Economic model

#design #innovation: audacity for our regions
La créativité, l’innovation naît toujours de la confrontation, de l’intégration et du dépassement d’exigences nouvelles : techniques, économiques, environnementales, sociales, morales, sociétales… Innover c’est créer des solutions pour répondre à des antagonismes a priori inconciliables. Elle offre souvent, si ce n’est toujours, une dimension dérangeante, elle nous oblige à sortir de nos habitudes et de nos « zones de confort ».

Ce dépassement des contradictions devient crucial pour « adresser » les grands changements sociétaux, économiques, environnementaux et géo-politiques : réchauffement climatique,...
Creativity and innovation always stem from confrontation, from the integration and exceeding of new requirements: technical, economic, social, moral, societal... To innovate is to design solutions to address antagonisms that seem irreconcilable at first. Innovation often - if not always - entails a disruptive dimension, compelling us to step out of our old habits, our “comfort zones”.
 
Overcoming these antagonisms is becoming crucial to address the major social, economic, environmental and geopolitical changes - global warming, economic mutations, inclusion - but also to change day-to-day life.
 
Under the two-word banner “innovation” and “design”, the 39th meeting of urban agencies questions the resources of innovation - and particularly regional innovation - and how it can help foster local fulfilment and attractiveness, as well as providing a driver for resilience or rebound.
 
The 39th meeting questions the different aspects of design and how nowadays experiments, process, tools and controversies around design call out, percolate and spread within the guidelines of regional projects and feed public policies.
 
How can elected representatives andregional stakeholders be audacious in experimenting and steering innovation?
Ecomairie – the first online recycling centre !
Initialement lancé sur le périmètre de la Communauté Urbaine de Dunkerque, Ecomairie est un outil numérique permettant aux particuliers d’un même territoire de donner ou vendre un objet dont ils ne se servent plus avant qu’il ne devienne un déchet et finisse par être jeté.
 
Conçu comme un site internet de proximité entre particuliers permettant le don et la vente d’objets non utilisés et voués à finir en déchetterie, Ecomairie est désormais déployé auprès de nombreuses collectivités en France.
 
Le dispositif permet d’aider les territoires dans la réduction des coûts liés...
Initially launched on the perimeter of the Urban Community of Dunkirk, Ecomairie is a digital tool allowing individuals from the same region to give or sell an object which they do not use any more before it becomes surplus to requirement and ends up being thrown out.
 
Conceived as a website of proximity between individuals allowing the donation and sale of unused objects, doomed to end in the waste, Ecomairie is now deployed in many municipalities in France.
 
This device helps regions reduce the costs entailed by waste processing and create a local network bringing many stakeholders together (social and solidarity economy structures, social housing providers, repairers, cultural stakeholders…).
Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
La Petite Fabrique d'Ivry-Levassor: a demonstration building in eco-construction
Depuis septembre 2018, l’équipe de la Passerelle Transition Ecologique de la Direction des Constructions de la Ville de Paris travaille sur un bâtiment démonstrateur en éco-construction : La Petite Fabrique d’Ivry-Levassor. Ce projet pilote vise à chercher, expérimenter et … trouver des solutions pour construire des bâtiments qui ont un impact positif pour l’environnement. Toutes les solutions développées dans ce bâtiment seront conformes aux normes applicables à un ERP de deuxième catégorie et reproductibles.
Un bâtiment zéro béton et sans fondation, une isolation en paille et en carton, une structure en bois, des...
Since September 2018, the Transition Ecological Gateway team of the Construction Department of the City of Paris has been working on a demonstrator building in eco-construction: La Petite Fabrique d'Ivry-Levassor.
 
This pilot project aims to search, experiment and find solutions to create buildings that have a positive impact on the environment. All the solutions developed within this project will comply with the standards applicable to a second category ERP and will be reproducible.
 
A zero-concrete, no-foundation building, straw and cardboard insulation, a wooden structure, mud bricks, a building that produces more energy than it consumes and innovates to ensure comfort during the summer, companies in integration and participatory workshops with future users...
Seizing the opportunities of the new "third industrial revolution" model in urban renewal projects
Dans l’histoire récente, des révolutions industrielles se sont produites lorsque se sont conjuguées de nouvelles sources d’énergie et de nouveaux moyens de communication. Après la 1ère révolution industrielle à la fin du XIXème siècle issue de l’invention de la machine à vapeur et de l’exploitation du charbon, après la 2ème révolution industrielle d’après-guerre née de l’usage généralisé de l’électricité, du pétrole, du téléphone et de la télévision, nous sommes entrés dans la troisième révolution industrielle des énergies renouvelables et des technologies numériques.
 
Telle est la théorie élaborée...
In recent history, industrial revolutions have occurred when new sources of energy and new means of communication have come together. After the first industrial revolution at the end of the 19th century resulting from the invention of the steam engine and the exploitation of coal, and after the second post-war industrial revolution born from the widespread use of electricity, oil, telephone and television, we entered the third industrial revolution of renewable energies and digital technologies.
 
