Risks

Limours living lab – the Smart City showcase for rural and peri-urban towns
Les factures eau, gaz, électricité font partie des principaux postes de dépenses des communes notamment de taille moyenne. La baisse des aides de l’Etat les incite à trouver des moyens afin de mieux maîtriser ces consommations, sans procéder au renouvellement complet des parcs, mais en installant des capteurs sur des compteurs existants.
 
Limours, commune de 6700 habitants située dans l’Essonne, a souhaité mettre en place la solution O-CELL permettant la visualisation au quotidien des consommations de ses bâtiments communaux, sans toutefois investir dans une solution coûteuse à installer et à...
Water, gas and electricity bills are among the main items of expenditure for municipalities, particularly those of medium size. The decline in state aid encourages them to find ways to better control such consumption, without proceeding to the complete renewal of their infrastructure, but by installing sensors on existing meters.
 
Limours, a municipality of 6700 inhabitants located in Essonne (France), wanted to set up the OCELL solution allowing the daily visualisation of the consumptions of municipal buildings, without investing in an expensive solution to install and maintain facilities maladapted to the needs of a small peri-urban municipality.
Urban Resilience – report: In the face of shocks and deleterious mutations, rebound rather than resist?
Être confrontées et devoir faire face aux mutations, lentes et délétères, et aux chocs, soudains et brutaux, fait partie de la réalité des villes depuis toujours. Elles démontrent une capacité formidable à résister, à s’adapter et à renaître. Et pourtant, la résilience urbaine présente aujourd’hui une actualité toute particulière : avec l’urbanisation accrue, les villes deviennent de plus en plus des zones à enjeu en même temps qu’elles contribuent à renforcer l’aléa. Elles sont plus que jamais des acteurs majeurs de la gestion des risques en offrant un échelon d’action et de gouvernance pertinent et efficace. Avec la résilience, l’...
Being confronted and having to cope with slow and dangerous mutations, and sudden and brutal shocks, has been part of the reality of cities for a long time. They demonstrate a formidable ability to resist, adapt and be reborn.
 
And yet, urban resilience is particularly topical today: with increased urbanisation, cities are becoming more and more problematic areas, while contributing at the same time to increased risk. They are more than major players in risk management, by providing a relevant and effective level of action and governance.
 
With resilience, the ambition to achieve zero risk is abandoned, as is the goal of perpetuating the regional or social system in the same way: the preferred ambition is to develop rebound and adaptation capacities.
Beyond words and concepts, how can we reach this state of dynamic equilibrium?
ARTELIA white paper on Smart Cities
Ce Livre Blanc s’adresse à tous les publics, et en particulier aux acteurs clés de la Ville, qui souhaitent connaître les enjeux de la Smart City et les clés de la ville intelligente. Il est le fruit d’un travail collaboratif entre les différents secteurs d’activité d’ARTELIA, groupe international multidisciplinaire de conseil, d’ingénierie et de management de projet dans les secteurs de la construction, des infrastructures, de l’industrie, de l’eau et de l’environnement. A travers cet ouvrage, ARTELIA partage ses références, son expertise et ses retours d’expérience tout en décrivant son offre de service pour accompagner les porteurs...
This white paper is for all audiences - and more particularly for the city’s stakeholders - who wish to learn about the challenges and solutions to the Smart City.
It stems from collaborative work within ARTELIA’s different industries - an international, multidisciplinary consulting group, working on engineering and project management in the building, infrastructure, water and environment industry sectors.
Throughout this publication, ARTELIA shares its references, its expertise and feedback learnings, while describing its service offer to support project owners.
Urbayiti: urban governance and resilient towns in Haiti
Le projet Urbayiti – “Gouvernance urbaine et villes résilientes“ vise à promouvoir le développement économique et social d’Haïti et à favoriser la résilience des populations, à travers l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des villes.
 
Urbayiti contribue ainsi à la consolidation du cadre institutionnel pour renforcer la gouvernance du secteur et améliorer la gestion et la planification des villes. Il informe et sensibilise la population sur les enjeux de développement urbain et souligne l’ambition du gouvernement haïtien de mener une démarche urbaine intégrée.
 
Le projet intervient à...
The Urbayiti project "Urban Governance and Resilient Towns" aims to promote Haiti's economic and social development and foster people's resilience by improving the quality of urban life.
 
Urbayiti is thus helping consolidate the institutional framework to strengthen governance in the sector and improve the management and planning of towns. It informs and raises people’s awareness of urban development issues and underlines the Haitian government's ambition to pursue an integrated urban approach.
 
