Economic model

Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
SUEZ, a catalyst for social inclusion in the regions
En France l’emploi est un enjeu sociétal prioritaire notamment pour les collectivités, qui incluent de plus en plus souvent des clauses d’insertion dans leurs appels d’offres. Parallèlement l’avènement de nouvelles opportunités économiques liées à la transition écologique devient un véritable levier de l’économie sociale et solidaire.
 
Pour faire face à ces nouveaux enjeux, SUEZ a créé un pôle d’innovation sociale et le programme Maison pour Rebondir. 
 
A travers ce programme, le groupe renouvelle et renforce sa collaboration opérationnelle avec les acteurs de l’...
In France, employment is a priority societal issue, particularly for local authorities, which increasingly include inclusion clauses in their calls for tender. At the same time, the advent of new economic opportunities linked to the ecological transition is becoming a real lever for the social and solidarity economy.
 
To meet these new challenges, SUEZ has created a social innovation cluster and the Maison pour Rebondir programme. 
 
Through this programme, the group is renewing and strengthening its operational collaboration with integration, employment and social and solidarity economy stakeholders to make the circular economy synonymous with inclusion.
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
A healthy, sustainable local food supply for all
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Une alimentation saine, durable et de proximité pour tous » présente la stratégie alimentaire de la Métropole Rouen Normandie....
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “A healthy, sustainable local food supply for all” presents the food strategy of Rouen Normandy Metropolis.
Lying an hour and a half from Paris and recognised for the wealth of its cultural and natural heritage, Rouen Normandy Metropolis has opted for a balanced development approach underpinned by the protection of resources. It has lever-aged its strengths as a dynamic urban, economic and tourist region. In this context, agriculture, which occupies nearly one third of the territory, represents a kingpin for the development and attractiveness of the metropolis.
 
For several years, the Rouen Normandy Metropolis has implemented a proactive policy to promote the development of local short food supply chains and efficient agriculture that respects natural resources. Firmly convinced of the need to take into account the food component within its agricultural policy, the Metropolis undertook the development of a PAT at the end of 2017, that it co-manages with partners in its Charte Agricole de Territoire (Territorial Agricultural Charter).
 
The challenge that the Metropolis has set itself through the development of its PAT, is to successfully mobilize all those involved in a collective project built on a set of shared, engaging values.
The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés » présente la politique sociale en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors ” presents the social policy linked to the food strategy of the Nice Côte d´Azur Metropolis.
 
Social policy in the municipal region is implemented in particular through the Direction Générale Adjointe des Solidarités (“Deputy General Directorate for Solidarity"), which brings together the Nice Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre) and other missions that provide services for the most vulnerable, and also mobilises other departments through transversal actions. The Municipal Social Action Centre (CCAS), the spearhead for this policy, has close links with the field and is in constant contact with community associations in order to undertake appropriate concrete responses to the needs of the fight against various forms of exclusion.
 
In Nice, the distribution of meals to vulnerable persons is carried out by 14 aid and relief associations, organized in a network (Inter Secours Nice Alimentation) and in association with the Alpes-Maritimes Food Bank. At the beginning of 2019, actions were revised with improvements and better support. Moreover, a food distribution charter including the City of Nice, the Municipal Social Action Centre and the associations involved in the Inter Secours Nice network was signed.
A sustainable food supply for all
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Alimentation durable pour tous » revient sur la stratégie de Dijon Métropole pour assurer l’accès à une alimentation de qualité...
 
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “A sustainable food supply for all” looks at Dijon Métropole' strategy to ensure access to quality and sustainable food for all citizens and to promote food solidarity on its territory.
Dijon Metropolis is the capital of the newly created Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. Located on strategic rail and motorway routes, Dijon boasts double recognition from UNESCO, for the Climats du vignoble de Bourgogne (Climates of Burgundy’s Vineyards) and also for the repas gastronomique des Français (Gastronomic Meal of France). The city’s International Gastronomy and Wine Centre is currently under construction.
 
