SDG 9 Industry, innovation & infrastructure

The spatial and energy impact of data centres on regions
Le projet de recherche ENERNUM donne une image du paysage des data centers en France et dans trois territoires des États-Unis, représentant chacun des situations spatiales et énergétiques différentes (ville dense, espace périphérique, rural). Facteur potentiel de déséquilibre des systèmes énergétiques locaux, objets dont l'accumulation urbaine et la dispersion rurale questionnent, les data centers font ici l'objet d'une analyse approfondie pour mieux appréhender les nouveaux territoires numériques en construction, les solidarités énergétiques à construire et les alliances d'acteurs à mettre en place.

Le...
The ENERNUM research project gives an image of the data centre landscape in France and three regions of the United States, each representing different spatial and energy situations (dense city, peripheral space, rural). A potential factor in the imbalance of local energy systems, objects which urban accumulation and rural dispersion bring into question, data centres are the subject of an in-depth analysis to better understand the new digital regions under construction, energy solidarity to create and stakeholder alliances to be put in place.

The report addresses three issues:

- energy conservation and the use of renewable energies;
- integration of data centres into local systems through mutualisation, exchange, connections and less infrastructure redundancy;
- architecture and spatial integration of infrastructure within cities and regions.
 
The research offers up elements to understand, get to grips with and decode both the data centre object, as well as its interactions with the environments into which it fits in its architectural and urban dimensions, in relation to energy, economic and governance issues.
DataCités 2: data use and sharing strategies
DataCités 2 est une exploration portée par le Lab OuiShare x Chronos qui propose une méthodologie d’accompagnement des collectivités pour la conception de data services urbains afin de développer leur capacité d’agir dans le domaine de la data, notamment en ce qui concerne la donnée partagée.
 
Pour cela, la démarche conjugue :
 
- Un accompagnement personnalisé de chaque territoire partenaire : République et canton de Genève, Ville d’Antony, Communauté de communes du Bassin de Pompey, Communauté urbaine Grand Poitiers, Communauté d’Agglomération de la Rochelle.
 ...
DataCités 2 is an exploration carried out by the OuiShare x Chronos Lab which offers a methodology to support communities in the design of urban data services to develop their capacity to act in the field of data, especially in terms of shared data.
 
To do this, the approach combines:
 
- Personalised support for each partner region: Republic and Canton of Geneva, City of Antony, Community of Municipalities of the Pompey Basin, Greater Poitiers Urban Community, Community of La Rochelle Urban Area.
 
- Inter-regional workshops: to share the ambitions and usage cases in the regions, their problems and levers to action with public and private partners, associations, experts, etc of DataCités 2. These workshops promote the sharing of knowledge, experiences and the creation of a community of partners.
 
- Capitalisation on an ongoing basis: using a logbook in which we record all the ideas shared by the members of DataCités 2, the projects of each region, lines of thought, resources, etc.
Three-generation wood-fired heating of Marianne harbour
Production de chaleur, de froid et d'électricité à partir de la biomasse pour des ilots urbains composés d'une mixité fonctionnelle (habitat, commerce, activité, équipements)
9e centrale du réseau montpelliérain, cet équipement produit à partir du bois:
- une production centralisée d'eau chaude et d'électricité,
- une production décentralisée de froid grâce aux machines à absorption à eau installées dans les immeubles.
 
Cette fiche fait partie d'une série portant sur les solutions innovantes pour la ville durable relatives à l'économie circulaire.
 
...
Production of heat, cooling and electricity from biomass for urban islands composed of a functional mix (housing, commerce, activity, facilities)
9th power plant in the Montpellier network, this facility produces from wood:
- centralised production of hot water and electricity,
- decentralised cooling production using water absorption machines installed in buildings.
 
This sheet is part of a series on innovative solutions for the sustainable city related to the circular economy.

You’ll find this sheet on pages 18-19.
 
CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
An integrated, multi-criteria approach to decision-support tools: contextual elements for regional data management
La compréhension et le traitement des enjeux environnementaux, sociaux et économiques à l’échelle territoriale nécessitent des approches transversales, et pour cela des outils d’aide à la décision et à l’action publique, en faveur de politiques publiques plus intégrées, notamment pour la planification territoriale et urbaine. En parallèle, on assiste à un élargissement exponentiel des possibilités offertes par le numérique ainsi qu’à de nouvelles opportunités en matière de données mobilisables et de moyens de les traiter et de les valoriser via des outils pour la création de connaissance dans une logique d’aide à la décision.
...
Understanding and addressing environmental, social and economic issues at the regional level requires transverse approaches, and for this, tools to assist in decision-making and public action, in favour of more integrated public policies including regional and urban planning.
At the same time, we are witnessing an exponential expansion of the possibilities offered by digital technology as well as new opportunities in terms of mobilisable data and ways to process and realise their full value through tools for creating knowledge within a decision-support logic.
The study is based on in-depth analysis of observational and regional modelling tools, as well as an analysis of the life cycle of the data and its technical, legal and economic environment, to offer a grid and success factors for tool design, and opportunities for thinking about the management and exploitation of regional data.
Working differently
L'Île-de-France concentre plus de 650 tiers lieux, avec une forte progression depuis 2015. Ce foisonnement est le reflet des dynamiques entrepreneuriales sur le territoire francilien et le développement du télétravail. Il s'agit d'espaces de travail partagés, souvent protéiformes, créatifs, innovants, hybrides et multifonctionnels. Ils accueillent de plus en plus d'indépendants, en privilégiant un travail nomade, à distance et collaboratif. Afin d'illustrer la diversité et la richesse de ces espaces, l'Institut Paris Région sillonne les territoires d'Île-de-France afin de venir à leur rencontre et donner la parole aux acteurs, aux...
The Ile-de-France region is home to more than 650 third places, with strong growth since 2015. This proliferation is a reflection of the entrepreneurial dynamics within the French territory and the development of teleworking. These are shared workspaces, often protean, creative, innovative, hybrid and multifunctional. They welcome more and more independents, favouring itinerant, remote and collaborative working. In order to illustrate the diversity and richness of these spaces, the Institut Paris Région (Paris Region Institute) travels the regions of Ile-de-France to meet them and give voice to the stakeholders, project leaders, managers, facilitators, users and communities that make up these places.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
The notary, serving land security around the world
Un système fiable de sécurisation des transactions immobilières repose sur 3 piliers :

1.Une identification précise du bien immobilier sur des plans, (cadastre, ortho-photos ou photo satellite) et une vérification de l’identité et de la capacité juridique des personnes.

2.Un registre immobilier qui répertorie l’ensemble des actes juridiques concernant tous les biens immobiliers de toutes les personnes titulaires d’un droit de nature foncière.

3.Un acte incontestable qui offre une sécurité juridique quasi parfaite (vente, partage , donation…).
 ...
A reliable system for securing real estate transactions is based on three pillars:

1. Accurate identification of the property on the plans (cadastre, ortho-photos or satellite photo) and verification of the identity and legal capacity of individuals.

2. A real estate register that lists all legal acts concerning all real estate of all persons holding a land right.

3. An indisputable act that offers almost perfect legal certainty (sale, sharing, donation etc).
 
The interest of these three pillars:
 
  • legal: determine with certainty who owns what and under what conditions,
  • social: enable the poorest to defend their rights to the land and have access to public infrastructure,
  • economic: avoid a long and costly conflict for the landowner and encourage access to credit,
  • tax: make public authorities aware of the identity of persons with a property right so they can collect tax.
The issuing of title deeds is the core business of the notary. That’s why the Notariat has decided to act and become heavily involved in actions in support of land reforms.
 
