Resilience

Managing the food supply during the pandemic: initiatives in French cities
La crise sanitaire a durement touché le monde entier, notamment la France, et a conduit à adapter les modes de consommation, de production et d’approvisionnement pour faire face à cette situation inédite. Fermeture des marchés, des commerces, des restaurants et des cantines, pénurie de main d’œuvre dans la production agricole… Les acteurs du secteur ont dû s’adapter à un contexte évolutif pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire du pays.
 
Malgré toutes ces difficultés, le système alimentaire français a tenu. 
Comment garantir la sécurité et la qualité de l’approvisionnement alimentaire...
 
Management of the food sector has been a crucial issue during Covid-19 crisis. A basic need for everybody, obtaining food is an essential activity that can-not be interrupted or endangered. But how can the safety and quality of the food supply be guaranteed for everyone during a health crisis? What mechanisms have been put in place in French cities in response to this unprecedented emergency? What lessons can be learned from the pandemic? Should we expect more long-term changes in the way that we produce, consume and recycle? To what extent can local French initiatives be useful in terms of a transition of the food system on a more global scale?
 
France Urbaine, in partnership with the RESOLIS and Terres en Villes associations, presents an analysis in this publication of the multiple roles played by cities during these first weeks of lockdown.
Culture and heritage, accelerators of the industrial reconversion of the Nord - Pas de Calais mining basin
La cité des Électriciens est construite par la Compagnie des mines de Bruay au 19ème siècle pour loger les familles des mineurs. Il s’agit de la plus ancienne cité minière subsistant dans le Bassin minier du Pas-de-Calais. Elle témoigne de l’architecture des premiers corons.
 
En 2008, la cité est progressivement vidée de ses habitants et laissée à l’abandon depuis l’arrêt de l’activité minière à Bruay-La-Buissière. En 2012, elle bénéficie de l’inscription du Bassin Minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais à l’UNESCO au titre de « paysage culturel évolutif ».
 
En 2013 démarrent des travaux de...
The Cité des Électriciens was built by the Bruay Mining Company in the 19th century to house the miners' families. It is the oldest surviving mining town in the Pas-de-Calais mining basin. It bears witness to the architecture of the first mining cottages.
 
In 2008, the town was gradually emptied of its inhabitants and left abandoned since the mining activity in Bruay-La-Buissière stopped. In 2012, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Mining Basin would be listed by UNESCO as an "evolving cultural landscape".
 
In 2013, work began on the rehabilitation and transformation of the town into an interpretation centre dedicated to discovering the landscape and mining town planning. All this is set in an environment of squares and gardens reflecting the importance of gardening in the lives of miners and respect for the values of solidarity.
 
Rehabilitated by the Philippe Prost Architecture Agency in association with the FORR landscaping agency, the Du&Ma museographers and Villar+Vera for the signage, the Cité des Électriciens is an example of the compatibility between built heritage and sustainable development. By preserving the existing buildings and assigning new uses to them, the project preserves and adapts the town to new ways of living and to environmental issues.
 
In addition, three bars remain the property of Maisons & Cités (social landlord), which has renovated them into ten social housing units, allowing the original use of the town to be maintained.
Grand Ouarzazate, an oasis town for the 21st century
Le Grand Ouarzazate, situé sur le versant sud du Haut-Atlas et à la porte du désert et de l’Afrique subsaharienne, est riche d’une culture millénaire et de sites exceptionnels. L’activité de ce territoire a été positionnée dans les dernières décennies sur son potentiel touristique et sur l’accueil de l’industrie cinématographique. Le complexe solaire «Noor Ouarzazate», ouvre un volet nouveau de son attractivité.
 
Les équipes internationales réunies par les Ateliers de Cergy ont été appelées en 2018 à effectuer un travail collectif sur un cap formulé pour le Grand Ouarzazate par le Gouverneur de la Province...
Grand Ouarzazate, located on the southern slope of the High Atlas at the gateway to the desert and sub-Saharan Africa, is rich in its thousand-year-old culture and exceptional sites. The activity of this region has been positioned in recent decades on its tourist potential and hosting the cinematographic industry. The "Noor Ouarzazate" solar complex opens up a new aspect of its attractiveness.
 
The international teams brought together by the Ateliers de Cergy were called upon in 2018 to work collectively on a course formulated for the Grand Ouarzazate by the Governor of the Province and the Presidents of the communes:
 
- To make it, based around agriculture and water, the foundations of the oasis, an attractive region of world level based on several aspects; cinema, the thermo-solar industry and tourism.
- To make it a model ecological town, a showcase for oasis locations.
 
The spatialised proposals resulting from this work focused on the following themes:
 
- To improve the quality of urban life by creating tree-lined public spaces, new housing models, adapted to the climate and current lifestyles, and to strengthen social life in participatory places in the different neighbourhoods.
- To rebalance the banks of the central wadi by reorganising mobility and reconsidering the programme for a vast "urban pole" to adapt it to current economic realities and to accommodate new facilities, particularly universities.
- To improve water efficiency by ensuring the sharing of water between domestic, agricultural and industrial needs and move towards food self-sufficiency by extending the green belt and reinvestment of the major bed of the Wadi.
- To restore the earth's dignity as a building material: as the basic material of vernacular architecture, it is - despite its insulating properties - being abandoned in favour of cinder block. Proposals have been made to restore the esteem for this ecological material and reactivate the industry and know-how through contemporary architecture, in line with current lifestyles.
 
