Natural and Cultural heritage

Emergence and growth of an adapted and resilient housing market Burkina Faso

La région du Nord reste l’une des régions les plus pauvres du Burkina Faso : en 2009, 64,6% de la population régionale vivait en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. En 2014, la situation s’est dramatiquement détériorée, contraignant de nombreuses personnes à migrer, essentiellement vers le Mali ou la Côte d'Ivoire, et à l'intérieur du Burkina de manière saisonnière.
En réponse à cet enjeu et aux difficultés rencontrées par la jeunesse burkinabaise (chômage, manque de formation…), AVN, partenaire de longue date de l’organisation AKGNS (Union Naam de Gomponsom, province de Yako) qui fédère la jeunesse paysanne, a initié une...

The Northern Region remains one of the poorest regions in Burkina Faso: in 2009, 64.6% of the regional population was living below the poverty line.
 
In 2014, the situation deteriorated dramatically, forcing many people to migrate, mainly to Mali or the Ivory Coast, and within Burkina itself on a seasonal basis. In response to this challenge and the difficulties faced by the youth of Burkina Faso (unemployment, lack of training etc), AVN - a long-time partner of the AKGNS organisation (Union Naam of Gomponsom, province of Yako) - which federates the peasant youth, has initiated a collective dynamic aimed at deploying its methodology to Naam Unions, to stimulate the adapted and resilient habitat market in the Sahel.
 
In all, 15 municipalities in the North Burkina region benefited from this initiative, 12 Naam Unions having joined AVN and AKGNS in 2017, followed by the National Federation of Naam Associations and two other unions in 2018.
 
Since then, a programme of deployment on the Northern Region of Burkina Faso is in the process of being set up, through several initiatives and thanks to various financial backers.
The FNGN has also set up an Adapted Support / Housing / Renewable Energies Unit (UA-HA-ER) in charge of supporting the deployment of the Nubian vault market (VN) in the Unions territories.
 
Each of the 15 mobilised Unions, for their part, created an Adapted Housing Commission and appointed a focal point and substitute to take charge of these commissions.
In addition to the FNGN and the 15 affiliated Naam Unions, other partners have joined the project: UBETEC (FNGN Microfinance Institute) and Viim Baoré (FNGN Agricultural Cooperative).
The FNGN and AVN's stated intention is to allow, as time goes on, a maximum number of Naam Unions to join this collaborative dynamic.
The CitiesWithNature platform for local and subnational actors’ voluntary commitments towards biodiversity COP15
Expertise France apporte un appui à la préparation des accords de la 15ème Conférence des Parties (CoP 15) de la Convention sur la diversité biologique, à travers la mise en oeuvre du projet Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU support financé par l'Union européenne.
 
Le projet Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support vise à créer les conditions d’adoption d’un nouveau cadre mondial post-2020 ambitieux pour la biodiversité lors de la CoP15. Pour ce faire, il accompagne une vingtaine de pays extra-européens dans la définition de leur niveau ambition et d’engagements et soutient une mobilisation large et...
The Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU support project implemented by Expertise France and funded by the European Union, ICLEI network’s Cities Biodiversity Center developed CitiesWithNature the voluntary commitments submission platform of local and subnational actors for biodiversity.
 
This later gathers local policy actions taken so far by 160 local and subnational actors from 55 countries worldwide, in all their variety (districts, boroughs, cities, inter-communalities, metropolitan areas, regions, federated states, etc.).
 
This initiative forms part of the broader local and subnational actors mobilization towards the 15th Conference of Parties (CoP15) to the Unites Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), across which will be adopted the next global biodiversity framework.
 
 
Living regions: 9 keys to the ecological emergency
Face aux enjeux du dérèglement climatique, l’échelle locale apparaît comme l’échelle idéale pour innover, expérimenter et mettre en œuvre de nouvelles manières de vivre.
 
Les élus locaux ont ainsi un rôle essentiel à jouer dans la mise en œuvre de mesures à la hauteur pour protéger les milieux naturels, la biodiversité, et les populations humaines qui en dépendent.
 
Avec ce guide, le WWF-France s’engage dans l’accompagnement des transitions locales, en proposant un programme pour des territoires « vivants et désirables ».
 
Constitué de 9 clés...
Faced with the challenges of climate change, the local scale appears to be the ideal level for innovating, experimenting and implementing new ways of living.
 
Local elected officials thus have an essential role to play in implementing appropriate measures to protect natural environments, biodiversity and the human populations that depend on them.
 
