Access to basic services

Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
Improvingement of sanitation and waste management in Mahajanga
Les projets Assainissement et déchets à Mahajanga (ASSMA et suivants) s’inscrivent dans une logique d’appui aux autorités communales locales afin de renforcer leur capacité en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage, par la formation et la réalisation d’investissements pilotes.
 
Ce renforcement de la gouvernance locale a contribué à la structuration d’une plateforme multi-acteurs de la filière intégrant les organisations de la société civile, sur le modèle de partenariats publics-privés.
 
En parallèle, la Commune Urbaine de Mahajanga a développé un plan stratégique d’eau et d’...
The sanitation and waste projects in Mahajanga (ASSMA and following) are part of a logic of support to the local communal authorities, in order to reinforce their capacity in terms of project management, through training and the realisation of pilot investments.
 
This strengthening of local governance contributed to the structuring of a multi-stakeholder platform for the sector, integrating civil society organisations, on the model of public-private partnerships. At the same time, the Mahajanga Urban Community has developed a strategic water and sanitation plan and updated its health regulations with a view to improving public health.
 
Since 2013, the implementation of this project has led to the establishment of a complete sanitation chain, combined with increased access to basic sanitary facilities (family latrines and sanitary blocks). Through awareness-raising and education, behaviours have evolved towards better hygiene, as evidenced by the epidemiological monitoring carried out.
 
In addition, this initiative paved the way for two other projects that have improved the management of household waste, notably through the material support provided to pre-collectors, the rehabilitation of certain access roads and the maintenance of municipal trucks.
Valenciennes – Creating the conditions of low-carbon mobility
Orienter les habitants vers une mobilité écoresponsable
Dans la Région Hauts-de-France, au coeur de Valenciennes, sur une île de la rivière Escaut canalisée, s'engage l'aménagement d'un nouveau quartier ayant l'ambition d'afficher zéro émission de CO2. Pour orienter les habitants du quartier vers des mobilités plus durables le nombre de place de stationnement sera limité (une par logement maximum) et des solutions de mobilités complémentaires seront proposées et leur utilisation encouragée (auto partage électrice, co-voiturage, mobilité douces ...). En complément, une réflexion sur la typologie des...
Steering inhabitants toward eco-friendly mobility
 
Within the Hauts de France region, at the heart of Valenciennes and located on an island on the canalised Escaut River, a new neighbourhood is under development, with the ambition to reach zero carbon emission.
 
In order to urge the neighbourhood’s residents to use more sustainable mobilities, the number of parking spots will be limited (maximum 1 per housing unit), and complementary mobility solutions will be offered and encouraged: electric car-sharing, car-pooling, soft mobility...
 
In addition, a reflection on the typology of inhabitants and the resulting housing will be conducted. A balanced mix of young people / seniors / families /CS etc reinforces the ability to optimise the pooling of common equipment.
 
Find this sheet on pages 32-33.
ANR impetus: how to assess an urban project while integrating its impacts on mobility?
La critique a souvent été formulée que des projets d'EcoQuartier étaient contestables au regard même des objectifs proclamés, dès lors qu'on prenait en compte leurs effets induits sur les déplacements : une localisation éloignée des pôles d'emplois ou une mauvaise accessibilité en transports collectifs pouvaient par exemple remettre en cause la réalité des économies d'énergie obtenues dans la réalisation innovante du cadre bâti et la baisse des factures supportées par les habitants.
 
Mieux intégrer non seulement dans la localisation d'un projet urbain mais aussi dans son contenu (mixité des fonctions...
Criticism has often been made that eco-neighbourhood projects are questionable even in view of their declared objectives if their effects on travel are not taken into account. Indeed, a location far from employment hubs or poor connections to public transport can bring into question both the efficiency of energy savings made through innovative implementation within buildings, and the savings made by inhabitants due to a reduction in their expenses.
 
Better integrating the issue of mobility, not just in the location of an urban project but also within its content (mixed urban usages) is currently a key concern for contracting authorities and wider operators involved in Urban Making.
 
