Access to basic services

Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Intercommunal governance in the field of water and sanitation in Cameroon
Disposant d’une multiplicité d’équipements, les communes du Mbam et de l’Inoubou connaissaient de profondes difficultés en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage en eau et en assainissement, principalement des problèmes de rénovation, d’entretien et de gestion des infrastructures. Pour y faire face, plusieurs communes avaient décidé de mettre en commun leurs moyens et de définir une stratégie départementale de l’eau et de l’assainissement. Ce projet a été lancé dans le but d’accompagner la structuration d’un service public.
Afin de développer une approche partenariale efficiente, les acteurs ont choisi de constituer un syndicat...
With a wide range of facilities, the communes of Mbam and Inoubou faced major difficulties in terms of water and sanitation project management, mainly problems of renovation, maintenance and infrastructure management. To deal with this, several communes had decided to pool their resources and define a departmental water and sanitation strategy.
This project was launched with the aim of supporting the structuring of a public service. To develop an efficient partnership approach, the stakeholders chose to form an intercommunal union (SYCOMI), thus bringing legal innovation in Cameroon.
This union then took responsibility for the technical and administrative aspects, which is why training was provided to strengthen the skills of the key players. Emphasis was also placed on citizen participation through the involvement of user committees and willingness to pay for studies to ensure the sustainability of the service. This experience of intercommunal governance is a pilot project in Cameroon, which has aroused the interest of Cameroonian institutional bodies and is now spreading.
The communes in Lékié were inspired by this to create their own union (SYNCOLEK), with the support and expertise of SYCOMI and SDEA (Syndicat Départemental des Eaux et de l'Assainissement Alsace-Moselle) to develop a public water and sanitation service in their turn.
Urban health: recommendations
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Dans un contexte où plus de la moitié de la population mondiale habite dans les villes et que ce phénomène va s’amplifier, la santé se trouve au cœur des problématiques urbaines actuelles avec deux grands défis sociétaux...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
In a context of more than half of the world’s population living in cities - a phenomenon that is going to amplify – health is at the heart of current urban problems, with two major societal challenges: demographic growth and the significant aging of the population on the one hand - and adaptation to climate change on the other.
 

The working group “health and well-being” thus addresses this theme in its broad sense: from access to care, to the well-being of populations within a territory.  Acting for health involves profoundly improving the system of supply and access to care, but also promoting a global approach, from the territorial diagnosis of a health project, to the implementation of targeted actions. To do this, building crosscutting policies where urban health and well-being in the city are placed back at the heart of public action and territorial planning seems essential, in order to make health a major lever for the transition to a more sustainable society.

Successful sustainable AEU2 planning and development - sustainable urbanism in overseas territories
Le contexte socio-économique et urbain dans les territoires d'Outre-mer impose de réfléchir à une approche plus durable de la gestion et de la construction de la ville. De par leurs géographies et leurs spécificités, ces territoires sont particulièrement vulnérables. Cela induit des défis en termes d'aménagement, d'équipement, d'habitat et d'accès aux services de base.

Ce cahier s'inscrit dans la collection des Cahiers Techniques de la boîte à outils AEU2 (approche environnementale de l'urbanisme) : à ce titre, il vise à décliner opérationnellement la méthodologie AEU2 aux enjeux et aux problématiques des...
The socio-economic and urban context in the overseas territories requires thinking about a more sustainable approach to city management and construction. Because of their geography and specific nature, these territories are particularly vulnerable. This creates challenges in terms of development, equipment, housing and access to basic services.

This booklet is part of the collection of Technical Booklets of the AEU2 Toolbox (environmental approach to urban planning): as such, it aims to operationally apply the AEU2 methodology to the issues and problems of overseas territories. It is aimed at overseas project owners in all their diversity, even beyond just the French overseas territories. It reflects the diversity of possible approaches and best sustainable management practices adapted to tropical environments.
                                     
The main purpose of the booklet is to provide methodological and technical "baggage" to help project owners move from reflection to action.
“Essential services”: recommendations for a more sustainable and inclusive city
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’accès à l’eau potable, à l’assainissement et à l’hygiène de l’eau, la gestion des déchets urbains solides et l’accès à l’énergie, le groupe de travail « Services essentiels » questionne la notion même d’accès...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the access to drinking water, sanitation and water hygiene, solid urban waste management and access to energy, the “Essential services” working group questions the very concept of access to essential services. This notion is not limited only to technological aspects but invites to question broader issues of governance and social inclusion, taking into account local, national or even international economic contexts, public and private policy strategies, or training and innovation.
 
This working group thus chose to prioritize access to essential services for local actors and residents, which brings about a more inclusive and sustainable city. Within this framework, the themes of sustainable development, the fight against the negative impacts of climate change, the feasibility of programs and projects, and the capacity for replication for the greatest number were addressed, and are considered paramount for the implementation of targeted projects.
Trilib', self-service waste sorting
Pour permettre à plus de Parisiens de trier plus simplement et pouvoir apporter une solution aux 10 % de Parisiens n’ayant pas de bac jaune, Citeo a conduit et financé une expérimentation à Paris : 40 stations trilib’, des containers de collecte de proximité disponibles 24h sur 24, implantés dans 4 arrondissements.
Mobilier urbain de tri et modulaire, la station trilib’ mutualise 5 flux : les emballages en verre, en métal, les bouteilles et flacons en plastique, les papiers et cartons et enfin les textiles. Innovation digitale et service à l’usager, les taux de remplissage des stations sont disponibles en temps réel sur...
To allow more Parisians to sort their waste more simply and be able to provide a solution to the 10% of Parisians who do not have a yellow bin, Citeo conducted and financed an experiment in Paris: 40 trilib' stations, local collection containers available 24 hours a day, located in 4 districts.
Modular urban sorting furniture, the trilib' station brings together 5 streams: glass and metal packaging, plastic bottles and containers, paper and cardboard, and finally, textiles. Digital innovation and user service, station filling rates are available in real time on the opendata.paris.fr platform.
The City of Paris has decided to deploy these stations that facilitate waste sorting and collection.
Each station collects around an additional 25 tonnes of packaging each year and improves the quality of sorting.
For 9 out of 10 Parisians, they are easy to use and show that waste sorting is really useful. Since 2017, this still experimental arrangement has already allowed the sorting and recycling, among other things, of 55 tons of plastic bottles, or about 2 million bottles.
A thousand Trilib' stations will be deployed throughout Paris from the end of 2019 to 2021 by the City of Paris with the support of Citeo.
 
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
Cellal e Kisal Programme: reducing maternal, neonatal and child morbidity and mortality in Senegal
La région rurale de Kolda au sud du Sénégal est marquée par des taux de mortalité maternelle et infantile nettement supérieurs aux valeurs nationales en raison du manque d’infrastructures et de personnel de santé.
Par ailleurs, du fait de leur éloignement géographique et du faible niveau d’information dont elles disposent sur les parcours de soins, on constate un faible taux de fréquentation des structures de santé par les communautés isolées de la région.
Cellal e Kisal renforce l’accès à une offre de services de qualité en santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile à travers le développement d’un...
The rural region of Kolda in southern Senegal is marked by maternal and child mortality rates well above national values due to lack of infrastructure and health personnel.
Moreover, due to their geographical distance and the low level of information available to them on care options, there is a low rate of attendance at health facilities by isolated communities within the region.
 
Cellal e Kisal improves access to quality maternal, neonatal and child health services by developing an integrated device using information and communication technologies (ICT).
It is based on several interconnected technologies that promote the identification, referencing and follow-up of pregnant women from registration through the first 2 years of the child’s life (Track-Check-Retain approach):
- A mobile application that allows community contacts to connect with health facilities and provide close monitoring of women and children,
- A telemedicine toolbox at health centres to carry out comprehensive examinations in remote areas,
and the telemedicine platform which links regional hospitals and specialist care services.

Results:
- Deployment of the telemedicine toolbox: 735 pregnant women consulted, 9,899 pregnancies and 67,662 children under the age of 5 registered and monitored via the digital device in 2018.
- More than 70,000 participants combined for behaviour change activities (lower-risk pregnancy, gender approach, etc) through the action of the 80 community contact points trained by Amref (public health NGO in Africa).
- Institution of a cervical cancer component with the equipment of health facilities in the region in screening and cryotherapy units.