Risks

Urbayiti: urban governance and resilient towns in Haiti
Le projet Urbayiti – “Gouvernance urbaine et villes résilientes“ vise à promouvoir le développement économique et social d’Haïti et à favoriser la résilience des populations, à travers l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des villes.
 
Urbayiti contribue ainsi à la consolidation du cadre institutionnel pour renforcer la gouvernance du secteur et améliorer la gestion et la planification des villes. Il informe et sensibilise la population sur les enjeux de développement urbain et souligne l’ambition du gouvernement haïtien de mener une démarche urbaine intégrée.
 
Le projet intervient à...
The Urbayiti project "Urban Governance and Resilient Towns" aims to promote Haiti's economic and social development and foster people's resilience by improving the quality of urban life.
 
Urbayiti is thus helping consolidate the institutional framework to strengthen governance in the sector and improve the management and planning of towns. It informs and raises people’s awareness of urban development issues and underlines the Haitian government's ambition to pursue an integrated urban approach.
 
The project operates on three levels:
 
- National for strategic, institutional and normative actions;
- Departmental (South and Grand Anse) and metropolitan (Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area) for strategic actions, training and studies;
- Local (Port-au-Prince, Jérémie and Les Cayes) for infrastructure and services and capacity building, job creation and social engineering.
The actions carried out focus on three areas:
- strengthening urban governance;
- developing urban plans;
- carrying out urban planning operations.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Recommendations for resilient territories adapted to climate change
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Le changement climatique est une réalité devenue un enjeu majeur pour notre société. Face à une urbanisation mondiale croissante, à l’exploitation intensive des ressources naturelles et à la fréquence des évènements...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by the members of the French Alliance for Cities and Territorial Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi on February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit on June 2020.
 
Climate change is a reality that has become a major issue for our society. Faced with growing global urbanization, the intensive exploitation of natural resources and the frequency of extreme weather events, it is urgent to mobilize at all levels of our cities and organizations, to strengthen the resilience of territories and of populations living in them.
 
To that end, it is necessary to consider far-reaching changes of urban and economic models, and to involve all the actors of the territory, to cooperate in a dynamic of anticipation, management or reconstruction in the event of a crisis.
 
It is within this framework that the “Resilience and adaptation to climate change” working group was gathered, in order to reflect on tools and solutions to make our cities and territories more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
2D/3D/4D GIS platform tool: modelling the vulnerability of infrastructure to climate hazards to strengthen regional resilience
RESALLIENCE est un bureau d’étude dédié à l’adaptation des territoires, des villes, des infrastructures et de leurs usages au changement climatique.
 
RESALLIENCE accompagne et conseille ses clients sur les aléas climatiques qui affectent les villes et territoires en réalisant :
  • des diagnostics de vulnérabilité climatique ;
  • de la modélisation de la résilience fonctionnelle adaptés aux actifs et réseaux ;
  • accompagne au développement de plans d’actions dédiés à l’amélioration de la résilience au changement climatique.
Des solutions « clés...
RESALLIENCE is a research office dedicated to adapting regions, cities, infrastructure and their uses to climate change.
 
RESALLIENCE supports and advises its clients on the climatic hazards that affect cities and regions by carrying out:
  • climate vulnerability diagnoses;
  • functional resilience modelling tailored to assets and networks;
  • supports the development of action plans dedicated to improving resilience to climate change.
"Turnkey" solutions are provided, such as vulnerability mapping, assessing the resilience of urban infrastructure and systems through indicators, as well as functional and operational recommendations to improve resilience.
 
In particular, RESALLIENCE has developed a 2D/3D/4D GIS (geographic information system) platform that helps, among other things, to project the issues of vulnerability and dependence of infrastructure in the face of different hazards for a current and future climate.
 
This platform also provides monitoring and alerts for weather event forecasts to facilitate the implementation of preventive measures to reduce damage, be it material, human or financial, and reduce the time to bring a construction site, concession or industrial activity back into operation.
Protecting Oshakati from heavy flooding during the rainy season
La ville d'Oshakati est l'une des plus grandes villes du nord de la Namibie et souffre régulièrement de fortes inondations pendant la saison des pluies.
 
En collaboration avec son partenaire IMDC, Tractebel a développé une solution durable afin de protéger Oshakati de ces inondations. Cette solution consiste en la construction d'une digue au nord-ouest de la ville ainsi que de ponts et d'écluses pour détourner et contrôler les eaux d'inondation venant de l'Angola autour de la ville. Au sommet de la digue, une partie de la future rocade sera modélisée en 3D et construite selon le plan directeur...
Oshakati is one of the largest cities in northern Namibia and regularly suffers from heavy flooding during the rainy season.
 
