Economic model

CITYLAB Project: urban logistics experiments
CITYLAB est un projet européen qui s’est déroulé de 2015 à 2018 dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020 de la Commission européenne.
 
 Le projet était mené par TOI, l’institut d’économie des transports norvégien. CITYLAB est basé sur la notion de "living lab", ou laboratoire vivant, que l’on peut définir comme une instance de concertation, conception et réalisation qui accompagne un projet.
 
 Sept "Living Laboratories" ont été identifiés à Oslo, Paris, Rome, Londres, Bruxelles, Amsterdam et Southampton. La Ville de Paris était également associée au projet et y...
CITYLAB is a European project that took place from 2015 to 2018 as part of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.
 
The project was led by TOI, the Norwegian Institute for Transportation Economics. CITYLAB is based on the "living lab" concept, which can be defined as a forum for consultation, design and implementation that supports a project.
 
Seven "Living Laboratories" have been identified in Oslo, Paris, Rome, London, Brussels, Amsterdam and Southampton. The City of Paris was also involved in the project and took part in it in close liaison with IFSTTAR.
 
In each of these laboratories, an original experiment in urban logistics was conducted, evaluated and, if deemed relevant, proposed to other European cities.
 
For Paris, the urban logistics initiative conducted and evaluated under CITYLAB had the objective of reducing the negative externalities associated with logistics sprawl.
 
The project has led to the development of a new model of logistics hotel: an innovative building mixing urban activities (offices, residential, commercial, leisure) and logistics activities that promote clean modes of transport.
 
Two buildings were involved, one in operation (Beaugrenelle logistics space), the other under construction during the period of the CITYLAB project (it has been in operation since June 2018). This is the Chapelle International project, north of Paris. One of CITYLAB's main areas of work was the establishment of an Observatory for Data and Trends in Urban Freight, for which the IFSTTAR team was responsible.
 
The Observatory produced three deliverables, in 2016, 2017 and 2018, on data and trends related to logistics sprawl, e-commerce deliveries and service mobility.
Exploration Mille Lieux: impact of third places on regions
Face à la popularité grandissante des tiers-lieux, l’exploration Mille Lieux a pour ambition de comprendre leurs impacts sur les territoires et témoigner ce qu’il se joue au sein et autour d’eux. Afin d’objectiver l’impact des tiers-lieux sur les territoires, cette étude a comme champs d’exploration quatre sujets au cœur des enjeux de notre société : la transformation des territoires, l’évolution du rapport au travail, la création de communs et la transition écologique.
 
La méthode utilisée a consisté à explorer huit terrains, avec une résidence de deux jours par terrain et une approche qualitative basée sur...
Faced with the growing popularity of third places, Exploration Mille Lieux (Thousand Places) aims to understand their impacts on regions and show what is happening within and around them. To objectify the impact of third places on regions, this study takes as its field of exploration four subjects at the heart of the challenges facing our society: regional transformation, the evolving relationship to work, creation of communal areas and the ecological transition.
 
The method used was to explore eight areas, with a two-day residence per field and a qualitative approach based on semi-directive interviews with the various stakeholders in the place and its region. We focused our attention on five medium-sized cities (in line with the Sharitories exploration), adding a metropolis (Metz) and two regions in Europe (Belgium and Spain).
We selected a set of places that offer a hybridisation of at least three uses, backed by a desire among the stakeholders involved to produce common areas. Our list features spaces that mix co-working, fablab, upcycling etc, as well as a media library or hair salon. This panel, while not exhaustive, is intended to be representative of the incredible diversity of these places.
Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Working differently
L'Île-de-France concentre plus de 650 tiers lieux, avec une forte progression depuis 2015. Ce foisonnement est le reflet des dynamiques entrepreneuriales sur le territoire francilien et le développement du télétravail. Il s'agit d'espaces de travail partagés, souvent protéiformes, créatifs, innovants, hybrides et multifonctionnels. Ils accueillent de plus en plus d'indépendants, en privilégiant un travail nomade, à distance et collaboratif. Afin d'illustrer la diversité et la richesse de ces espaces, l'Institut Paris Région sillonne les territoires d'Île-de-France afin de venir à leur rencontre et donner la parole aux acteurs, aux...
The Ile-de-France region is home to more than 650 third places, with strong growth since 2015. This proliferation is a reflection of the entrepreneurial dynamics within the French territory and the development of teleworking. These are shared workspaces, often protean, creative, innovative, hybrid and multifunctional. They welcome more and more independents, favouring itinerant, remote and collaborative working. In order to illustrate the diversity and richness of these spaces, the Institut Paris Région (Paris Region Institute) travels the regions of Ile-de-France to meet them and give voice to the stakeholders, project leaders, managers, facilitators, users and communities that make up these places.
Smart Mauritius: legal framework for Smart Cities
Le Conseil supérieur du notariat a été destinataire d’un appel d’offres de l’Agence de l'Investissement National du Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice (Economic Development Board/EDB) en 2017.
 
