Urban renewal

Seizeing the opportunities of the new "third industrial revolution" model in urban renewal projects
Dans l’histoire récente, des révolutions industrielles se sont produites lorsque se sont conjuguées de nouvelles sources d’énergie et de nouveaux moyens de communication. Après la 1ère révolution industrielle à la fin du XIXème siècle issue de l’invention de la machine à vapeur et de l’exploitation du charbon, après la 2ème révolution industrielle d’après-guerre née de l’usage généralisé de l’électricité, du pétrole, du téléphone et de la télévision, nous sommes entrés dans la troisième révolution industrielle des énergies renouvelables et des technologies numériques.
 
Telle est la théorie élaborée...
In recent history, industrial revolutions have occurred when new sources of energy and new means of communication have come together. After the first industrial revolution at the end of the 19th century resulting from the invention of the steam engine and the exploitation of coal, and after the second post-war industrial revolution born from the widespread use of electricity, oil, telephone and television, we entered the third industrial revolution of renewable energies and digital technologies.
 
Such is the theory elaborated by American economist Jeremy Rifkin. Finding a particular echo in the north of France, given the economic, social and environmental legacy of the past century, this third industrial revolution has become a unifying vision for the future. Called "rev3" in the Hauts-de-France, this model is based on:
 
  • Renewable energies
  • Energy storage
  • Internet of energy and digital technologies
  • Positive energy buildings
  • Innovative mobilities
  • Circular economy
  • Economy of functionality
  • Energy sobriety
With the aim of preserving the environment while developing employment, this new model finally goes beyond industry alone and also questions the way cities are designed and regions developed.
 
In neighbourhoods identified today as requiring urban renewal, this rev3 is fully consistent with the objectives pursued.
The planning and development agency of the Flanders-Dunkirk region (AGUR), in partnership with the Regional Council of Hauts-de-France, has thus produced a series of notebooks that can be mobilised as resources devoted to the incorporation of rev3 in urban renewal projects, like the projects carried out by the Urban Council of Dunkirk.
"Reduce the ecological footprint of the buildings in my region"
Fiche n°06 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Pour répondre à la loi de transition énergétique de 2015, les municipalités ont une obligation d’exemplarité énergétique sur leurs bâtiments publics. Certaines agglomérations vont encore plus loin. La métropole de Bretagne a voulu élargir son champ d’action au-delà de la sphère publique pour...
Fact sheet No.06 from the collection "Demain mon territoire", co-published by ADEME and the EcoMayors, is intended for local elected officials to help them integrate the environmental dimension into their programmes through twenty thematic fact sheets giving avenues for action and examples of solutions implemented.
 
In response to the Energy Transition Act of 2015, municipalities have an obligation to set an energy example in their public buildings. Some agglomerations go even further. The Brittany metropolis wanted to broaden its field of action beyond the public sphere to include the private housing stock in this exemplary approach.
 
To do this, it has created a public energy renovation service, Rénov' Habitat Bretagne, which assists private individuals throughout their energy renovation projects. The "Réseau'Habit Bretagne" platform provides advice and assistance in designing the project. It also allows the individual to be connected to a local network of professionals.
 
Financial assistance for implementing such projects is also granted to individuals, including offers for co-owners and modest households.
Mobilised to achieve energy exemplarity, public players, professionals and private individuals can therefore act together to reduce the carbon footprint and electricity bills while generating economic activity.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
OFS-BRS in France: a model for making sustainable housing affordable
La présente contribution vise à présenter le modèle des organismes de foncier solidaire (OFS) et du bail réel solidaire (BRS) en France métropolitaine et ultra-marine ainsi que les initiatives à l’œuvre sur le territoire.
 
Les organismes de foncier solidaire permettent notamment :
  • de participer à la mixité sociale,
  • de dynamiser les parcours résidentiels des ménages du parc locatif social,
  • d’imaginer des solutions nouvelles pour la vente d’HLM, les copropriétés dégradées ou à risques, la régulation des occupations illégales de terrains…
Cette...
The purpose of this contribution is to present the model of solidary land bodies (OFS) and joint real lease agreements (BRS) in metropolitan and overseas France, as well as the initiatives at work in the region.
 
The solidarity land bodies allow in particular:
  • participation in the social mix,
  • energising the residential pathways of households in the social rental stock,
  • development of new solutions for the sale of low-rent housing, degraded or high-risk condominiums, the regulation of illegal land occupations, etc.
This contribution details in particular the example of the establishment of public land and development in French Guyana. 
The "Reinventing the Seine" approach: a call for innovative projects to support regional development
En mars 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre et Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie ont lancé l'appel à projets « Réinventer la Seine ».

Dans un élan comparable à l'appel à projets « Réinventer Paris », la démarche a constitué une nouvelle étape dans le développement de la Vallée de la Seine.

Les porteurs du projet, Ville de Paris, agglomérations de Rouen et du Havre, HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie, se sont appuyés sur les trois agences d'urbanisme de l'Axe Seine (APUR, AURBSE et AURH) pour coordonner le dispositif de l'appel à projets à l'échelle des territoires parisiens,...
In March 2016, Paris, Rouen, Le Havre and Haropa - Ports de Paris Seine Normandie launched the call for projects "Reinventing the Seine".

In a similar vein to the "Reinventing Paris" call for projects, the initiative was a new step in the development of the Seine Valley.