This action is also part of the general policy carried out by the French Notariat to contribute, in addition to other stakeholders in the land arena, and respecting cultural diversity, to the establishment of a rule of law, a cornerstone of economic development.
 
Since June 2007, the Title Commission has been bringing together initiatives and coordinating joint action plans.
 
On 10 November 2009, a symposium was held at the Higher Council of French Notariat under the high patronage of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, bringing together all the players in this field around the theme "Land Security and Economic Development: The title of property ownership in developing countries".
 
The International Union of Notaries organised six international conferences in January 2012 in Burkina Faso, in January 2013 in Mexico, in December 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, in December 2017 in Niamey and Thessaloniki, and in June 2018 in Sarajevo on the subject.
Saint-Etienne, Resilient Design City
Parce qu’un territoire durable se réfléchit comme un projet singulier qui doit être conduit avec la population pour espérer réussir, cela implique d’anticiper ses besoins de développement en prenant en compte les dimensions sociale, environnementale, économique, et de s’appuyer sur son identité sans faire table rase du passé.
 
En portant des objectifs forts en matière de développement durable tout en affirmant son identité design (entrée en 2010 dans le Réseau UNESCO des villes créatives) dans le prolongement de sa grande histoire industrielle, Saint-Etienne fait rayonner l’ensemble de sa métropole...
Because a sustainable region is thought of as a singular project that must be carried out with the population in order to succeed, it implies anticipating its development needs, taking into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions, and relying on its identity without making a clean break with its past.
 
By maintaining strong sustainable development goals while affirming its design identity (having entered in 2010 the UNESCO Network of Creative Cities) in continuation of its great industrial history, Saint-Etienne is spreading out its whole urban area for the appreciation of a region undergoing full transformation.
 
In essence, Saint-Etienne's metropolitan ambition will be supported by an exemplary urban project - the resilient design city - capable of amplifying Saint-Etienne's design identity by promoting culture in particular, and responding to the major challenges of this century (climate emergency, economic shocks, social exclusion etc) through the ability to adapt, reinvent and experiment.
 
In light of these new challenges, the Saint-Etienne Public Planning Establishment is reaffirming its duty to be exemplary by placing itself ahead of the strategic directions for sustainable urban development set by the State, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region, as well as the Loire Department, and enshrining its action in the continuity of the urban policy carried by the City and Metropolis of Saint-Etienne.
development of Tunisia's cultural heritage
Le projet Patrimoine Tunisie s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Tounes Wijhetouna (« Tunisie : notre destination ») d’appui à la diversification du tourisme en Tunisie.
 
Consacré à la valorisation de sites patrimoniaux, le projet se divise en deux composantes principales :

1. Appui à l'appropriation, la préservation et la valorisation des patrimoines bâtis tunisiens,
2. Appui à la modernisation du Musée de Carthage et à la valorisation de son environnement.

De façon transversale, ce projet veille à mettre en place des actions de renforcement de...
The Tunisia Heritage project is part of the Tounes Wijhetouna ("Tunisia: Our Destination") programme to support the diversification of tourism in Tunisia.
 
Dedicated to the promotion of heritage sites, the project is divided into two main components:

1. Support for the appropriation, preservation and promotion of Tunisia's built heritage,
2. Support for the modernisation of Carthage Museum and the improvement of its environment.

In a cross-cutting way, this project seeks to implement capacity-building actions and knowledge transfer, particularly in the area of heritage management.
 
Among the expected results:

• At least 15 remarkable buildings will be rehabilitated, converted or restored, especially in the ancient centres.
Project leaders selected to occupy rehabilitated buildings will be supported in the implementation of durable, sustainable activities.
• Stakeholders contributing to the inventory, rehabilitation and conservation of heritage (in local communities in particular) will benefit from training and capacity-building actions.
• Carthage Museum and its immediate surroundings (including Place de l’Unesco) will be renovated.
• An interpretation centre will be created to promote the riches of the Carthage site to the public.