Public spaces

Three-generation wood-fired heating of Marianne harbour
Production de chaleur, de froid et d'électricité à partir de la biomasse pour des ilots urbains composés d'une mixité fonctionnelle (habitat, commerce, activité, équipements)
9e centrale du réseau montpelliérain, cet équipement produit à partir du bois:
- une production centralisée d'eau chaude et d'électricité,
- une production décentralisée de froid grâce aux machines à absorption à eau installées dans les immeubles.
 
Cette fiche fait partie d'une série portant sur les solutions innovantes pour la ville durable relatives à l'économie circulaire.
 
...
Production of heat, cooling and electricity from biomass for urban islands composed of a functional mix (housing, commerce, activity, facilities)
9th power plant in the Montpellier network, this facility produces from wood:
- centralised production of hot water and electricity,
- decentralised cooling production using water absorption machines installed in buildings.
 
This sheet is part of a series on innovative solutions for the sustainable city related to the circular economy.

You’ll find this sheet on pages 18-19.
 
Exploration Mille Lieux: impact of third places on regions
Face à la popularité grandissante des tiers-lieux, l’exploration Mille Lieux a pour ambition de comprendre leurs impacts sur les territoires et témoigner ce qu’il se joue au sein et autour d’eux. Afin d’objectiver l’impact des tiers-lieux sur les territoires, cette étude a comme champs d’exploration quatre sujets au cœur des enjeux de notre société : la transformation des territoires, l’évolution du rapport au travail, la création de communs et la transition écologique.
 
La méthode utilisée a consisté à explorer huit terrains, avec une résidence de deux jours par terrain et une approche qualitative basée sur...
Faced with the growing popularity of third places, Exploration Mille Lieux (Thousand Places) aims to understand their impacts on regions and show what is happening within and around them. To objectify the impact of third places on regions, this study takes as its field of exploration four subjects at the heart of the challenges facing our society: regional transformation, the evolving relationship to work, creation of communal areas and the ecological transition.
 
The method used was to explore eight areas, with a two-day residence per field and a qualitative approach based on semi-directive interviews with the various stakeholders in the place and its region. We focused our attention on five medium-sized cities (in line with the Sharitories exploration), adding a metropolis (Metz) and two regions in Europe (Belgium and Spain).
We selected a set of places that offer a hybridisation of at least three uses, backed by a desire among the stakeholders involved to produce common areas. Our list features spaces that mix co-working, fablab, upcycling etc, as well as a media library or hair salon. This panel, while not exhaustive, is intended to be representative of the incredible diversity of these places.
Territorial heritage in the pipeline
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce cinquième numéro aborde la question de la prise en compte du patrimoine dans une société urbaine, mobile et mondiale.

Le patrimoine est aujourd'hui partout, au fondement même de l'identité des territoires. Aménager l'espace en préservant le "déjà-là" est une préoccupation croissante des...
FNAU Points is a collection of works on urban planning designed by urban planning agencies to invent, through a mix of thought-provoking lines and concrete examples, the city of tomorrow. These works are intended for education and clarification on major subjects related to planning the region.
 
This fifth issue addresses the issue of heritage consideration in an urban, mobile and global society.

Heritage is today everywhere, at the very foundation of regional identities. Developing the space while preserving the "already there" is a growing concern of citizens, relayed by their elected officials.
 
As a result, the notion of heritage has expanded over the past fifty years, from the exceptional object to the landscape incorporating natural and built spaces on vast scales.

The development and transmission of this regional heritage is the work of a long-term project, led by elected officials, residents, technicians and associations. And to support their efforts, special partners in the shape of urban planning agencies intervene with a single objective: to project around regional heritage in a relationship that’s calmed and adapted to the lifestyles of today.
 
Exploring the evolution of the concept of heritage since its origins, this publication, provided with a chronology, presents the current issues of regional heritage and explains the contribution of urban planning agencies through a wide selection of concrete cases and projects in France and abroad.
 
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
development of Tunisia's cultural heritage
Le projet Patrimoine Tunisie s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Tounes Wijhetouna (« Tunisie : notre destination ») d’appui à la diversification du tourisme en Tunisie.
 
Consacré à la valorisation de sites patrimoniaux, le projet se divise en deux composantes principales :

1. Appui à l'appropriation, la préservation et la valorisation des patrimoines bâtis tunisiens,
2. Appui à la modernisation du Musée de Carthage et à la valorisation de son environnement.

De façon transversale, ce projet veille à mettre en place des actions de renforcement de...
The Tunisia Heritage project is part of the Tounes Wijhetouna ("Tunisia: Our Destination") programme to support the diversification of tourism in Tunisia.
 
Dedicated to the promotion of heritage sites, the project is divided into two main components:

1. Support for the appropriation, preservation and promotion of Tunisia's built heritage,
2. Support for the modernisation of Carthage Museum and the improvement of its environment.

In a cross-cutting way, this project seeks to implement capacity-building actions and knowledge transfer, particularly in the area of heritage management.
 
Among the expected results:

• At least 15 remarkable buildings will be rehabilitated, converted or restored, especially in the ancient centres.
Project leaders selected to occupy rehabilitated buildings will be supported in the implementation of durable, sustainable activities.
• Stakeholders contributing to the inventory, rehabilitation and conservation of heritage (in local communities in particular) will benefit from training and capacity-building actions.
• Carthage Museum and its immediate surroundings (including Place de l’Unesco) will be renovated.
• An interpretation centre will be created to promote the riches of the Carthage site to the public.
Planning with nature in the city
Cet ouvrage apporte un éclairage particulier sur la nature en ville, il est centré sur ses effets. A travers un regard pluridisciplinaire, il donne des éléments de compréhension documentés et étayés de chiffres clés sur les effets de la nature en ville, les concurrences et synergies entre phénomènes et les ordres de grandeur des impacts. Les thèmes traités sont en lien avec les leviers de l'aménagement pour des villes et territoires durables.
 
L'ouvrage s'articule en quatorze chapitres, chacun d'eux est fondé sur une idée préconçue et apporte des éléments de compréhension, des phénomènes en jeu et des effets...
This work sheds particular light on nature in the city, focusing on its effects. Through a multidisciplinary lens, it provides documented, supported elements of understanding of key figures on the effects of nature in the city, competition and synergies between phenomena and orders of magnitude of impacts. The themes covered are related to the levers of development for sustainable cities and regions.
 
The book is divided into fourteen chapters, each based on a preconceived idea that brings elements of understanding, phenomena at stake and the effects (environmental, health and/or economic) of nature in the city.
Preconceived ideas focus on the effects of nature in the city on biodiversity, air quality, soil quality, sound environment, water management, thermal comfort, greenhouse gas concentration, food, the attractiveness of urbanised spaces and the economic approach. Aimed in particular at the technical services of communities and complementary to the guidelines also proposed for nature-friendly development in the city, it gives the ADEME view of the impact of nature in the city for various issues related to urban planning.
The metamorphoses of the urban highway
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce premier ouvrage porte sur la requalification des autoroutes urbaines.
 
Longtemps synonymes de progrès, les autoroutes sont désormais source de congestion et de nuisances pour les deux millions de Français vivant à proximité immédiate, suscitant nombre de réflexions quant à leur...
 
This first work deals with the re-qualification of urban highways.
 
Long synonymous with progress, motorways are now a source of congestion and nuisance for the two million French people living in their immediate vicinity, prompting much consideration about their re-qualification.
 
This work looks back at the history of urban highways, the legacy of the automobile city now undergoing metamorphosis, and highlights the achievements and projects in progress, strong and symbolic projects which take into account changing mobility, health, landscape, environment and urban quality.
 
Rethinking urban highways now means reconsidering them within a cross-sectional view of the regions, in order to reduce their nuisance and impacts on the environment (noise, pollution, congestion), to relieve them, and to better integrate them into increasingly sustainable cities.
 
This document sheds light on the changing comprehension of these infrastructures, which must therefore be adapted to the current needs of cities and their inhabitants, both in France and abroad.
ArboClimat: the urban tree as a tool to combat climate change
L’arbre urbain est un formidable outil de lutte contre le changement climatique puisqu’il permet à la fois d’atténuer l’impact du volume d’émission de gaz à effet de serre des activités anthropiques de la ville, mais aussi de réduire l’effet de l’Îlot de Chaleur Urbain (ICU), voire de créer un Îlot de Fraîcheur Urbain (IFU). La Région Hauts de France et l’ADEME ont souhaité outiller les collectivités, les aménageurs, les gestionnaires de patrimoine arboré etles élus pour leur fournir un outil leur permettant de réaliser des scénarios de plantation et d’en évaluer l’impact sur la séquestration du carbone et sur le climat urbain...
The urban tree is a great tool to combat climate change as it both mitigates the impact of greenhouse gas emission from the city's anthropogenic activities, as well as reducing the effect of urban heat islands (UHIs), even creating urban cool islands (UCIs). The Hauts de France Region and ADEME wanted to equip communities, developers, tree heritage managers and elected officials to provide them with a tool to carry out planting scenarios and assess their impact on carbon sequestration and the urban climate.

This tool allows you to:

- Assess the impact of existing tree heritage,
- Understand the impact of a planting scenario on carbon storage and UHI control,
- Select species according to several indicators and not just the impact on carbon or UHI control.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
Smartseille, the eco-neighbourhood of the future to live in the present
La Ville de Marseille et l’établissement public Euroméditerranée réalisent dans les quartiers nord de la ville la plus grande opération de rénovation urbaine d’Europe du Sud. C’est dans ce cadre que "smartseille", le projet d’écoquartier conçu par Eiffage, a vu le jour : 58 000 m2 ont été construits sur 2,7 ha en associant harmonieusement logements, bureaux et services tout en offrant des logements et des bureaux à des prix accessibles et un accès aisé à toutes les nouvelles technologies.

Cet écoquartier du XXIe siècle apporte aussi à ses habitants comme à ses usagers le meilleur du développement durable :...
The City of Marseille and the Euroméditerranée public institution are carrying out the largest urban renewal operation in Southern Europe in the northern districts of the city. It is within this context that "smartseille", the eco-neighbourhood project designed by Eiffage, was born: 58,000 m2 were built on 2.7 hectares by harmoniously combining housing, offices and services while offering housing and offices at affordable prices and easy access to all new technologies.

This 21st century eco-neighbourhood also provides its inhabitants and users with the best sustainable development: supply of renewable energy, eco-design of buildings adapted to the Mediterranean environment, a mix of functions, urban agriculture.

With great technical ambition and with the help of Orange Business Services, smartseille promotes urban digital transformation and responds to new lifestyles and ways of working. Technology is not an end in itself but a means to make accessible innovative services that simplify the lives of residents, promote the development of social ties and encourage the sharing of resources: e-concierge, dynamic signage, interactive terminals, shared car parks. A web and mobile portal serves as a platform for interaction between residents.