Smart city

Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
« Villes, numérique et innovation sociale : expériences françaises »

En pleine actualité liée aux enjeux de solidarité et d’accès aux services publics, cette publication questionne l’emploi des infrastructures et des usages numériques pour développer les cas d’usages en ville, dans la manière de nous déplacer, de consommer, d’interagir. Elle s’inscrit dans un contexte plus global d’urbanisation croissante et de densité démographique, interrogeant les enjeux de développement durable et de la qualité de l’air, de la mutation des transports et de la mobilité, la préservation des services publics et de l’accès aux soins ou encore la promotion du vivre-ensemble.

Une quinzaine de fiches, chacune dédiée à...

Over recent years, we have witnessed the constant growth of urban density all around the world: according to the United Nations (UN), around 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. This global phenomenon is associated with numerous challenges, such as sustainable development and air quality, the transformation of transport and mobility, the preservation of public services, access to health care and the promotion of living better together.
 
In this publication, France urbaine, an association bringing together major cities, inter-municipalities and metropolises across France, wanted to draw up a panorama of the initiatives implemented by urban centres to make living better together of the city. In keeping with the topical issues of solidarity and access to public services, this publication examines the possible existence of a specific French model of the smart city.
Recommendations for a sustainable and inclusive digital transition
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Si les villes sont entrées dans l’ère du numérique, d’abord sous l’angle des évolutions technologiques et de la smart city, la transition digitale des territoires s’affirme désormais comme un nouveau paradigme à aborder de...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
If cities have entered the digital era, firstly in the context of smart city and technological developments, the digital transition of territories is now asserting itself as a new paradigm to be approached holistically, both in its political, economic, environmental and social dimensions.
 
The “Digital and inclusive transition” working group thus met, highlighting the main governance and inclusion challenges for the implementation of a sustainable digital transition, the goal being to foster innovation while ensuring the reduction of social and territorial gaps induced by technologies.
 
The digital transition must therefore appear as an opportunity for cities and their inhabitants. To that end, smart city approaches must start from local uses and issues, in order to provide technical and organizational responses adapted to each context.
 
Similarly, the digital data at the heart of the transformations of the cities’ government must be regarded as a common good, accessible to all with the aim of improving knowledge of the territory, urban management and stimulating economic innovation.
 
This therefore implies considering technology as a tool. Although essential, it must remain at the service of citizens so that the city of tomorrow is not restricted to a simple connected space, potentially creating new exclusions or digital domination.
Digital innovations and urban services
Ce document élaboré par le PFVT, plateforme d'échange des acteurs français de l'urbain œuvrant à l'international, formule les grandes orientations portées par la France dans le cadre de l’adoption de l’Agenda Urbain de Quito de 2016.Face au constat du développement rapide des nouvelles technologies et de l’impact positif qu’elles peuvent avoir sur la gestion des services urbains, ce document présente le positionnement français en matière de développement numérique, pour que la ville soit durable et « smart ».
 
Les enjeux numériques sont nombreux. Si le numérique permet en effet la...
This document, put together by the PFVT, a discussion platform for French urban stakeholders working internationally, outlines the broad guidelines taken by France in the context of adopting the Quito Urban Agenda of 2016. Faced with the rapid development of new technologies and the positive impact they can have on the management of urban services, this document presents the French position in terms of digital development to make the city sustainable and “smart”.
 
There are many digital issues at stake. While digital technology allows the production of resilient and sustainable, functional, inclusive urban spaces, these improvements remain conditioned by the adoption of strategic regional land planning and inclusive governance.
 
This text also discusses the limits of the "smart city" which, through the capture and massive use of data, presents risks such as the commodification of data, intrusion into privacy, the use of data for security purposes etc.
Luciole®, a safe and environmentally friendly solution for reducing the public lighting bill by more than 50%
L’éclairage public est un poste de dépense considérable pour les collectivités territoriales. Luciole®, la solution d'Eiffage qui allie un revêtement de chaussée clair, et des luminaires LED asservis à la détection automatique d’usagers, permet d’éclairer selon un « juste besoin » en faisant varier automatiquement l’intensité lumineuse en fonction de la présence et de la vitesse de déplacement des véhicules ou des piétons. Cette solution sûre et écologique assure une baisse de plus de 50% de la facture d’éclairage public.
 
