Natural and Cultural heritage

Recommendations for a creative city and a smart planning
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Centré sur l’intégration de la dimension créative dans la ville, le groupe de travail « Ville créative et planification intelligente » considère la ville créative comme une ville inspirante et une ville d’opportunités,...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Focusing on the integration of the creative dimension in the city, the "Creative City and Smart Planning" working group considers the creative city as an inspiring city and a city of opportunities, shaped by its inhabitants and evolving over time.
 
The creative city must therefore be seen as the vector of a shared capital around which all the actors of a territory come together, participating in the creation of a common vision of the city, the urban project, and planning.
 
Planning the city in order to make it creative, smart and sustainable - therefore implies ensuring a balance between the projected planning model ; territorial characteristics and local governance ; designing public spaces and uses as places of creativity and inclusion -  or to enhance culture and heritage in order to turn them into opportunities for economic development, while avoiding tourism at risk for sites and the exclusion of local populations.
Territorial heritage in the pipeline
Points FNAU est une collection d’ouvrages sur l’urbanisme pensés par les agences d’urbanisme pour inventer, entre pistes de réflexion et exemples concrets, la ville de demain. Ces ouvrages sont à vocation de pédagogie et d’éclairage sur des grands sujets liés à l'aménagement du territoire.
 
Ce cinquième numéro aborde la question de la prise en compte du patrimoine dans une société urbaine, mobile et mondiale.

Le patrimoine est aujourd'hui partout, au fondement même de l'identité des territoires. Aménager l'espace en préservant le "déjà-là" est une préoccupation croissante des...
FNAU Points is a collection of works on urban planning designed by urban planning agencies to invent, through a mix of thought-provoking lines and concrete examples, the city of tomorrow. These works are intended for education and clarification on major subjects related to planning the region.
 
This fifth issue addresses the issue of heritage consideration in an urban, mobile and global society.

Heritage is today everywhere, at the very foundation of regional identities. Developing the space while preserving the "already there" is a growing concern of citizens, relayed by their elected officials.
 
As a result, the notion of heritage has expanded over the past fifty years, from the exceptional object to the landscape incorporating natural and built spaces on vast scales.

The development and transmission of this regional heritage is the work of a long-term project, led by elected officials, residents, technicians and associations. And to support their efforts, special partners in the shape of urban planning agencies intervene with a single objective: to project around regional heritage in a relationship that’s calmed and adapted to the lifestyles of today.
 
Exploring the evolution of the concept of heritage since its origins, this publication, provided with a chronology, presents the current issues of regional heritage and explains the contribution of urban planning agencies through a wide selection of concrete cases and projects in France and abroad.
 
Saint-Etienne, Resilient Design City
Parce qu’un territoire durable se réfléchit comme un projet singulier qui doit être conduit avec la population pour espérer réussir, cela implique d’anticiper ses besoins de développement en prenant en compte les dimensions sociale, environnementale, économique, et de s’appuyer sur son identité sans faire table rase du passé.
 
En portant des objectifs forts en matière de développement durable tout en affirmant son identité design (entrée en 2010 dans le Réseau UNESCO des villes créatives) dans le prolongement de sa grande histoire industrielle, Saint-Etienne fait rayonner l’ensemble de sa métropole...
Because a sustainable region is thought of as a singular project that must be carried out with the population in order to succeed, it implies anticipating its development needs, taking into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions, and relying on its identity without making a clean break with its past.
 
By maintaining strong sustainable development goals while affirming its design identity (having entered in 2010 the UNESCO Network of Creative Cities) in continuation of its great industrial history, Saint-Etienne is spreading out its whole urban area for the appreciation of a region undergoing full transformation.
 
In essence, Saint-Etienne's metropolitan ambition will be supported by an exemplary urban project - the resilient design city - capable of amplifying Saint-Etienne's design identity by promoting culture in particular, and responding to the major challenges of this century (climate emergency, economic shocks, social exclusion etc) through the ability to adapt, reinvent and experiment.
 
In light of these new challenges, the Saint-Etienne Public Planning Establishment is reaffirming its duty to be exemplary by placing itself ahead of the strategic directions for sustainable urban development set by the State, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region, as well as the Loire Department, and enshrining its action in the continuity of the urban policy carried by the City and Metropolis of Saint-Etienne.
development of Tunisia's cultural heritage
Le projet Patrimoine Tunisie s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Tounes Wijhetouna (« Tunisie : notre destination ») d’appui à la diversification du tourisme en Tunisie.
 
Consacré à la valorisation de sites patrimoniaux, le projet se divise en deux composantes principales :

1. Appui à l'appropriation, la préservation et la valorisation des patrimoines bâtis tunisiens,
2. Appui à la modernisation du Musée de Carthage et à la valorisation de son environnement.

De façon transversale, ce projet veille à mettre en place des actions de renforcement de...
The Tunisia Heritage project is part of the Tounes Wijhetouna ("Tunisia: Our Destination") programme to support the diversification of tourism in Tunisia.
 
Dedicated to the promotion of heritage sites, the project is divided into two main components:

1. Support for the appropriation, preservation and promotion of Tunisia's built heritage,
2. Support for the modernisation of Carthage Museum and the improvement of its environment.

