SDG 15 Life on land

Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.
 
GeoGuyane - Mapping Portal of French Guyana
GéoGuyane est une infrastructure de partage et de valorisation de l'information géographique en Guyane.
 
 Sans se substituer aux différents SIG existants, ce portail permet au public et à tous les acteurs d’accéder depuis internet à l’ensemble des informations géographiques (cartes, données…) recensées sur le territoire.
 
La mise en place opérationnelle de GéoGuyane a été confiée à l’AUDeG qui a notamment la charge d'en assurer l’animation générale.
 
Depuis son site web (www.geoguyane.fr), il...
GeoGuyane is an infrastructure for sharing and using geographic information in French Guyana.
 
 Without replacing the various existing GIS, this portal allows the public and all stakeholders to access from the Internet all geographical information (maps, data...) identified within the region.
 
The operational implementation of GeoGuyane has been entrusted to the AUDeG, which is in charge of its general management.
 
From its website (www.geoguyane.fr), it’s possible to access:
  •  different thematic map browsers (risks, natural areas, land, economy, habitat, etc) which allow both interactive consultation of the data heritage and cross-referencing with other data, formatting of the data, as well as consultation of metadata sheets and downloading of data;
  •  the map library containing all the interactive or fixed maps (about 220 maps available);
  •  the comprehensive catalogue of all available resources (more than 960 published data layers).
Passages, transitional spaces for the city of the 21st century
À l’heure où la mobilité est au cœur des questions urbaines, on attend de chacun de nous une compétence accrue de navigateurs connectés, passant d’un mode de transport à un autre, parcourant des distances quotidiennes variées, dans des aires métropolitaines fragmentées par les réseaux, les infrastructures rapides, les zones spécialisées.
 
Les passages, petits espaces de transition, sont des maillons essentiels d’une mobilité durable, indispensables à la qualité de nos déplacements quotidiens et dans la conception d'un système de mobilité intégré. Tunnels, passerelles, escalators, téléphériques urbains,...
At a time when mobility is at the heart of urban issues, each of us is expected to have a heightened knowledge of connected travellers, moving from one mode of transport to another, travelling various daily distances, in metropolitan areas fragmented by networks, rapid infrastructure and specialised areas.
 
These passages, small transitional spaces, are essential links in sustainable mobility, essential to the quality of our daily journeys and in the design of an integrated mobility system. Tunnels, footbridges, escalators, urban cable cars, paths that facilitate the transition between modes, between urban environments...
 
The history and observation of uses show us that they are potential carriers of singular urbanities, atmospheres, activities, qualities.
 
However, these accessibility spaces are often mainly forgotten by the builders of our cities even though they do not require a lot of investment, they should systematically support major development operations - especially the new transport projects - and they offer restorative virtues to the fractures caused by the rapid transport infrastructure and zoning of 20th-century urbanisation.
 
Designing and creating passages means being able to act immediately, locally, and lay the foundations for a larger-scale transformation: "the small scale that changes everything (well, almost)".
 
An international research-action programme (2014-2018) developed in several cities around the world (Tours/Saint Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, Toronto, Barcelona, Sao Paulo, Valparaiso, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile, Bogota, Nantes, Volos, San José, Granada, Algiers, Cotonou, Maputo, Tunis) aimed at putting on the agenda the concrete issue of passages within the regions:
 
  • Professional architectural and urban planning competitions for developing passage projects in 11 cities (Tours/Saint-Pierre-des-Corps, Shanghai, 6 municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona, Sant Adria del Besos, Toronto, Sao Paulo) which mobilised 270 multidisciplinary professional teams, or about 1000 professionals of forty nationalities,
  • Student workshops with partner universities, and on-site workshops with teams selected during Phase 2 of the competitions,
  • The Passage Manifesto, a call for innovation and guide to promote the design of the mobility spaces of tomorrow, co-produced by the scientific committee, project partners and visitors to the international exhibition.
A Land of Art and History between city and marshland
 
Dans le Pays de Saint-Omer, le label « Pays d’art et d’histoire » du Ministère de la Culture est porté depuis 2013 par l’Agence d’urbanisme et de développement du Pays de Saint-Omer-Flandre intérieure.
 
Cette intégration du label à l’Agence d’urbanisme, unique en son genre, permet une meilleure prise en compte du patrimoine, tant dans les projets du pôle urbain, que dans l’espace rural et le marais. Ainsi, le signalement du patrimoine effectué pour le plan local d’urbanisme intercommunal a été suivi de prescriptions permettant de protéger les éléments les plus remarquables du bâti...
In Pays de Saint-Omer, the "Land of Art and History" label from the Ministry of Culture has been borne since 2013 by the Pays de Saint-Omer-Flandre Intérieure Urban Planning and Development Agency.
 
