machine à vapeur et de l’exploitation du charbon, après la 2ème révolution industrielle d’après-guerre née de l’usage généralisé de l’électricité, du pétrole, du téléphone et de la télévision, nous sommes entrés dans la troisième révolution industrielle des énergies renouvelables et des technologies numériques.
 
Telle est la théorie élaborée...
In recent history, industrial revolutions have occurred when new sources of energy and new means of communication have come together. After the first industrial revolution at the end of the 19th century resulting from the invention of the steam engine and the exploitation of coal, and after the second post-war industrial revolution born from the widespread use of electricity, oil, telephone and television, we entered the third industrial revolution of renewable energies and digital technologies.
 
Such is the theory elaborated by American economist Jeremy Rifkin. Finding a particular echo in the north of France, given the economic, social and environmental legacy of the past century, this third industrial revolution has become a unifying vision for the future. Called "rev3" in the Hauts-de-France, this model is based on:
 
  • Renewable energies
  • Energy storage
  • Internet of energy and digital technologies
  • Positive energy buildings
  • Innovative mobilities
  • Circular economy
  • Economy of functionality
  • Energy sobriety
With the aim of preserving the environment while developing employment, this new model finally goes beyond industry alone and also questions the way cities are designed and regions developed.
 
In neighbourhoods identified today as requiring urban renewal, this rev3 is fully consistent with the objectives pursued.
The planning and development agency of the Flanders-Dunkirk region (AGUR), in partnership with the Regional Council of Hauts-de-France, has thus produced a series of notebooks that can be mobilised as resources devoted to the incorporation of rev3 in urban renewal projects, like the projects carried out by the Urban Council of Dunkirk.
Support to intercommunal governance in Maevatanana (AGIM, Madagascar)

Le projet AGIM, porté par l’ l’Organisme public de coopération intercommunale de Volamena (OPCI) (Madagascar) en coopération avec le Syndicat intercommunal d’alimentation en eau potable d’Ensisheim-Bollwiller, et la ville de Marckolsheim(France) a pour objectif de professionnaliser et autonomiser l’OPCI afin de l’aider à assurer seul son fonctionnement et son équilibre financier, notamment via :
- l’amélioration de ses capacités institutionnelles, techniques et de gouvernance locale,
- le développement local participatif,
- l’optimisation de la gestion de la gare routière.

Sur le plan administratif, l’OPCI a...

The AGIM project, supported by the Volamena Public Cooperation Organisation (OPCI) (Madagascar) in collaboration with the Ensisheim-Bollwiller Intermunicipality Water Supply Syndicate and the city of Marckolsheim (France), aims at professionalising and empowering the OPCI, to help it ensure its independent functioning and financial balance, in particular through:
 
- improving its institutional, technical and local governance capacities;
- participatory local development;
- optimising management of the bus station.
 
 
Administratively, the OPCI has simplified the system of tax collection by setting up a tax database and tax notification system. A reform and decentralisation of land services have also been implemented at the inter-municipal level: land registration via the PLOF (local land-use plan), increased municipal revenues through the creation of land counters and collection of rights.
 
The OPCI's technical department has also worked on the training of elected officials and technical staff, thus strengthening the governance models of the inter-municipality.
Thanks to a high level of traffic, the fees of the inter-municipal bus station pay more than half the costs of the STI (intercommunal technical service) and thus allow the OPCI to go even further in financial autonomy.
The bus station also improves accessibility of the crossroads city of Maevatanana, helping unclog the city’s roads.
Implementation of geographic information solutions for Lyonnaise des Eaux Casablanca
Le projet concerne le déploiement d’une solution d’informatique et d’information géographique de très grande envergure avec un niveau d’exigence à la hauteur des enjeux des missions confiées à la LYDEC.
En effet, depuis le 1er août 1997, la LYDEC, filiale de Suez, assure pour une durée de 30 ans la gestion déléguée de la distribution d’électricité, d’eau potable et du service d’assainissement pour plus de 4 millions d’habitants de la Région du Grand Casablanca.
LYDEC compte 3 250 employés avec un Chiffre d'Affaires de 375 millions d’euros. En 2007, LYDEC a choisi Altereo pour la fourniture et le déploiement d...
The project concerns the deployment of a very large-scale IT and geographical information solution with a level of requirements that matches the mission challenges entrusted to LYDEC.
Since 1 August 1997, LYDEC, a subsidiary of Suez, has been providing delegated management of electricity, drinking water and sanitation services for more than 4 million inhabitants of the Greater Casablanca Region for a period of 30 years.
 
