Health and urban planning
En matière d’urbanisme réglementaire, l’agence a élaboré dans un premier temps en 2014 un guide « PLU et santé environnementale », qui permet d’identifier à travers 12 déterminants de santé les leviers réglementaires pour intégrer au mieux ces enjeux lors de l’élaboration du document d’urbanisme.
Les 12 déterminants de santé retenus sont les suivants :
  • Alimentation en eau potable et protection de la ressource
  • Assainissement des eaux usées et gestion des eaux pluviales
  • Eaux de baignade
  • Installations classées pour la protection...
In terms of regulatory urban planning, the agency first developed in 2014 a guide called "PLU and environmental health", which helps identify through 12 health determinants the regulatory levers to best integrate these issues into the drafting of the planning document.
The 12 health determinants selected are:
  • Drinking water supply and resource protection
  • Wastewater remediation and stormwater management
  • Bathing water
  • Facilities classified for environmental protection, including livestock buildings
  • Polluted sites and soils
  • Noise
  • Air quality
  • Urban heat islands
  • Power lines
  • Food and local agriculture
  • Physical activity and access to the city for all
  • Degraded habitat
A "vade-mecum" was then carried out in 2019 for the attention of communities in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region, for better consideration of health-environmental issues when developing a Local Intercommunal Urban Planning Plan.
This work is part of the implementation of the RHEP (Regional Health-Environment Plan) in Nouvelle Aquitaine. It summarises the approach by health determinants, and complements it by taking into account a number of regional specificities: population profiles, economic activities, exposure levels and pathologies with suspected or proven links with environmental factors.
In addition, in collaboration with the EHESP (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique de Rennes/School of Higher Studies in Public Health in Rennes), a-urba has also developed a guide for integrating health into development projects (ISadOrA project).
Some 15 "operational keys" have been identified to help developers implement all health issues within the timeline of a development operation.
The results of this study were shared in a working group of 35 stakeholders from both the world of urban planning and health at the national level.