The project operates on three levels:
 
- National for strategic, institutional and normative actions;
- Departmental (South and Grand Anse) and metropolitan (Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area) for strategic actions, training and studies;
- Local (Port-au-Prince, Jérémie and Les Cayes) for infrastructure and services and capacity building, job creation and social engineering.
The actions carried out focus on three areas:
- strengthening urban governance;
- developing urban plans;
- carrying out urban planning operations.
Douala Sustainable City: Sustainable development and enhancement of the Makèpè-Missoké neighbourhood
Le projet Douala Ville Durable concerne l’aménagement du quartier Makèpè – Missoké, situé sur une ancienne décharge en zone inondable. La visée principale, définie dans la continuité du projet de drainage pluvial et en cohérence avec la politique de la ville, est de faire de Douala une ville durable et résiliente, tout en assurant son développement économique.
Dans cette perspective, un projet de restructuration et de valorisation de la zone humide et de lutte contre la pauvreté a été mis en œuvre par la Communauté Urbaine de Douala. Les efforts déployés pour préserver les espaces verts et les ressources naturelles ont...
The Douala Ville Durable project concerns the development of the Makèpè - Missoké neighbourhood, located on a former landfill site in a floodplain area.
The main objective, defined in the continuity of the rainwater drainage project and in line with the city's policy, is to make Douala a sustainable and resilient city while ensuring its economic development.
With this in mind, a project to restructure and enhance the wetland and combat poverty has been implemented by the Douala Urban Community.
 
Efforts to preserve green spaces and natural resources are thus aimed at transforming this floodplain into an asset for the development of the neighbourhood:
- on the one hand, by making the site a "green lung" to combat heat islands,
- on the other hand, by generating economic activities such as market gardening, recycling or even home renovation.
 
This project was designed to be replicable: a piece work of capitalising on knowledge and experience is therefore planned to disseminate it on similar sites successfully.
Recommendations for resilient territories regions adapted to climate change
Ce document présente les grandes recommandations élaborées par les membres du Partenariat Français pour la Ville et les Territoires (PFVT), plateforme d’échanges et de valorisation de l’expertise des acteurs français de l’urbain à l’international. Ces documents sont préparés à l’occasion du Forum Urbain Mondial d’Abu Dhabi de février 2020 et du Sommet Afrique-France de juin 2020.
 
Le changement climatique est une réalité devenue un enjeu majeur pour notre société. Face à une urbanisation mondiale croissante, à l’exploitation intensive des ressources naturelles et à la fréquence des évènements...
This document outlines key recommendations formulated by members of the French Alliance for Cities and Regional Development (PFVT), the platform for exchange and promotion of French expertise in urban development at the international level. These documents were prepared in the context of the World Urban Forum taking place in Abu Dhabi in February 2020 and the Africa-France Summit of June 2020.
 
Climate change is a reality that has become a major issue for our society. Faced with growing global urbanisation, the intensive exploitation of natural resources and the frequency of extreme weather events, it is urgent to mobilise at all levels of our cities and organisations, to strengthen the resilience of regions and the populations living in them.
 
To that end, we need to consider far-reaching changes to urban and economic models and involve all regional stakeholders, to cooperate in a dynamic of anticipation, management or reconstruction in the event of a crisis.
 
It is within this framework that the Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Change working group was created, to reflect on tools and solutions to make our cities and regions more resilient, more inclusive and more sustainable.
Towards sustainable airport areas
Dans un contexte de mondialisation croissante des échanges, d’intensification des flux internationaux de marchandises et de personnes, et de hausse globale du trafic aérien qui en découle, les aéroports internationaux constituent des atouts stratégiques pour le développement et l’attractivité des pays et territoires qui les accueillent et qu’ils desservent. La présence d’une place aéroportuaire génère des interactions multiples, entrainant des externalités positives (retombées économiques en termes d’emplois, fiscalité locale, desserte en transports…) ou inversement négatives : pollution atmosphérique, nuisances sonores, congestion...
In a context of increasing globalisation of trade, increasing international flows of goods and people, and the resulting global increase in air traffic, international airports are strategic assets for the development and attractiveness of the countries and territories that host and serve them. International airports and their surrounding areas are of increasingly strategic importance for the development of the metropolitan regions they serve. They are also evolving and becoming distinctive economic and urban places in their own right. At the same time, airport activity has a significant impact on the surrounding environment and generates positive externalities such as economic spin-off in terms of employment opportunities, taxes paid from airport business, transport services, etc. or negative externalities such as air pollution, noise, traffic congestion or agricultural land consumption, etc. Airport areas therefore face many challenges of their own, which need to be addressed at this territorial scale.
 
The Institut Paris Region launched the « sustainable airports” initiative in 2015 with the support of the NGO Metropolis. Three workshops on this theme were organized between Paris and Atlanta. This report stems from this initiative. It is divided into seven thematic chapters, dealing with the major challenges for sustainable airports, making recommendations and highlighting good practices, basing itself on the collective work carried out by the workshops ‘participants and additional research led by the project team.
2D/3D/4D GIS platform tool: modelling the vulnerability of infrastructure to climate hazards to strengthen regional resilience
RESALLIENCE est un bureau d’étude dédié à l’adaptation des territoires, des villes, des infrastructures et de leurs usages au changement climatique.
 