Les LED de dernière technologie sont associées à un détecteur automatique de mouvement...
Public lighting is a major expense for local authorities. Luciole®, Eiffage's solution, which combines a clear road surface and controlled LED lights with automatic user detection, allows lighting to be provided "just as needed" by automatically varying the light intensity depending on the presence and speed of movement of vehicles or pedestrians. This safe and environmentally friendly solution reduces the public lighting bill by more than 50%.
 
The latest-technology LEDs are combined with an automatic motion sensor that adapts the lighting of each lamp post to the needs of users. Motion detection can be achieved using a variety of technologies: infrared, high frequency, video analysis or Doppler effect. The power delivered is reduced by 80% in reduced mode when the system does not detect any presence or when the choice of timeframe leads to such programming, which also reduces light pollution. A remote management tool allows you to control all or part of the installation in real time to control its consumption. Implementation involves both new and renovation projects.
 
Luciole® surfacing has a discontinuous 0/6 or 0/10 mm granularity comparable to that of a very thin bituminous concrete or sound coating. It reflects light in a diffuse way (multidirectional reflection) thanks to its composition incorporating particular light-coloured gravels. Its photometric properties allow the installation of lower lighting energy and better visual comfort. With these photometric properties, the Luciole® coating can also combine a remarkable noise-mitigation capability.
Dynamic bus lanes, real-time road sharing for mobility

Il s'agit d'une première en France, qui vise à concilier amélioration de la fluidité des transports en commun et circulation automobile dans des zones contraintes. En 2017, à Lyon, les équipes d'Eiffage Énergie Systèmes ont testé un couloir de bus dynamique : l'une des voies, bordée de Leds rouges au sol, était temporairement réservée aux bus, détectés en amont grâce à des équipements adéquats. Les automobilistes étaient invités à se rabattre sur la voie de gauche.

This is a first in France to reconcile improving the fluidity of public transport and traffic in constrained areas. In 2017, in Lyon, the Eiffage Énergie Systèmes teams tested a dynamic bus lane: one of the lanes, lined with red Leds on the ground, was temporarily reserved for buses, detected upstream with appropriate equipment. Motorists were invited to fall back on the left lane.
“Nanterre Coeur Université”, first double smart grid in France
Optimal Solutions conçoit et construit le premier double Smart Grid de France à Nanterre. Il s’agit d’un projet innovant sur le plan environnemental, qui valorise les énergies renouvelables locales et déploie une intelligence artificielle afin d’optimiser au maximum les consommations énergétiques des bâtiments.
Le smart thermique mutualise les besoins des occupants (bureaux, logements, commerces) et échange les calories des bâtiments. Par exemple, la chaleur dégagée lors de la production de froid pour les commerces est récupérée et utilisée pour produire l’eau chaude des logements et inversement. 
Le smart électrique ...

Optimal Solutions is designing and building France’s first French double smart grid in Nanterre. It is an innovative environmental project that promotes local renewable energies and deploys artificial intelligence to optimise the energy consumption of buildings as much as possible.

Smart heating pools the needs of occupants (offices, housings, shops) and exchanges the calories of buildings. For example, the heat released by shops for cooling is recovered and used to produce hot water for homes and vice versa.

The smart power produces part of the electricity necessary for its own operation via self-sufficient photovoltaics and cogeneration.  


Actes du campus urbain de Paris - Planification intelligente pour la ville durable
A la suite du campus urbain de Paris sur la planification intelligente pour la ville durable qui s’est tenu les 20 et 21 janvier 2016 à l’UNESCO, la Fédération Nationale des Agences d'Urbanisme publie les actes du campus. Cette publication retrace la richesse des débats et les propositions issues de deux jours d’échange. Pour mettre en oeuvre le nouvel agenda urbain, nous plaidons ensemble pour une planification territoriale renouvelée, transversale et participative, agile et intelligente, qui favorise la résilience des territoires et la qualité de vie des individus.

Following the Paris Urban Campus on Smart Planning for the Sustainable City held on January 20 and 21, 2016 at UNESCO, the National Federation of Urban Planning Agencies published the campus’ proceedings. This publication recounts the rich debates and proposals resulting from the over the two-day exchange. In order to implement the new urban agenda, we are advocating together for a renewed, interdisciplinary, participatory, agile and smart territorial planning, which promotes the territories' resilience and the individuals' quality of life.

DataCités - Guide pour l'action : produire et piloter des data services urbains d'intérêt général

This action handbook “Datacities: producing and managing urban data services of public interest” explores the changes in territorial governance modes induced by urban data services. It collectively develops proposals and contributes to empowerment of public actors on the issue of data territorial governance, so that they can take up action on major issues.