Resilience

Gran Santo Domingo sustainable urban mobility plan
Mobilise Your City (MYC) est une initiative globale pour le climat qui promeut la planification intégrée de la mobilité urbaine ; elle vise à maximiser le potentiel de réduction des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (-50 % d’ici 2050), en particulier dans les villes des pays du Sud qui accueilleront la majeure partie de la croissance urbaine à venir.
 
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, le Grand Saint Domingue fait partie des 100 agglomérations qui se sont engagées à définir et mettre en œuvre un Plan de Mobilité Urbaine ambitieux. Cette initiative bénéficie de l’appui technique et financier de l’AFD  (...
Mobilise Your City (MYC) is a global climate initiative that promotes integrated urban mobility planning. It aims to maximise the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (by 50% by 2050), particularly in cities in southern countries that will see most of the future urban growth.
As part of this initiative, Gran Santo Domingo is one of 100 cities that have committed to define and implement an ambitious Urban Mobility Plan. This initiative has the technical and financial support of AFD (French Development Agency) and the MYC programme.
The mission of the SYSTRA group was to support the national authority in charge of planning and improving mobility conditions in the region for 16 months.
This assistance consisted of:
 
- Providing technical support for the definition of an ambitious action plan,
- Developing digital planning tools,
- Building the capacity of local stakeholders,
- Setting up a participatory process that allows, during the study period, the setting up of real cooperation at the Gran Santo Domingo scale (INTRANT, municipalities, ministries, operators etc).
Urbayiti: urban governance and resilient towns in Haiti
Le projet Urbayiti – “Gouvernance urbaine et villes résilientes“ vise à promouvoir le développement économique et social d’Haïti et à favoriser la résilience des populations, à travers l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des villes.
 
Urbayiti contribue ainsi à la consolidation du cadre institutionnel pour renforcer la gouvernance du secteur et améliorer la gestion et la planification des villes. Il informe et sensibilise la population sur les enjeux de développement urbain et souligne l’ambition du gouvernement haïtien de mener une démarche urbaine intégrée.
 
Le projet intervient à...
The Urbayiti project "Urban Governance and Resilient Towns" aims to promote Haiti's economic and social development and foster people's resilience by improving the quality of urban life.
 
Urbayiti is thus helping consolidate the institutional framework to strengthen governance in the sector and improve the management and planning of towns. It informs and raises people’s awareness of urban development issues and underlines the Haitian government's ambition to pursue an integrated urban approach.
 
The project operates on three levels:
 
- National for strategic, institutional and normative actions;
- Departmental (South and Grand Anse) and metropolitan (Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area) for strategic actions, training and studies;
- Local (Port-au-Prince, Jérémie and Les Cayes) for infrastructure and services and capacity building, job creation and social engineering.
The actions carried out focus on three areas:
- strengthening urban governance;
- developing urban plans;
- carrying out urban planning operations.
Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA): fighting climate change in Africa
La « Convention des Maires pour l’Afrique subsaharienne » (CoM ASS) est une initiative financée par l’Union européenne pour soutenir les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne dans leur lutte contre le changement climatique et dans leurs efforts pour assurer l’accès à l’énergie propre de leurs populations.

Elle a plusieurs objectifs :

- Renforcer les capacités des villes à développer et à utiliser des instruments de planification et d’exécution dans les domaines de l’énergie, de la mobilité et de l’urbanisme,
- Améliorer le cadre juridique et institutionnel des autorités locales...
The Covenant of Mayors for Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA) is a European Union-funded initiative to support cities in sub-Saharan Africa in their fight against climate change and their efforts to ensure access to clean energy for their people.

It has several objectives:

- Strengthen the capacity of cities to develop and use planning and implementation instruments in the fields of energy, mobility and urban planning,
- Improve the legal and institutional framework of local authorities and their technical and resource mobilisation capabilities,
- Promote political ownership and dissemination of best practices.