With this guide, WWF-France is committed to supporting local transitions by proposing a programme for "living and desirable" regions.
 
Consisting of 9 keys, it establishes recommendations associated with action levers (strategic planning, regulation, public procurement or financial and technical support); to enable local authorities to reinvent towns and regions around vital local functions: live, eat, move, entertain, inform, produce and consume.
 
Smart Maps: the professional digital cartographic media to describe a region
De nombreux interlocuteurs(collectivités et communes, agents immobiliers et promoteurs, employeurs…) doivent « vendre » leur territoire et leurs projets pour différentes raisons.
 
Les Smart Maps par E-attract sont la solution cartographique française qui répond à ce besoin de manière ciblée et personnalisée – en croisant données, fonctionnalités et interfaces géographiques de manière novatrice.
 
Pour le consommateur, l’utilisateur final, c’est une solutions simple, facile, ludique qui permet de se faire une idée précise d’un emplacement et de ses aménités (transports, commerces,...
Lots of people (local authorities and municipalities, estate agents and developers, employers etc) need to "sell" their region and their projects for different reasons.
 
Smart Maps by E-attract are the French cartographic solution that meets this need in a targeted, personalised way - by combining data, functionalities and geographical interfaces in an innovative way.
 
For the consumer, the end user, it is a simple, easy, fun solution that gives a precise idea of a location and its amenities (transport, shops, etc), while at the same time giving a precise idea of the property market:
 
-Is this the right place to live?
-Where to invest?
-Or how the transport system or main activities and nearby circuits are developing.
 
For the estate agent, for example, it is a tool at each key stage of their client process - communicating - capturing - convincing.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.
 
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
A Land of Art and History between city and marshland
 
Dans le Pays de Saint-Omer, le label « Pays d’art et d’histoire » du Ministère de la Culture est porté depuis 2013 par l’Agence d’urbanisme et de développement du Pays de Saint-Omer-Flandre intérieure.
 
Cette intégration du label à l’Agence d’urbanisme, unique en son genre, permet une meilleure prise en compte du patrimoine, tant dans les projets du pôle urbain, que dans l’espace rural et le marais. Ainsi, le signalement du patrimoine effectué pour le plan local d’urbanisme intercommunal a été suivi de prescriptions permettant de protéger les éléments les plus remarquables du bâti...
In Pays de Saint-Omer, the "Land of Art and History" label from the Ministry of Culture has been borne since 2013 by the Pays de Saint-Omer-Flandre Intérieure Urban Planning and Development Agency.
 
This incorporation of the label within the Urban Planning Agency, which is totally unique, allows for better consideration of heritage, both in urban hub projects and in the rural area and the marshland. In this way, the reporting of heritage carried out for the local intercommunal urban planning plan was followed by requirements to protect the most remarkable elements of historic buildings. This label was also used to implement a plan to restore marsh barns as part of a LEADER scheme, and allowed the Agency to get involved in the management of UNESCO's "Man and Biosphere" label on the marsh website operated by the Regional Natural Park.
 
In addition to cross-cutting actions carried out with other stakeholders on the knowledge, preservation and restoration of heritage, the agency also mediates heritage with different audiences within the context of a programme. It promotes a more comprehensive approach by merging skills, especially in developing projects and work sites.
Biodi(V)strict® tool: measuring the impact of urban development on biodiversity
Notre modèle urbain est actuellement en pleine évolution pour s’inscrire dans une transition écologique et climatique. Ainsi, dans le cadre du renouvellement et du développement urbain, il est nécessaire de faire les bons choix pour préserver et renforcer la biodiversité.
 
L’outil Biodi(V)strict®, inclus dans une méthodologie scientifique solide développée par AgroParisTech, est un réel atout pour accompagner les acteurs de la construction de la ville, qui doivent prendre les bonnes décisions pour réintroduire la nature en ville et profiter pleinement de tous les services qu’elle offre. Il permet de...
Our urban model is currently evolving to fit in with the ecological and climate transition. Thus, in the context of urban renewal and development, there is a need to make the right choices to preserve and strengthen biodiversity.
 
The Biodi(V)strict® tool, included in a solid scientific methodology developed by AgroParisTech, is a real asset to support stakeholders in the construction of the city, who must make the right decisions to reintroduce nature into the city and take full advantage of all the benefits it offers. It helps simulate the biodiversity performance of a project or region, as well as the environmental benefits provided.
 
Biodi(V)strict® is implemented by Urbalia, a start-up created by AgroParisTech and VINCI Construction.
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.