Economic model

Projet MADRE "Agriculture métropolitaine pour le développement d'une économie innovante, durable et responsable"
MADRE est un projet européen de coopération territoriale (Interreg MED), qui vise à changer le modèle d’approvisionnement alimentaire métropolitain en capitalisant sur les bonnes pratiques existantes, en responsabilisant les différents acteurs de l’agriculture métropolitaine et périurbaine, et en initiant une dynamique de coopération transnationale dans le secteur agricole de la région MED.
 
Considérée comme un phénomène émergent, l'agriculture métropolitaine permet de relever plusieurs défis urbains en contribuant à la sécurité alimentaire, à la création d'emplois, à la qualité de l'environnement...
MADRE is a European territorial cooperation project (Interreg MED), which aims to change the metropolitan food supply model by capitalising on existing good practices, by empowering the different stakeholders in metropolitan and peri-urban agriculture, and by initiating a dynamic of transnational cooperation in the MED region.

Considered as an emerging phenomenon, metropolitan agriculture makes it possible to meet several urban challenges by contributing to food security, job creation, environmental quality or strengthening social ties and territorial solidarity between urban and rural areas. The MADRE project capitalises on a set of knowledge, policies and pilot actions carried out on the topic and activates existing networks to enable effective transnational cooperation in the Mediterranean.
 
The objectives are:
- To improve the innovation capacity of metropolitan agriculture in the Mediterranean territories;
- To identify and evaluate the economic, environmental and social performance factors of metropolitan agriculture;
- To identify and network metropolitan agriculture stakeholders;
- To assess the feasibility, conditions and means of creating a transnational cluster of actors in metropolitan agriculture.

The project was carried out from February 2017 to July 2018, with a total budget of € 1,173,175, co-financed by the Interreg MED programme.
 
The emergence of a transnational cluster is supported by a multidisciplinary partnership from 5 countries. Each partner representing a flagship metropolitan area, AVITEM (Agency for Sustainable Mediterranean Cities and Territories) is representing France.
La Toile énergétique: the Dunkirk area energetic relations network
Conçue en 2018, la Toile énergétique® retrace les flux d'énergie entre les différents acteurs sur le bassin d'emploi de Dunkerque. Cet outil d’observation s’inspire de la Toile industrielle® élaborée par l’Agence d’urbanisme et de développement de la région Flandre-Dunkerque (AGUR). La Toile énergétique® explique, de la manière la plus fine possible, et de façon intelligible le parcours de l’énergie sur le territoire : de l’arrivée des matières premières à leur injection dans un réseau local ou national, jusqu’à leur consommation finale. L'outil s'adresse à l'ensemble des acteurs de la transition énergétique. Il est utilisé...
Developed in 2018, La Toile énergétique (“Energy web”) charts the energy flows between different actors in Dunkirk’s employment area. This observation tool is inspired by la Toile industrielle “Industry web” , previously developed by AGUR. La Toile énergétique explains in the most intelligible way the route followed by energy on the territory: from the arrival of raw material, through its injection in local or national grids -   until its final consumption. The tool is dedicated to all the actors involved in the energy transition. It is used during strategic meetings gathering energy players, logisticians, industrials… This tool was firstly experimented in Dunkirk.
Digital transport 4 Africa : une plateforme numérique pour améliorer la mobilité en Afrique
L’Afrique est entrée dans une phase historique de construction rapide de la ville. Des systèmes et infrastructures de transport, qui façonneront le continent pour les années à venir, sont en création.
Rendre ces systèmes de transport sûrs, abordables, accessibles et durables pour tous est indispensable pour des villes africaines vivantes, productives, bas carbone et saines.
La plupart des villes africaines utilisent des modes de transport semi-formels, souvent des minibus, et dont la gestion est dominée par des opérateurs privés fragmentés.
Ces systèmes de transport en commun...
Africa is in a historic phase of rapid city building. It is creating transport infrastructure and systems that will shape the continent far into the future.
Making these transport systems safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable for all is fundamental to livable, productive, low carbon and healthy African cities.
Most African cities rely on some form of semi-formal transport, often minibuses, dominated by fragmented private operators.
These transit systems provide a much needed service for many, at no cost for the city. But these services also bring a host of challenges to cities, contributing to traffic congestion, pollution and poor road safety.
Digital technologies are a tremendous opportunity to address these challenges. Public transport data is currently missing for planning integrated public transport, designing passenger information systems, and working with operators to upgrade transit services. With this, DigitalTransport4Africa was born – an open data and collaborative online platform – which aims to aggregate available data on transports to improve mobility within developing countries.
Provision of self-service electric bicycles
Ce dispositif expérimental qui a été réalisé pendant 6 mois sur la ville d’Avon a rencontré un vif succès, et va certainement se pérenniser en partenariat avec des villes voisines. Les objectifs sont divers : développer les modes de circulation douce, développer l’accessibilité, la mobilité et les connexions, enfin réduire les pollutions atmosphériques.
Cette action offre la possibilité aux usagers de se déplacer librement et de façon autonome dans la ville (intra ou extra-muros) dans un total respect de l’environnement.
Les vélos sont disponibles 24h/24h, 7j/7j et sont 100% accessibles via une...
This experimental system, trialled over a six-month period in the city of Avon, was a great success and will certainly be continued in partnership with neighbouring cities. The objectives are diverse: to develop alternative modes of transport, develop accessibility, mobility and connections, and, finally, reduce atmospheric pollution. This initiative allows users to move freely and autonomously within the city (intra or extramural) with complete respect for the environment. Bicycles are available 24/7 and are 100% accessible via a Smartphone application that users can download free of charge.
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Dunkerque : une agglomération en transition