Dijon Metropolis has placed its sustainable food supply strategy at the heart of its ecological transition. Beyond issues related to the reduction of GHG emissions, the protection of biodiversity, the reduction of the consumption of natural resources (water, energy, arable soil, etc.), the public authorities’ elected representatives have decided to ensure that ALL consumer-citizens-are involved in the transition process. About 50 private and public organizations brought together by the public authority proposed 24 actions with a budget of €46 m to rise to the challenge of offering 400,000 inhabitants a better food supply.
 
This strategy includes vulnerable populations through the expertise and actions carried out for many years by the City of Dijon CCAS (Municipal Social Action Centre). Dijon’s social action represents a budget of €9.3 m (CCAS) to provide aid for disadvantaged populations (15% of the population).
La Toile Alimentaire (food web), a management tool of the Regional Food Project of the Urban Community Le Havre Seine Métropole
Les ambitions du Projet Alimentaire Territorial de la Communauté urbaine Le Havre Seine Métropole sont de favoriser l’accès à une alimentation de qualité, au bénéfice de la santé de tous les habitants, et de développer une économie alimentaire de proximité.
 
Ce projet a pour objectif d’apporter un service de conseil et d’accompagnement territorial, de donner de la visibilité aux initiatives locales et de faire émerger les opportunités économiques de la chaine alimentaire de la collectivité.
 
C’est dans le cadre de ce dernier objectif que l’AURH a développé l’outil Toile Alimentaire...
The ambitions of the Le Havre Seine Métropole Urban Community's Regional Food Project are to promote access to quality food, for the benefit of the health of all inhabitants, and to develop a local food economy.
 
The aim of this project is to provide advice and regional support, to give visibility to local initiatives and to bring out economic opportunities in the community's food chain.
 
It is within the framework of this last objective that the AURH has developed the Food Web tool, which offers a dynamic and regionalised vision of the food system of the Le Havre Seine Métropole Urban Community.
 
This knowledge, analysis and decision support tool has the following function:
 
  • to understand the chain of food stakeholders and the food flows between them,
  • to respond to problems or courses of action in order to identify new players, synergies and new pooling opportunities to help structure short circuits, understand the organisation of sectors, etc.
  • to identify courses of action and support the community in their implementation
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
The "Reinventing the Seine" approach: a call for innovative projects to support regional development
En mars 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre et Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie ont lancé l'appel à projets « Réinventer la Seine ».

Dans un élan comparable à l'appel à projets « Réinventer Paris », la démarche a constitué une nouvelle étape dans le développement de la Vallée de la Seine.

Les porteurs du projet, Ville de Paris, agglomérations de Rouen et du Havre, HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie, se sont appuyés sur les trois agences d'urbanisme de l'Axe Seine (APUR, AURBSE et AURH) pour coordonner le dispositif de l'appel à projets à l'échelle des territoires parisiens,...
In March 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre and Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie launched the call for projects "Reinventing the Seine".

In a similar vein to the "Reinventing Paris" call for projects, the initiative was a new step in the development of the Seine Valley.

The project sponsors, the City of Paris, the Rouen and Le Havre conurbations and HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie relied on the three urban planning agencies of the Seine Axis (APUR, AURBSE and AURH) to coordinate the call for projects on the scale of the Paris, Rouen and Le Havre regions.

Nearly forty sites have been made available to innovators from all over the world (architects, town planners, economic players, start-ups, artists, designers, landscapers, etc) to encourage innovative projects and uses and thus strengthen the attractiveness and influence of the regions concerned.

The aim of this approach was to invent new ways of living on and by the water, on the Paris - Rouen - Le Havre axis. The process culminated in July 2017 with the designation of 20 winners, all meeting the requirements defined by the partners.

This approach to the development of the banks of the Seine and its canals has appealed to the boldness and creativity of professionals from all over the world and has been an accelerator of change.

In the years to come, the projects will be deployed along the Seine axis and will make visible another way of living along the river.
Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).