The first two phases of the initiative have built a strong network of cities committed to the fight against climate change, with 178 signatory cities and municipalities. The third phase will allow cities to develop their Sustainable Energy and Climate Access Action Plans (SECAAP), implement energy access, climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, and also strengthen partnerships between cities and regions.
Urban and Landscape Project Club, Saint-Pierre Workshop, Martinique
L’ADDUAM a organisé en avril 2016 un workshop avec le club Projet Urbain & Paysage de la FNAU autour de la ville de Saint-Pierre : ce furent cinq jours de visite et d’échanges, entre analyse du territoire, élaboration de stratégies, réflexions collectives et formulation de propositions, orchestrés par les trois animateurs du club, mettant en musique les compétences des agences pour un projet de territoire multiscalaire, en association avec des professionnels locaux de la ville.
Saint-Pierre est une ville de mémoire, caractérisée par son implantation au pied du volcan, entre mer et montagne, marquée par l’...
In April 2016, ADDUAM organised a workshop with the FNAU Urban and Landscape Project Club around the town of Saint-Pierre: five days of visits and discussions, mixing analysis of the region, elaboration of strategies, collective reflection and formulating proposals, all orchestrated by the club's three facilitators, giving practical expression to the skills of the agencies for a multiscale regional project in association with local professionals from the town.
 
Saint-Pierre is a memorial town, characterised by its location at the foot of the volcano, between sea and mountains, marked by the explosion of Mount Pelee at the beginning of the 20th century, but also today a city of culture and brewing.
How can this territory with its strong identity based around the volcano be united? What overall planning strategy for a new urban quality, meeting the challenge of resilience, in a town marked by risk? What is the common theme that can assemble all the emerging projects and make the multitude of different actions a real political project? Deciphering the potential of a site, generating ideas, mobilising stakeholders and generating project desires were the challenges this urban project workshop in Saint-Pierre 2016 set out to meet.
Biodi(V)strict® tool: measuring the impact of urban development on biodiversity
Notre modèle urbain est actuellement en pleine évolution pour s’inscrire dans une transition écologique et climatique. Ainsi, dans le cadre du renouvellement et du développement urbain, il est nécessaire de faire les bons choix pour préserver et renforcer la biodiversité.
 
L’outil Biodi(V)strict®, inclus dans une méthodologie scientifique solide développée par AgroParisTech, est un réel atout pour accompagner les acteurs de la construction de la ville, qui doivent prendre les bonnes décisions pour réintroduire la nature en ville et profiter pleinement de tous les services qu’elle offre. Il permet de...
Our urban model is currently evolving to fit in with the ecological and climate transition. Thus, in the context of urban renewal and development, there is a need to make the right choices to preserve and strengthen biodiversity.
 
The Biodi(V)strict® tool, included in a solid scientific methodology developed by AgroParisTech, is a real asset to support stakeholders in the construction of the city, who must make the right decisions to reintroduce nature into the city and take full advantage of all the benefits it offers. It helps simulate the biodiversity performance of a project or region, as well as the environmental benefits provided.
 
Biodi(V)strict® is implemented by Urbalia, a start-up created by AgroParisTech and VINCI Construction.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Saint-Etienne, Resilient Design City
Parce qu’un territoire durable se réfléchit comme un projet singulier qui doit être conduit avec la population pour espérer réussir, cela implique d’anticiper ses besoins de développement en prenant en compte les dimensions sociale, environnementale, économique, et de s’appuyer sur son identité sans faire table rase du passé.
 
En portant des objectifs forts en matière de développement durable tout en affirmant son identité design (entrée en 2010 dans le Réseau UNESCO des villes créatives) dans le prolongement de sa grande histoire industrielle, Saint-Etienne fait rayonner l’ensemble de sa métropole...
Because a sustainable region is thought of as a singular project that must be carried out with the population in order to succeed, it implies anticipating its development needs, taking into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions, and relying on its identity without making a clean break with its past.
 
By maintaining strong sustainable development goals while affirming its design identity (having entered in 2010 the UNESCO Network of Creative Cities) in continuation of its great industrial history, Saint-Etienne is spreading out its whole urban area for the appreciation of a region undergoing full transformation.
 
In essence, Saint-Etienne's metropolitan ambition will be supported by an exemplary urban project - the resilient design city - capable of amplifying Saint-Etienne's design identity by promoting culture in particular, and responding to the major challenges of this century (climate emergency, economic shocks, social exclusion etc) through the ability to adapt, reinvent and experiment.
 