Riche de son héritage industrialo-portuaire, l’agglomération dunkerquoise a intensifié son engagement dans une transition énergétique industrielle, environnementale et sociétale.

En créant des synergies et des partenariats autour de nouveaux modèles, cette transformation énergétique entend répondre à un double enjeu :

• Préserver la vocation du territoire tout en engageant une véritable transition économique et durable

• Favoriser un environnement équilibré propre au développement de son attractivité.

 

Cette volonté de développer des solutions innovantes plus justes et durablement...

With its wealth of industrial and port heritage, the Dunkirk conurbation has intensified its commitment to an industrial, environmental and social energy transition.
By creating synergies and partnerships around new models, this energy transformation aims to meet a twofold challenge:
- To preserve the appeal of the area while engaging in a genuine economic and sustainable transition
- To promote a balanced environment, conducive to the development of its attractiveness.
 
This desire to develop innovative, fairer and more sustainable solutions has recently been reflected in the introduction of the new public transport network.
 
Since 1 September, Dunkirk has become the largest urban area in Europe to have developed a 100% free public transport network.
Above and beyond this exemplary action, a whole global strategy is presented, which demonstrates our ability to exploit our assets and reveal their economic and environmental synergies.
The Toulouse Matabiau EMP thermal and electrical grid (Multimodal terminal): a local energy loop project
Dans le cadre de son  groupe de travail sur les nouveaux outils juridiques pour des projets urbains innovants, l’Institut pour la Ville Durable (IVD), avec l’appui du cabinet  LexCity, a réalisé deux rapports : l’un sur les outils juridiques de la commande publique et un autre sur les outils de droit privé. Ces rapports ont été illustrés et approfondis par des cas d’étude,  proposés par les membres de l’IVD, à partir de  3 thématiques : économie circulaire, mutualisation des usages et des services et boucle locale énergétique.
L’institut de recherche et développement Efficacity, membre de l’IVD,  a ainsi contribué...
As part of its working group on new legal tools for innovative urban projects, the Institut pour la Ville Durable (IVD - Sustainable city institute), with the support of LexCity, has produced two reports: one on legal tools for public procurement and the other on private law tools. These reports were illustrated and further developed through case studies, proposed by IVD members, based on three themes: circular economy, the sharing and pooling of uses and services and a local energy loop.
The research and development institute Efficacity, a member of the IVD, has contributed significantly to this study by proposing the case of the thermal and electrical grid, developed as part of the Toulouse Matabiau multimodal terminal (PEM), to illustrate the theme of the local energy loop tangibly. The project leader, Europolia (SPLA Toulouse Métropole) has entered into an R&D partnership with Efficacity to analyse the various possible energy scenarios. The project consists of considering sharing and pooling solutions, by the implementation of loops based on locally produced energy.
 This case study reviews the different scenarios considered, the problems encountered and the definition of the most appropriate legal structures for the project.
The free transport observatory is born!
En France, la gratuité des transports publics a jusqu’à présent été peu étudiée par la communauté scientifique. L’Observatoire des villes du transport gratuit, créé le 5 juin 2019 à l’initiative conjointe de l’Agence d’urbanisme de la région Flandre-Dunkerque, de la Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque et de l’association de chercheurs VIGS, espère faire bouger les lignes.
 
