Governance

Urban Resilience – report: In the face of shocks and deleterious mutations, rebound rather than resist?
Être confrontées et devoir faire face aux mutations, lentes et délétères, et aux chocs, soudains et brutaux, fait partie de la réalité des villes depuis toujours. Elles démontrent une capacité formidable à résister, à s’adapter et à renaître. Et pourtant, la résilience urbaine présente aujourd’hui une actualité toute particulière : avec l’urbanisation accrue, les villes deviennent de plus en plus des zones à enjeu en même temps qu’elles contribuent à renforcer l’aléa. Elles sont plus que jamais des acteurs majeurs de la gestion des risques en offrant un échelon d’action et de gouvernance pertinent et efficace. Avec la résilience, l’...
Being confronted and having to cope with slow and dangerous mutations, and sudden and brutal shocks, has been part of the reality of cities for a long time. They demonstrate a formidable ability to resist, adapt and be reborn.
 
And yet, urban resilience is particularly topical today: with increased urbanisation, cities are becoming more and more problematic areas, while contributing at the same time to increased risk. They are more than major players in risk management, by providing a relevant and effective level of action and governance.
 
With resilience, the ambition to achieve zero risk is abandoned, as is the goal of perpetuating the regional or social system in the same way: the preferred ambition is to develop rebound and adaptation capacities.
Beyond words and concepts, how can we reach this state of dynamic equilibrium?
Support to intercommunal governance in Maevatanana (AGIM, Madagascar)

Le projet AGIM, porté par l’ l’Organisme public de coopération intercommunale de Volamena (OPCI) (Madagascar) en coopération avec le Syndicat intercommunal d’alimentation en eau potable d’Ensisheim-Bollwiller, et la ville de Marckolsheim(France) a pour objectif de professionnaliser et autonomiser l’OPCI afin de l’aider à assurer seul son fonctionnement et son équilibre financier, notamment via :
- l’amélioration de ses capacités institutionnelles, techniques et de gouvernance locale,
- le développement local participatif,
- l’optimisation de la gestion de la gare routière.

Sur le plan administratif, l’OPCI a...

The AGIM project, supported by the Volamena Public Cooperation Organisation (OPCI) (Madagascar) in collaboration with the Ensisheim-Bollwiller Intermunicipality Water Supply Syndicate and the city of Marckolsheim (France), aims at professionalising and empowering the OPCI, to help it ensure its independent functioning and financial balance, in particular through:
 
- improving its institutional, technical and local governance capacities;
- participatory local development;
- optimising management of the bus station.
 
 
Administratively, the OPCI has simplified the system of tax collection by setting up a tax database and tax notification system. A reform and decentralisation of land services have also been implemented at the inter-municipal level: land registration via the PLOF (local land-use plan), increased municipal revenues through the creation of land counters and collection of rights.
 
The OPCI's technical department has also worked on the training of elected officials and technical staff, thus strengthening the governance models of the inter-municipality.
Thanks to a high level of traffic, the fees of the inter-municipal bus station pay more than half the costs of the STI (intercommunal technical service) and thus allow the OPCI to go even further in financial autonomy.
The bus station also improves accessibility of the crossroads city of Maevatanana, helping unclog the city’s roads.
Improvingement of sanitation and waste management in Mahajanga
Les projets Assainissement et déchets à Mahajanga (ASSMA et suivants) s’inscrivent dans une logique d’appui aux autorités communales locales afin de renforcer leur capacité en termes de maîtrise d’ouvrage, par la formation et la réalisation d’investissements pilotes.
 
Ce renforcement de la gouvernance locale a contribué à la structuration d’une plateforme multi-acteurs de la filière intégrant les organisations de la société civile, sur le modèle de partenariats publics-privés.
 
En parallèle, la Commune Urbaine de Mahajanga a développé un plan stratégique d’eau et d’...
The sanitation and waste projects in Mahajanga (ASSMA and following) are part of a logic of support to the local communal authorities, in order to reinforce their capacity in terms of project management, through training and the realisation of pilot investments.
 
This strengthening of local governance contributed to the structuring of a multi-stakeholder platform for the sector, integrating civil society organisations, on the model of public-private partnerships. At the same time, the Mahajanga Urban Community has developed a strategic water and sanitation plan and updated its health regulations with a view to improving public health.
 
