Air quality

Planning with nature in the city
Cet ouvrage apporte un éclairage particulier sur la nature en ville, il est centré sur ses effets. A travers un regard pluridisciplinaire, il donne des éléments de compréhension documentés et étayés de chiffres clés sur les effets de la nature en ville, les concurrences et synergies entre phénomènes et les ordres de grandeur des impacts. Les thèmes traités sont en lien avec les leviers de l'aménagement pour des villes et territoires durables.
 
L'ouvrage s'articule en quatorze chapitres, chacun d'eux est fondé sur une idée préconçue et apporte des éléments de compréhension, des phénomènes en jeu et des effets...
This work sheds particular light on nature in the city, focusing on its effects. Through a multidisciplinary lens, it provides documented, supported elements of understanding of key figures on the effects of nature in the city, competition and synergies between phenomena and orders of magnitude of impacts. The themes covered are related to the levers of development for sustainable cities and regions.
 
The book is divided into fourteen chapters, each based on a preconceived idea that brings elements of understanding, phenomena at stake and the effects (environmental, health and/or economic) of nature in the city.
Preconceived ideas focus on the effects of nature in the city on biodiversity, air quality, soil quality, sound environment, water management, thermal comfort, greenhouse gas concentration, food, the attractiveness of urbanised spaces and the economic approach. Aimed in particular at the technical services of communities and complementary to the guidelines also proposed for nature-friendly development in the city, it gives the ADEME view of the impact of nature in the city for various issues related to urban planning.
Cooling our cities: what knowledge do we need?
La surchauffe des villes impacte le confort des citadins, et en période de canicule pose un enjeu de santé pour les populations sensibles. C'est pourquoi l'ADEME, soutient le développement de solutions de rafraichissement de la ville qui permettent d'améliorer le confort thermique estival, tout en adoptant une approche environnementale de l'urbanisme.
 
En 2017, l'ADEME souhaitait initier une réflexion scientifique et technique, en partenariat avec des acteurs externes, permettant de formaliser les résultats clés des travaux de recherche finis, mais surtout d'en avoir une lecture critique afin de dynamiser et...
Overheating of our cities impacts the comfort of city dwellers, and during heat waves poses a health issue for sensitive populations. This is why ADEME supports the development of city cooling solutions that improve thermal comfort in summer while adopting an environmental approach to urban planning.
 
In 2017, ADEME wanted to initiate scientific and technical reflection, in partnership with external stakeholders, to formalise the key results of the finished research, but above all to have a critical reading of it in order to energise and more deeply research these topics. Following a report on research in the field of urban cooling carried out by the City's Institute for Research in Science and Technology, a science and technology day was organised in Lyon on 27 June 2017. The day brought together more than 50 practitioners and researchers who exchanged views on urban cooling practices and knowledge.
 
The proceedings of this science and technology day combine a presentation on the state of the art on current knowledge and blind spots in research, the round table interventions that helped highlight operational issues and the work of participants who were invited to explore together, as part of a World Café, the barriers and research avenues that could contribute to ADEME's strategic research operations in this subject.
ArboClimat: the urban tree as a tool to combat climate change
L’arbre urbain est un formidable outil de lutte contre le changement climatique puisqu’il permet à la fois d’atténuer l’impact du volume d’émission de gaz à effet de serre des activités anthropiques de la ville, mais aussi de réduire l’effet de l’Îlot de Chaleur Urbain (ICU), voire de créer un Îlot de Fraîcheur Urbain (IFU). La Région Hauts de France et l’ADEME ont souhaité outiller les collectivités, les aménageurs, les gestionnaires de patrimoine arboré etles élus pour leur fournir un outil leur permettant de réaliser des scénarios de plantation et d’en évaluer l’impact sur la séquestration du carbone et sur le climat urbain...
The urban tree is a great tool to combat climate change as it both mitigates the impact of greenhouse gas emission from the city's anthropogenic activities, as well as reducing the effect of urban heat islands (UHIs), even creating urban cool islands (UCIs). The Hauts de France Region and ADEME wanted to equip communities, developers, tree heritage managers and elected officials to provide them with a tool to carry out planting scenarios and assess their impact on carbon sequestration and the urban climate.

This tool allows you to:

- Assess the impact of existing tree heritage,
- Understand the impact of a planting scenario on carbon storage and UHI control,
- Select species according to several indicators and not just the impact on carbon or UHI control.
Recyclean®: an exclusive process for reusing polluted roads
L’économie circulaire est déterminante pour l’avenir du BTP car elle contribue à préserver les ressources et à mieux gérer les déchets. Elle s’inscrit pleinement dans la transition écologique et l’innovation, deux des piliers du plan stratégique d’Eiffage.
 
