Résilience

Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
Urban Resilience – report: In the face of shocks and deleterious mutations, rebound rather than resist?
Être confrontées et devoir faire face aux mutations, lentes et délétères, et aux chocs, soudains et brutaux, fait partie de la réalité des villes depuis toujours. Elles démontrent une capacité formidable à résister, à s’adapter et à renaître. Et pourtant, la résilience urbaine présente aujourd’hui une actualité toute particulière : avec l’urbanisation accrue, les villes deviennent de plus en plus des zones à enjeu en même temps qu’elles contribuent à renforcer l’aléa. Elles sont plus que jamais des acteurs majeurs de la gestion des risques en offrant un échelon d’action et de gouvernance pertinent et efficace. Avec la résilience, l’...
Being confronted and having to cope with slow and dangerous mutations, and sudden and brutal shocks, has been part of the reality of cities for a long time. They demonstrate a formidable ability to resist, adapt and be reborn.
 
And yet, urban resilience is particularly topical today: with increased urbanisation, cities are becoming more and more problematic areas, while contributing at the same time to increased risk. They are more than major players in risk management, by providing a relevant and effective level of action and governance.
 
With resilience, the ambition to achieve zero risk is abandoned, as is the goal of perpetuating the regional or social system in the same way: the preferred ambition is to develop rebound and adaptation capacities.
Beyond words and concepts, how can we reach this state of dynamic equilibrium?
Challenges: the cities of tomorrow? Containing urban sprawl and rethinking the city

Le guide pratique de l’ADEME « Enjeux : quelles villes pour demain ? Maîtriser l’étalement urbain et repenser la ville » analyse les répercussions de l’étalement urbain sur les conditions de vie et l’environnement ; et répertorie des exemples de solutions urbaines innovantes pour rendre les villes plus accessibles et durables tout en freinant leur étalement. 10 exemples d’aménagements urbains durables illustrent ce guide, pour une gestion économe de l’espace.

ADEME’s practical handbook « Challenges: the cities of tomorrow? Containing urban sprawl and rethinking the city” analyses the impact of urban sprawl on living conditions and the environment. It also identifies examples of innovative urban solutions to make cities more accessible and sustainable while curbing their sprawl. For an ecological management of space, 10 examples of sustainable urban development are illustrated in this guide.