Such is the theory elaborated by American economist Jeremy Rifkin. Finding a particular echo in the north of France, given the economic, social and environmental legacy of the past century, this third industrial revolution has become a unifying vision for the future. Called "rev3" in the Hauts-de-France, this model is based on:
 
  • Renewable energies
  • Energy storage
  • Internet of energy and digital technologies
  • Positive energy buildings
  • Innovative mobilities
  • Circular economy
  • Economy of functionality
  • Energy sobriety
With the aim of preserving the environment while developing employment, this new model finally goes beyond industry alone and also questions the way cities are designed and regions developed.
 
In neighbourhoods identified today as requiring urban renewal, this rev3 is fully consistent with the objectives pursued.
The planning and development agency of the Flanders-Dunkirk region (AGUR), in partnership with the Regional Council of Hauts-de-France, has thus produced a series of notebooks that can be mobilised as resources devoted to the incorporation of rev3 in urban renewal projects, like the projects carried out by the Urban Council of Dunkirk.
International Chapel in Paris: a multimodal logistics hotel
30 territoires engagés dans la démarche EcoCité bénéficient du soutien du Programme d’Investissements d’Avenir Ville de Demain géré par la Banque des Territoires pour le compte de l’Etat.
 
5 M€ ont été investis dans le cadre de ce programme au service d’un hôtel logistique multimodal à Paris.
 
Conçu afin d’optimiser l’arrivée des marchandises aux portes de Paris et leur redistribution dans la capitale, l’hôtel logistique est constitué d’un terminal ferroviaire urbain. Les marchandises arrivent par train et sont ensuite déchargées et livrées dans Paris par des véhicules...
30 regions involved in the EcoCité approach receive support from the Avenir Ville de Demain investment programme managed by the Banque des Territoires on behalf of the State.
 
€5 M were invested in this programme for a multimodal logistics hotel in Paris.
 
Designed to optimise the arrival of goods at the gates of Paris and their redistribution in the capital, the logistics hotel consists of an urban rail terminal. Goods arrive by train and are then unloaded and delivered in Paris by low-polluting vehicles.
 
The twice-daily link from upstream platforms should help avoid the movement of 80 000 heavy goods vehicles per year on the Ile-de-France road network.
 
The 45 000 m2 intramuros site also devotes 12 000 m2 to tertiary areas and hosts a business incubator dedicated to sustainable logistics and mobility, higher education institutions and training centres. 10 000 m² of roof space are also devoted to urban agriculture.
Living regions: 9 keys to the ecological emergency
Face aux enjeux du dérèglement climatique, l’échelle locale apparaît comme l’échelle idéale pour innover, expérimenter et mettre en œuvre de nouvelles manières de vivre.
 
Les élus locaux ont ainsi un rôle essentiel à jouer dans la mise en œuvre de mesures à la hauteur pour protéger les milieux naturels, la biodiversité, et les populations humaines qui en dépendent.
 
Avec ce guide, le WWF-France s’engage dans l’accompagnement des transitions locales, en proposant un programme pour des territoires « vivants et désirables ».
 
Constitué de 9 clés...
Faced with the challenges of climate change, the local scale appears to be the ideal level for innovating, experimenting and implementing new ways of living.
 
Local elected officials thus have an essential role to play in implementing appropriate measures to protect natural environments, biodiversity and the human populations that depend on them.
 
With this guide, WWF-France is committed to supporting local transitions by proposing a programme for "living and desirable" regions.
 
Consisting of 9 keys, it establishes recommendations associated with action levers (strategic planning, regulation, public procurement or financial and technical support); to enable local authorities to reinvent towns and regions around vital local functions: live, eat, move, entertain, inform, produce and consume.
 
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
SUEZ, a catalyst for social inclusion in the regions
En France l’emploi est un enjeu sociétal prioritaire notamment pour les collectivités, qui incluent de plus en plus souvent des clauses d’insertion dans leurs appels d’offres. Parallèlement l’avènement de nouvelles opportunités économiques liées à la transition écologique devient un véritable levier de l’économie sociale et solidaire.
 
Pour faire face à ces nouveaux enjeux, SUEZ a créé un pôle d’innovation sociale et le programme Maison pour Rebondir. 
 
A travers ce programme, le groupe renouvelle et renforce sa collaboration opérationnelle avec les acteurs de l’...
In France, employment is a priority societal issue, particularly for local authorities, which increasingly include inclusion clauses in their calls for tender. At the same time, the advent of new economic opportunities linked to the ecological transition is becoming a real lever for the social and solidarity economy.
 
To meet these new challenges, SUEZ has created a social innovation cluster and the Maison pour Rebondir programme. 
 
Through this programme, the group is renewing and strengthening its operational collaboration with integration, employment and social and solidarity economy stakeholders to make the circular economy synonymous with inclusion.
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.