Ainsi Eiffage Route a mis au point Recyclean®, un procédé exclusif de réemploi des chaussées polluées, notamment par des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP) qui s’inscrit pleinement dans cette stratégie. Recyclean® permet de régénérer ce type de chaussées et de retraiter les matériaux existants. Cette solution ne génère pas de déchets, ni de...
The circular economy is crucial for the future of construction because it helps preserve resources and better manage waste. It is fully in line with the ecological transition and innovation, two of the pillars of Eiffage's strategic plan.
 
So Eiffage Route has developed Recyclean®, an exclusive process for reusing polluted roadways, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which is fully part of this strategy. Recyclean® allows this type of roadway to be regenerated and existing materials to be reprocessed. This solution generates no waste or landfill costs for polluted materials and fully meets the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act (LTECV) of 2015, which aims, among other things, to reduce the amount of waste admitted in storage facilities by 30% by 2020 compared to 2010, and 50% by 2025.
 
Ecologically and socially virtuous, the Recyclean® process avoids using new materials on construction sites as well as movements of trucks loaded with polluted materials. Recyclean® is also more economical because it avoids both the transport and the systematic landfilling of these materials.
Batiment-ventilation.fr: the referral French online website on the ventilation of buildings
Ayant pour objectif de mettre à disposition des acteurs de la construction l’ensemble des ressources sur les réglementations liées à la ventilation, le site www.batiment.ventilation.fr s'adresse principalement aux professionnels intervenant depuis la création et la prescription jusqu’à la réception et la maintenance des systèmes de ventilation.
 
Il contient à la fois une présentation exhaustive et accessible des principes techniques de la ventilation, un état complet et à jour de la réglementation applicable, une actualité réglementaire de référence neutre et...
With the aim of making all resources on ventilation regulations available to construction stakeholders, the website www.batiment.ventilation.fr is aimed primarily at professionals involved from the creation and prescription to receipt and maintenance of ventilation systems.
 
It contains both a comprehensive and accessible presentation of the technical principles of ventilation, a complete and up-to-date summary of the applicable regulations, a neutral and reliable source of regulatory news, an extensive bibliography with studies and reference guides on the topic, digital training resources for the promotion of best practices (MOOC, Serious Games) and frequently asked questions.
 
Supported by the Ministry for Ecological and Solidary Transition and co-financed by partners and the PACTE Programme, this site has been developed and is managed by Cerema, the Technical Centre for Aeraulic and Thermal Industries (CETIAT) and GreenMe, a company specialising in the quality of working environments.
The Hauts de l'Orne: a naturally innovative district
Un cadre de vie privilégié à deux pas de la Vallée de l’Orne et de la voie verte, sur un site riche de 7000 ans d’histoire : le futur ÉcoQuartier de Fleury-sur-Orne est actuellement développé par Caen la mer, la commune de Fleury-sur-Orne et Normandie Aménagement. Les travaux sont programmés jusqu’en 2030.

UN QUARTIER VÉGÉTAL
Premier ÉcoQuartier labellisé (étape 2 depuis 2018) à se construire sur Caen la mer, les Hauts de l’Orne offriront à ses futurs habitants, à horizon 2030, un vaste choix de logements individuels, semi-collectifs ou collectifs. Il se situera au cœur de 25 hectares de...
A special place to live just a stone's throw from the Orne Valley and its green way on a site with 7,000 years of history: the future EcoDistrict de Fleury-sur-Orne is currently being developed by Caen la Mer, the commune of Fleury-sur-Orne and Normandie Aménagement (Normandy Development). The work is scheduled until 2030.

A GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD
The first certified EcoDistrict (stage 2 since 2018) to be built in Caen la Mer, by 2030, the Hauts de l'Orne will offer its future inhabitants a wide choice of individual, semi-collective and collective housing. It will be located at the heart of 25 hectares of natural landscaped parks, ponds, gentle vegetated paths, and very close to shops, services and innovative sports and recreational facilities. Located a 10-minute drive from the centre of Caen, it will be served by the new rail tram from 2019 and benefit from access to a heat network.

