SDG 13 Climate Action

Cities and mobilities - Reinventing proximity
Réduire nos déplacements contraints, consommer localement, profiter des services de proximité au sein de son quartier, privilégier les mobilités douces, travailler à distance… transforment nos parcours de mobilité et réinventent notre quotidien en quête de proximité.

C’est dans ce contexte que Bouygues Construction a mené une réflexion ouverte et collaborative  sur la mobilité des biens et des personnes en projetant nos usages et pratiques à horizon 2030.
 
Opérateurs de mobilité, collectivités, institutionnels, entreprises, start-up, sociologues, acteurs de l’immobilier … ont...
Reducing the need to travel, consuming locally, taking advantage of local services in the neighbourhood, favouring soft mobility, working remotely ... they’re transforming our mobility routes and reinventing our daily lives in the quest for proximity.

It’s within this context that Bouygues Construction has conducted open and collaborative reflection on the mobility of goods and people by projecting our uses and practices to 2030.
 
Mobility operators, local authorities, institutions, companies, start-ups, sociologists, real estate players etc contributed to this discussion by sharing their visions and comparing their ideas through a sociological approach combining expert presentations and prospective workshops.
 
Coming from diverse backgrounds, participants all put practices and uses at the heart of the debate to imagine desirable futures of plural mobility in order to meet societal expectations as well as environmental and economic issues.
Managing the food supply during the pandemic: initiatives in French cities
La crise sanitaire a durement touché le monde entier, notamment la France, et a conduit à adapter les modes de consommation, de production et d’approvisionnement pour faire face à cette situation inédite. Fermeture des marchés, des commerces, des restaurants et des cantines, pénurie de main d’œuvre dans la production agricole… Les acteurs du secteur ont dû s’adapter à un contexte évolutif pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire du pays.
 
Malgré toutes ces difficultés, le système alimentaire français a tenu. 
Comment garantir la sécurité et la qualité de l’approvisionnement alimentaire...
 
Management of the food sector has been a crucial issue during Covid-19 crisis. A basic need for everybody, obtaining food is an essential activity that can-not be interrupted or endangered. But how can the safety and quality of the food supply be guaranteed for everyone during a health crisis? What mechanisms have been put in place in French cities in response to this unprecedented emergency? What lessons can be learned from the pandemic? Should we expect more long-term changes in the way that we produce, consume and recycle? To what extent can local French initiatives be useful in terms of a transition of the food system on a more global scale?
 
France Urbaine, in partnership with the RESOLIS and Terres en Villes associations, presents an analysis in this publication of the multiple roles played by cities during these first weeks of lockdown.
Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.
 
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés » présente la politique sociale en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors ” presents the social policy linked to the food strategy of the Nice Côte d´Azur Metropolis.
 
Social policy in the municipal region is implemented in particular through the Direction Générale Adjointe des Solidarités (“Deputy General Directorate for Solidarity"), which brings together the Nice Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre) and other missions that provide services for the most vulnerable, and also mobilises other departments through transversal actions. The Municipal Social Action Centre (CCAS), the spearhead for this policy, has close links with the field and is in constant contact with community associations in order to undertake appropriate concrete responses to the needs of the fight against various forms of exclusion.
 
In Nice, the distribution of meals to vulnerable persons is carried out by 14 aid and relief associations, organized in a network (Inter Secours Nice Alimentation) and in association with the Alpes-Maritimes Food Bank. At the beginning of 2019, actions were revised with improvements and better support. Moreover, a food distribution charter including the City of Nice, the Municipal Social Action Centre and the associations involved in the Inter Secours Nice network was signed.
GeoGuyane - Mapping Portal of French Guyana
GéoGuyane est une infrastructure de partage et de valorisation de l'information géographique en Guyane.
 
 Sans se substituer aux différents SIG existants, ce portail permet au public et à tous les acteurs d’accéder depuis internet à l’ensemble des informations géographiques (cartes, données…) recensées sur le territoire.
 
La mise en place opérationnelle de GéoGuyane a été confiée à l’AUDeG qui a notamment la charge d'en assurer l’animation générale.
 
Depuis son site web (www.geoguyane.fr), il...
GeoGuyane is an infrastructure for sharing and using geographic information in French Guyana.
 
 Without replacing the various existing GIS, this portal allows the public and all stakeholders to access from the Internet all geographical information (maps, data...) identified within the region.
 
The operational implementation of GeoGuyane has been entrusted to the AUDeG, which is in charge of its general management.
 