In a cross-cutting way, this project seeks to implement capacity-building actions and knowledge transfer, particularly in the area of heritage management.
 
Among the expected results:

• At least 15 remarkable buildings will be rehabilitated, converted or restored, especially in the ancient centres.
Project leaders selected to occupy rehabilitated buildings will be supported in the implementation of durable, sustainable activities.
• Stakeholders contributing to the inventory, rehabilitation and conservation of heritage (in local communities in particular) will benefit from training and capacity-building actions.
• Carthage Museum and its immediate surroundings (including Place de l’Unesco) will be renovated.
• An interpretation centre will be created to promote the riches of the Carthage site to the public.
Planning with nature in the city
Cet ouvrage apporte un éclairage particulier sur la nature en ville, il est centré sur ses effets. A travers un regard pluridisciplinaire, il donne des éléments de compréhension documentés et étayés de chiffres clés sur les effets de la nature en ville, les concurrences et synergies entre phénomènes et les ordres de grandeur des impacts. Les thèmes traités sont en lien avec les leviers de l'aménagement pour des villes et territoires durables.
 
L'ouvrage s'articule en quatorze chapitres, chacun d'eux est fondé sur une idée préconçue et apporte des éléments de compréhension, des phénomènes en jeu et des effets...
This work sheds particular light on nature in the city, focusing on its effects. Through a multidisciplinary lens, it provides documented, supported elements of understanding of key figures on the effects of nature in the city, competition and synergies between phenomena and orders of magnitude of impacts. The themes covered are related to the levers of development for sustainable cities and regions.
 
The book is divided into fourteen chapters, each based on a preconceived idea that brings elements of understanding, phenomena at stake and the effects (environmental, health and/or economic) of nature in the city.
Preconceived ideas focus on the effects of nature in the city on biodiversity, air quality, soil quality, sound environment, water management, thermal comfort, greenhouse gas concentration, food, the attractiveness of urbanised spaces and the economic approach. Aimed in particular at the technical services of communities and complementary to the guidelines also proposed for nature-friendly development in the city, it gives the ADEME view of the impact of nature in the city for various issues related to urban planning.
Caen, nature city
A dix-huit kilomètres de la mer, à la confluence entre l’Orne et de l’Odon, Caen s’affirme comme une ville entre mer et nature.
Structurée par un fleuve côtier partiellement canalisé, la ville fut fortement marquée au nord par l’industrie métallurgique, tout en préservant au sud l’accès direct à la nature par sa vaste prairie inondable qui pénètre au cœur de la ville.
Aujourd’hui connue pour sa plaine agricole et la qualité de sa pierre calcaire, Caen puise en réalité son identité dans les cours d’eau et les prés normands, ce qui en fait une ville naturellement structurée par sa trame verte et bleue. Par sa...
Eighteen kilometres from the sea, at the confluence of the Orne and the Odon, Caen is most definitely a city between sea and nature.
Structured by a partially channelled coastal river, the city was heavily affected to the north by the metallurgical industry, while preserving to the south direct access to nature by its vast flood meadow that goes right into the heart of the city.
Today known for its agricultural plain and the quality of its limestone, Caen actually draws its identity from Normandy’s rivers and meadows, making it a city naturally structured by its green and blue corridors.
With its greenspace policy and its work to preserve ecological continuity, Caen has outpaced legal expectations for promoting biodiversity, nature and landscapes.
The regional food project of Caen Normandy Metropole
Le projet alimentaire territorial de Caen Normandie Métropole a été lancé en octobre 2017 ; pendant une année, une démarche participative impliquant tous les acteurs du territoire a permis d'élaborer des orientations stratégiques qui ont été reconnues par le label du Programme national de l'alimentation (PNA) en février 2019.
 
 Par l'organisation d'ateliers thématiques et de visites de terrain localement (ferme urbaine, marché de gros, association d'insertion par le maraîchage, agriculteur permettant la cueillette aux particuliers, cantines proposant des menus végétariens....), les acteurs du...
Caen Normandy Metropole’s regional food project was launched in October 2017. For one year, a participatory approach involving all the regional players led to the development of strategic guidelines that were recognised by the National Food Programme (NFP) label in February 2019.
 
By organising thematic workshops and field visits locally (urban farm, wholesale market, association providing work in market gardening, farmer allowing individuals to do their own picking, canteens offering vegetarian menus and so on), stakeholders in the Caen region now have a qualitative and quantitative regional food diagnostic and routemaps to promote short food circuits.
 
The challenge now lies in implementing this ambitious 14-action plan, aimed at bringing consumers and food producers closer together in six strategic areas:

I - Implementing metropolitan food governance;
II - Taking food into account in planning and land use;
III - Supporting the local economy (distribution platform, vegetable provision, urban compost etc);
IV - Strengthening collaboration and social bonding (sustainable food house);
V - Promoting local sourcing in communities;
VI - Communicating about local food identity and Normandy gastronomy, raising awareness, educating and training.

The FRUGAL (Urban Forms and Food Governance) action research programme run with the University of Caen between 2016 and 2020 is proving to be a quality methodological support to this innovative community approach to food: researchers present the results of their research to elected officials each year and the participatory methodologies of communities at all levels (city, urban community, metropolitan cluster) allow for new partnerships between researchers and stakeholders.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.