AN IN-SITU NURSERY
To produce trees and plants locally, an innovative initiative, unique in France, was proposed by Normandie Aménagement: to set up a nursery directly in the neighbourhood. Located on the last stage of the EcoDistrict, which will not be completed for 10 years, this nursery has been home to all the plants needed for the future landscaping of the district since 2018. In the long run, more than 40,000 plant species will have been grown directly on the site.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville
Energy transition and urban planning video: how to move towards sustainable cities?
Croiser les enjeux de l’environnement, du climat, de l’énergie et des réseaux avec les politiques de l’urbanisme, de la mobilité et de l’habitat est essentiel pour construire des projets de territoires durables. L’aménagement des territoires est le levier le plus efficace pour réussir la transition énergétique dans la mesure où il impacte directement la demande en énergie.
 
Il peut par exemple créer des villes dépendantes de la voiture et très minéralisées, ne permettant pas de réguler les températures, ou tout au contraire des villes économes et résilientes offrant un cadre de vie attractif à leurs...
Combining environmental, climate, energy and network issues with urban planning, mobility and housing policies is essential for building sustainable regional projects. Land use is the most effective lever for successful energy transition as it directly impacts energy demand.
For example, it can create car-dependent, highly concrete cities which do not regulate temperatures, or, on the contrary, economical, resilient cities offering an attractive living environment for their inhabitants.
Thus, a well-organised region, sufficiently dense which makes the most of its local resources, can at the same time reduce its energy needs, produce its own energy and adapt to the climate of the future. The urban planning code now offers opportunities that communities can seize on.
This video, produced by Agam and DREAL Provence Alpes-Côte d'Azur, in association with the region's technical services, is a relevant way of presenting legal levers and making them possible by local examples of successfully integrating the energy transition into urban planning. Elected officials, experts and planning stakeholders, it's up to us!
The “Parc des Hauteurs”
L’Institut Paris Region apporte son appui technique au territoire Est Ensemble Grand Paris pour l’accompagner sur le projet de Parc des Hauteurs.
Le travail s’organise autour de trois axes sur la période 2016-2018 :
  1. Approfondir le projet stratégique du Parc des Hauteurs, notamment dans ses dimensions urbaines, paysagères et d’usages.
  2. Mobiliser un réseau d’acteurs autour du projet.
  3. Définir une stratégie partenariale de mise en œuvre....
The Paris Region Institute provides technical support to the Eastern Greater Paris Ensemble region to support it in the Parc des Hauteurs project.
The work was organised around three areas over the period 2016-2018:
  1. Deepening the strategic project of the Parc des Hauteurs, especially in its urban, landscape and usage dimensions.
  2. Mobilising a network of stakeholders around the project.
  3. Setting a partnership strategy for implementation.
The term "Parc des Hauteurs" here refers to both the green rights-of-way of the park project, the promenade that could connect them, as well as the potential urban area of influence of the park that roughly corresponds to the Romainville plateau, its cornice and foothills (a radius of 1000 metres around a ribbon that connects the major rights-of-way). There are now 220 hectares of green space and 870 000 inhabitants in this region (a very low ratio of 2.5 m2 of green space per capita), of which 260 000 are in the Eastern Ensemble region.
Sustainable Building MOOC: a digital training offer dedicated to sustainable construction
En 2016, le Plan Bâtiment Durable et l’ADEME, en collaboration avec de nombreuses organisations et l’appui de France Université Numérique, ont lancé la plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable.
 
La Plateforme MOOC Bâtiment Durable poursuit deux grands objectifs :
- Permettre la montée en compétence des professionnels de la filière bâtiment et immobilier sur les thématiques de la transition énergétique et du bâtiment durable en général (construction et rénovation),
- Diffuser, auprès du grand public, une expertise des enjeux liés au bâtiment durable, en particulier la rénovation énergétique...
In 2016, the Sustainable Building Plan and ADEME, in collaboration with numerous organisations and the support of France Digital University, launched the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.
 
The Sustainable Building MOOC Platform has two main objectives:
 
  •  To enable the improvement of professionals ’skills in the construction and real estate sector on the themes of energy transition and sustainable building in general (construction and renovation),
  • To disseminate, to the general public, an expertise on issues related to sustainable construction, in particular the energy renovation of housing.
Proposed in collaboration with numerous partners, the training consists of video-type teaching resources (but not just that) and offers individual or collaborative activities to assess the knowledge of learners.
 
The ambition of ADEME and the Sustainable Building Plan is to provide access to the best online training MOOC in the field of sustainable construction, regardless of the geographical location of the different learners.
 
It is possible for all stakeholders in the sector to propose an idea for a MOOC or online training. All registration dates and terms are available on the Sustainable Building MOOC platform.