Since 2013, the implementation of this project has led to the establishment of a complete sanitation chain, combined with increased access to basic sanitary facilities (family latrines and sanitary blocks). Through awareness-raising and education, behaviours have evolved towards better hygiene, as evidenced by the epidemiological monitoring carried out.
 
In addition, this initiative paved the way for two other projects that have improved the management of household waste, notably through the material support provided to pre-collectors, the rehabilitation of certain access roads and the maintenance of municipal trucks.
"Transforming my region with the people"
Fiche n°01 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Convaincue que la transition écologique nécessite la mobilisation du plus grand nombre, la ville de Mulhouse donne la parole à ses habitants avec la création de la plateforme « Mulhouse c’est vous ».

Ce site internet de l’Agence de la participation citoyenne permet aux...
Card no. 01 from the guide “Demain mon territoire” (Tomorrow my Region), co-published by ADEME and the EcoMaires, is intended for elected officials to help them integrate the environment into their programme thanks to twenty information sheets providing ideas for action and examples of implemented solutions.
 
Mulhouse City, convinced that ecological transition requires the mobilisation of as many people as possible, gives voice to its inhabitants with the creation of the platform “Mulhouse c’est vous” (Mulhouse is you). This website from the Agency for Citizen Participation allows the people of Mulhouse to vote, comment and object to projects proposed by the city. Inhabitants can propose solidary actions thanks to a suggestion box.
 
By being put to the vote, these solidary initiatives can then be examined by the municipal council only if they get the support of 250 members. A 300 000 euro participative budget is allocated by the city to finance projects which are thought up and voted on by its residents. Finally, a place called “Le Carré des Associations” with tailor-made services is made available to citizens to support them in the promotion and development of associative activities.                     
                  
By mobilising its inhabitants, Mulhouse is transforming each of them into stakeholders in the ecological and solidary transition.
#design #innovation: audacity for our regions
La créativité, l’innovation naît toujours de la confrontation, de l’intégration et du dépassement d’exigences nouvelles : techniques, économiques, environnementales, sociales, morales, sociétales… Innover c’est créer des solutions pour répondre à des antagonismes a priori inconciliables. Elle offre souvent, si ce n’est toujours, une dimension dérangeante, elle nous oblige à sortir de nos habitudes et de nos « zones de confort ».

Ce dépassement des contradictions devient crucial pour « adresser » les grands changements sociétaux, économiques, environnementaux et géo-politiques : réchauffement climatique,...
Creativity and innovation always stem from confrontation, from the integration and exceeding of new requirements: technical, economic, social, moral, societal... To innovate is to design solutions to address antagonisms that seem irreconcilable at first. Innovation often - if not always - entails a disruptive dimension, compelling us to step out of our old habits, our “comfort zones”.
 
Overcoming these antagonisms is becoming crucial to address the major social, economic, environmental and geopolitical changes - global warming, economic mutations, inclusion - but also to change day-to-day life.
 
Under the two-word banner “innovation” and “design”, the 39th meeting of urban agencies questions the resources of innovation - and particularly regional innovation - and how it can help foster local fulfilment and attractiveness, as well as providing a driver for resilience or rebound.
 
The 39th meeting questions the different aspects of design and how nowadays experiments, process, tools and controversies around design call out, percolate and spread within the guidelines of regional projects and feed public policies.
 
How can elected representatives andregional stakeholders be audacious in experimenting and steering innovation?
ARTELIA white paper on Smart Cities
Ce Livre Blanc s’adresse à tous les publics, et en particulier aux acteurs clés de la Ville, qui souhaitent connaître les enjeux de la Smart City et les clés de la ville intelligente. Il est le fruit d’un travail collaboratif entre les différents secteurs d’activité d’ARTELIA, groupe international multidisciplinaire de conseil, d’ingénierie et de management de projet dans les secteurs de la construction, des infrastructures, de l’industrie, de l’eau et de l’environnement. A travers cet ouvrage, ARTELIA partage ses références, son expertise et ses retours d’expérience tout en décrivant son offre de service pour accompagner les porteurs...
This white paper is for all audiences - and more particularly for the city’s stakeholders - who wish to learn about the challenges and solutions to the Smart City.
It stems from collaborative work within ARTELIA’s different industries - an international, multidisciplinary consulting group, working on engineering and project management in the building, infrastructure, water and environment industry sectors.
Throughout this publication, ARTELIA shares its references, its expertise and feedback learnings, while describing its service offer to support project owners.
The CitiesWithNature platform for local and subnational actors’ voluntary commitments towards biodiversity COP15
Expertise France apporte un appui à la préparation des accords de la 15ème Conférence des Parties (CoP 15) de la Convention sur la diversité biologique, à travers la mise en oeuvre du projet Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU support financé par l'Union européenne.
 
