Governance

DataCités 2: data use and sharing strategies
DataCités 2 est une exploration portée par le Lab OuiShare x Chronos qui propose une méthodologie d’accompagnement des collectivités pour la conception de data services urbains afin de développer leur capacité d’agir dans le domaine de la data, notamment en ce qui concerne la donnée partagée.
 
Pour cela, la démarche conjugue :
 
- Un accompagnement personnalisé de chaque territoire partenaire : République et canton de Genève, Ville d’Antony, Communauté de communes du Bassin de Pompey, Communauté urbaine Grand Poitiers, Communauté d’Agglomération de la Rochelle.
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DataCités 2 is an exploration carried out by the OuiShare x Chronos Lab which offers a methodology to support communities in the design of urban data services to develop their capacity to act in the field of data, especially in terms of shared data.
 
To do this, the approach combines:
 
- Personalised support for each partner region: Republic and Canton of Geneva, City of Antony, Community of Municipalities of the Pompey Basin, Greater Poitiers Urban Community, Community of La Rochelle Urban Area.
 
- Inter-regional workshops: to share the ambitions and usage cases in the regions, their problems and levers to action with public and private partners, associations, experts, etc of DataCités 2. These workshops promote the sharing of knowledge, experiences and the creation of a community of partners.
 
- Capitalisation on an ongoing basis: using a logbook in which we record all the ideas shared by the members of DataCités 2, the projects of each region, lines of thought, resources, etc.
The spatial and energy impact of data centres on regions
Le projet de recherche ENERNUM donne une image du paysage des data centers en France et dans trois territoires des États-Unis, représentant chacun des situations spatiales et énergétiques différentes (ville dense, espace périphérique, rural). Facteur potentiel de déséquilibre des systèmes énergétiques locaux, objets dont l'accumulation urbaine et la dispersion rurale questionnent, les data centers font ici l'objet d'une analyse approfondie pour mieux appréhender les nouveaux territoires numériques en construction, les solidarités énergétiques à construire et les alliances d'acteurs à mettre en place.

Le...
The ENERNUM research project gives an image of the data centre landscape in France and three regions of the United States, each representing different spatial and energy situations (dense city, peripheral space, rural). A potential factor in the imbalance of local energy systems, objects which urban accumulation and rural dispersion bring into question, data centres are the subject of an in-depth analysis to better understand the new digital regions under construction, energy solidarity to create and stakeholder alliances to be put in place.

The report addresses three issues:

- energy conservation and the use of renewable energies;
- integration of data centres into local systems through mutualisation, exchange, connections and less infrastructure redundancy;
- architecture and spatial integration of infrastructure within cities and regions.
 
The research offers up elements to understand, get to grips with and decode both the data centre object, as well as its interactions with the environments into which it fits in its architectural and urban dimensions, in relation to energy, economic and governance issues.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Intercommunal governance in the field of water and sanitation in Cameroon
Disposant d’une multiplicité d’équipements, les communes du Mbam et de l’Inoubou connaissaient de profondes difficultés en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage en eau et en assainissement, principalement des problèmes de rénovation, d’entretien et de gestion des infrastructures. Pour y faire face, plusieurs communes avaient décidé de mettre en commun leurs moyens et de définir une stratégie départementale de l’eau et de l’assainissement. Ce projet a été lancé dans le but d’accompagner la structuration d’un service public.
Afin de développer une approche partenariale efficiente, les acteurs ont choisi de constituer un syndicat...
With a wide range of facilities, the communes of Mbam and Inoubou faced major difficulties in terms of water and sanitation project management, mainly problems of renovation, maintenance and infrastructure management. To deal with this, several communes had decided to pool their resources and define a departmental water and sanitation strategy.
This project was launched with the aim of supporting the structuring of a public service. To develop an efficient partnership approach, the stakeholders chose to form an intercommunal union (SYCOMI), thus bringing legal innovation in Cameroon.
This union then took responsibility for the technical and administrative aspects, which is why training was provided to strengthen the skills of the key players. Emphasis was also placed on citizen participation through the involvement of user committees and willingness to pay for studies to ensure the sustainability of the service. This experience of intercommunal governance is a pilot project in Cameroon, which has aroused the interest of Cameroonian institutional bodies and is now spreading.
The communes in Lékié were inspired by this to create their own union (SYNCOLEK), with the support and expertise of SYCOMI and SDEA (Syndicat Départemental des Eaux et de l'Assainissement Alsace-Moselle) to develop a public water and sanitation service in their turn.
An integrated, multi-criteria approach to decision-support tools: contextual elements for regional data management
La compréhension et le traitement des enjeux environnementaux, sociaux et économiques à l’échelle territoriale nécessitent des approches transversales, et pour cela des outils d’aide à la décision et à l’action publique, en faveur de politiques publiques plus intégrées, notamment pour la planification territoriale et urbaine. En parallèle, on assiste à un élargissement exponentiel des possibilités offertes par le numérique ainsi qu’à de nouvelles opportunités en matière de données mobilisables et de moyens de les traiter et de les valoriser via des outils pour la création de connaissance dans une logique d’aide à la décision.
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Understanding and addressing environmental, social and economic issues at the regional level requires transverse approaches, and for this, tools to assist in decision-making and public action, in favour of more integrated public policies including regional and urban planning.
At the same time, we are witnessing an exponential expansion of the possibilities offered by digital technology as well as new opportunities in terms of mobilisable data and ways to process and realise their full value through tools for creating knowledge within a decision-support logic.
The study is based on in-depth analysis of observational and regional modelling tools, as well as an analysis of the life cycle of the data and its technical, legal and economic environment, to offer a grid and success factors for tool design, and opportunities for thinking about the management and exploitation of regional data.
Exploration Mille Lieux: impact of third places on regions
Face à la popularité grandissante des tiers-lieux, l’exploration Mille Lieux a pour ambition de comprendre leurs impacts sur les territoires et témoigner ce qu’il se joue au sein et autour d’eux. Afin d’objectiver l’impact des tiers-lieux sur les territoires, cette étude a comme champs d’exploration quatre sujets au cœur des enjeux de notre société : la transformation des territoires, l’évolution du rapport au travail, la création de communs et la transition écologique.
 
La méthode utilisée a consisté à explorer huit terrains, avec une résidence de deux jours par terrain et une approche qualitative basée sur...
Faced with the growing popularity of third places, Exploration Mille Lieux (Thousand Places) aims to understand their impacts on regions and show what is happening within and around them. To objectify the impact of third places on regions, this study takes as its field of exploration four subjects at the heart of the challenges facing our society: regional transformation, the evolving relationship to work, creation of communal areas and the ecological transition.
 
The method used was to explore eight areas, with a two-day residence per field and a qualitative approach based on semi-directive interviews with the various stakeholders in the place and its region. We focused our attention on five medium-sized cities (in line with the Sharitories exploration), adding a metropolis (Metz) and two regions in Europe (Belgium and Spain).
We selected a set of places that offer a hybridisation of at least three uses, backed by a desire among the stakeholders involved to produce common areas. Our list features spaces that mix co-working, fablab, upcycling etc, as well as a media library or hair salon. This panel, while not exhaustive, is intended to be representative of the incredible diversity of these places.
Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Citizenship and social innovation
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’inclusion et la valorisation du citoyen comme acteur clé de la planification urbaine, le livret du groupe de travail « Citoyenneté et innovation sociale » réinterroge les modèles de gouvernance de nos villes....
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focused on the inclusion and enhancement of the citizen as a key player in urban planning, the booklet of the working group “Citizenship and social innovation” re-examines the governance model of our cities. Faced to increasing inequalities and socio-spatial segregation, it is urgent to redefine citizen participation, by promoting participatory mechanisms, by giving women a place in the city, or by encouraging the presence of marginalized actors within public decision-making bodies.
 

To that end, the cities of tomorrow still have to take up many challenges, in order to prioritize citizen initiatives in their governance, and turn them into drivers of their development, which is currently intended to be more inclusive and more sustainable.

Territorial heritage in the pipeline
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce cinquième numéro aborde la question de la prise en compte du patrimoine dans une société urbaine, mobile et mondiale.

Le patrimoine est aujourd'hui partout, au fondement même de l'identité des territoires. Aménager l'espace en préservant le "déjà-là" est une préoccupation croissante des...
FNAU Points is a collection of works on urban planning designed by urban planning agencies to invent, through a mix of thought-provoking lines and concrete examples, the city of tomorrow. These works are intended for education and clarification on major subjects related to planning the region.
 
This fifth issue addresses the issue of heritage consideration in an urban, mobile and global society.

Heritage is today everywhere, at the very foundation of regional identities. Developing the space while preserving the "already there" is a growing concern of citizens, relayed by their elected officials.
 
As a result, the notion of heritage has expanded over the past fifty years, from the exceptional object to the landscape incorporating natural and built spaces on vast scales.

The development and transmission of this regional heritage is the work of a long-term project, led by elected officials, residents, technicians and associations. And to support their efforts, special partners in the shape of urban planning agencies intervene with a single objective: to project around regional heritage in a relationship that’s calmed and adapted to the lifestyles of today.
 
Exploring the evolution of the concept of heritage since its origins, this publication, provided with a chronology, presents the current issues of regional heritage and explains the contribution of urban planning agencies through a wide selection of concrete cases and projects in France and abroad.