Urban sprawl

Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.
Cities and mobilities - Reinventing proximity
Réduire nos déplacements contraints, consommer localement, profiter des services de proximité au sein de son quartier, privilégier les mobilités douces, travailler à distance… transforment nos parcours de mobilité et réinventent notre quotidien en quête de proximité.

C’est dans ce contexte que Bouygues Construction a mené une réflexion ouverte et collaborative  sur la mobilité des biens et des personnes en projetant nos usages et pratiques à horizon 2030.
 
Opérateurs de mobilité, collectivités, institutionnels, entreprises, start-up, sociologues, acteurs de l’immobilier … ont...
Reducing the need to travel, consuming locally, taking advantage of local services in the neighbourhood, favouring soft mobility, working remotely ... they’re transforming our mobility routes and reinventing our daily lives in the quest for proximity.

It’s within this context that Bouygues Construction has conducted open and collaborative reflection on the mobility of goods and people by projecting our uses and practices to 2030.
 
Mobility operators, local authorities, institutions, companies, start-ups, sociologists, real estate players etc contributed to this discussion by sharing their visions and comparing their ideas through a sociological approach combining expert presentations and prospective workshops.
 
Coming from diverse backgrounds, participants all put practices and uses at the heart of the debate to imagine desirable futures of plural mobility in order to meet societal expectations as well as environmental and economic issues.
Planning the French-Chinese sustainable city of WUHAN
SUEZ Consulting, en groupement avec l'architecte urbaniste français Arte Charpentier et le WLSP, Design Institute Chinois, a remporté le concours lancé par la municipalité de Wuhan, en Chine, pour la réalisation d'une nouvelle EcoCité dans le cadre du partenariat franco-chinois de la ville durable.
 
L'étude consiste à planifier le district de Caidian selon une approche globale en termes de ville post-carbone, d'innovation industrielle, de protection de l'environnement, d'écologie, d'agriculture urbaine et d’amélioration des normes de qualité de vie. Ainsi, ce projet permet d’établir les...
SUEZ Consulting will be designing a new eco-district in the Chinese city of Wuhan, after winning a competition organized by the city as part of a Franco-Chinese sustainable cities initiative.
 
The study requires an overall global planning vision of Caidian District in terms of low-carbon city, industrial innovation, environmental protection, ecology and urban agriculture, and quality of life standards.
 
In such, to establish the concepts, ideas and vision of the urban design and propose a demonstrative eco-city project based on a Sino French cultural fusion, innovative technologies, strong ecological concepts and its technology application.
Gran Santo Domingo sustainable urban mobility plan
Mobilise Your City (MYC) est une initiative globale pour le climat qui promeut la planification intégrée de la mobilité urbaine ; elle vise à maximiser le potentiel de réduction des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (-50 % d’ici 2050), en particulier dans les villes des pays du Sud qui accueilleront la majeure partie de la croissance urbaine à venir.
 
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, le Grand Saint Domingue fait partie des 100 agglomérations qui se sont engagées à définir et mettre en œuvre un Plan de Mobilité Urbaine ambitieux. Cette initiative bénéficie de l’appui technique et financier de l’AFD  (...
Mobilise Your City (MYC) is a global climate initiative that promotes integrated urban mobility planning. It aims to maximise the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (by 50% by 2050), particularly in cities in southern countries that will see most of the future urban growth.
As part of this initiative, Gran Santo Domingo is one of 100 cities that have committed to define and implement an ambitious Urban Mobility Plan. This initiative has the technical and financial support of AFD (French Development Agency) and the MYC programme.
The mission of the SYSTRA group was to support the national authority in charge of planning and improving mobility conditions in the region for 16 months.
This assistance consisted of:
 
- Providing technical support for the definition of an ambitious action plan,
- Developing digital planning tools,
- Building the capacity of local stakeholders,
- Setting up a participatory process that allows, during the study period, the setting up of real cooperation at the Gran Santo Domingo scale (INTRANT, municipalities, ministries, operators etc).
CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
Cities change the world
Selon les Nations unies, près des deux-tiers de la population mondiale habiteront en zone urbaine d’ici 2045. Aujourd’hui estimés à 4,2 milliards, les citadins devraient être 5 milliards en 2030 et 6,7 milliards en 2050.

Au cœur des flux financiers et migratoires mondiaux, les métropoles façonnent les valeurs sociétales et les modes de vie planétaires. Elles sont les vitrines des mutations du monde, créatrices de richesses économiques et d’innovations technologiques.

Depuis le début du III ème millénaire, leurs centres se régénèrent et se densifient, tandis que les périphéries s’...
According to the United Nations, nearly two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2045. Today estimated at 4.2 billion, urban dwellers are expected to number 5 billion in 2030 and 6.7 billion in 2050.

At the heart of global financial and migration flows, metropolises are shaping societal values and global ways of life. They are windows onto the changing world, creating economic wealth and technological innovations.

Since the beginning of the third millennium, their centres have been regenerating and becoming more dense, while their peripheries spread out. But their long-term development model is in question. Victims of their own successes, will metropolises eventually become unlivable? What will be the social and environmental sustainability of these urban complexes? How can we articulate attractiveness and quality of life for all?

From New York to Paris Ile-de-France, Tokyo to Copenhagen, Singapore to Medellin, metropolises are inventing, at all scales, new development paths to combine economic competitiveness, urban regeneration, social inclusion, energy frugality and climate resilience. And in doing so, they are changing the world.

This issue of Papers highlights particularly inspiring strategies and initiatives to address the fundamental challenges of (Very) Greater Paris.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
Condominium kit
En 2050, les trois-quarts de la population mondiale vivront dans les villes. L’expansion urbaine se faisant actuellement horizontalement, il convient de favoriser les constructions collectives verticales, et donc de relever le défi du système de la copropriété dans le monde.
 
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat, l’Ordre des géomètres-experts et la FNAIM ont réalisé un kit de copropriété.
 
Cet ouvrage collectif associe de nombreux experts : notaires, juristes, économistes, universitaires, géomètres-experts, spécialistes du foncier et de l’urbanisme.
 
...
By 2050, three-quarters of the world's population will live in cities. With urban expansion currently taking place horizontally, vertical collective constructions should be encouraged, and so the challenge of the global condominium system should be met.
 
The Higher Council of French Notariat, the Order of Expert Surveyors and FNAIM have created a condominium kit.
 
This collective work brings together many different experts: notaries, lawyers, economists, academics, expert surveyors, and specialists in land and urban planning.
 
This kit is a practical tool that incorporates a draft Framework Act, a declarative act model of co-ownership of a building by apartments, an example of co-ownership regulations and management rules, including financial ones. The proposed solutions are adaptable to the needs and cultures of different countries.
 
The condominium kit is intended mainly for states, international organisations (UN-Habitat, World Bank etc) and all global land stakeholders (including notaries, lawyers, surveyors, trustees and property managers, civil servants) facing the issue of vertical urban planning development.
 
The experts behind this kit can also intervene in the field as advisers.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
300 participants at the 1st Free Transport City Meetings
Vous n’avez pas pu passer à côté : depuis le 1er septembre 2018, l’agglomération dunkerquoise est devenue la plus grande agglomération française à proposer un réseau de transports en commun entièrement gratuit à ses 200 000 habitants et à tous ses visiteurs. Dans la foulée, Dunkerque accueillait les premières Rencontres des villes du transport gratuit.
 
L’événement, le premier du genre en France, a attiré plus de 300 personnes – élus, techniciens, usagers, militants associatifs – venues des quatre coins du pays, voire de plus loin (Pologne, Allemagne, Estonie, Suisse, Brésil…).
...
You couldn't miss it: since 1 September 2018, the Dunkirk conurbation has become the largest French city to offer a completely free public transport network to its 200,000 inhabitants and all its visitors. In the process, Dunkirk hosted the first Free Transport City Meetings.
 
The event, the first of its kind in France, attracted more than 300 people - elected officials, experts, users, community activists - from all over the country, and even further afield (Poland, Germany, Estonia, Switzerland, Brazil...).
Invited to discover Dunkirk’s new bus network and the major urban developments carried out throughout the city, participants also attended roundtable discussions and expert presentations. A wonderful moment to reflect, question and exchange views before (perhaps) going free themselves.