Le projet Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support vise à créer les conditions d’adoption d’un nouveau cadre mondial post-2020 ambitieux pour la biodiversité lors de la CoP15. Pour ce faire, il accompagne une vingtaine de pays extra-européens dans la définition de leur niveau ambition et d’engagements et soutient une mobilisation large et...
The Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU support project implemented by Expertise France and funded by the European Union, ICLEI network’s Cities Biodiversity Center developed CitiesWithNature the voluntary commitments submission platform of local and subnational actors for biodiversity.
 
This later gathers local policy actions taken so far by 160 local and subnational actors from 55 countries worldwide, in all their variety (districts, boroughs, cities, inter-communalities, metropolitan areas, regions, federated states, etc.).
 
This initiative forms part of the broader local and subnational actors mobilization towards the 15th Conference of Parties (CoP15) to the Unites Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), across which will be adopted the next global biodiversity framework.
 
 
Living regions: 9 keys to the ecological emergency
Face aux enjeux du dérèglement climatique, l’échelle locale apparaît comme l’échelle idéale pour innover, expérimenter et mettre en œuvre de nouvelles manières de vivre.
 
Les élus locaux ont ainsi un rôle essentiel à jouer dans la mise en œuvre de mesures à la hauteur pour protéger les milieux naturels, la biodiversité, et les populations humaines qui en dépendent.
 
Avec ce guide, le WWF-France s’engage dans l’accompagnement des transitions locales, en proposant un programme pour des territoires « vivants et désirables ».
 
Constitué de 9 clés...
Faced with the challenges of climate change, the local scale appears to be the ideal level for innovating, experimenting and implementing new ways of living.
 
Local elected officials thus have an essential role to play in implementing appropriate measures to protect natural environments, biodiversity and the human populations that depend on them.
 
With this guide, WWF-France is committed to supporting local transitions by proposing a programme for "living and desirable" regions.
 
Consisting of 9 keys, it establishes recommendations associated with action levers (strategic planning, regulation, public procurement or financial and technical support); to enable local authorities to reinvent towns and regions around vital local functions: live, eat, move, entertain, inform, produce and consume.
 
Angers Loire Métropole, towards an intelligent region
Avec 7 000 emplois et 900 entreprises générant 1,3 milliard d’euros de chiffre d’affaires dans le domaine de l’électronique et du numérique, Angers Loire Métropole (ALM) a obtenu le label French Tech en 2015.
 
Pour enrichir le quotidien des citoyens et le rendre plus simple, plus intelligent, plus harmonieux, ALM poursuit sa transformation vers un territoire intelligent. Pour devenir le modèle français en la matière, Angers Loire Métropole a choisi le groupement piloté par ENGIE Solutions, marque du Groupe leader de la transition zéro carbone associé à SUEZ, La Poste et au Groupe VYV....
With 7000 jobs and 900 companies generating €1.3 billion in turnover in the electronics and digital sector, Angers Loire Métropole (ALM) was awarded the French Tech label in 2015.
 
To enrich the daily life of citizens and make it simpler, smarter and more harmonious, ALM continues its transformation towards an intelligent region. To become the French model in this area, Angers Loire Métropole has chosen the consortium led by ENGIE Solutions, the Group's leading brand in the zero-carbon transition associated with SUEZ, La Poste and the VYV Group.
 
The aim is to use digital technology to accelerate the ecological transition of the region and improve its attractiveness, optimise the organisation of public services and ensure more efficient management of resources, and finally, to facilitate and improve inhabitants’ daily lives.
 
The complementarity of expertise within the consortium led by ENGIE, the installation of sensors and renovations should lead to 66% energy savings on public lighting by 2025, a 20% reduction in the energy consumption of the city's buildings, smoother, easier traffic flows and a 30% reduction in water consumption for public watering.
 
SUEZ will enhance existing tools (sensors, communicating water meters, etc) to optimise the performance of water and wastewater, waste and sanitation services and green spaces. At stake: real-time control of water quality, reduction of fly tipping or optimisation of waste collection rounds.
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.