In light of these new challenges, the Saint-Etienne Public Planning Establishment is reaffirming its duty to be exemplary by placing itself ahead of the strategic directions for sustainable urban development set by the State, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region, as well as the Loire Department, and enshrining its action in the continuity of the urban policy carried by the City and Metropolis of Saint-Etienne.
Planning with nature in the city
Cet ouvrage apporte un éclairage particulier sur la nature en ville, il est centré sur ses effets. A travers un regard pluridisciplinaire, il donne des éléments de compréhension documentés et étayés de chiffres clés sur les effets de la nature en ville, les concurrences et synergies entre phénomènes et les ordres de grandeur des impacts. Les thèmes traités sont en lien avec les leviers de l'aménagement pour des villes et territoires durables.
 
L'ouvrage s'articule en quatorze chapitres, chacun d'eux est fondé sur une idée préconçue et apporte des éléments de compréhension, des phénomènes en jeu et des effets...
This work sheds particular light on nature in the city, focusing on its effects. Through a multidisciplinary lens, it provides documented, supported elements of understanding of key figures on the effects of nature in the city, competition and synergies between phenomena and orders of magnitude of impacts. The themes covered are related to the levers of development for sustainable cities and regions.
 
The book is divided into fourteen chapters, each based on a preconceived idea that brings elements of understanding, phenomena at stake and the effects (environmental, health and/or economic) of nature in the city.
Preconceived ideas focus on the effects of nature in the city on biodiversity, air quality, soil quality, sound environment, water management, thermal comfort, greenhouse gas concentration, food, the attractiveness of urbanised spaces and the economic approach. Aimed in particular at the technical services of communities and complementary to the guidelines also proposed for nature-friendly development in the city, it gives the ADEME view of the impact of nature in the city for various issues related to urban planning.
Cooling our cities: what knowledge do we need?
La surchauffe des villes impacte le confort des citadins, et en période de canicule pose un enjeu de santé pour les populations sensibles. C'est pourquoi l'ADEME, soutient le développement de solutions de rafraichissement de la ville qui permettent d'améliorer le confort thermique estival, tout en adoptant une approche environnementale de l'urbanisme.
 
En 2017, l'ADEME souhaitait initier une réflexion scientifique et technique, en partenariat avec des acteurs externes, permettant de formaliser les résultats clés des travaux de recherche finis, mais surtout d'en avoir une lecture critique afin de dynamiser et...
Overheating of our cities impacts the comfort of city dwellers, and during heat waves poses a health issue for sensitive populations. This is why ADEME supports the development of city cooling solutions that improve thermal comfort in summer while adopting an environmental approach to urban planning.
 
In 2017, ADEME wanted to initiate scientific and technical reflection, in partnership with external stakeholders, to formalise the key results of the finished research, but above all to have a critical reading of it in order to energise and more deeply research these topics. Following a report on research in the field of urban cooling carried out by the City's Institute for Research in Science and Technology, a science and technology day was organised in Lyon on 27 June 2017. The day brought together more than 50 practitioners and researchers who exchanged views on urban cooling practices and knowledge.
 
The proceedings of this science and technology day combine a presentation on the state of the art on current knowledge and blind spots in research, the round table interventions that helped highlight operational issues and the work of participants who were invited to explore together, as part of a World Café, the barriers and research avenues that could contribute to ADEME's strategic research operations in this subject.
Recommendations for resilient territories adapted to climate change
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Le changement climatique est une réalité devenue un enjeu majeur pour notre société. Face à une urbanisation mondiale croissante, à l’exploitation intensive des ressources naturelles et à la fréquence des évènements...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Climate change is a reality that has become a major issue for our society. Faced with growing global urbanization, the intensive exploitation of natural resources and the frequency of extreme weather events, it is urgent to mobilize at all levels of our cities and organizations, to strengthen the resilience of territories and of populations living in them.
 
To that end, it is necessary to consider far-reaching changes of urban and economic models, and to involve all the actors of the territory, to cooperate in a dynamic of anticipation, management or reconstruction in the event of a crisis.
 
It is within this framework that the “Resilience and adaptation to climate change” working group was gathered, in order to reflect on tools and solutions to make our cities and territories more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable.