300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.
"Inventing New Regional Solidarity" White Paper - Energy and Territories Workshop
Créé en 2012 par EDF, l’Atelier Énergie et Territoires est un laboratoire d’idées, d’études et de recherches. A la fois lieu de rencontres et de débats, il invite les acteurs des villes et des collectivités à mieux comprendre les transformations énergétiques à l’œuvre et suggère des propositions concrètes pour faire de l’énergie un moteur d’attractivité du territoire.
Avec l’appui de son comité scientifique et de ses partenaires, l’Atelier offre une longueur d’avance aux décideurs territoriaux pour une gestion éclairée et responsable de l’énergie.
L’an dernier, l’atelier...
Created in 2012 by EDF, the Energy and Territories Workshop is a laboratory of ideas, studies and research. As a venue for meetings and debates, it invites stakeholders from cities and communities to better understand the energy transformations at work and suggests concrete proposals to make energy a driver of attractiveness for the region.
With the support of its scientific committee and partners, the Workshop provides a head start for regional decision-makers for informed and responsible energy management.
Last year, the Energy and Territories Workshop chose to place the theme of solidarity and regional divides at the heart of its considerations.
How can an energy solidarity and social solidarity policy be implemented to cushion the impact of inequality? What roles should local authorities play in this process, particularly through the energy renovation strategy and urban planning policy? These are all questions covered by the White Paper "Inventing new regional solidarity".
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
New free transport network in Dunkirk: summary of key results
Depuis le 1er septembre 2018, la Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque est la plus grande agglomération européenne à offrir la gratuité du transport en commun 7 jours sur 7 pour tous les usagers.   Chacun peut l’utiliser à sa guise pour ses déplacements professionnels, universitaires ou personnels.
La nouvelle réorganisation du réseau DK’BUS Marine et l’ensemble des aménagements réalisés ont conforté le réseau de transport en commun dans sa fiabilité, fluidité et rapidité.
Doté de 5 lignes chrono (C1 à C5) passant toutes les 10 minutes à un arrêt et de 12 autres lignes, le réseau...
Since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk Urban Community has been the largest European city to offer free public transport 7 days a week for all users. Everyone can use it as they please for their professional, academic or personal travel.
The new reorganisation of the DK'BUS Marine network and all the improvements carried out have improved the public transport network’s reliability, fluidity and speed.
With 5 timed lines (C1 to C5) running every 10 minutes at one stop and 12 other lines, the network also offers bus traffic between 5.30am and 10.30pm (Monday to Saturday). An additional service is provided on Fridays and Saturdays to provide late-night journeys to the outer limits of the region.
Buses have also become places of community and entertainment and are equipped with wifi and charging stations for mobile phones.
To assess the diversity of the effects of being free to use, the VIGS research association in partnership with the local urban planning agency (AGUR), with funding from the Urban Community, conducted an unprecedented in-depth study, both qualitative and quantitative, on the subject.
Cities for all: what right(s) for the city?
Ce document élaboré par le PFVT, plateforme d'échange des acteurs français de l'urbain œuvrant à l'international, formule les grandes orientations portées par la France dans le cadre de l’adoption de l’Agenda Urbain de Quito de 2016. Il porte plus particulièrement sur le thème du droit à la ville pour tous, une question cruciale face à l’importance croissante de l’exode rural et des migrations, sources d’inégalités et de conflits au sein des milieux urbains.
Les politiques publiques sont au centre de la réflexion sur l’atténuation des inégalités, notamment par la mise en place d’un droit à la ville...
This document, put together by PFVT, a discussion platform for French urban stakeholders working internationally, sets out the broad guidelines that France has taken in the context of adopting the 2016 Urban Agenda in Quito. It focuses more specifically on the theme of the right to the city for all, a crucial issue in the face of the growing importance of the rural exodus and migration, which are sources of inequality and conflict in urban areas.
Public policies are at the centre of thinking about reducing inequality, largely by establishing a right to the city for all. The right to the city must be conceived in a cross-cutting and inter-regional way, by strengthening the capacity of local authorities who are best able to engage the regions in a sustainable transition.
More concretely, the broad French guidelines take into account the need for urban management that is democratic, by establishing the right to the city in urban development projects in order to solve urban inequalities and combat segregation and reproduction of inequalities at all levels of governance.
Provision of self-service electric bicycles
Ce dispositif expérimental qui a été réalisé pendant 6 mois sur la ville d’Avon a rencontré un vif succès, et va certainement se pérenniser en partenariat avec des villes voisines. Les objectifs sont divers : développer les modes de circulation douce, développer l’accessibilité, la mobilité et les connexions, enfin réduire les pollutions atmosphériques.
Cette action offre la possibilité aux usagers de se déplacer librement et de façon autonome dans la ville (intra ou extra-muros) dans un total respect de l’environnement.
Les vélos sont disponibles 24h/24h, 7j/7j et sont 100% accessibles via une...
This experimental system, trialled over a six-month period in the city of Avon, was a great success and will certainly be continued in partnership with neighbouring cities. The objectives are diverse: to develop alternative modes of transport, develop accessibility, mobility and connections, and, finally, reduce atmospheric pollution. This initiative allows users to move freely and autonomously within the city (intra or extramural) with complete respect for the environment. Bicycles are available 24/7 and are 100% accessible via a Smartphone application that users can download free of charge.
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
The free transport observatory is born!
En France, la gratuité des transports publics a jusqu’à présent été peu étudiée par la communauté scientifique. L’Observatoire des villes du transport gratuit, créé le 5 juin 2019 à l’initiative conjointe de l’Agence d’urbanisme de la région Flandre-Dunkerque, de la Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque et de l’association de chercheurs VIGS, espère faire bouger les lignes.
La création de cet observatoire répond à un enjeu d'importance : sortir des représentations idéologiques et enrichir les débats autour d'une politique publique à laquelle de plus en plus d'élus, ou futurs élus, s'intéressent, moins d'...
In France, free public transport has so far been studied very little by the scientific community. The Observatory of cities with free transport, created on 5 June 2019 as a joint initiative of the Flanders-Dunkirk Regional Planning Agency, the Urban Community of Dunkirk and the VIGS researchers' association, hopes to shift the boundaries.
The creation of this Observatory responds to an important challenge: to move away from ideological representations and enrich the debates around a public policy in which more and more elected officials, or future elected officials, are taking an interest, less than a year before municipal elections.
In addition to improving the state of knowledge about free public transport - in particular, it is a question of knowing which areas have adopted it, in France and abroad, and using which methods. This observatory aims to track, through monitoring, all developments concerning free public transport. It also aims to develop research on the subject, by initiating or conducting studies itself.
The activity of the Observatory of cities with free transport is subject to the control and validation of an independent scientific committee, chaired by political science researcher Maxime Huré.
The Observatory is aimed at a wide audience: residents, journalists, elected officials and technicians from local authorities who are interested in and questioning the free provision of public transport. Everyone will find useful and reliable resources to improve their knowledge of the subject.
Smart City Directory - Mobility and Parking
Le rapport au transport change, la mobilité est dorénavant vécue comme un service – avec des transports collectifs nombreux et à la demande – ce qui enrichit nos choix. Les villes intelligentes, ou en passe de le devenir, vont donc devoir relever de nombreux défis autour de la mobilité.
Les entreprises référencées « Mobilité et stationnement » dans l’annuaire Smart City de la Banque des Territoires proposent par exemple :
  • De l’information sur les transports en commun et individuels de la ville directement sur smartphone via un...
Our relationship with transport is changing, and mobility is now seen as a service - with numerous on-demand public transport options - to enrich our choice. Smart cities, or those that are about to become so, will therefore have to face many challenges around mobility.
Companies labelled "Mobility and Parking" in the Smart City Directory of the Banque des Territoires (Bank of the Regions) offer, for example:
Public and private city transport information directly via smartphone using a multimodal route planner and traffic forecasting;
Easier car sharing with a carpool system;
Optimised parking by dematerialising parking management and control with a sensor system;
Encouraging soft mobility by developing cycling, a link between individual and collective transport.
The Smart City Directory of the Banque des Territoires lets you discover the solutions of companies which work in the field of the smart city. This directory aims to bring together all the players in the city of tomorrow by linking local public players on the one hand and companies offering innovative regional services in the different sectors of the city on the other. Companies are invited to present their innovative offers here.
Shared parking experiences with Zenpark
Dans le cadre de son  groupe de travail sur les outils juridiques pour des projets urbains innovants, l’Institut pour la Ville Durable (IVD), avec l’appui du cabinet  LexCity, a réalisé deux rapports : l’un sur les outils juridiques de la commande publique et un autre sur les outils de droit privé. Ces rapports ont été illustrés et approfondis par des cas d’étude,  proposés par les membres de l’IVD, à partir de  3 thématiques : économie circulaire, mutualisation des usages et des services et boucle énergétique locale.
L’opérateur immobilier ICADE a ainsi contribué à enrichir ces travaux en proposant d’étudier le...
As part of its working group on legal tools for innovative urban projects, the Institut pour la Ville Durable (IVD - Sustainable city institute), with the support of LexCity, has produced two reports: one on legal tools for public procurement and the other on private law tools. These reports have been illustrated and developed further through case studies, proposed by the members of IVD, based upon three themes: circular economy, the sharing and pooling of uses and services and a local energy loop.
The property investment and development company ICADE has contributed significantly to this work by offering to study the case of the Zenpark shared car park scheme, to illustrate the theme "sharing and use of services". Thanks to a network of smart, connected car parks managed by the startup, partners (hotels, residential landlords or companies) can optimise the use of their car parks and make them accessible to motorists who are members of Zenpark, by means of an automatic and secure system installed at the entrance of the car parks. ICADE has, therefore, joined forces with this startup to integrate an innovative parking offer into its development projects.
This case study looks at the different models of car parks (shared, pooled) and the legal arrangements around the issues of implementation, ownership and contract agreement that allow Zenpark to manage their operation.