Cet appel d’offres concernait l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre d’un cadre légal et réglementaire, destiné à promouvoir le régime de la copropriété pour organiser au sein des villes la bonne gestion des parties communes et des équipements collectifs (encadrement juridique des Smart Cities).
 
Ce projet s’intégrait dans la stratégie du gouvernement mauricien, dont l’ambition est de...
The Higher Council of French Notariat received a tender from the National Investment Agency of the Government of Mauritius (Economic Development Board/EDB) in 2017.
 
This call for tenders concerned the development and implementation of a legal and regulatory framework intended to promote the condominium regime to organise within cities the proper management of common areas and collective facilities (legal management of Smart Cities).
 
This project was part of the strategy of the Mauritian government, whose ambition is to position Mauritius as an innovative and pioneering island, "Smart Mauritius", in new technologies while integrating the sustainable development dimension.
 
The Consortium, composed in particular of the French notary system, the Order of French Expert Surveyors and Professors, coordinated by the Higher Council of French Notariat, won this tender in mid-February 2018.

Three kits were offered to Mauritian partners:
  • Condominium,
  • Land Association
  • Volume Division.
Each of these kits includes proposals for legislation, through amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code, which have been submitted to Parliament, as well as contract templates.
 
This work was presented to the Mauritian authorities as well as to various professionals on 4 July 2018 in Port Louis.
 
The amendments to the Mauritian Civil Code were adopted by the National Assembly on 9 November 2018 and came into force on 1 March 2019.
The notary, serving land security around the world
Un système fiable de sécurisation des transactions immobilières repose sur 3 piliers :

1.Une identification précise du bien immobilier sur des plans, (cadastre, ortho-photos ou photo satellite) et une vérification de l’identité et de la capacité juridique des personnes.

2.Un registre immobilier qui répertorie l’ensemble des actes juridiques concernant tous les biens immobiliers de toutes les personnes titulaires d’un droit de nature foncière.

3.Un acte incontestable qui offre une sécurité juridique quasi parfaite (vente, partage , donation…).
 ...
A reliable system for securing real estate transactions is based on three pillars:

1. Accurate identification of the property on the plans (cadastre, ortho-photos or satellite photo) and verification of the identity and legal capacity of individuals.

2. A real estate register that lists all legal acts concerning all real estate of all persons holding a land right.

3. An indisputable act that offers almost perfect legal certainty (sale, sharing, donation etc).
 
The interest of these three pillars:
 
  • legal: determine with certainty who owns what and under what conditions,
  • social: enable the poorest to defend their rights to the land and have access to public infrastructure,
  • economic: avoid a long and costly conflict for the landowner and encourage access to credit,
  • tax: make public authorities aware of the identity of persons with a property right so they can collect tax.
The issuing of title deeds is the core business of the notary. That’s why the Notariat has decided to act and become heavily involved in actions in support of land reforms.
 
This action is also part of the general policy carried out by the French Notariat to contribute, in addition to other stakeholders in the land arena, and respecting cultural diversity, to the establishment of a rule of law, a cornerstone of economic development.
 