The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
Improve the water distribution service for the city of Mangalore
Mangalore est l’une des principales métropoles portuaires de la côte ouest de l’Inde et un « hub » de développement pour les industries du pétrole et du gaz, de la pétrochimie et du minerai de fer. Elle est l’une des 108 « Smart Cities » désignées par le gouvernement indien pour accueillir des technologies liées à la mobilité, aux énergies renouvelables et à la gestion de l’eau et des déchets afin de dessiner la ville indienne de demain.
 
A travers ce nouveau contrat, financé par la Banque Asiatique de Développement, SUEZ améliore la qualité des services d’eau potable et participe à...
Mangalore is a large port city on the West Coast of India and a development hub for oil & gas, petrochemical and iron ore industries.
 
It is one of the 108 Smart Cities designated by the Indian government to host technologies related to mobility, renewable energy, water and waste management to shape the Indian city of tomorrow. 
 
Through this new contract, financed by the Asian Development Bank, SUEZ will upgrade the entire distribution system to cater to demand as per the needs of the year 2036.
 
A healthy, sustainable local food supply for all
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Une alimentation saine, durable et de proximité pour tous » présente la stratégie alimentaire de la Métropole Rouen Normandie....
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “A healthy, sustainable local food supply for all” presents the food strategy of Rouen Normandy Metropolis.
Lying an hour and a half from Paris and recognised for the wealth of its cultural and natural heritage, Rouen Normandy Metropolis has opted for a balanced development approach underpinned by the protection of resources. It has lever-aged its strengths as a dynamic urban, economic and tourist region. In this context, agriculture, which occupies nearly one third of the territory, represents a kingpin for the development and attractiveness of the metropolis.
 
For several years, the Rouen Normandy Metropolis has implemented a proactive policy to promote the development of local short food supply chains and efficient agriculture that respects natural resources. Firmly convinced of the need to take into account the food component within its agricultural policy, the Metropolis undertook the development of a PAT at the end of 2017, that it co-manages with partners in its Charte Agricole de Territoire (Territorial Agricultural Charter).
 
The challenge that the Metropolis has set itself through the development of its PAT, is to successfully mobilize all those involved in a collective project built on a set of shared, engaging values.
The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés » présente la politique sociale en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors ” presents the social policy linked to the food strategy of the Nice Côte d´Azur Metropolis.
 
Social policy in the municipal region is implemented in particular through the Direction Générale Adjointe des Solidarités (“Deputy General Directorate for Solidarity"), which brings together the Nice Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre) and other missions that provide services for the most vulnerable, and also mobilises other departments through transversal actions. The Municipal Social Action Centre (CCAS), the spearhead for this policy, has close links with the field and is in constant contact with community associations in order to undertake appropriate concrete responses to the needs of the fight against various forms of exclusion.
 
In Nice, the distribution of meals to vulnerable persons is carried out by 14 aid and relief associations, organized in a network (Inter Secours Nice Alimentation) and in association with the Alpes-Maritimes Food Bank. At the beginning of 2019, actions were revised with improvements and better support. Moreover, a food distribution charter including the City of Nice, the Municipal Social Action Centre and the associations involved in the Inter Secours Nice network was signed.
Gran Santo Domingo sustainable urban mobility plan
Mobilise Your City (MYC) est une initiative globale pour le climat qui promeut la planification intégrée de la mobilité urbaine ; elle vise à maximiser le potentiel de réduction des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (-50 % d’ici 2050), en particulier dans les villes des pays du Sud qui accueilleront la majeure partie de la croissance urbaine à venir.
 
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, le Grand Saint Domingue fait partie des 100 agglomérations qui se sont engagées à définir et mettre en œuvre un Plan de Mobilité Urbaine ambitieux. Cette initiative bénéficie de l’appui technique et financier de l’AFD  (...
Mobilise Your City (MYC) is a global climate initiative that promotes integrated urban mobility planning. It aims to maximise the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (by 50% by 2050), particularly in cities in southern countries that will see most of the future urban growth.
As part of this initiative, Gran Santo Domingo is one of 100 cities that have committed to define and implement an ambitious Urban Mobility Plan. This initiative has the technical and financial support of AFD (French Development Agency) and the MYC programme.
The mission of the SYSTRA group was to support the national authority in charge of planning and improving mobility conditions in the region for 16 months.
This assistance consisted of:
 
- Providing technical support for the definition of an ambitious action plan,
- Developing digital planning tools,
- Building the capacity of local stakeholders,
- Setting up a participatory process that allows, during the study period, the setting up of real cooperation at the Gran Santo Domingo scale (INTRANT, municipalities, ministries, operators etc).
Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA): fighting climate change in Africa
La « Convention des Maires pour l’Afrique subsaharienne » (CoM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union européenne pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne dans leur lutte contre le changement climatique et dans leurs efforts pour assurer l’accès à l’énergie propre de leurs populations.

Elle a plusieurs objectifs :

- Renforcer les capacités des villes à développer et à utiliser des instruments de planification et d’exécution dans les domaines de l’énergie, de la mobilité et de l’urbanisme,
- Améliorer le cadre juridique et institutionnel des autorités locales...
The Covenant of Mayors for Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is a European Union-funded initiative to support cities in sub-Saharan Africa in their fight against climate change and their efforts to ensure access to clean energy for their people.

It has several objectives:

- Strengthen the capacity of cities to develop and use planning and implementation instruments in the fields of energy, mobility and urban planning,
- Improve the legal and institutional framework of local authorities and their technical and resource mobilisation capabilities,
- Promote political ownership and dissemination of best practices.

The first two phases of the initiative have built a strong network of cities committed to the fight against climate change, with 178 signatory cities and municipalities. The third phase will allow cities to develop their Sustainable Energy and Climate Access Action Plans (SECAAP), implement energy access, climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, and also strengthen partnerships between cities and regions.
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.