In collaboration with its partner IMDC, Tractebel has developed a sustainable solution to protect Oshakati from these floods. This solution involves constructing an embankment to the north-west of the city as well as bridges and locks to divert and control floodwaters coming from Angola around the city. At the top of the embankment, part of the future ring road will be modelled in 3D and built according to Oshakati's design master plan.
 
Key project issues include:
 
  • Defining the necessary measures to adapt community development to climate change, taking into account the relative urgency of the risks identified and available resources in collaboration with all local stakeholders;
  • Developing land use including better management of water resources: run-off, groundwater, rivers, estuaries, coastal waters and designing flood protection measures.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville
For more resilient populations and regions
Ce document élaboré par le PFVT, plateforme d'échange des acteurs français de l'urbain œuvrant à l'international, formule les grandes orientations portées par la France dans le cadre de l’adoption de l’Agenda Urbain de Quito de 2016. Face à la multiplication des crises et catastrophes engendrées par le dérèglement climatique, ce document établit des recommandations visant à renforcer la résilience territoriale, notamment urbaine, mais également des populations.
 
Les enjeux de résilience se trouvent en amont des crises, notamment par la capacité à trouver des modèles de croissance économique qui...
This document, put together by the PFVT, a discussion platform for French urban stakeholders working internationally, sets out the broad guidelines that France has taken in terms of adopting the 2016 Urban Agenda in Quito. In the face of the increasing number of crises and disasters caused by climate change, this document makes recommendations aimed at strengthening regional resilience, especially urban, as well as that of populations.
 
Resilience issues lie ahead of crises, including the ability to find economic growth models that are more respectful of biodiversity while being a source of wealth and development. Resilience is also the ability to rebuild quickly in the wake of crises, while ensuring continued access to vital services for all a region’s inhabitants.
 
In this document, the PFVT recommends resilience policies carried out by local authorities whose capacities need to be improved. The role of the population itself is recognised through the importance of involving the inhabitants and social cohesion during crises, including vulnerable neighbourhoods.
La Toile énergétique: the Dunkirk area energetic relations network
Conçue en 2018, la Toile énergétique® retrace les flux d'énergie entre les différents acteurs sur le bassin d'emploi de Dunkerque. Cet outil d’observation s’inspire de la Toile industrielle® élaborée par l’Agence d’urbanisme et de développement de la région Flandre-Dunkerque (AGUR). La Toile énergétique® explique, de la manière la plus fine possible, et de façon intelligible le parcours de l’énergie sur le territoire : de l’arrivée des matières premières à leur injection dans un réseau local ou national, jusqu’à leur consommation finale. L'outil s'adresse à l'ensemble des acteurs de la transition énergétique. Il est utilisé...
Developed in 2018, La Toile énergétique (“Energy web”) charts the energy flows between different actors in Dunkirk’s employment area. This observation tool is inspired by la Toile industrielle “Industry web” , previously developed by AGUR. La Toile énergétique explains in the most intelligible way the route followed by energy on the territory: from the arrival of raw material, through its injection in local or national grids -   until its final consumption. The tool is dedicated to all the actors involved in the energy transition. It is used during strategic meetings gathering energy players, logisticians, industrials… This tool was firstly experimented in Dunkirk.
Direction of French aid for towns’ climate action
Cette publication du PFVT propose les grandes orientations françaises en faveur de l'action des villes pour le climat. Ce document élaboré sous forme de grandes orientations est issu d'un travail collaboratif entre de multiples acteurs français de l'urbain, offrant une vision large des enjeux climatiques dans les milieux urbains.
 
Face aux constats que les villes sont des territoires particulièrement vulnérables aux aléas du dérèglement climatique et que les populations les plus précaires sont les plus rapidement touchées lors de catastrophe, ce document s’attache d’abord à l’importance de l’...
This publication by the PFVT sets out broad French guidelines for towns to take action on climate. This document, developed in the form of broad guidelines, is the result of collaborative work between multiple French urban stakeholders, offering a broad view of climate issues in urban environments.
 
Faced with the observation that towns are particularly vulnerable to the vagaries of climate change and that the most vulnerable populations are those most rapidly affected by disasters, this document focuses first on the importance of improving people's living conditions and autonomy, but also the need to improve urban resilience.
 
To address these issues, the PFVT first recommends relying on local public policy to build a sustainable city, in line with a recognition of the role of local authorities, stakeholders of the Paris Agreement. Second, the text establishes that these policies should be drawn up on a regional scale, without stopping at the administrative city limits. Finally, the issue of funding, which is also central to the implementation of public policies, is mentioned in a final part.