IMPETUS was designed to address this concern. Selected by ANR2 in 2009 and launched in 2010, this project stems from a joint effort by several operational partners: EGIS (coordinator), ICADE, Elioth and the City of Paris - as well as public research institutions: the City Mobility Transport Laboratory (UMR, attached to Paris Est University, Ecole des Ponts and IFFSTAR), the Construction Sector’s Scientific and Technical Centre (CSTB) and the School of Engineers of the City of Paris (EIVP).
Implementation of geographic information solutions for Lyonnaise des Eaux Casablanca
Le projet concerne le déploiement d’une solution d’informatique et d’information géographique de très grande envergure avec un niveau d’exigence à la hauteur des enjeux des missions confiées à la LYDEC.
En effet, depuis le 1er août 1997, la LYDEC, filiale de Suez, assure pour une durée de 30 ans la gestion déléguée de la distribution d’électricité, d’eau potable et du service d’assainissement pour plus de 4 millions d’habitants de la Région du Grand Casablanca.
LYDEC compte 3 250 employés avec un Chiffre d'Affaires de 375 millions d’euros. En 2007, LYDEC a choisi Altereo pour la fourniture et le déploiement d...
The project concerns the deployment of a very large-scale IT and geographical information solution with a level of requirements that matches the mission challenges entrusted to LYDEC.
Since 1 August 1997, LYDEC, a subsidiary of Suez, has been providing delegated management of electricity, drinking water and sanitation services for more than 4 million inhabitants of the Greater Casablanca Region for a period of 30 years.
 
LYDEC has 3250 employees with a turnover of 375 million euros. In 2007, LYDEC chose Altereo to supply and deploy GIS applications for Water, Sanitation, Electricity and Public Lighting in fullweb mode.

It is the largest business GIS on the African continent with 600 users and a seamless migration from the legacy system.
Implementation of a GIS to modernise drinking water management in Nha Trang city
Nha Trang, ville balnéaire extrêmement touristique, est la capitale de la province de Khanh Hoa. Ce projet a lieu dans le cadre du mémorandum, signé en juin 2007 par les gouvernements français et vietnamien, pour promouvoir la coopération technique et technologique entre les deux pays.
 
Le projet doit conduire à l’amélioration de la performance du service d’eau potable, à la fois dans l’exploitation quotidienne et dans la gestion à long terme de ses réseaux, à travers la création d'une cellule opérationnelle pour l'exploitation du Système d'Information Géographique (SIG).
 
Le...
Nha Trang, an extremely touristy seaside town, is the capital of the province of Khanh Hoa. This project is organised as part of the memorandum signed in June 2007 by the French and Vietnamese governments to promote technical and technological cooperation between the two countries.
 
The project should lead to an improvement in the performance of the drinking water service, both in its daily operation and in the long-term management of its networks, through the creation of an operational unit for managing the Geographic Information System (GIS).
 
The deployment of GIS will lead to economic gains in the management of the service, in particular through:
· Improved service operation, thanks to a precise knowledge of the infrastructures;
· Better control of leaks and network performance;
· Optimised network extension or renewal investments, thanks to the development of an asset strategy.
 
This project thus helps modernise the management of services and moves the governance towards financial independence, service performance and responsibility towards users, as called for by the Vietnamese government in its two decrees of 2007.
This mission consisted of a detailed study which helped establish an optimised network renewal programme. The study was based on the application, for the first time on the Asian Continent, of the exclusive "SIROCO" methodology and expert system, a product of Altereo's innovation.
Implementation of professional GIS for the Phnom Penh water authority
Dans le cadre du projet « Greater Phnom Penh Water Supply System » (« PPWSA »), Phnom Penh a souhaité restructurer et augmenter la performance de son service d’eau. En pleine mutation, elle voit son nombre d'abonnés augmenter de 15 à 20 000 par an. Il lui est donc indispensable de se doter d’un SIG capable, notamment, de structurer sa connaissance patrimoniale.
Lors de la fourniture de la solution de Système d’Information Géographique (SIG) « KIS », Altereo informatique devait veiller à :
· La définition d'un modèle de données SIG ainsi que la migration des données descriptives existantes
· La...
As part of the "Greater Phnom Penh Water Supply System" ("PPWSA") project, Phnom Penh wished to restructure and increase the performance of its water service. In the midst of a major transformation, the number of subscribers is increasing by 15 000 to 20 000 a year. It is therefore essential to have a GIS capable, in particular, of structuring its asset knowledge.
 