This incorporation of the label within the Urban Planning Agency, which is totally unique, allows for better consideration of heritage, both in urban hub projects and in the rural area and the marshland. In this way, the reporting of heritage carried out for the local intercommunal urban planning plan was followed by requirements to protect the most remarkable elements of historic buildings. This label was also used to implement a plan to restore marsh barns as part of a LEADER scheme, and allowed the Agency to get involved in the management of UNESCO's "Man and Biosphere" label on the marsh website operated by the Regional Natural Park.
 
In addition to cross-cutting actions carried out with other stakeholders on the knowledge, preservation and restoration of heritage, the agency also mediates heritage with different audiences within the context of a programme. It promotes a more comprehensive approach by merging skills, especially in developing projects and work sites.
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.
Biodi(V)strict® tool: measuring the impact of urban development on biodiversity
Notre modèle urbain est actuellement en pleine évolution pour s’inscrire dans une transition écologique et climatique. Ainsi, dans le cadre du renouvellement et du développement urbain, il est nécessaire de faire les bons choix pour préserver et renforcer la biodiversité.
 
L’outil Biodi(V)strict®, inclus dans une méthodologie scientifique solide développée par AgroParisTech, est un réel atout pour accompagner les acteurs de la construction de la ville, qui doivent prendre les bonnes décisions pour réintroduire la nature en ville et profiter pleinement de tous les services qu’elle offre. Il permet de...
Our urban model is currently evolving to fit in with the ecological and climate transition. Thus, in the context of urban renewal and development, there is a need to make the right choices to preserve and strengthen biodiversity.
 
The Biodi(V)strict® tool, included in a solid scientific methodology developed by AgroParisTech, is a real asset to support stakeholders in the construction of the city, who must make the right decisions to reintroduce nature into the city and take full advantage of all the benefits it offers. It helps simulate the biodiversity performance of a project or region, as well as the environmental benefits provided.
 
Biodi(V)strict® is implemented by Urbalia, a start-up created by AgroParisTech and VINCI Construction.
Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA): fighting climate change in Africa
La « Convention des Maires pour l’Afrique subsaharienne » (CoM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union européenne pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne dans leur lutte contre le changement climatique et dans leurs efforts pour assurer l’accès à l’énergie propre de leurs populations.

Elle a plusieurs objectifs :

- Renforcer les capacités des villes à développer et à utiliser des instruments de planification et d’exécution dans les domaines de l’énergie, de la mobilité et de l’urbanisme,
- Améliorer le cadre juridique et institutionnel des autorités locales...
The Covenant of Mayors for Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is a European Union-funded initiative to support cities in sub-Saharan Africa in their fight against climate change and their efforts to ensure access to clean energy for their people.

It has several objectives:

- Strengthen the capacity of cities to develop and use planning and implementation instruments in the fields of energy, mobility and urban planning,
- Improve the legal and institutional framework of local authorities and their technical and resource mobilisation capabilities,
- Promote political ownership and dissemination of best practices.

The first two phases of the initiative have built a strong network of cities committed to the fight against climate change, with 178 signatory cities and municipalities. The third phase will allow cities to develop their Sustainable Energy and Climate Access Action Plans (SECAAP), implement energy access, climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, and also strengthen partnerships between cities and regions.
Local production as a lever to combat food insecurity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ».Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.*
 
La fiche « la production locale comme levier pour lutter contre la précarité alimentaire » revient sur l’expérience du Plan Alimentaire...
 
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet "local production as a lever to fight food insecurity" enhances the experience of the PAT (Plan Alimentaire Territorial aka “local food project”) of the metropolis Aix-Marseille Provence.
The Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis is unique. The largest metropolitan area in France, twice the size of that of London, it incorporates agricultural, urban and industrial spaces within the same territory. An attractive region and a magnet for tourists, it is a leading export gateway thanks to its port, which is the largest in France. A young Metropolis, it is conscious of the need to protect its natural areas from fast-growing urbanisation.
Its natural and renewable resources (sun, sea, wind, arable land, water, terroir) represent major assets and the engineer-ing sector is present to optimize their use.
 

With the core strategic aim of promoting sustainable food production, the Metropolis signed a PAT (Projet Alimentaire Territorial - or local food project, a French initiative to reinforce local agriculture) The PAT identifies good practices implemented across the region with the primary goal of facilitating their dissemination

Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
10 recommendations to combat food insecurity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France Urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ».
 
Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
S’appuyant sur l’analyse de cet échantillon de 21 grandes villes françaises, France Urbaine et Resolis ont identifié en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
Based on the analysis of this sample of 21 major French cities, France Urbaine and Resolis identified -  in the preamble of this study - 10 levers of action, which are all avenues for improvement for cities wishing to initiate or accelerate their steps towards the transition of food systems.