From its website (www.geoguyane.fr), it’s possible to access:
  •  different thematic map browsers (risks, natural areas, land, economy, habitat, etc) which allow both interactive consultation of the data heritage and cross-referencing with other data, formatting of the data, as well as consultation of metadata sheets and downloading of data;
  •  the map library containing all the interactive or fixed maps (about 220 maps available);
  •  the comprehensive catalogue of all available resources (more than 960 published data layers).
Evaluate your energy projects with Enersquid
Enersquid est une plateforme d’évaluation des projets énergétiques qui a pour objectif d'aider les industriels et les territoires à mettre en œuvre la transition énergétique. Elle est caractérisée par :

• Son accessibilité – elle est gratuite et en ligne,
• Sa dimension multi-énergies, multi-solutions – électricité, thermique, et gaz, intégrant tous types de productions, stockages, convertisseurs et profils de consommation,
• Son caractère global – les projets peuvent être partout dans le monde,
• Sa rapidité – en quelques clics, il est possible de configurer un projet et d’obtenir...
Enersquid is a platform for evaluating energy projects that aims to help industrialists and regions to implement the energy transition. It is characterised by:

• Its accessibility - it's free and online,
• Its multi-energy, multi-solution dimension - electricity, thermal and gas, integrating all types of production, storage, converters and consumption profiles,
• Its global nature - projects can be anywhere in the world,
• Its speed - with just a few clicks, it’s possible to configure a project and get results,
• Its independence - it is made to freely help with the choices of energy project owners,
• Its pedagogical character - a non-professional user can easily use it.
 
The platform associates technical and economic indicators to each project, such as energy cost, carbon content, availability, self-production and self-consumption rates, and generates the project's operating curves.

Its uniqueness should also be pointed out, as it’s the only free platform to offer this service today.
“Grenelle des Mobilités” in the Bordeaux metropolitan area
Un sentiment partagé dans l’agglomération bordelaise et le besoin de changer le modèle de mobilité.
 
Face à ce constat, les principaux acteurs des politiques de mobilité (les quatre collectivités locales et l’Etat) ont décidé en 2012 de lancer le « grenelle des mobilités métropolitaines », une démarche originale de débat et co-construction associant les représentants de l’Etat et des collectivités territoriales, des employeurs, des salariés, des syndicats des experts et des associations d’usagers.
 
Au total, 120 participants se sont réunis en différents groupes de...
A shared feeling in the Bordeaux metropolitan area is the need to change the mobility model.
 
Faced with this fact, the main players in mobility policies (the four local authorities and the State) decided in 2012 to launch the "Grenelle Metropolitan Mobility" initiative, an original approach to debate and co-construction involving representatives of the State and regional authorities, employers, employees, expert unions and user associations.
 
A total of 120 participants met in different working groups. Within this configuration, each partner had to be represented at all meetings by the same person: the process of co-building proposals for actions was also a process of joint learning.
 
All this work resulted in the formulation of 17 measures for fluid, reasoned and regulated mobility.
 
In 2018, during the mid-term review for implementing the charter's actions, it was decided to restart 6 priority projects. Each of these projects will be led by an elected official from the metropolis to allow faster progress in implementation.
 
  • Project 1/ Cars done differently, car-pooling, smart bypass.
  • Project 2/ Access to jobs, lifestyle and work patterns.
  • Project 3/ Universal pedestrian mobility and the school run without cars.
  • Project 4/ Great metropolitan avenues.
  • Project 5/ Urban deliveries.
  • Project 6/ Supra-metropolitan public transport network.
Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).
Elithis Danube in Strasbourg: first positive-energy housing tower
30 territoires engagés dans la démarche Ecocités bénéficient du soutien du Programme d’Investissements d’Avenir Ville de Demain, géré par la Banque des Territoires pour le compte de l’Etat.
 
La Tour de logements à énergie positive Elithis à Strasbourg est un des projets qui s’inscrit dans ce Programme.
 
Du haut de ses 50 mètres répartis en 16 étages, la Tour Elithis produit davantage d’énergie qu’elle n’en consomme. Elle génère de l’énergie renouvelable grâce aux panneaux photovoltaïques perchés sur son toit et accrochés aux façades.
 
Elle propose, aux...
30 regions involved in the Ecocités approach receive support from the City of Tomorrow Future Investment Programme, which is managed by the Bank of Territories on behalf of the State.
 
The Elithis Positive-Energy Housing Tower in Strasbourg is one of the projects that is part of this programme.
 
Standing 50 metres high in 16 storeys, the Elithis Tower produces more energy than it consumes. It generates renewable energy thanks to photovoltaic panels perched on its roof and attached to the facades.
 
It offers at market rents 63 housing units and 800 square metres of offices specifically designed to minimise the energy bill of their occupants.