When supplying the Geographic Information System (GIS) solution "KIS", Altereo Informatique had to ensure:
· The definition of a GIS data model and the migration of existing descriptive data
· Reorganisation/creation of the processes revolving around the GIS in the different departments of the company
· The creation and provision of a mobile app, background maps, GPS equipment and assistance in mapping the location of the 285 000 clients and the network facilities
· Training of users, administrators and contributors.
 
KIS, enriched with its AEP module, now provides PPWSA with a "drinking water" business toolbox, ranging from the operation of the network topology (routes, simulation of valve closures, etc) to the management of business processes (management of complaints and interventions, leak management, etc) or an interface for representing mapping data from the monitoring of sub-metering.
 
Its Administration module offers a simple, ergonomic tool for modelling and integrating data, managing users and setting up applications, forms and workflow. It also allows the system to evolve to meet new needs or to exchange information with third-party applications in a variety of formats.
Quitri: Citeo's digital platform for sorting everywhere, all the time
Pouvoir trier partout et tout le temps : c’est l’objectif de Quitri, la plateforme digitale de Citeo. Après une expérimentation menée en région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, puis son lancement au niveau national pour les organisateurs d'événements en novembre 2019, Quitri s'étend désormais aux gestionnaires d'établissements et lieux « hors-foyer »: gares, bureaux, parcs, musées, écoles, camping, cinéma, etc.
 
En effet, plus de 300 000 tonnes d’emballages sont jetées chaque année dans des lieux de consommation « nomade ». Particulièrement consommées dans les établissements recevant du public, les...
Being able to sort everywhere and all the time: that’s the goal of Quitri, Citeo's new digital platform. After an experiment carried out in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it is now open to all event organisers in France to help them set up collection and sorting free of charge.
 
More than 300 000 tonnes of packaging are thrown away each year in so-called "nomadic" consumption areas, i.e. outside the home: stations, offices, parks, concert halls, camp sites etc. Plastic bottles, cans and trays, which are particularly used during festivals and events indoors or out, are not at all or only lightly sorted due to the lack of on-site facilities, even though they are perfectly recyclable.
 
The Quitri platform makes it possible to collect more packaging for recycling by ensuring the continuity of the sorting process outside the home.
 
The Quitri approach is based on 3 levers:
 
• Simplify: in just one click, Quitri connects site organisers and managers with collection service providers (private or public) in their region who have been previously referenced on the platform.
 
• Sign up: by registering on Quitri, organisers and managers sign a charter of commitments and have free access to communication tools and turnkey support to communicate with the public.
 
• Be rewarded: organisers using a private operator receive 30 euros per tonne recycled traced.
Managing the food supply during the pandemic: initiatives in French cities
La crise sanitaire a durement touché le monde entier, notamment la France, et a conduit à adapter les modes de consommation, de production et d’approvisionnement pour faire face à cette situation inédite. Fermeture des marchés, des commerces, des restaurants et des cantines, pénurie de main d’œuvre dans la production agricole… Les acteurs du secteur ont dû s’adapter à un contexte évolutif pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire du pays.
 
Malgré toutes ces difficultés, le système alimentaire français a tenu. 
Comment garantir la sécurité et la qualité de l’approvisionnement alimentaire...
 
Management of the food sector has been a crucial issue during Covid-19 crisis. A basic need for everybody, obtaining food is an essential activity that can-not be interrupted or endangered. But how can the safety and quality of the food supply be guaranteed for everyone during a health crisis? What mechanisms have been put in place in French cities in response to this unprecedented emergency? What lessons can be learned from the pandemic? Should we expect more long-term changes in the way that we produce, consume and recycle? To what extent can local French initiatives be useful in terms of a transition of the food system on a more global scale?
 
France Urbaine, in partnership with the RESOLIS and Terres en Villes associations, presents an analysis in this publication of the multiple roles played by cities during these first weeks of lockdown.
Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.