RESALLIENCE accompagne et conseille ses clients sur les aléas climatiques qui affectent les villes et territoires en réalisant :
  • des diagnostics de vulnérabilité climatique ;
  • de la modélisation de la résilience fonctionnelle adaptés aux actifs et réseaux ;
  • accompagne au développement de plans d’actions dédiés à l’amélioration de la résilience au changement climatique.
Des solutions « clés...
RESALLIENCE is a research office dedicated to adapting regions, cities, infrastructure and their uses to climate change.
 
RESALLIENCE supports and advises its clients on the climatic hazards that affect cities and regions by carrying out:
  • climate vulnerability diagnoses;
  • functional resilience modelling tailored to assets and networks;
  • supports the development of action plans dedicated to improving resilience to climate change.
"Turnkey" solutions are provided, such as vulnerability mapping, assessing the resilience of urban infrastructure and systems through indicators, as well as functional and operational recommendations to improve resilience.
 
In particular, RESALLIENCE has developed a 2D/3D/4D GIS (geographic information system) platform that helps, among other things, to project the issues of vulnerability and dependence of infrastructure in the face of different hazards for a current and future climate.
 
This platform also provides monitoring and alerts for weather event forecasts to facilitate the implementation of preventive measures to reduce damage, be it material, human or financial, and reduce the time to bring a construction site, concession or industrial activity back into operation.
Protecting Oshakati from heavy flooding during the rainy season
La ville d'Oshakati est l'une des plus grandes villes du nord de la Namibie et souffre régulièrement de fortes inondations pendant la saison des pluies.
 
En collaboration avec son partenaire IMDC, Tractebel a développé une solution durable afin de protéger Oshakati de ces inondations. Cette solution consiste en la construction d'une digue au nord-ouest de la ville ainsi que de ponts et d'écluses pour détourner et contrôler les eaux d'inondation venant de l'Angola autour de la ville. Au sommet de la digue, une partie de la future rocade sera modélisée en 3D et construite selon le plan directeur...
Oshakati is one of the largest cities in northern Namibia and regularly suffers from heavy flooding during the rainy season.
 
In collaboration with its partner IMDC, Tractebel has developed a sustainable solution to protect Oshakati from these floods. This solution involves constructing an embankment to the north-west of the city as well as bridges and locks to divert and control floodwaters coming from Angola around the city. At the top of the embankment, part of the future ring road will be modelled in 3D and built according to Oshakati's design master plan.
 
Key project issues include:
 
  • Defining the necessary measures to adapt community development to climate change, taking into account the relative urgency of the risks identified and available resources in collaboration with all local stakeholders;
  • Developing land use including better management of water resources: run-off, groundwater, rivers, estuaries, coastal waters and designing flood protection measures.
Caen Peninsula: reconquering a territory
Le projet urbain Caen Presqu’île offre de nouvelles perspectives à l'aire de Caen la mer. Quartiers durables, circulations douces, ambiance fluviale, environnement végétalisé, activités économiques, culturelles et sportives…promettent un cadre et une qualité de vie inégalée.
Les communes de Caen, Mondeville et Hérouville Saint-Clair, la Communauté Urbaine Caen la mer, la Région Normandie et le syndicat mixte des Ports de Normandie, travaillent conjointement depuis 2010 à la mise en œuvre d’un projet de renouvellement urbain ambitieux sur le site de la Presqu’île, structurant pour le territoire.
Le projet urbain...
The Caen Peninsula urban project offers new perspectives to the area of Caen la Mer. Sustainable neighbourhoods, soft transport modes, river atmosphere, green environment, economic, cultural and sporting activities all promise an unrivalled environment and quality of life.
 
The municipalities of Caen, Mondeville and Hérouville Saint-Clair, the Caen la Mer Urban Community, the Normandy Region and the Normandy Ports Joint Union have been working together since 2010 to implement an ambitious urban renewal project on the site of the peninsula, which is structuring for the region.
 
The Caen Peninsula urban project covers an operational perimeter of 300 hectares. The member communities of the order group agreed in 2016 on the need to set up a Major Interest Project (MIP), a memorandum of understanding created by Law No. 2014-366 of 24 March 2014 for access to housing and renovated urban planning provided for under Articles L.350-1 to 7 of the Urban Planning Code. The content of the MIP identifies the four structuring urban development projects currently in progress or planned for the future whose aim is to renew the strategic sector of the peninsula in an ambitious and sustainable way:
 
- The Peninsula Point
- La Nouveau Basin joint development zone in Caen
- The Hérouville peninsula JDZ
- The Calix JDZ in Mondeville