The project sponsors, the City of Paris, the Rouen and Le Havre conurbations and HAROPA Port de Paris Seine Normandie relied on the three urban planning agencies of the Seine Axis (APUR, AURBSE and AURH) to coordinate the call for projects on the scale of the Paris, Rouen and Le Havre regions.

Nearly forty sites have been made available to innovators from all over the world (architects, town planners, economic players, start-ups, artists, designers, landscapers, etc) to encourage innovative projects and uses and thus strengthen the attractiveness and influence of the regions concerned.

The aim of this approach was to invent new ways of living on and by the water, on the Paris - Rouen - Le Havre axis. The process culminated in July 2017 with the designation of 20 winners, all meeting the requirements defined by the partners.

This approach to the development of the banks of the Seine and its canals has appealed to the boldness and creativity of professionals from all over the world and has been an accelerator of change.

In the years to come, the projects will be deployed along the Seine axis and will make visible another way of living along the river.
"Saving energy in my region"
Fiche n°04 issue du recueil « Demain mon territoire », copublié par l’ADEME et les EcoMaires à destination des élus locaux pour les aider à intégrer la dimension environnementale dans leur programme au travers de vingt fiches thématiques donnant des pistes d’action et des exemples de solutions mises en œuvre.
 
Pour réduire l’impact des activités directement attribuées aux communes sur le changement climatique, certains élus ont déjà mis en place des plans d’actions pour agir à l’échelle des infrastructures et équipements publics. C’est le cas notamment en Guadeloupe où a été adopté par la communauté d’...
Card no. 04 from the guide “Demain mon territoire” (Tomorrow my Region), co-published by ADEME and the EcoMaires, is intended for elected officials to help them integrate the environment into their programme thanks to twenty information sheets providing ideas for action and examples of implemented solutions.
 
To reduce the impacts of the activities directly allocated to the municipalities on climate change, some officials have already implemented action plans to act at the level of public infrastructure and equipment. Such is the case in Guadeloupe, where the urban community of Cap Excellence and the commune of Baie Mahault have adopted a Regional Climate-Air-Energy Plan (RCAEP) to reduce CO2 emissions by 20%.
 
To achieve this, Cap Excellence and Baie Mahault have been committed since 2015 to respecting the rules of the Cap Cit’ergie label which governs their sustainable energy climate policy. Nowadays, the communes have equipped their public buildings with solar panels and solar water heaters.
 
The whole urban lighting system has been revised to work only with LEDs. Moreover, to minimise the energy needs of homes, bioclimatism has been favoured to make the most of the home’s outside environment by using external solar protection, natural ventilation and roof insulation. So municipal stakeholders have become players in the ecological transition and models for their fellow citizens.
Using the ISO 37101 sustainable city management method
Un travail associant 51 pays a permis de définir une méthode de définition et de mise en œuvre de stratégies urbaines intégrées, robustes et agiles : la norme de management ISO 37101, publiée en 2016.
 
La méthode internationale ISO 37101 est un instrument de management puissant qui permet de maximiser les retombées d'un projet politique de développement territorial durable.

A l'échelle d'un projet, elle permet de renforcer la vision stratégique du projet, et favorise la collaboration et l'engagement des équipes. A une échelle élargie, elle facilite les échanges d'expériences...
Work involving 51 countries has led to the definition of a method to define and implement integrated, robust and agile urban strategies: the ISO 37101 management standard, published in 2016.
 
The international ISO 37101 method is a powerful management tool that maximises the benefits of a sustainable regional development policy project.

At the individual project level, it reinforces the strategic vision of the project and promotes collaboration and commitment among teams. On a broader scale, it facilitates the exchange of experience through a shared vocabulary and common methods.

The Ministry of Ecological Transition supports the use of this method by national and local institutions as evidenced by the EcoCité approach, which aimed in 2018 to conduct an experiment to use ISO 37101 with 5 pilot ÉcoCités, with a view to designing training in the integrated management of sustainable urban projects.
 
Agency 360 provides:
 
  • a project management assistance mission for the ministry (with XN Conseil, Neoclide, Efficacity and CEREMA),
  • uses it on a daily basis on its urban design and project management missions, within its training (engineering and management of smart cities in Bridges and Roads),
  • and participates in the development of this method within the national commission for sustainable and intelligent cities and regions (CNVTDI) of AFNOR (French Standards Association).
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.
Rehabilitation of wasteland in RT2012 and BBC
Fressin a réalisé depuis 2015 plusieurs actions visant à améliorer le bilan carbone et l’efficacité énergétique de la commune, tout en conservant la cohérence historique du centre-ville.
Ces démarches se sont concrétisées, entre autres, par la rénovation et réhabilitation de plusieurs bâtiments, la création d’un cheminement doux entre les bâtiments communaux de proximité et l’installation de panneaux photovoltaïques au sol pour une production et consommation d’énergie renouvelable et locale, l’installation de pompes à chaleur…
Ce projet fait partie des nominés de la 28ème édition des...
Since 2015, Fressin has carried out several actions aimed at improving the commune's carbon footprint and energy efficiency, while maintaining the historical coherence of the city centre.
 
These measures have been implemented, among other things, through the renovation and rehabilitation of a number of buildings, the creation of an easy pathway between local municipal buildings and the installation of photovoltaic panels on the ground for the production and consumption of renewable and local energy, the installation of heat pumps and so on.
 
This project is one of the nominees for the 28th edition of the Eco Action Trophies, the leading sustainable development competition for local communities, organised by the Les Eco Maires association.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.