La création de cet observatoire répond à un enjeu d'importance : sortir des représentations idéologiques et enrichir les débats autour d'une politique publique à laquelle de plus en plus d'élus, ou futurs élus, s'intéressent, moins d'...
In France, free public transport has so far been studied very little by the scientific community. The Observatory of cities with free transport, created on 5 June 2019 as a joint initiative of the Flanders-Dunkirk Regional Planning Agency, the Urban Community of Dunkirk and the VIGS researchers' association, hopes to shift the boundaries.
The creation of this Observatory responds to an important challenge: to move away from ideological representations and enrich the debates around a public policy in which more and more elected officials, or future elected officials, are taking an interest, less than a year before municipal elections.
In addition to improving the state of knowledge about free public transport - in particular, it is a question of knowing which areas have adopted it, in France and abroad, and using which methods. This observatory aims to track, through monitoring, all developments concerning free public transport. It also aims to develop research on the subject, by initiating or conducting studies itself.
The activity of the Observatory of cities with free transport is subject to the control and validation of an independent scientific committee, chaired by political science researcher Maxime Huré.
The Observatory is aimed at a wide audience: residents, journalists, elected officials and technicians from local authorities who are interested in and questioning the free provision of public transport. Everyone will find useful and reliable resources to improve their knowledge of the subject.
Tools for development website

Le site « Outils de l’aménagement » s’adresse en priorité à des élus locaux, des techniciens de collectivités locales et aux autres acteurs de l’aménagement, auxquels il apporte des informations sur les outils et les méthodes principalement dans les champs du foncier, de l’urbanisme opérationnel et réglementaire, de l’environnement et de l’habitat. Il constitue une base de données techniques de plus de 250 outils accessibles selon 7 thématiques principales et près de 35 problématiques opérationnelles, pour ainsi répondre aux principaux questionnements des acteurs du territoire.

The "Tools for development" website is intended primarily for local elected officials, technicians from local authorities and other stakeholders in development, to whom it provides information on tools and methods mainly in the fields of land, operational and regulatory urban planning, the environment and housing. It constitutes a technical database of more than 250 tools accessible according to seven main themes and nearly 35 operational issues, thus answering the territory's stakeholders' most pressing questions.
Pooling points for shared equipment for green space management
Depuis le 1er janvier, les communes n’ont plus le droit d’utiliser des produits phytosanitaires pour l’entretien de leurs espaces verts et de leurs voiries. La CCSB (Communauté de Communes Saône Beaujolais) a créé 5 points de regroupement de matériel mutualisé pour la gestion des espaces verts de ses 42 communes. Les communes ne disposant pas de moyens suffisants pour acheter du matériel performant pour permettre une gestion durable et sans pesticide de ses espaces verts en ont maintenant à disposition gratuitement.
Ce nouveau type de gestion permet de limiter la pollution de l’eau, des sols et de l’air...
Since 1st January, communes no longer have the right to use phytosanitary products for the maintenance of their green spaces and roads. The CCSB (Communauté de Communes Saône Beaujolais) has created five points for the grouping of shared equipment for the management of the green spaces in its 42 communes. Communes that do not have sufficient resources to purchase high-performance equipment to enable sustainable and pesticide-free management of their green spaces now have them at their disposal free of charge. This new type of management makes it possible to limit the pollution of water, soil and air by pesticides. It also promotes the preservation of biodiversity. This eco action is in partnership with the Ministry of the Environment and the Rhône-Mediterranean-Corsica Water Agency. It has been developed thanks to the financing obtained through the "Positive Energy Territory for Green Growth" call for projects.
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Creating a shared garden within the Césaire neighbourhood

Concours Outre-Mer Durables

2eme PRIX : Cayenne, Guyanne

Le premier jardin partagé de la ville de Cayenne sera édifié au sein du quartier Césaire sur une parcelle de 3 300 m². L’ambition de ce jardin est de devenir un espace de partage et d’expérimentation en matière de pratiques agricoles et environnementales, en incitant les riverains à améliorer leur régime alimentaire et à consommer des fruits et légumes locaux et de saison. Ce lieu doit également favoriser la création de lien social intergénérationnel et améliorer le cadre de vie de ses usagers, pour la plupart issus des...

Sustainable overseas territories contest

2nd Prize: Cayenne, Guyana

The first shared garden in the town of Cayenne will be created on a 3300-square-metre plot within the Césaire neighbourhood. The aim of this garden is to become a space for sharing and experimenting with agricultural and environmental practices, encouraging residents to improve their diet and consume local seasonal fruit and vegetables. This place also sets out to foster intergenerational social links and to improve the quality of life of its users, most of them coming from priority neighbourhoods nearby. The project, which was designed after a broad local consultation, is part of a proactive process of sustainable development carried out by the city’s Urban Ecology and Sustainable Development hub, among others.