Since June 2007, the Title Commission has been bringing together initiatives and coordinating joint action plans.
 
On 10 November 2009, a symposium was held at the Higher Council of French Notariat under the high patronage of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, bringing together all the players in this field around the theme "Land Security and Economic Development: The title of property ownership in developing countries".
 
The International Union of Notaries organised six international conferences in January 2012 in Burkina Faso, in January 2013 in Mexico, in December 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, in December 2017 in Niamey and Thessaloniki, and in June 2018 in Sarajevo on the subject.
development of Tunisia's cultural heritage
Le projet Patrimoine Tunisie s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Tounes Wijhetouna (« Tunisie : notre destination ») d’appui à la diversification du tourisme en Tunisie.
 
Consacré à la valorisation de sites patrimoniaux, le projet se divise en deux composantes principales :

1. Appui à l'appropriation, la préservation et la valorisation des patrimoines bâtis tunisiens,
2. Appui à la modernisation du Musée de Carthage et à la valorisation de son environnement.

De façon transversale, ce projet veille à mettre en place des actions de renforcement de...
The Tunisia Heritage project is part of the Tounes Wijhetouna ("Tunisia: Our Destination") programme to support the diversification of tourism in Tunisia.
 
Dedicated to the promotion of heritage sites, the project is divided into two main components:

1. Support for the appropriation, preservation and promotion of Tunisia's built heritage,
2. Support for the modernisation of Carthage Museum and the improvement of its environment.

In a cross-cutting way, this project seeks to implement capacity-building actions and knowledge transfer, particularly in the area of heritage management.
 
Among the expected results:

• At least 15 remarkable buildings will be rehabilitated, converted or restored, especially in the ancient centres.
Project leaders selected to occupy rehabilitated buildings will be supported in the implementation of durable, sustainable activities.
• Stakeholders contributing to the inventory, rehabilitation and conservation of heritage (in local communities in particular) will benefit from training and capacity-building actions.
• Carthage Museum and its immediate surroundings (including Place de l’Unesco) will be renovated.
• An interpretation centre will be created to promote the riches of the Carthage site to the public.
Recommendations for resilient territories adapted to climate change
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Le changement climatique est une réalité devenue un enjeu majeur pour notre société. Face à une urbanisation mondiale croissante, à l’exploitation intensive des ressources naturelles et à la fréquence des évènements...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Climate change is a reality that has become a major issue for our society. Faced with growing global urbanization, the intensive exploitation of natural resources and the frequency of extreme weather events, it is urgent to mobilize at all levels of our cities and organizations, to strengthen the resilience of territories and of populations living in them.
 
To that end, it is necessary to consider far-reaching changes of urban and economic models, and to involve all the actors of the territory, to cooperate in a dynamic of anticipation, management or reconstruction in the event of a crisis.
 
It is within this framework that the “Resilience and adaptation to climate change” working group was gathered, in order to reflect on tools and solutions to make our cities and territories more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable.
Food and agriculture: recommendations for a sustainable and relocated food system
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Dans un contexte où l’urbanisation et la croissance démographique, l’utilisation des ressources, la qualité de l’air, de l’eau et des sols sont autant de facteurs qui interrogent le système alimentaire actuel, il apparaît...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
 In a context where urbanization and population growth, the use of resources, the quality of air, water and soil are all factors that question the current food system, it seems necessary to consider production and consumption models more respectful of the environment and health. Acting on the food system therefore supposes developing a transversal reflection integrating economic, social, environmental, health, educational, as well as cultural or urban aspects.
 
Faced with a globalized food system, the alliance of territories and the mobilization of local authorities and all citizens are key conditions for the transition to a more sustainable food and agricultural model. However, to that end, agriculture and food issues need to be thoroughly rethought and transition strategies need to be implemented. It is with this in mind that the "Food and Agriculture" working group met, in order to make sustainable food a pivotal point in the development of territories by relying on the relocation of the food system.