Access to housing

Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
Valenciennes – Creating the conditions of low-carbon mobility
Orienter les habitants vers une mobilité écoresponsable
Dans la Région Hauts-de-France, au coeur de Valenciennes, sur une île de la rivière Escaut canalisée, s'engage l'aménagement d'un nouveau quartier ayant l'ambition d'afficher zéro émission de CO2. Pour orienter les habitants du quartier vers des mobilités plus durables le nombre de place de stationnement sera limité (une par logement maximum) et des solutions de mobilités complémentaires seront proposées et leur utilisation encouragée (auto partage électrice, co-voiturage, mobilité douces ...). En complément, une réflexion sur la typologie des...
Steering inhabitants toward eco-friendly mobility
 
Within the Hauts de France region, at the heart of Valenciennes and located on an island on the canalised Escaut River, a new neighbourhood is under development, with the ambition to reach zero carbon emission.
 
In order to urge the neighbourhood’s residents to use more sustainable mobilities, the number of parking spots will be limited (maximum 1 per housing unit), and complementary mobility solutions will be offered and encouraged: electric car-sharing, car-pooling, soft mobility...
 
In addition, a reflection on the typology of inhabitants and the resulting housing will be conducted. A balanced mix of young people / seniors / families /CS etc reinforces the ability to optimise the pooling of common equipment.
 
Find this sheet on pages 32-33.
Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.
Vivrou.com: the digital personal assistant for professional and residential mobility
Vivrou.com est une conciergerie digitale pour la mobilité résidentielle et professionnelle.
 
• Grâce aux données territorialisées, cette plateforme permet d’accompagner le salarié tout au long de son processus de mobilité : choix du lieu de vie, offre immobilière disponible, aides à la mobilité et connexion aux services essentiels du territoire.
 
• Les recommandations sont personnalisées en fonction de l’utilisateur pour lui permettre de trouver un futur lieu de vie qui intègre au mieux les besoins et envies de son ménage, en classant et montrant les territoires de manière...
Vivrou.com is a digital concierge service for residential and professional mobility.
 
• Thanks to regionalised data, this platform helps support employees throughout their mobility process: choice of location, available real estate, mobility aids and connection to essential services in the area.
 
• The recommendations are personalised according to the user so they can find a future place to live that best integrates the needs and desires of their household, by classifying and showing regions in a contextualised way (points of interest, real estate projects, mobility and so on).
 
• Vivrou.com has received awards at the Digital Innovation Contest (PIA, Ministry of Economy & BPI), at the GeoFab of Greater Geneva and at the Digital Transformation Trophies in the Commercialisation category.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
Living differently: UTOP, an example of a co-operative of inhabitants
Faced with the challenges of changing lifestyles, changing family structures, an ageing population, the dissociation between work and the workplace, housing is being renewed and innovations are multiplying. In France, as with our European neighbours, alternatives are emerging. They reveal a growing involvement of inhabitants in designing and managing their living spaces, and a renewal of the professional stances of housing stakeholders. The Paris Region Institute explores this phenomenon in a series of articles and interviews on alternative housing experiences in France and Europe. Here is a focus on UTOP, the first co-operative of...
Faced with the challenges of changing lifestyles, changing family structures, an ageing population, the dissociation between work and the workplace, housing is being renewed and innovations are multiplying. In France, as with our European neighbours, alternatives are emerging. They reveal a growing involvement of inhabitants in designing and managing their living spaces, and a renewal of the professional stances of housing stakeholders.
 
The Paris Region Institute explores this phenomenon in a series of articles and interviews on alternative housing experiences in France and Europe. Here is a focus on UTOP, the first co-operative of inhabitants arising from the ALUR law, created in 2016 as part of the call for "participatory housing" projects in the city of Paris. The future inhabitants-cooperators have designed in partnership with the HLM CoopImmo cooperative and the ArchiEthic architectural cooperative the project for an ecological and open building on Rue Garnier-Guy in the 20th arrondissement.
Paris Region Institute Papers No.176 "Cities change the world"
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.