LYDEC has 3250 employees with a turnover of 375 million euros. In 2007, LYDEC chose Altereo to supply and deploy GIS applications for Water, Sanitation, Electricity and Public Lighting in fullweb mode.

It is the largest business GIS on the African continent with 600 users and a seamless migration from the legacy system.
Implementation of a GIS to modernise drinking water management in Nha Trang city
Nha Trang, ville balnéaire extrêmement touristique, est la capitale de la province de Khanh Hoa. Ce projet a lieu dans le cadre du mémorandum, signé en juin 2007 par les gouvernements français et vietnamien, pour promouvoir la coopération technique et technologique entre les deux pays.
 
Le projet doit conduire à l’amélioration de la performance du service d’eau potable, à la fois dans l’exploitation quotidienne et dans la gestion à long terme de ses réseaux, à travers la création d'une cellule opérationnelle pour l'exploitation du Système d'Information Géographique (SIG).
 
Le...
Nha Trang, an extremely touristy seaside town, is the capital of the province of Khanh Hoa. This project is organised as part of the memorandum signed in June 2007 by the French and Vietnamese governments to promote technical and technological cooperation between the two countries.
 
The project should lead to an improvement in the performance of the drinking water service, both in its daily operation and in the long-term management of its networks, through the creation of an operational unit for managing the Geographic Information System (GIS).
 
The deployment of GIS will lead to economic gains in the management of the service, in particular through:
· Improved service operation, thanks to a precise knowledge of the infrastructures;
· Better control of leaks and network performance;
· Optimised network extension or renewal investments, thanks to the development of an asset strategy.
 
This project thus helps modernise the management of services and moves the governance towards financial independence, service performance and responsibility towards users, as called for by the Vietnamese government in its two decrees of 2007.
This mission consisted of a detailed study which helped establish an optimised network renewal programme. The study was based on the application, for the first time on the Asian Continent, of the exclusive "SIROCO" methodology and expert system, a product of Altereo's innovation.
Implementation of professional GIS for the Phnom Penh water authority
Dans le cadre du projet « Greater Phnom Penh Water Supply System » (« PPWSA »), Phnom Penh a souhaité restructurer et augmenter la performance de son service d’eau. En pleine mutation, elle voit son nombre d'abonnés augmenter de 15 à 20 000 par an. Il lui est donc indispensable de se doter d’un SIG capable, notamment, de structurer sa connaissance patrimoniale.
Lors de la fourniture de la solution de Système d’Information Géographique (SIG) « KIS », Altereo informatique devait veiller à :
· La définition d'un modèle de données SIG ainsi que la migration des données descriptives existantes
· La...
As part of the "Greater Phnom Penh Water Supply System" ("PPWSA") project, Phnom Penh wished to restructure and increase the performance of its water service. In the midst of a major transformation, the number of subscribers is increasing by 15 000 to 20 000 a year. It is therefore essential to have a GIS capable, in particular, of structuring its asset knowledge.
 
When supplying the Geographic Information System (GIS) solution "KIS", Altereo Informatique had to ensure:
· The definition of a GIS data model and the migration of existing descriptive data
· Reorganisation/creation of the processes revolving around the GIS in the different departments of the company
· The creation and provision of a mobile app, background maps, GPS equipment and assistance in mapping the location of the 285 000 clients and the network facilities
· Training of users, administrators and contributors.
 
KIS, enriched with its AEP module, now provides PPWSA with a "drinking water" business toolbox, ranging from the operation of the network topology (routes, simulation of valve closures, etc) to the management of business processes (management of complaints and interventions, leak management, etc) or an interface for representing mapping data from the monitoring of sub-metering.
 
Its Administration module offers a simple, ergonomic tool for modelling and integrating data, managing users and setting up applications, forms and workflow. It also allows the system to evolve to meet new needs or to exchange information with third-party applications in a variety of formats.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.